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Topic: Foreign exchange market

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  Foreign Exchange Markets: Structure and Systemic Risks - Finance & Development - December 1996
LAURA E. Foreign exchange trading involves such large cross-border settlements that a failure by one party to deliver the currency needed for a single settlement could disrupt the global financial system.
Even though 56 percent of the world's foreign exchange transactions are executed in the three largest financial centers, between one-half and three-fourths of daily turnover is cross-border during the centers' business hours, suggesting that one side of many transactions occurs outside of their business hours.
Foreign exchange contracts account for 64 percent of the gross market value of $2.2 trillion, which itself represents roughly 5 percent of reported notional principal.
www.worldbank.org /fandd/english/1296/articles/051296.htm   (3404 words)

 The ABCs of the Foreign Exchange Market
An exchange rate is simply the price of one currency in terms of another, and the market in which foreign currencies are exchanged is called the foreign exchange market.
Exchange rates are quoted in two ways: the price of a foreign currency in terms of dollars (also called the American or direct terms), or the number of foreign-currency units per per unit of national currency (the British terms).
This market, which accounts for 50 percent of the foreign exchange market, sets the tone for the daily activities of the market, but buyers and sellers may be exposed to foreign exchange risk.
www.sba.oakland.edu /econpage/newsletters/IEL39TX2.HTM   (2552 words)

 The Foreign Exchange Market (FOREX) - Online Forex Trading | ForexGen.com
The FOREX market operates in a manner similar to the way the NASDAQ market in the United States operates, and thus it is also referred to as an 'over the counter' or OTC market.
Average daily international foreign exchange trading volume was $1.9 trillion in April 2004 according to the BIS study Triennial Central Bank Survey 2004- $600 billion spot- $1,300 billion in derivatives, ie- $200 billion in outright forwards- $1,000 billion in Forex swaps- $100 billion in FX options.
Exchange rate fluctuations are usually caused by actual monetary flows as well as by expectations of changes in monetary flows caused by changes in GDP growth, inflation, interest rates, budget and trade deficits or surpluses, and other macroeconomic conditions.
forexgen.com /level-1-forex-intro./the-foreign-exchange-market-forex.html   (2540 words)

 Foreign Exchange Market
Barter exchange (Double coincidence of wants): In the foreign exchange market, for anybody wanting to sell dollars to get British pound, there must be someone else wanting to sell the pound for the dollar at the same exchange rate (like in barter exchange).
Forward exchange markets deal in promises to sell or buy foreign exchange at a specified rate, and at a specified time in the future with payment to be made upon delivery.
However, avoiding the foreign exchange risk may be too costly, in which case it is not profitable to avoid the risk.
www.econ.iastate.edu /classes/econ355/choi/fex.htm   (3580 words)

  Foreign Exchange Basics
Foreign exchange is the trading of one currency against another.
The foreign exchange market is an inter-bank or inter-dealer market that was established in 1971 when floating exchange rates began to materialize.
The Foreign Exchange Market, also referred to the "FOREX" or "FX" market, is the spot (cash) market for currency.
www.funinusa.com /foreign-exchange/foreign-basics.htm   (257 words)

  Foreign exchange market - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The foreign exchange (currency or forex or FX) market exists wherever one currency is traded for another.
It is by far the largest market in the world, in terms of cash value traded, and includes trading between large banks, central banks, currency speculators, multinational corporations, governments, and other financial markets and institutions.
Exchange rate fluctuations are usually caused by actual monetary flows as well as by expectations of changes in monetary flows caused by changes in GDP growth, inflation, interest rates, budget and trade deficits or surpluses, and other macroeconomic conditions.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/FOREX   (2448 words)

 Foreign exchange market - Voyager, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The foreign exchange market or currency market or Forex is the market where one currency is traded for another.
Foreign exchange markets are unique in the financial world in that exchange rates are highly sensitive to a great variety of factors, many different types of investors have access to the market, the market is very liquid, and currencies are traded around the clock.
Big foreign exchange trading centres are located in Hong Kong, Singapore, Paris and Frankfurt amongst others, while the biggest three are New York, Tokyo and London, of which London is the largest.
voyager.in /Currency_market   (1175 words)

 Welcome to the Financial Gazette Online!   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The foreign exchange market operates worldwide and consists of two levels: (a) the wholesale or dealer market (b) and the retail market.
The spot exchange rate is the rate of buying and selling foreign exchange with a settlement in two days or less.
Exchange rates on those currencies are determined by their relationship with an actively traded third currency.
www.fingaz.co.zw /fingaz/2005/August/August25/9262.shtml   (981 words)

