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Topic: Foreign aid

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  Foreign aid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Foreign aid (also international aid or overseas aid) is a situation in which one country helps another country through some form of donation.
One major type of foreign aid, development aid, is aid given by developed countries to support economic development in developing countries.
Humanitarian aid, on the other hand, is short-term foreign aid used to alleviate suffering caused by a humanitarian crisis such as genocide, famine, or a natural disaster.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Foreign_aid   (478 words)

 Development aid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Development aid (also development assistance, international aid, overseas aid or foreign aid) is aid given by developed countries to support the economic, sociological and political development of developing countries.
It is distinguished from humanitarian aid as being aimed at alleviating poverty in the long term, rather than alleviating suffering in the short term (Foreign aid, on the other hand, includes both development aid and humanitarian aid.
Aid effectiveness refers to the degree to which development aid works, and is a subject of significant disagreement.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Development_aid   (1398 words)

 foreign aid. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
U.S. foreign aid programs have included at least three different objectives: rehabilitating the economies of war-devastated countries, strengthening the military defenses of allies and friends of the United States, and promoting economic growth in underdeveloped areas.
Aid may be given as a grant, with no repayment obligation, or a loan, and often comes with conditions that require that the recipient nation purchase goods or services with the aid from the donor nation.
Foreign aid, as an integral part of U.S. foreign policy, began (1941) during World War II with lend-lease.
www.bartleby.com /65/fo/foreignai.html   (867 words)

 A Foreign Aid Disaster in the Making - Mises Institute
Like all forms of welfare, foreign aid also enforces an attitude among aid recipients that circumstances are beyond their own control, and therefore they must depend on begging from foreigners rather than on entrepreneurship.
It is well known that foreign aid has long been part and parcel of the U.S. government’s protectionist policies: Protectionism at home allows politicians to buy votes from protected industries and their employees, even though blocking imports from certain Third World countries may be economically devastating to those countries.
Foreign aid has also caused all kinds of inappropriate capital investments, as well as overinvestment, because of the calculation problem.
www.mises.org /fullstory.aspx?Id=1715   (1590 words)

 Foreign Aid
In the early 1990s, after having promoted foreign aid as a cold war weapon for more than four decades, the foreign policy elite was left scrambling for a new rationale to win public and congressional support for these international operations.
For their part, traditional progressive supporters of foreign aid and most of the NGO community with foreign programs back proposals to create foreign aid institutions that are more independent of U.S. foreign policy and more driven by grassroots concerns for development and humanitarian aid.
Aid that is justified as self-serving is hypocritical and ineffective.
www.fpif.org /briefs/vol2/v2n24for_body.html   (2349 words)

 WRMEA: U.S. Aid to Israel
AID does not term economic aid to Israel as development assistance, but instead uses the term "economic support funding." Given Israel's relative prosperity, U.S. aid to Israel is becoming increasingly controversial.
Receiving its annual foreign aid appropriation during the first month of the fiscal year, instead of in quarterly installments as do other recipients, is just another special privilege Congress has voted for Israel.
U.S. foreign aid to Egypt, which is pegged at two-thirds of U.S. foreign aid to Israel, averages $2.2 billion per year.
www.wrmea.com /html/us_aid_to_israel.htm   (4312 words)

 U.S. Foreign Aid and United Nations Voting Records
In many respects, [the foreign aid budget] is a bare-boned and balanced approach to development and humanitarian programs that will significantly contribute to achieving the administration's foreign policy objectives.
One way to measure the U.S. foreign aid program's influence around the world is to examine the voting records of U.S. aid recipients in the United Nations (U.N.).
This is the fourth in a series of annual Heritage Foundation studies that analyze the voting habits of U.S. foreign aid recipients in the United Nations.
www.heritage.org /Research/TradeandForeignAid/BG1186.cfm   (1288 words)

 Foreign Aid Follies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The aid almost always goes directly to governments, not to individuals or private entities, and nearly always enriches and strengthens primarily the wealthy and the politically connected in recipient nations.
Foreign aid was instrumental in supporting many of the Communist regimes arrayed against the United States and her allies, including Ceaucescu’s Romania and the former Soviet Union itself.
Internationalist apologists often claim that foreign aid, at around 1 percent of the national budget, is fiscally inconsequential and not worth the hype and rhetoric of its opponents.
www.stoptheftaa.org /artman/publish/article_43.shtml   (2710 words)

 Foreign Aid
The crisis of the Revolution had passed before the colonists received any substantial military aid from abroad, and they would probably have won their independence had they been left wholly to themselves.
He had been greatly aided by England during the Seven Years' War; but he could not conceal his sympathy with the patriots, and he proved it by opening the port of Dantzig to American cruisers and by refusing to permit any more Hessians to pass through his dominions en route to America.
A monument was recently erected in Washington to commemorate French aid in the Revolution.
www.usahistory.info /Revolution/foreign-aid.html   (1807 words)

