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Topic: Foreign relations of Switzerland

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  Swissuniversity.ch - What is Switzerland? - Switzerland
Switzerland is the home of three of Europe's major languages (German, French and Italian), but apart from Rumanstch - spoken by only 0.5% of the population - it has no language of its own.
Switzerland is a healthy country with respect to its inhabitants’ brain- and bodypower but also with respect to its industry, environment and lifestyle.
Switzerland is internationally recognised as a leading centre for research, and is home to a number of institutes of world-wide importance.
www.swissuniversity.ch /whatis   (483 words)

 Switzerland - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article
Switzerland is a federation of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the world's oldest surviving republics.
Switzerland is not a member state of the EU but applied for membership therein in May 1992.
Switzerland comprises three basic topographical areas: the Swiss Alps, the Swiss plateau, and the Jura mountains.The Alps are a high mountain range running across the central-south of the country.
www.startsurfing.com /encyclopedia/s/w/i/Switzerland.html   (2919 words)

 Switzerland - Wikipedia Mirror   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Switzerland borders Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east.
As a consequence of the civil war, Switzerland adopted the use of referenda and a federal constitution in 1848, amending the latter extensively in 1874 and establishing federal responsibility for defence, trade, and legal matters.
Switzerland features a system of government not seen at the national level on any other place on Earth: direct democracy, sometimes called half-direct democracy (this could, or could not be correct as theoretically, one could state that the people have full power over the law).
www.wiki-mirror.be /index.php/Switzerland   (3279 words)

 Switzerland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Switzerland is situated in the central Alpine region of Europe and borders and Italy to the south, Austria and the Principality of Liechtenstein to the east, Germany in the north and France to the west.
Switzerland is situated in the northern temperate zone and is influenced by the Gulf Stream.
According to the Global Competiveness report of 1996, Switzerland is at the first rank for the cost of capital, at the second rank for the adequacy of financial regulation and at the third rank for the level of sophistication of financial markets.
www.swissbcuae.com /abudhabi/switzerland.asp   (1291 words)

 Financial Relations between Switzerland and the Allies, 1945-1952. L.von Castelmur
Switzerland would pay 50% of the proceeds of liquidation to the Allies for purposes of reconstruction, with the Federal Council being free to dispose of the remaining 50%.
Switzerland concluded a certification agreement with the US government on 22.11.1946, on the basis of which assets to the value of almost 4.5 billion Swiss francs in the USA were released by the end of 1948.
Switzerland set up the necessary implementation authorities: the unit for the liquidation of German assets; the joint commission held numerous sessions from autumn 1946 to 1948; Switzerland paid the Allies an advance of 20 million Swiss francs on the liquidation sum due to them, for the benefit of refugee organisations, in July 1948.
www.ess.uwe.ac.uk /genocide/Switzerland12.htm   (3300 words)

 Switzerland (11/04)
Switzerland is a federal state composed of 26 cantons (20 are "full" cantons and six "half" cantons for purposes of representation in the federal legislature) that retain attributes of sovereignty, such as fiscal autonomy and the right to manage internal cantonal affairs.
Traditionally, Switzerland has avoided alliances that might entail military, political, or direct economic action, but in recent years the Swiss have broadened the scope of activities in which they feel able to participate without compromising their neutrality.
Switzerland (mainly Geneva) is home to many international governmental and nongovernmental organizations, including the International Committee of the Red Cross (whose flag is essentially the Swiss flag with colors reversed, the Red Cross historically being a Swiss organization).
www.state.gov /outofdate/bgn/s/47566.htm   (5755 words)

 Switzerland (03/07)
Switzerland was ranked as the most competitive economy in the World Economic Forum’s 2006 Global Competitiveness Report for the first time, reflecting the country’s sound institutional environment, excellent infrastructure, efficient markets, competent macroeconomic management, world-class educational attainment, and high levels of technological innovation, which boost Switzerland's competitiveness in the global economy.
Switzerland in October 2000 implemented an ordinance to enforce UN sanctions against the Taliban (UNSCR 1267), which it subsequently amended in April 2001 in accord with tighter UN regulations (UNSCR 1333).
Switzerland is an active participant in the OSCE, its foreign minister serving as Chairman-in-Office for 1996.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/3431.htm   (7659 words)

 The EU's relations with Switzerland - Overview
Switzerland’s highest executive body and collective Head of State is the Federal Council, which is formed by a collegial body of seven members.
Switzerland applied for membership of the EU in 1992, but as a result of two negative referenda (on the EEA in 1992, and on the start of accession negotiations in 2001) the issue is on ice for the foreseeable future.
Switzerland is running a low inflation and is expected to keep inflation under control and well below 2% (the explicit inflation target) mainly thanks to limited adverse effects from elevated oil prices on the economy, and some increase in competition in domestic markets, e.g.
ec.europa.eu /external_relations/switzerland/intro/index.htm   (2531 words)

