
 AllRefer.com  fractal geometry (Mathematics)  Encyclopedia 
  fractal geometry, branch of mathematics concerned with irregular patterns made of parts that are in some way similar to the whole, e.g., twigs and tree branches, a property called selfsimilarity or selfsymmetry. 
  Unlike conventional geometry, which is concerned with regular shapes and wholenumber dimensions, such as lines (onedimensional) and cones (threedimensional), fractal geometry deals with shapes found in nature that have noninteger, or fractal, dimensions : linelike rivers with a fractal dimension of about 1.2 and conelike mountains with a fractal dimension between 2 and 3. 
  Fractal geometry has been applied to such diverse fields as the stock market, chemical industry, meteorology, and computer graphics. 
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