 Foreign Aid to Bangladesh
None has considered taking more concrete action such as making continued aid to Bangladesh conditional on a speedy solution to the CHT crisis, or applying cuts in the aid disbursed, despite questions raised in some of their national parliaments.
Apart from the national development programmes the Bangladesh Government often seeks foreign aid for the economic and social development of the indigenous people of the CHT.
The Anti-Slavery Society 'recommends to the international funding agencies and national governments providing development aid for projects in the Chittagong Hill Tracts that they withdraw support where such projects are against the wishes and interests of the indigenous population and that all future projects are carried out only after consultation with indigenous people's representatives.
www.angelfire.com /ab/jumma/faid.html   (933 words)

 Aid to Dependent Dictators by Bill Walker
Official foreign aid is the smallest part of the cost; the majority of foreign Aid today is arranged in back-room deals between money-center banks, dictators, and the Federal Reserve.
The real dollar cost of foreign aid is the sum of all official aid, plus all US military commitments not related to US security, plus all bank "loans" to Third World and communist governments.
Foreign Aid to dictatorships and oligarchies is the least-liked US government activity.
www.lewrockwell.com /orig5/walker1.html   (2654 words)

 Foreign aid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
It has been proposed that this article or section be merged with development aid.
Foreign aid, international aid or development assistance is when one country helps another country through some form of donation.
The European Union is the world's largest contributor of foreign aid in absolute terms with $37.13 billion in 2003, figure that can be compared with the $16.25 billion of the United States.
www.chicagoheights.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Foreign_aid   (226 words)

 Foreign Affairs - The Privatization of Foreign Aid: Reassessing National Largesse - Carol C. Adelman
Foreign aid has returned to the center of U.S. foreign policy.
Today, a third wave of foreign aid is starting to foster development and democracy, particularly in the Middle East, and to stem the onset of pandemics in the developing world.
President George W. Bush's pledge to increase aid 50 percent by 2006 -- the biggest boost since the Marshall Plan was launched in 1948 -- and new legislation devoting an additional $15 billion to fight aids, tuberculosis, and malaria have done little to stave off such attacks.
www.foreignaffairs.org /20031101facomment82602/carol-c-adelman/the-privatization-of-foreign-aid-reassessing-national-largesse.html   (737 words)

 The Great Foreign Aid Swindle
Yet another ill-conceived foreign aid swindle has become law in the form of the “Millennium Challenge Act,” a disgraceful bill that sends billions of American tax dollars overseas even as our national debt explodes.
Foreign aid doesn’t help poor people; it helps foreign elites and US corporations who obtain the contracts doled out by those foreign elites.
Foreign aid invites political corruption by creating a slush fund under the control of foreign governments.
www.house.gov /paul/tst/tst2004/tst052404.htm   (587 words)

 USCCB - Testimony on 2003 Foreign Assistance   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Much of the aid already earmarked for alternative development, judicial reform and other areas has yet to reach its destination; it is essential that the provision of humanitarian and development aid be expedited.
Aid will be more effective if recipient countries that undertake a participatory process are given a primary role in the design of aid programs.
For countries where conflict or other governance problems are so serious that aid to the government would be ineffective or lead to unjust results, creative use of development assistance funds is necessary to assist civilians who have an equal claim to full human dignity irrespective of the quality of their government.
www.usccb.org /sdwp/international/ftesap02.htm   (6087 words)

 Organizing U.S. Foreign Aid   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
While the amount of aid has increased in recent years, the way it is organized and delivered by the U.S. government has become increasingly fragmented and chaotic.
The proliferation of federal agencies engaged in foreign aid has created serious disconnects and inefficiencies in the use of this important tool of U.S. foreign policy.
Several models for streamlining the organization of foreign aid are detailed and recommendations proffered.
www.brookings.edu /press/books/organizingforeignaid.htm   (313 words)

 Foreign Aid and India: Financing the Leviathan State
With a debate now raging over whether further foreign aid programs financed by U.S. taxpayers are justified in the post-Cold War era, a review of the development experience of the recipient of the largest amount of foreign aid is instructive.
Foreign aid has directly financed and sustained India's centralized planning and control framework and thereby financed the growth of one of the noncommunist world's largest and most inefficient public sectors.
In short, India is a paradigmatic case of the failure of government-sponsored aid; it stands as a dramatic testimonial to why such aid should go the way of the socialist development model it has bankrolled for decades.
www.cato.org /pubs/pas/pa-170es.html   (367 words)

 America's Pro-Terrorism Foreign-Aid Program (May 2002)
President Bush recently announced that he plans to boost American foreign aid by 50 percent — to more than $15 billion a year.
Unfortunately, American foreign aid could result in new chains and fetters for downtrodden foreigners.
The federal government is providing more than a billion dollars in aid to the government of Colombia to finance its war on coca growers and on leftist guerillas.
www.fff.org /comment/com0205k.asp   (644 words)