 RMS Republic - The New York Foreign Exchange Market   (Site not responding. Last check: )
An unorganized market is one where the offers to buy and offers to sell come together as a result of the natural working of self interest without the interposition or control of any organized body or authority.
While there are foreign exchange brokers who are specialists in their field it is not incumbent on a purchaser or on a seller of foreign exchange to deal through a broker.
The information regarding gold engagements, which is contained in articles describing the daily gold market activity, identifies the institution (bank or securities firm) through whom the engagement was placed, the destination country, the amount and composition of the engagement (whether gold coin or bullion) and rate of exchange.
www.rms-republic.com /ny_market.html   (1913 words)

 Foreign exchange market at AllExperts
The foreign exchange (currency or forex or FX) market exists wherever one currency is traded for another.
The foreign exchange market is unique because of::*its trading volume,:*the extreme liquidity of the market,:*the large number of, and variety of, traders in the market,:*its geographical dispersion,:*its long trading hours - 24 hours a day (except on weekends).:*the variety of factors that affect exchange rates,
Exchange rate fluctuations are usually caused by actual monetary flows as well as by expectations of changes in monetary flows caused by changes in GDP growth, inflation, interest rates, budget and trade deficits or surpluses, and other macroeconomic conditions.
en.allexperts.com /e/f/fo/foreign_exchange_market.htm   (2491 words)

 The Foreign Exchange market
BIS calculated that the global turnover in traditional foreign exchange markets in 1998 had reached an estimated daily average of $1.5 trillion, a growth of 26% on the figures for 1995.
The April 1998 figure for foreign exchange transactions in London of $637 billion a day is 37% higher than the 1995 figure ($464 billion), which itself represents a 60% increase on the 1992 figure ($290 billion).
In 1977 the ratio of foreign exchange turnover to exports was approximately 3.5 to 1, it was approximately 64 to 1 by 1995.
www.worldwidetimes.com /overview.htm   (790 words)

 Why Trade at the Foreign Currency Trading Market   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Foreign Currency Trading market, known also as Forex or Foreign Exchange market, is a trading market for simultaneously buying one currency and selling another.
Even though it is the biggest market in the world, its size is all virtual and it does not occupy any physical center.
Unlike the stock market, Foreign Currency takes place directly between the two sides that are necessary to make the trade.
www.forexondemand.com /the-forex-market.html   (322 words)

 Foreign Exchange   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Even the casual stock market observer is by now aware that many investors and traders believe the foreign exchange market is playing a role in the current unsettled conditions.
From a trading perspective, the foreign exchange market is probably the largest international trading arena, with daily activity in the hundreds of billions of dollars.
The heart of the market is the international interbank network which consisted largely of worldwide telephone trading between bankers and foreign exchange dealers.
www.smallcapreview.com /foreign_exchange.htm   (1589 words)

 Foreign Exchange Market (Forex)-RateEmpire.com
The forex market is a cash inter-bank market, established in 1971 upon the appearance of floating exchange rates around the world.
Speculation in currency markets was prevented by the Bretton Woods Agreement, which was established in 1945 in an effort to stabilize international currencies.
The forex market is divided into levels of access, including: inter-banks, smaller investment banks, large multi-national corporations, large hedge funds and even some of the retail forex market makers.
www.rateempire.com /finance/forex.html   (1681 words)

 SITPRO Trading Advice: The Foreign Exchange Market
The Foreign Exchange Market is vast in size and scope and exists to fulfil a number of purposes ranging from the finance of cross-border investment, loans, trade in goods and services and of course, currency speculation.
In essence, by using Sterling abroad you are merely passing the foreign exchange risk to your trading partners who may in turn, find someone else to deal with who are prepared to deal in their own currency.
Certain markets, particularly in Latin America, Eastern Europe and Asia, still have developing economies compared with Western countries which often means that they will have restrictions in the form of legal and regulatory frameworks designed to protect their currencies and economies from speculators.
www.sitpro.org.uk /trade/forex.html   (1493 words)

 The Foreign Exchange Interbank Market
Most individuals are unable to access the pricing available on the interbank market because the customers at the interbank desks tend to include the largest mutual and hedge funds in the world as well as large multinational corporations who have millions (if not billions) of dollars.
In a centralized market, you have the benefit of seeing volume in the market as a whole but at the same time, prices can easily be skewed to accommodate the interests of the specialist and not the trader.
This three-step process is quite common because even though online foreign exchange trading is available, many of the large clients who deal anywhere from $10 million to $100 million at a time (cash on cash), believe that they can get better pricing dealing over the phone than over the trading platform.
www.investopedia.com /articles/forex/06/interbank.asp   (658 words)

 The Foreign Exchange Market   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Foreign exchange markets, and markets in general, are efficient if market participants use all the information available to them in making transactions decisions.
Even if markets are efficient the expected future spot rate can differ from the actual as a result of bias in the agents' formation of their expectations or as a result of random error.
Their best prediction of next period's real exchange rate is the current period's value so, under the assumption that all agents are risk neutral (so the risk premium will be equal to 0), the forward rate f(t) (in logarithms) will equal s(t) and the forward discount will then be zero.
www.economics.toronto.edu /floyd/fxm.html   (3320 words)

