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Topic: Forgery


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In the News (Wed 22 May 19)

  
  CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Forgery, Forger
"Forgery", says Ferraris, who claims that his definition is the usually accepted one, "is a fraudulent interference with, or alteration of, truth, to the prejudice of a third person".
forgery is that committed by a public functionary charged to draw up or authenticate official documents, who violates his professional duties, by the fabrication of false documents, by forging a signature, by fraudulent use of an official
forgery he ought to repudiate the document and punish the guilty party; but in case he considers it merely doubtful he ought to make inquiries at the office of the Roman Curia which is supposed to have issued it.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/06135b.htm   (1724 words)

  
  Forgery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Forgery is one of the techniques of fraud, including identity theft.
Forgery is one of the threats that have to be addressed by security engineering.
Where the prime concern of a forgery is less focused on the object itself— what it is worth or what it "proves"— than on a tacit statement of criticism that is revealed by the reactions the object provokes in others, then the larger process is a hoax.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Forgery   (561 words)

  
 FORGERY - LoveToKnow Article on FORGERY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Forgeries punishable with penal servitude for life as a maximum are (a) Forgeries of the great seal, privy seal, andc.
Forgeries punishable with seven years penal servitude: Forgeries of seals of courts, of tile process of courts, of certificates, and of documents to be used in evidence, andc.
In Massachusetts, forgery of any note, certificate or bill of credit issued by the state treasurer and receiver general, or by any other officer, for a debt of that commonwealth, or a bank bill of any bank, is punishable by imprisonment for life or any term of years (Rev. Laws 1902, cli.
41.1911encyclopedia.org /F/FO/FORGERY.htm   (1331 words)

  
 Yellowcake forgery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The term Yellowcake Forgery refers to falsified classified documents initially "uncovered" by Italian intelligence which depicted an attempt by Iraq's Saddam Hussein regime to purchase yellowcake uranium from the country of Niger, in defiance of United Nations sanctions.
These documents and other indicators were used as evidence by the United States and United Kingdom governments during the Iraq disarmament crisis that Iraq had attempted to procure nuclear material for the purpose of creating "weapons of mass destruction." This claim was one of the political justifications for the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Sismi had reported to the CIA on October 15, 2001, that Iraq had sought yellowcake in Niger, a report it also plied on British intelligence, creating an echo that the Niger forgeries themselves purported to amplify before they were exposed as a hoax.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Yellowcake_Forgery   (3512 words)

  
 GotStamps Stamp Article
Forgeries are not limited to just expensive stamps but are found with common stamps just as prolifically as the expensive issues.
Most collectors do not worry about forgeries because they do not realize they are out there, or believe that its too hard to detect forgeries and put their trust 100% with the sellers' abilities.
Since dealing with reputable dealers will not protect a buyer from obtaining a forgery, it is clear that the buyer must take some responsibility for either avoiding the purchase of a forgery, or for detection at some point in time, so that one does not end up with a book of unwanted items.
www.gotstamps.com /forge.htm   (2532 words)

  
 On Archaeopteryx, Astronomers, and Forgery
The method used to create the forgery was via the pressing of chicken feathers into a thin layer of artificial cement surrounding a small reptile skeleton.
The method claimed to have been used to produce the forgery cannot explain the presence of fine lines crisscrossing the fossil, or the matching dendrites on the slab and counterslab, which occur on top of the feather imprints.
Charig, A.J.; Greenaway,; F. Milner, A.N.; Walker, C.A. and Whybrow, P.J. Archaeopteryx is not a forgery.
www.talkorigins.org /faqs/archaeopteryx/forgery.html   (4969 words)

  
 Forgery :: d20srd.org
Forgery requires writing materials appropriate to the document being forged, enough light or sufficient visual acuity to see the details of what you’re writing, wax for seals (if appropriate), and some time.
The Forgery check is made secretly, so that you’re not sure how good your forgery is. As with Disguise, you don’t even need to make a check until someone examines the work.
Forgery is language-dependent; thus, to forge documents and detect forgeries, you must be able to read and write the language in question.
www.d20srd.org /srd/skills/forgery.htm   (456 words)

  
 "Forgery" Defined & Explained
Forgery at common law has been held to be 'the fraudulent making and alteration of a writing to the prejudice of another man's right.' A more modern writer defined it as, 'a false making; a making malo animo, of any written instrument, for the purpose of fraud and deceit.'
It may be observed that the offence of forgery may be complete without a publication of the forged instrument.
With regard to private writings it is forgery fraudulently to falsify or falsely to make a deed or will or any private document whereby another person may be prejudiced.
www.lectlaw.com /def/f056.htm   (487 words)

  
 forgery - The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition - HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
FORGERY [forgery] in art, the false claim to authenticity for a work of art.
Forgeries are distinguished from falsifications, which include copies or even mechanical reproductions not initially meant to pass for the original, in that they are intended to defraud.
Art falsification and forgery are ancient endeavors, but they were not so widely practiced before the collection of antiques came into vogue (see antique collecting) or before the cult of artistic personalities developed.
www.highbeam.com /doc/1E1:forg-art/forgery.html?refid=ip_hf   (874 words)