 International Development Expert Discusses U.S. Foreign Aid - US Department of State
Foreign assistance is a vital tool for international relief and development, and I look forward to a global exchange of views today.
Despite Europeans and other countries giving foreign aid more through their governments, private giving is on the rise in Europe, with the number of foundations increasing significantly.
I believe that the bulk of foreign assistance should involve U.S. volunteers, not consultants, whose mission should be to create lasting institutions in developing countries, not lasting contracts for their organization.
usinfo.state.gov /eur/Archive/2005/Jul/27-997226.html   (2516 words)

 U.S. Aid To Israel
The decision to convert military aid to grants that year was based on the prevailing view in Congress that without a strong Israel, war in the Middle East was more likely, and that the U.S. would face higher direct expenditures in such an eventuality.
At the end of 1998, Israel requested an additional $1.2 billion in aid to fund moving troops and military installations out of the occupied territories as called for in the October 23, 1998, Wye agreement.
The setbacks were also temporary as the Administration approved a supplementary aid request in 2003 that included $1 billion in FMF and $9 billion in loan guarantees to aid Israel's economic recovery and compensate for the cost of military preparations associated with the war in Iraq.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/US-Israel/foreign_aid.html   (1699 words)

 US foreign aid to Israel
Since 1987, the US congress has annually been approving a foreign aid bill totaling an average of $3 billion to Israel, $1.2 billion in economical aid, and $1.8 billion in military aid.
All in all, this is the largest amount of foreign aid given to a country, and constitutes 30% of the total amount of US foreign aid budget.
Until 1973, aid was mainly made up of military, economic and export-import bank loans, although annual economic grants ranging between $0.1 and $74 million were also offered between the years 1951 and 1962.
www.peacenowar.net /Palestine/News/US%20aids.htm   (1054 words)

 Uganda and Foreign Aid - Worldpress.org
Although it was unnecessary in the past to monitor foreign aid levels, now it has “distorted the macroeconomic environment,” says Keith Muhakanizi, acting deputy secretary to the treasury for the Ministry of Finance Planning and Economic Development.
Aid levels have grown from 6 percent of G.D.P. in 1998-99 to current levels of 11.5 percent.
The notion of foreign aid is problematic because Western countries do not agree on the mechanics, Kabushenga argues.
www.worldpress.org /Africa/2074.cfm   (1567 words)

 The US and Foreign Aid Assistance - Global Issues
However, there was also a sharp decline in aid for agricultural development, and a rising share in total aid outlays of humanitarian aid in response to emergencies as opposed to long-term development and aid to the poorest countries.
The European Union is linking aid to fighting terrorism as well, with European ministers warning countries that their relations with the economically powerful bloc will suffer if they fail to cooperate in the fight against terrorism.
An EU official is quoted as saying, “aid and trade could be affected if the fight against terrorism was considered insufficient”, leading to accusations of “compromising the neutrality, impartiality and independence of humanitarian assistance”.
www.globalissues.org /TradeRelated/Debt/USAid.asp   (10598 words)

 Townhall.com :: Columns :: Foreign "Aid" by Thomas Sowell - Mar 29, 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
In fact, a case can be made that it was precisely the cutbacks in American economic aid to Taiwan and South Korea in the 1960s which forced these countries to get their own acts together and institute the reforms which led to their economic rise.
Moreover, foreign aid can be spent on whatever is politically expedient, such as a grand plaza with government buildings or a showy new sports stadium, and much of the donated money can simply disappear into the Swiss bank accounts of Third World politicians.
Investors who are lending their own money are a lot more hard-nosed about the practicalities of proposals to use it, and are far less likely to "forgive" loans afterwards, much less continue to make new loans when the old ones are unpaid.
www.townhall.com /columnists/thomassowell/ts20020329.shtml   (880 words)

 United States of America: Foreign Aid
US aid, which acquired an increasingly military flavour during the Regan years, is now concentrated on a relatively small number of countries of special political importance.
The result is a cycle of mistrust of USA aid, distrust of the motives for giving (where the flmail tactic is used so often, the motives are often not seen as charitable, but manipulative) and hatred of the USA's approach as a whole.
Especially with foreign charity, it is a difficult task and most people do not even know how to go about checking that their money is used properly, usefully and unpolitically.
www.vexen.co.uk /USA/foreign_aid.html   (1588 words)

 MIFTAH--US foreign aid to Israel
Since 1987, the US congress has annually been approving a foreign aid bill totaling an average of $3 billion of American taxpayers' money to Israel, $1.2 billion in economical aid, and $1.8 billion in military aid.
Other forms of aid to Israel are a result of "consequential" aid, such as the approximate $1.5 billion in total tax-deductible private donations from numerous Jewish charities and individual donors.
All in all, this is the largest amount of foreign aid given to a country, and constitutes over 30% of the total amount of US foreign aid budget.
www.miftah.org /Display.cfm?DocId=753&CategoryId=4   (1544 words)

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