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Topic: Formosan languages


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In the News (Wed 20 Feb 19)

  
  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Formosan languages
The Formosan languages are a group of Austronesian languages spoken 2% of the population of Taiwan, almost exclusively aboriginals.
The Formosan language family is an immediate decendant of the Austronesian language family, and some scholars even speculated that they are ancestral to the rest of the Austronesian language family.
Implied in...discussions of subgrouping [of Austronesian languages] is a broad consensus that the homeland of the Austronesians was in Taiwan.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Formosan-languages   (690 words)

  
 Austronesian Languages - ninemsn Encarta
The Formosan languages are the Aboriginal languages of Taiwan (seven of which are now extinct) and include Amis, Tsou, and Paiwan.
The 237 Western Oceanic languages are spoken in Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, and Indonesia.
In general, the Austronesian languages use affixes (suffixes, infixes, prefixes) attached to base words to modify the meaning or to indicate the function of the word in the sentence.
au.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761553922/Austronesian_Languages.html   (645 words)

  
 Formosan languages
The Formosan languages are a group of Austronesian languages spoken by 2% of the population of Taiwan, almost exclusively aboriginalss.
The modern population of Chinese origin began to migrate to the island circa 1650 CE.
Many Formosan-speaking populations underwent and are still undergoing language shift between aboriginal languages and Chinese, in some cases with Japanese in between.
www.xasa.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/f/fo/formosan_languages.html   (150 words)

  
 Formosan languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The aboriginal languages of Taiwan have significance in historical linguistics, since in all likelihood Taiwan was the place of origin of the entire Austronesian language family.
According to Blust (1999), the Formosan languages form nine of the ten principal branches of the Austronesian language family, while the one remaining principal branch contains nearly 1,200 Malayo-Polynesian languages found outside of Taiwan.
All Formosan languages are slowly being replaced by the culturally dominant Mandarin-Chinese.
en.askmore.net /Formosan_languages.htm   (490 words)

  
 Colonization, Globalization, and Language Endangerment
Overall, these colonial languages were just an addition to local repertoires of languages and constituted little threats to the more indigenous ones, which were protected by the clear division of labor in their functions, with the more indigenous ones functioning as vernaculars and the colonial ones as lingua francas.
Language shift and language loss are neither new nor recent phenomena, as evidenced by the fact that only 3% of the world’s languages are spoken in Europe (Mayor and BindÈ 2001), which is one of the most densely populated parts of the world.
Language shift, which is the main cause of language endangerment and death, is part of this adaptive coevolution, as speakers endeavor to meet their day-to-day communicative needs.
humanities.uchicago.edu /faculty/mufwene/mufw_colonization.html   (11280 words)

  
 Malayo Polynesian Languages: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library
These languages have come to be widely understood in their respective countries, although not always as a first language.
Melanesian languages are found on the islands of Fiji, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, the Bismarck Archipelago, and New Guinea.
The principal Polynesian languages from west to east are...the easternmost of the Polynesian languages, is Hawaiian.
www.questia.com /library/encyclopedia/101256976   (1096 words)

  
 Szakos & Glavitsch: Portability, modularity and seamless speech-corpus indexing and retrieval
All the languages involved in early corpus linguistics were standardized over centuries, dominated by the philological research, lacking the diversity offered by the documentation of languages and dialects without established orthographic systems.
While our main aim is to raise the unwritten languages to the level of well-documented languages of classical/dominant civilizations, we may learn from their experiences and complement these corpora.
For some of Formosan languages it will not be possible to make those hundreds of recording hours, but we hope to complete at least well annotated examples of a DVD size for each one.
emeld.org /workshop/2004/szakos-paper.html   (2785 words)

  
 The U of MT -- Mansfield Library LangFing Malayan pt. 1
You have reached the first page of Malayan and Formosan languages, which is just one part of the "Language Finger" homepage, which is an index by language to the holdings of the Mansfield Library of The University of Montana.
The Formosan languages in turn belong to the Austronesian branch of the Austric family of languages.
The Dayak languages are spoken on Borneo and in Kalimantan, Indonesia, and on Sarawak in Malaysia.
www.lib.umt.edu /guide/lang/malayn1h.htm   (1248 words)

  
 News Article - ATAYAL - The worldwide voice of the aboriginal tribes of Taiwan
The Formosan languages are part of a widespread family called the Austronesian languages, which are spoken throughout the islands of the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
The Formosan group originally encompassed 20 to 30 languages, but over half of them are already extinct, including Siraya, Basay, and Qauqaut, with few, if any, surviving examples of their written scripts.
The Formosan languages were once described as a "gift from God" by Nature magazine because of their variety and complexity.
www.atayal.org /NewsView.asp?catID=2   (512 words)

  
 [No title]
SaiSiyat is a Formosan language constituting the Northwest Branch of the Austronesian language family (Blust 1999), spoken by a population of roughly 4,000 distributed between two dialects.
Tagalog and Cebuano, verb-initial languages belonging to the Meso-Philippine language family (Moseley and Asher 1994), are the two major languages in the Philippines, each spoken as a first language by a-fifth of the total population.
In bipartite verb languages, Manner is encoded as an affix in the verb.
homepage.ntu.edu.tw /~f89142006/ZZPaper-SinicaMotion.doc   (4292 words)