 Foreign Relations
Relations with the Bush Administration are now quite cold, as Bergonians now openly gloat over the failure to find even a speck of WMD.
The violent breakup of Yugoslavia was a surprising disappointment to many in Bergonia's foreign policy establishment, and the atrocities committed in the early stages of the war by Serbians against Croatian civilians shocked them greatly.
BiH Foreign Minister Haris Silajdzic described Serb attacks around Sarajevo as "breaking of good faith." Silajdzic reportedly said, "The condition for successful negotiations was to restore electricity, water and gas to Sarajevo," which had been lacking for months.
www.bergonia.org /Gov/foreignaffairs.htm   (13583 words)

 The Avalon Project : 20th Century Documents
Foreign Relations of the United States : The Bolshevik "Coup d'Etat" November 7, 1917
Hearings Before the Committee on Foreign Relations United States Senate Seventieth Congress on The General Pact for the Renunciation of War signed at Paris August 27, 1928
Papers Related to the Foreign Relations of the United States 1922-1941
www.yale.edu /lawweb/avalon/20th.htm   (1522 words)

 Modern history of Switzerland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Since 1945, the population of Switzerland has grown from roughly 4.5 to 7.5 million, mostly between 1945 and 1970, with a brief negative growth in the late 1970s, and a population growth hovering around 0.5% per year since the 1990s, mostly due to immigration.
Italians had been the largest group of resident foreigners since the 1920, but with the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s, large-scale immigration of refugees has changed this picture, and residents with Balkanese origins now constitute the largest group of resident foreigners, with some 200,000 people (roughly 3% of the population).
Switzerland is not a member state of the EU, but has been (together with Liechtenstein) surrounded by EU territory since the joining of Austria in 1995.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Modern_history_of_Switzerland   (442 words)

 Switzerland : CH   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Switzerland : CH terms defined : Switzerland : CH
Switzerland has four official languages: German (64%) in the north and centre, French (19%) to the west, Italian (8%) in the south, and finally Romansh, a Romance language spoken by a small minority (<1%) in the southeastern canton Grisons.
Bigg Wither, especially the great Sequoia, and the holly hedge decoration, which he sowed in a row under the wall of the boys' had been engaged on for years, paying strict and reverent.
www.termsdefined.net /ch/ch.html   (1091 words)

 Military, armaments industry, and nuclear relations between Switzerland and South Africa and the UN Apartheid debate of ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Swiss relations with South Africa affecting the sectors of politics, the military, and the armaments industry were most intensive during the 1980s when South Africa implemented its policy on racial separation (apartheid) most strenuously accompanied by serious humanrights violations and open use of violence.
Since Switzerland had never declared war against Germany, support of the UN´s founding states was required in order to achieve its goal of gaining international involvement among as many UN organizations as possible linked with recognition of its neutrality.
The governments of Switzerland and South African Union also agreed on other issues: i.e., the decisive outlook on anticommunism, the view that the German crimes did not have to be punished, and the emphasis on national sovereignty that addressed real or presumed encroachments by the Great Powers.
www.anc.org.za /ancdocs/history/embargo/swiss_embargo.htm   (6349 words)

The objects of the investigation were all assets moved to Switzerland, including insurable values and cultural assets, both of the victims of the Nazi regime as well as of its perpetrators and collaborators.
The commission also examined the relations of Swiss industrial and commercial companies with the National-Socialist economy, especially regarding their involvement in "aryanization measures" and the exploitation of forced laborers, as well as Swiss refugee policy and government measures for the return of unlawfully acquired assets in the postwar period.
The remaining $450 million was set aside for refugees who were denied entrance to or expelled from Switzerland, slave laborers forced to work for companies with Swiss accounts, and victims whose belongings were plundered by the Nazis and apparently ended up in Switzerland.
www.ushmm.org /assets/switzerland.htm   (1563 words)

 Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Foreign Trade :: Barbados   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Barbados' relations with Europe have always been defined through the European Union's (EU) preferential trading arrangements with its former Caribbean colonies, arrangements which have continued to weaken with the passage of time and the changing of circumstance.
With the expansion of the EU and the anticipated end of its preferential treatment of Caribbean commodities, Barbados and other CARICOM member states are poised to enter a new phase in the rationalisation of their association with Europe.
At the same time, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade takes note of the changing face of continental Europe, the expansion of the EU to include seven formerly eastern European countries, and the fact that these changes are important to Barbados' strategy of diversifying its relations and developing new markets.
www.foreign.gov.bb /pageselect.cfm?page=94   (609 words)

 Switzerland - Gurupedia
Switzerland is a prosperous and stable modern market economy with a per capita
Switzerland remains a safe haven for investors, because it has maintained a degree of bank secrecy (see Swiss bank account)and has kept up the
The stability and prosperity of Switzerland, combined with a linguistically and religiously diverse population has led some to describe the country as a
www.gurupedia.com /s/sw/switzerland.htm   (1091 words)

Bruno Kreisky, who had served as foreign minister between 1959 and 1966, laid great emphasis on an active, internationalist foreign policy during his tenure as chancellor (1970-83).
Kreisky's vision of foreign policy was based on the notion that Austria, as a neutral country, should seek to mediate conflicts between countries and stake out independent and innovative policies on various issues.
Foreign Minister Mock was an early advocate of sending a UN peacekeeping force to prevent bloodshed as the various Yugoslav republics sought to establish their independence.
countrystudies.us /austria/128.htm   (2234 words)