 Foreign Exchange Market | Forex Market
The foreign exchange (currency or forex or FX) market exists wherever one currency is traded for another.
It is by far the largest market in the world, in terms of cash value traded, and includes trading between large banks, central banks, currency speculators, multinational corporations, governments, and other financial markets and institutions.
Interbank exchange rates, which are displayed at the dealing desk, are adjusted to incorporate spreads (so that the market maker will make a profit) before they are displayed to retail customers.
www.goforex.net /foreign-exchange-market.htm   (2412 words)

 Forex Trading — Evolution of the foreign exchange market and forex trading
Forex trading is conducted in the foreign exchange market, otherwise referred to as the forex or FX market.
A foreign exchange rate is the relationship between two currencies, which means the amount of one currency that would be required to buy (or sell) one unit of another currency.
Unlike other markets, such as stocks or futures, forex trading does not involve a central exchange and is considered to be an over the counter market known as the interbank market.
www.global-view.com /fxtrading.html   (612 words)

 Foreign Market Watch - Daily FOREX - Foreign Exchange Market - information on the world's financial markets
In comparison to all other sectors of the financial world, foreign currency exchange is quite unique in that it is highly sensitive to myriad factors, open access to many classes of investors, high liquidity, and 24 hour access.
Such day-long access to foreign exchange allows traders the luxury of dealing after normal hours or even during national holidays in their country of residence.
When beginning to enter the foreign exchange market arena, it is crucial to prepare, much like a saavy investor spends hours analyzing a stock's fundamentals or technical data before investing in equity.
www.foreignmarketwatch.com /index.shtml   (1193 words)

 Forex Trading - Overview into the Foreign Exchange (Forex) Market
Foreign currencies are constantly and simultaneously bought and sold across local and global markets and traders' investments increase or decrease in value based upon currency movements.
The first currency in the exchange pair is referred to as the base currency and the second currency as the counter or quote currency.
The exchange rate also tells a seller how much is received in the counter or quote currency when selling one unit of the base currency.
www.easy-forex.com /en/Forex.WhatIsTrading.aspx   (1200 words)

 Foreign Exchange Rates
Foreign exchange market is where the exchange rate is determined.
The major participants in the foreign exchange markets are commercial banks, and to a smaller degree central banks, non-financial institutions and corporations and brokers (intermediaries between banks).
The primary function/purpose of the forward market is to protect international traders and investors from the risks involved in fluctuations of the spot rate.
www.econ.armstrong.edu /saadatmand/FER.htm   (2592 words)

 Market for Foreign Exchange
The market is usually considered to be an efficient market, not subject to runaway speculative binges.
In either case, dollars were supplied to the foreign exchange market and yen were demanded.
Thus, the demand for foreign exchange will have the negative slope that demand curves are supposed to have.
ingrimayne.com /econ/Financial/ForeignExchange.html   (915 words)

 Foreign Exchange Market   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The foreign exchange (currency or forex) market exists wherever one currency is traded for another.
Market forecasting and trading company in the foreign market exchange offering trade signals and forex systems.
Foreign Exchange and Interest Rate market reports, free newsletters, free quotes, historical data downloads, news, research and presentation-quality charts.
www.firstforexgroup.com /foreign-exchange-market.html   (223 words)

 The Foreign Exchange Market
The FX market is slightly different from the other financial markets (like stock market, for instance) since one does not exchange a valuable against some money, but a currency for another currency.
The FX market is the most active financial market with a daily turnover of more than 1000 billions USD, which is more than the total non-gold reserve of all industrial countries[5].
To obtain a stationary signal and facilitate the study of the statistical properties of the FX market, it is frequent to change the scale of time in function of the activity of the markets[6].
cuiwww.unige.ch /~chatagny/market/kluwer_paper/node2.html   (508 words)

 The present structure of the Brazilian foreign exchange market has been depicted since late eighties, when foreign ...
The present structure of the Brazilian foreign exchange market is a result of changes ocurred in the late eighties just as foreign exchange controls began to present more flexibility.
Nevertheless, despite being illegal, the parallel market was accepted by society as an alternative market for foreign exchange, and it became a part of the Brazilian daily life.
Considering the exchange market as a whole, that is, the two segments altogether – Livre (free) and Flutuante (floating) –, it would result in a low participation of the Flutuante in the operations, mainly for the relative low level of negotiations in the domestic interbank exchange market.
www.gwu.edu /~ibi/minerva/Spring1998/Paulo.Muniz/Paulo.Muniz.html   (4077 words)

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