  
 Scholarly Interests of the Faculty and Faculty Fellows, Rice University
Language typology, Language universals, Syntax, Japanese linguistics, Austronesian linguistics
Contrary to the view that language faculty is independent from performance factors, this presentation argues that the usage pattern has profound effects on the form of abstract representation as well as the distribution patterns of variouslinguistc forms.
Serial verb constructions in Formosan languages are particularly interesting because they challenge a number of basic assumptions and claims made regarding the form of serial verb constructions and the pattern of grammaticalization of motions verbs.
cohesion.rice.edu /administration/fis/report/FacultyDetail.cfm?DivID=1&DeptID=48&RiceID=1197   (3595 words)

  
 Celebrating 93rd Double Tenth National Day - Republic of China(Taiwan)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Their language is apparently not closely related to any of the other indigenous languages on Taiwan.
The Austronesian languages are spoken by the indigenous peoples but are slowly disappearing with cultural assimilation among the inhabitants of Taiwan.
The Ministry of Education (MOE) is currently drafting a language equality law aimed at preserving the 14 major languages and dialects spoken in Taiwan: Mandarin, Taiwanese, Hakka, and indigenous languages.
www.bruneidirect.com /New_bizcentre/BR/new_clients/taiwan/people_language.html   (4463 words)

  
 Formosan Language Archive
The Formosan languages belong to a widespread language family called "Austronesian", which include all the languages spoken throughout the islands of the Pacific and Indian Ocean (Madagascar, Indonesian, the Philippines, Taiwan, New Guinea, New Zealand, Hawaii and the islands of Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia).
The Formosan languages exhibit very rich linguistic diversity and the variations that oppose different dialects/languages are enormous.
These languages are extremely useful in comparative work but though they have been known to be on the verge of extinction for years, Formosan languages, Formosan linguistics as a specific field has bloomed only very recently, with the participation of more scholars adopting different contemporary linguistic approaches to investigate individual languages or establishing cross-linguistic comparisons.
formosan.sinica.edu.tw /formosan/en/intro.htm   (441 words)

  
 Maluku and Melanesia (c)
Insofar as that the highest order (earliest) split in the Austronesian language family was between that of the Formosan languages (Austronesian languages of Taiwan) from Extra-Formosan Austronesian languages, a protoform represented in Formosan as well as Extra-Formosan languages must originate from Proto-Austronesian.
From a linguistic point of view, the Oceanic language group, encompassing all Austronesian languages is a compact language group.
Bimanese bulu, Wetar huru) to the St. Vitiaz languages Southwest of the Bismarcks (Siassi ful, Gedaged fu).
www.irja.org /anthro/malmel2.htm   (2045 words)

  
 Konrad's Languages Page
His research interests are: Taiwanese linguistics, sociolinguistics, cultural anthropology, language planning, language, gender, ethnic group, and nationalism, the de-Sinicization in east Asia, post-colonial studies, writing systems of the world.
Japanese was the official language on Taiwan (Formosa) during the Japanese era of colonial rule (1895-1945).
Mandarin Chinese is a dialect of Han language that was foreign to Taiwan until 1945, when the KMT forced Mandarin upon the Taiwanese under a ROC monolingual National Language Policy.
www.wam.umd.edu /~konrad/languages.html   (435 words)

  
 The U of MT -- Mansfield Library LangFing Malayan, pt. 2
You have reached the second page of Malayan and Formosan Languages, which is just one part of the "Language Finger" homepage, which is an index by language to the holdings of the Mansfield Library of The University of Montana.
The Formosan languages belong to the Austronesian branch of the Austric family of languages.
Malagasy is spoken in Madagascar and in the Comoro Islands (north of Madagascar).
www.lib.umt.edu /guide/lang/malayn2h.htm   (1403 words)

  
 Formosan
Based on language distribution and subgrouping, we are able to infer the dispersal of Formosan peoples in Taiwan even without written documents.
The importance of the plain tribe (pepo) languages can hardly be overstated as they were the first to have contact with outsiders and to become extinct.
Ogawa’s important works published in the early 30s all point to the fact that Formosan languages retain certain phonemic distinctions that have been lost in all extra-Formosan languages.
www.eng.ntnu.edu.tw /linguistic-camp01/Formosan.htm   (410 words)

  
 UH Press Journals: Oceanic Linguistics, vol. 39, no. 2 (2000)
Blust (1999) shows that in Pazeh, a moribund Formosan language, causativized dynamic verbs are morphologically marked by pa-, while stative verbs are prefixed by paka-.
This analysis accounts for the synchronic variation across the Austronesian languages, and the Formosan languages in particular, with respect to this matter.
Unlike other Formosan languages where parallel "nonfinite" forms are also used in the imperative, this language employs a separate subjunctive form.
www.uhpress.hawaii.edu /journals/ol/OL392.html   (1237 words)

