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Topic: Frame Narrative

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In the News (Thu 20 Jun 19)

  Frame story - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A frame story (also frame tale, frame narrative, etc.) is a narrative technique whereby a main story is composed, at least in part, for the purpose of organizing a set of shorter stories, each of which is a story within a story.
This literary device often acts as a convenient conceit for the organization of a set of smaller narratives which are either of the devising of the author, or taken from a previous stock of popular tales slightly altered by the author for the purpose of the longer narrative.
Frame stories are often organized as a gathering of people in one place for the exchange of stories.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Frame_Narrative   (571 words)

 Frame tale
A frame tale is a narrative technique whereby a main story is composed, at least in part, for the purpose of organizing a set of shorter stories, each of which is story within a story.
The frame tale acts as a convenient conceit for the organization of a set of smaller narratives which are either of the devising of the author, or taken from a previous stock of popular tales slightly altered by the author for the purpose of the longer narrative.
In at least one case the frame exists only as a common disaster shared by the participants at the end of the frame tale, with the shorter stories being their history and motivations for being at that particular place and time.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/f/fr/frame_tale.html   (522 words)

 Frame story -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
A frame story (also frame tale, frame narrative, etc) is a narrative technique whereby a main story is composed, at least in part, for the purpose of organizing a set of shorter stories, each of which is a (additional info and facts about story within a story) story within a story.
This (additional info and facts about literary device) literary device often acts as a convenient conceit for the organization of a set of smaller narratives which are either of the devising of the author, or taken from a previous stock of popular tales slightly altered by the author for the purpose of the longer narrative.
Sometimes a story within the main narrative can be used to sum up or encapsulate some aspect of the framing story, in which case it is referred to in literary criticism by the French term (additional info and facts about mise en abyme) mise en abyme.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/f/fr/frame_story.htm   (631 words)

The frame can be read as a self-contained semiotic element as well as a catalyst of semiological inquiry, identifying crucial debates within the designated content, and establishing the vocabulary common to the independent system in question.
The analogy of the windowpane reveals the role of a frame as the marker of a place where a medium (and/or a message) can operate, and therefore constitutes a transition from the composition of the frame and its filler to the manifestations of their interrelationship.
Although the examples and permutations of frame activity are infinite, it is important to recognize that framing content in these media becomes a question of genre; when structure and content perform this interplay, the structure of the medium (to bastardize Marshall McLuhan) does indeed become its message.
humanities.uchicago.edu /faculty/mitchell/glossary2004/frame.htm   (1403 words)

 Érudit | RON n31 2003 : O’Dea : Framing the Frame: Embedded Narratives, Enabling Texts, and   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Reader-focused analyses of frame narrative (usually assuming and elaborating a liminal, distinguishing, or transitional “picture-frame” metaphor) are incomplete, describing only the initial experience of “coming at” and “moving off from” the text as a pre-existing artifact.
Frame of reference or frame of mind: (noun) a set or system of ideas and attitudes, in terms of which other ideas, situations and attitudes are interpreted or assigned meaning.
Narrative refiguring—rhetorical, elemental, and intentional—is the process by which the core of significant structure in Frankenstein strains outward and reshapes itself toward the perceiver through a sequence of framing narratives, moving from interior alterity (the Creature’s narrative) to exterior familiarity (Walton’s letters).
www.erudit.org /revue/ron/2003/v/n31/008697ar.html   (6764 words)

 ALCA CMI::FTAA IMC| Developing a 'framing narrative' for the CAFTA talks
The frame is particularly effective since it promotes logging as the environmentally responsible solution, while taking tar and feathers to environmentalists who are portrayed as ridiculous and actually in favor of harming the forests by keeping them unhealthy.
According to the devious and false framing narrative, the fact that poor countries were so mired in poverty was due to their nasty tendency not to practice the proper religion of free markets and free trading.
But the framing narrative shifts the blame to the nations being devastated, by suggesting that this is happening because they were not practicing the true religion in the first place.
www.ftaaimc.org /pt/2003/10/926.shtml   (3731 words)