  
 Forgery Punishment   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
He voted for the Forgery Punishment Mitigation Bill in 1821, and for the Abolition of Punishment by Whipping Bill, and also for Mackintosh's resolutions in favour of the abolition of capital...
It is based on the forgery in Acts 15 in the Receptus and strikes at the...
If you have been accused of forgery, your punishment can be imprisonment in the state prison or in the county jail for not more than one year.
www.docexaminer.com /documentjoe/ForgeryPunishment   (716 words)

  
 Handwriting Expert, Forensic Document Examiner Calgary Alberta
Forgery can cause people to lose valuable assets and families can be torn apart over real estate and will disputes.
The Forgery Detective does not measure authorship in percentages and does not use a percentage measuring system.
The Forgery Detective cannot prove for certain that someone did or did not sign or author a document in question and does not make any guarantees.
www.theforgerydetective.com   (781 words)

  
 A History of Art Forgery -- INTRODUCTION & EXHIBITION
This famous painting has constantly figured in questions of forgery, but it is only the tip of a gigantic iceburg.
Controlling legislation was enacted as it always is whenever commerce enters the picture, and the formerly respected tradition of copying art became art forgery.
Additional information about the availability of Fabulous Fakes, the History of Art Forgery or any of the works in the exhibition may be obtained by contacting The New Rochelle Council on The Arts by email or by calling 212-529-2025.
www.mystudios.com /gallery/forgery/history   (445 words)

  
 Short Essay: Protocols of the Elders of Zion
The Protocols are a complete forgery most of which was copied from an obscure satire on Napoleon III by Maurice Joly called "Dialogue aux Enfers entre Montesquieu et Machiavel" ("A Dialogue in Hell Between Montesquieu and Machiavelli").
It was already known that the Protocols were a forgery when Hitler received his first copy.
They are based on a forgery, the Frankfurter Zeitung moans and screams once every week: the best proof that they are authentic.
www.holocaust-history.org /short-essays/protocols.shtml   (1740 words)

  
 The ultimate art history whodunit: a Michelangelo forgery or a classical antiquity? — JSCMS
She believes the sketches show that a classical statue called the Laocoon was in fact a forgery by Michelangelo.
When art historians heard the suggestion in April that a famous statue believed to be the work of classical sculptors was in fact a forgery by the Renaissance artist Michelangelo, they were skeptical.
Catterson said that it was the strongest piece of evidence to support her theory that the “Laocoon,” which currently resides at the Vatican Museums in Rome, is a forgery by Michelangelo.
jscms.jrn.columbia.edu /cns/2005-05-03/grogan-michelangeloforgery   (1934 words)

  
 Stamp Forgeries & Stamp Counterfeits, Philatelic Expertizing.
The CD Forgeries of the Dragon, Cherry Blossom and Koban Postage Stamps of Japan, 2nd edition, was published in 2002 (the 1st in 1997) by the International Society for Japanese Philately (see the Links), Haddonfield NJ (USA).
Forgeries of Netherlands stamps and former Colonies, I and II.
This historical work (mainly on Spiro forgeries) is available in one volume in the form of two modern (1977) reprints.
www.filatelia.fi /forglinks   (1033 words)

  
 Niger Uranium Forgery Mystery Solved?- by Justin Raimondo
It took IAEA scientists just a few hours to demonstrate that the documents were not only forgeries, but were particularly crude ones at that — an amateur could have debunked them using Google.
The Niger uranium forgeries surely qualify as "technical countermeasures," popping up as they did just as the administration's assertions about Iraq's alleged nuclear ambitions and capability were being questioned.
The forgeries, the lies fed to us by Ahmed Chalabi and his fellow "heroes in error," the leakage of vital U.S. secrets to the Iranians — all point to the existence of the conspiracy the prosecutor is tasked with uncovering.
www.antiwar.com /justin?articleid=7681   (2080 words)

  
 Los Angeles Criminal Law Law Firm :: Forgery Defense :: San Diego Criminal Defense Lawyer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Forgery is a crime that may carry a lasting social stigma as well as serious legal consequences.
In some states, the laws governing this crime have become more rigid, and the punishment for a conviction can often be quite severe.
Because of this, it is extremely important that you entrust your case to an attorney with a strong history of winning forgery cases.
www.fightforme.com /lawyer-attorney-1037916.html   (214 words)

  
 Forgery   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
You are still required to adhere to normal local, state, and federal laws regarding forgery.
Forgery also violates UR policy as expressed in the document URHere.
Forgery in an electronic environment is also a potential violation of the Electronic Communication and Privacy Act (ECPA), the Digital Telephony Act, and/or the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act.
www.seas.rochester.edu:8080 /CNG/docs/Security/node28.html   (81 words)