  
 Polynesian Migration from Taiwan?
In a region that possessed no written languages until the arrival of the Europeans it is very difficult determine exactly which language a particular language is derived from.
Like most of the Polynesian islands it appears to be the case that the indigenous aborigines have little or no history of the manufacture of pottery, with the expception of the Amis.
She explained that the Taiwanese, in general, do not appear to be interested in the culture or language of these people and so she wasn't in a position to learn very much.
www.samoa.co.uk /taiwan.html   (1223 words)

  
 Malay part of Austronesian
The Austronesian languages originate from people who emigrated on their long sea voyages 5,500 years ago from Taiwan - and before that from mainland China.
The Sanskrit-based languages are part of the Indo-European group of languages.
But of course the Malay language is influenced by Sanskrit because of the long historical links with the Indian subcontinent, and, as well as by Chinese languages, Arabic and Portuguese (for example, the word bendera), and of course, more recently, by English.
www.malaysiakini.com /letters/7906   (356 words)

  
 Philip W. Davis:Research_Interests
Saunders (SFU), I have co authored numerous papers and articles on this language; a collection of texts and a grammar are in print.
Huang, NTNU) of Atayal, an Austronesian language of the Formosan branch, spoken in Taiwan, R.O.C. Since 1989, I have been working on several Philippine languages, especially, Yogad.
I have co-authored a grammar of this language, and a dictionary is in progress.
www.ruf.rice.edu /~pwd/researchinterests.html   (425 words)

  
 formosa   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
For assistance locating obscure place names (in Chinese, Japanese, or European languages), the user is directed to the detailed Place-name maps or the Island maps on the Maps component of the library.
The Timeline database enables users to chart an explorer's itinerary, to pinpoint foreign access to specific Formosan communities, or to compare historical events occurring in the same place or year.
A small sampling of primary Linguistic Data on the various aboriginal languages, collected by 19th-century explorers, may interest the student of Austronesian.
academic.reed.edu /formosa/intro.html   (319 words)

  
 Konrad's Han Characters in Taiwan Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Before settlers from China brought the Han oral language and writing system to Taiwan, the aboriginal inhabitants used languages with sound but no written form.
Besides Mandarin Chinese, there are several languages in use in Taiwan: Hoklo (Taiwanese), Hakka, and aboriginal languages.
The word kanchiu (MLT: khanchiuo) (wife) is derived from the Siraya tongue of the Pingpu; and mangga, the old name of the Wanhua district of Taipei, is from Bangka (meaning canoe) in the language of Ketagalan, a Pingpu tribe that once lived there.
www.wam.umd.edu /~konrad/taiwan/hanchar0.html   (610 words)

  
 Formosan languages - Flight to Taiwan - Travel to China
Formosan languages - Flight to Taiwan - Travel to China
The Formosan languages are a group of Austronesian languages spoken by 2% of the population of Taiwan, almost exclusively Taiwanese aboriginesaboriginals.
The modern population of ChinaChinese origin began to migrate to the island circa 1650.
www.famouschinese.com /virtual/Formosan_languages   (253 words)

  
 Formosan languages . Taiwanese (linguistics) . Jared Diamond . Guns, Germs and Steel . Austronesian languages
The internal structure of the Austronesian languages is difficult to work out, as the family consists of many very similar languages with large numbers of dialect chains.
However, it is clear that the greatest genealogical diversity is found among the Formosan languages of Taiwan, and the least among the islands of the Pacific, supporting a dispersal of the family from Taiwan.
Below is a consensus opinion, with the Western MP classification based on Fay Wouk and Malcolm Ross ed.
www.uk.knowledge-info.org /Formosan_languages-UK-0848008-ow   (276 words)

  
 Taipei Times - archives   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
* The Formosan group originally encompassed 20 to 30 languages, but over half of them are already extinct, including Siraya, Basay, and Qauqaut, with few, if any, surviving examples of their written scripts.
"Although the Formosan group of languages holds a key position among the languages of Austronesia because of its unique features, I am afraid that it is doomed to eventual extinction," said Paul Li (李壬癸), of the Institute of Linguistics at the Academia Sinica, who is conducting the research.
"From a linguistic perspective, the Formosan group is the most important of the Austronesian family because its languages have the highest levels of retention [of the linguistic forms of ancient languages]," said Ho Da-ang (
www.taipeitimes.com /News/taiwan/archives/2002/05/10/135416/print   (579 words)

  
 Formosan languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Formosan languages are a group of Austronesian languages spoken by the aboriginal people of Taiwan.
Nowadays, only 2% of the Taiwanese population speaks these languages.
The modern population of Chinese origin began to migrate to the island ca.
www.mywiseowl.com /articles/Formosan_languages   (135 words)

  
 ECAI - Pacific Language Mapping
See Language Atlas for information about the source and copyright of the data.
Formosan Language Demo showing the possibilities for navigating from language map to related web sources.
The Austronesian team is participating in a collaboration with the ECAI central team, the School of Information Management and Systems at UC Berkeley, and the Shung Ye Museum to develop maps and cultural resources on the Batanes Island area.
ecai.org /austronesiaweb/PacificMaps.htm   (282 words)

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