 Bible Studies - Ðóññêèå ñòðàíèöû - Íîâûé Çàâåò - Òåêñòîëîãèÿ ÍÇ   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The distinction between the pre-existent content of semantic and narrative frames that are initially evoked by the narration and the content of semantic and narrative frames cultivated by the narration permits a distinction of two constructs of the implied reader, the authorial audience and the narrative audience
Within the narrative communication between the real author and the real audience of Mark, the authorial audience is the construct of the implied reader characterized by pre-existing beliefs assumed for the original real audience; and the narrative audience is the construct of the implied reader characterized by cultivated beliefs proposed by the narration.
The proposed description of the authorial and narrative audiences relies solely on the content of the semantic and narrative frames evoked or cultivated by the narration and does not require recourse to particular historical presuppositions or appeals to authorial intent.
www.biblicalstudies.ru /NT/59.html   (5885 words)

 [No title]
The tension between the moralistic concerns of the narrative contract and the aesthetic concern to construct an unmutilated narration is deepened further by the stated concern for a restricted narrative economy.
In terms of the narrative framing in this novel, the moralistic concerns that serve as a foundation of Victor's narrative are not an internal part of the story.
Using a frame to reassert the need for a restricted narrative economy seems to be a losing battle because one can only argue against using digressions by breaking the narrative continuity one is trying to establish by avoiding digressions.
web.nwe.ufl.edu /los/dbockoven.html   (3454 words)

 Margaret Greer: Framing Tales   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
To understand Zayas' particular use of the frame tale, however, I will approach it through a brief consideration of the function of artistic frames in a larger sense, and of the nature and function of the frame tale as it was employed, or omitted, by Zayas' predecessors in the novella tradition.
The frame narrative tradition that developed thereafter, according to Gittes, bore the continuing tension between open and closed structures, between the attraction of symmetry and the suspense of the indefinite (113).
Zayas' decision to employ a frame tale, I would propose, is not aesthetically motivated in the need to delimit and organize fictional worlds, but polemically designed to enhance the power of the narrative to transcend the limits of fiction and reorganize her readers' modes of thought.
www.gc.maricopa.edu /laberinto/fall1997/greer1997.htm   (4213 words)

 Sarah's Paper   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
While the specifics of narrative origin and definition are blurred in the speech genre, it is an area rich in narrative devices and serves as an example of the ways in which life is understood through narrative construction.
Embedded narratives are narratives which are told, in part or whole, within the larger narrative “text.” In the case of Bush’s September 20th speech, these embedded narratives tell personal, historical and visual stories which add to the listener’s conception of and orientation to the War on Terror.
While this narrative functions as a frame narrative (that is, a story-within-a-story), there are also aspects of it which function as what Bal calls a “mirror-text.” A mirror text is one which resembles the larger narrative in significant ways, and which therefore aids the reader in interpreting the larger narrative (Bal 56).
www.georgetown.edu /users/tarverws/Sarahspaper.htm   (4219 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Canterbury Tales (Chaucer) is an elaborate frame narrative Summarize the basic frame narrative This narrative gives several points that seem to lock Shahrazad into a tragedy: the story includes several “morals” that seem to seal her doom.
The narrative assignment of Shahrazad is to persuade her audience (both the king and the reader) to reject these assumptions.
Both the frame and the interpolated stories comment directly on the outside frame: Shahrazad is proposing that her stories be accepted in place of the lives of the women in the kingdom.
webpages.shepherd.edu /maustin/engl208/Nights.doc   (588 words)

 [No title]
Narrative may be a special ability or competence that [...] when mastered, allows us to summarise and retransmit narratives in other words and other languages, to transfer them into other media, while remaining recognisably faithful to the original narrative structure and message.
This duality not only renders possible all the temporal distortions that are commonplace in narratives (three years of the hero's life summed up in two sentences of a novel or in a few shots of a "frequentative" montage in film, etc.).
A narrative is characterised by a fundamental distance between the events told and the discourse describing these events.
www.jesperjuul.dk /thesis/4-theoryofthecomputergame.html   (6136 words)