 TDS; Passports, Visas, Travel Documents
Switzerland (mainly Geneva) is home to many international governmental and nongovernmental organizations, including the International Committee of the Red Cross (whose flag is essentially the Swiss flag with colors reversed, the Red Cross historically being a Swiss organization).
Switzerland also has joined UN economic sanctions imposed on Libya, Sierra Leone, UNITA (Angola), Liberia, and Serbia and Montenegro.
The first 3 years of cooperation under the U.S.-Swiss Joint Economic Commission (2000-03) invigorated bilateral ties by recording achievements in a number of areas, including consultations on anti-money laundering efforts, counter-terrorism, and pharmaceutical regulatory cooperation; an e-government conference; and the re-establishment of the Fulbright student/cultural exchange program.
www.traveldocs.com /ch/foreign.htm   (1085 words)

 The EU's relations with Switzerland - Declaration by Mrs Ferrero-Waldner and Mr Frattini on behalf of the European ...
The EU's relations with Switzerland - Declaration by Mrs Ferrero-Waldner and Mr Frattini on behalf of the European Commission on the favourable vote of the Swiss people regarding the association agreement on the Schengen Area
The participation of Switzerland in the Schengen area will strengthen the European space of free movement of persons without controls at the internal borders.
The ratification of these association agreements is an important step in the relations between Switzerland and the European Union.
www.europa.eu.int /comm/external_relations/switzerland/news/050605.htm   (225 words)

 Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Foreign Trade :: Barbados   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
This was one of the items discussed when Switzerland's new non-resident Ambassador, His Excellency Walter Suter paid a courtesy call on the Minister of State in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade, the Hon.
Symmonds, noting that a previous discussion on this issue was held in the mid 1990's, stressed that this was a critical area where both countries could seek to strengthen their relations.
Barbados and Switzerland established diplomatic relations in 1980.
www.foreign.gov.bb /articles.cfm?article=24   (184 words)

 Bhutan's Foreign Policy and Relations: Bhutannewsonline.com
Secondly, Bhutan’s treaty relations with India, heavy dependence on India economic aid and its land-locked status hindered the growth of independent diplomacy.
It established formal diplomatic relations with Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden, EEC, Norway and Netherlands in 1985; Kuwait, Japan and Finland in 1986; South Korea in 1987, Austria in 1989, Thailand in 1991 Bahrain in 1992.
It established non-resident diplomatic relations with Maldives in 1984, Sri Lanka, 1987 and Pakistan in 1990.
www.bhutannewsonline.com /foreign-relations.html   (985 words)

 Switzerland: History, Geography, Government, and Culture — FactMonster.com
Switzerland, in central Europe, is the land of the Alps.
Most of Switzerland is composed of a mountainous plateau bordered by the great bulk of the Alps on the south and by the Jura Mountains on the northwest.
In Sept. 2000, the Swiss voted against a plan to cut the number of foreigners in the country to 18% of the population (in 2000 foreigners made up 19.3%).
www.factmonster.com /ipka/A0108012.html   (743 words)

 Europe - NZ Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Strong symbolism around the 66th anniversary of the Battle of Crete, (which began on 20 May 1941) was a central theme during the visit and culminated in the announcement to launch negotiations on a shared memories arrangement.
The community was clearly united in the joy at welcoming ‘their’ Prime Minister for the first time, and this served to highlight the ongoing relevance of the bilateral relationship looking to the future, as well as the wartime past.
He said EU External Relations Commissioner Benita Ferrero-Waldner had been invited to visit New Zealand, and she hoped to make the trip in June.
www.mfat.govt.nz /Foreign-Relations/Europe   (1414 words)

 Switzerland: History, Geography, Government, and Culture — Infoplease.com
Switzerland: Economy - Economy Switzerland has a highly successful market economy based on international trade and...
Between a rock and a hard place: the legal and moral juxtaposition of Switzerland's bank secrecy laws as illustrated by the revelation......
Switzerland is the largest producer of textile machinery.
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0108012.html   (847 words)

 MOFA: Japan-Switzerland Relations
Legations, which later were raised to the status of an embassy, were established in 1916 on a reciprocal basis.
Switzerland represented Japan's interest toward the Allied Nations during the Second World War.
Besides, construction of a Japanese garden was finalized with aid received from the Expo Fund in Interlaken in July, 1995.
www.mofa.go.jp /region/europe/switzerland/index.html   (535 words)

 Finding Information on   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Switzerland and Liechtenstein use Swiss francs (abbreviation: CHF), not euros.
As of mid-November 2005, one Switzerland Franc equaled about 76 U.S. cents; a U.S. dollar equaled about 1.32 CHF.
Search by “Switzerland” or other subject and sort by publication date for latest news in English.
www.sunyacc.edu /academics/library/handouts/switzerlandtoweb05.htm   (551 words)

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