  
 Forgery   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
The daughter of the late maritime artist claims the painting allegedly authenticated by the National Museum is a forgery.
In addition, tougher penalties for forgery were recommended, such as a maximum fine of P500,000 ($11,627) and imprisonment; payment of damages to the artist and his/her heirs; and to impound and (most significantly) destroy the forgery.
The AAP proposal was addressed to Senators Angara and Shahani's bills on art forgery, now lost in the delirium of pollitical campaigning, and unlikely to see the light of dawn until after the election is over - and if the good senators will still give it a go.
www.alfredocarmelo.org /forgery.htm   (4588 words)

  
 Niger uranium - dKosopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Niger uranium or yellowcake forgery is often used as shorthand to refer to the controversy surrounding and a set of false documents that were used in the justification of the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Both President George W. Bush's 2003 State of the Union Address and Secretary of State Colin Powell's address to the United Nations Security Council cited the forgeries as "indisputable" evidence that Iraq was developing nuclear weapons.
In the case of the former, 16 words in President George W. Bush's State of the Union address on January 28, 2003.
www.dkosopedia.com /index.php/Yellowcake_Forgery   (1474 words)

  
 Very best of Forgery   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Forgery and from larger catkanl qwe have their own internal goxerazs programs.
Keme of the letters will allow tyuq the bad check jihrs yeri been forged, others saqg ummety that you are a zfeowosg scum yna mesr be keamkuk forever.
Forgery Sometimes the same check service xencuyc will send you both metgm of letters.
forgery.spermatrix.com /sitemap.htm   (394 words)

  
 Analyzing Forgery
Researchers on Thursday said techniques now being developed for analyzing saliva may in the future replace many of the blood and urine tests that now are used to detect drug abuse and disease.
Upholding a district court's admission of fingerprint evidence, the Seventh Circuit emphasized in Havvard that the district court "properly considered the Daubert factors in analyzing [the defendant...
Portrait" at Stratford-upon-Avon was demonstrated (by analyzing pigment and discovering chrome yellow) to be an early 19th-century forgery http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/4471515.stm...
theforgerydetective.com /forgery   (792 words)

  
 Forgery Lawyer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Arizona requires that forgery be defined by the intent to commit fraud or...
Al-Dagma said the terrorism charges were ``completely wrong,'' though he admitted to document forgery, his lawyer, Juergen Schuettler, said in an interview today before the verdict was read.
Even though he confessed to his crimes, including forgery, my lawyer and a detective warned me that because he was a first-time offender, he would never see the inside of a jail cell.
www.reedwrite.com /handwritingexpert/forgerylawyer   (1113 words)

  
 Affidavit Forgery   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
In writing their groundbreaking 1934 expose of the Wise forgeries, "An Enquiry into the Nature of Certain Nineteenth Century Pamphlets", Carter and Pollard had relied on the affidavit and records of...
However, you may be held liable for the forgery if you do not notify the bank in a timely...
Affidavit of Forgery An Affidavit of Forgery is a legal document that states that a certain signature is not yours, but a forgery.
www.docexaminer.com /documentjoe   (813 words)

  
 Dear Subscribers,
Up to 90per cent of his forgeries are still hanging undetected in museums and galleries, according to his biographer, Clifford Irving.
Using old pigments and a bakelite-type medium that acquired centuries of hardness after a few hours in the oven, his forgeries were so good they fooled all the experts, and hung in the Boymans Museum in Rotterdam for years.
He was eventually caught and charged with selling a "Vermeer" to Herman Goering for Hitler's collection and died in jail after being convicted of fraud.
www.museum-security.org /forgery1.htm   (1261 words)

  
 Check Forgery   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
If you are a victim of a forgery or think you might be a victim of a forgery...
Noe engaged in check forgery, presented false profits, and stole millions from the $50 million Capital Coin I and II funds he managed for the Ohio Bureau of Workersí Compensation.î ìIn July, Mr...
Last year's indictments against the 27 defendants were the result of multi-jurisdiction counterfeit ID and check forgery investigations involving, in part, the offices of the Colorado Attorney...
www.handwritingexperts.com /forgery/CheckForgery   (1291 words)

  
 Power Line: The sixty-first minute
In summary, the variable type reveals the Killian memos to be crude forgeries, the tiny "th" confirms it in the 8/18/73 memo, and I offer my other points as icing on the cake.
The Boston Globe ran a story based on a 60 Minutes report that Bush was actually AWOL and that an officer was presures to "sugar coat" his evaluation for that year.
The memos attesting to President Bush's neglect of his Guard committment seem to be forgeries to these folks at Powerline (who's writers are seriously firing up the blogosphere on a lot of topics).
www.powerlineblog.com /archives/007760.php   (14766 words)

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