 Spectators in Jerusalem: urban narrative in the scenic tradition by Dirk J. Van Den Berg
The first is to examine the painting as an early modern instance of visual narrative, specifically with respect to its use of the urban form as a unified narrative frame.
A second objective is to remark on the narrative potential of certain image formats that came to be closely associated with the picturing of urban scenes.
The narrative potential of its familiar yet strange, prosaic yet poetic qualities is only realised by detecting and unravelling minute details bearing traces of human existence in an archeology of urban debris.
www.imageandnarrative.be /illustrations/dirkvandenberg.htm   (5289 words)

 EDWARD LOBB, The Turn of the Screw, King Lear, and Tragedy
The narrative impetus of Lear—what James would call the “spring”—is Lear’s desire to be the sole object of his daughters’ love, and his inability to accept the fact that Cordelia loves him according to her bond, “no more nor less” (I.i.93).
The frame narrative suggests that she writes the story to convey to Douglas, who is ten years younger than she and the age Miles would have been had he lived, her knowledge that she is incapable of mature [page 35], non-possessive love.
The choice of word after the fact, here and elsewhere in her narrative, is not accidental, and it is fitting, then, that the governess should see herself as the real ghost in the story, the being who truly haunts the children’s lives.
www.uni-tuebingen.de /connotations/lobb101.htm   (4515 words)

 Chocolat (1988; Dir. Claire Denis) Film Guide & Resources
France Dalens, the adult (Mireille Perrier): White woman who appears in the “frame narrative” at beginning and end of the film in Cameroon of the narrative present (presumably 1980s?); the adult France carries her father’s notebook and her return to Cameroon evokes bitter-sweet memories of her childhood in pre-independence French Cameroon in the 1950s.
The narrative frame and the long, extended flashback (hardly therefore a “flash”) define the film’s narrative structure, bridging “two distinct periods—postcolonial and colonial Cameroon—and two different life stages—France as a young woman and as a preteen,” “creating an atmosphere which evokes both an era gone and a daydream” and blurs time and space (Philibert 209-210).
Protee, the fl servant, becomes the point of reference” in all “key relationships that are tested in the narrative” over the psychological and political “color line”: “between a fl man and a white man, between a fl man and a white woman, between a fl man and a white child” (Morgan 149).
web.cocc.edu /cagatucci/classes/hum211/coursepack/chocolat.htm   (5875 words)

 O'Connor on Talen
Pretending and playing are 'framed' situations whose cues allow the participants to know they are in a context of experimentation free from the threat of irreversible consequences.
But there is another order of experience to which narrative movies have rarely granted us access: the experience of facing (judges that we are) the confounding impact of fluctuating worlds on the characters who move through those worlds, and the exhilarating responsibility of being always in-the-midst of making decisions.
The difference between _Pretend_ and other split-screen narrative films is not a difference based solely on technique but on the interrelation between the story being told and the storytelling form.
www.film-philosophy.com /vol7-2003/n47oconnor   (4976 words)

 ipedia.com: Frame Narrative Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In literature, a frame narrative is a story that allows for the telling of other stories.
Usually, the frame narrative is of minor importance or development, and the interpolated narratives are the ma...
Usually, the frame narrative is of minor importance or development, and the interpolated narratives are the main business of the fiction.
www.ipedia.com /frame_narrative.html   (250 words)

 ICRS Narrative   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
A reference frame consists of a set of identifiable fiducial points on the sky along with their coordinates, which serves as the practical realization of a reference system.
To be useful, a reference frame must be implemented at the time of actual observations, and this requires the computation of the geocentric coordinates of the catalog objects at arbitrary dates and times.
Descriptions of reference frames and reference systems often refer to three coordinate axes, which are simply the set of right-handed cartesian axes that correspond to the usual celestial spherical coordinate system.
aa.usno.navy.mil /faq/docs/ICRS_doc.html   (4516 words)

 Developing a 'framing narrative' for the FTAA talks
It really isn't possible to counter-act the official FTAA framing narrative using a partial or fragmented framing story which only focuses on ‘what is wrong with FTAA' since the FTAA narrative is only one small part of a larger story.
In order to understand the official narrative that is used to frame such free trading deals as FTAA, it is important to understand the way that free market economies work over time, since accords such as FTAA are a natural outgrowth of stresses and difficulties in advanced free market economies.
Now above I sketched out what I have attempted to make the most truthful framing narrative to act as a counter agent to the official framing narrative which will be peddled during the FTAA negotiations.
www.awitness.org /journal/framing_ftaa.html   (3789 words)

 Verb Tense Consistency
Generally, writers maintain one tense for the main discourse and indicate changes in time frame by changing tense relative to that primary tense, which is usually either simple past or simple present.
This narrative style might be used to describe a scene from a novel, movie, or play, since action in fictional narratives is conventionally treated as always present.
It is possible to imagine a narrative based on a future time frame as well, for example, the predictions of a psychic or futurist.
owl.english.purdue.edu /handouts/print/grammar/g_tensec.html   (2126 words)

Frame Narrative – a story in which a character tells another story.
The “frame narrative” surrounds the “embedded narrative” and the film will typically cut back and forth between scenes in the frame narrative and the embedded narrative.
In the frame narrative, Peter Falk is telling a story to Fred Savage, his grandson.
virtual.yosemite.cc.ca.us /jennynetto/film/unit1.htm   (2819 words)

 Friendship: An Epistemological Frame for Narrative Inquiry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Imaginative empathy invites metaphor, narrative; the empathic relational ties that Elizabeth Able (1981) noted as "the essence of literature and of moral growth" (p.
When I insert myself into a friend’s narrative as a way of coming to understand her story, I am still in the midst of my own life story, and we are both embedded, each in her own cultural contextual narrative.
For narrative is always a process, connecting the individual to the environment she shapes and is shaped by, as re/visioning constructs another facet of our reality, as endings suggest the possibility of new beginnings.
www.educ.uvic.ca /connections/Conn98/donwana.html   (2984 words)

 [No title]
The frame narrative claims that you are inside a book, present in another world.
With a sweeping generalisation we might say that narratives are about time, but that computer games are about space, or at least about space on a level of detail that is not relevant in narratives.
In such a narrative passage, Cath says (and does) a number of things not specified by the player, so the player is rather set as a counsellor that can push Cath in different directions.
www.jesperjuul.dk /thesis/6-readings.html   (8000 words)

 Early Cinema: Space--Frame--Narrative
This is an incredibly informative and interesting collection of essays exploring the beginnings of cinema from a mixture of perspectives.
While attention is paid to social history and the material conditions of early films, apparatus and venues, most of these essays also do a fine job of theorizing cinematic narrative.
As a result, this volume allows film scholars and anyone interested in early film to see how the lessons and experiments of silents not only contributed to but often predicted and surpassed the "classical" cinema's traditional notion of what cinematic narrative could and should be.
www.golfbugs.com /GolfBookstore/isbn0851702457.html   (163 words)

 Amazon.ca: Books: Framing the Canterbury Tales: Chaucer and the Medieval Frame Narrative Tradition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Framing the Canterbury Tales: Chaucer and the Medieval Frame Narrative Tradition
Gittes finds a blending of two frame narrative traditions in the Canterbury Tales, one originating in India and the Near East, and the other in ancient Greece.
She illustrates this dual tradition through comparison of Chaucer's work with selected Eastern and Western frame narratives from pre-Chaucerian and Chaucerian times.
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/0313278067   (356 words)

 10/10 Coleridge 2   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Summary of "Mariner": so far, we've looked at the opening frame narrative of the poem, in which the narrator of the main story, the mariner, stops a wedding guest on his way to the wedding.
The frame narrative, then, from the very outset, raises issues of community and isolation.
This issue is confirmed by the opening of the main tale: as the ship leaves the harbor, it travels past the kirk, then the hill, then the light house top--i.e.
titan.iwu.edu /~wchapman/britpoet/1010coleridge2.html   (574 words)

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