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Topic: Francis II of the Holy Roman Empire


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In the News (Tue 19 Feb 19)

  
 EMPIRE - LoveToKnow Article on EMPIRE
Roman, it perpetuated the greatest monument of Roman thoughtthat ordered scheme of law, which either became, as in England, the model for the building of a native system, or, as in Germany from the end of the 15th century onwards, was received in its integrity and administered in the courts.
It is an empire Empire as much in the same sense as the modern German empire, a German with a diet somewhat analogous to the mo~1ern Bundesrat, and a cumbrous imperial chamber for purposes of justice, hardly at all analogous to the highly organized system of federal justice which prevails in Germany to-day.
The officers of the imperial praetorium, or bodyguard, are now the great officers of state; his private council becomes the public consistory, or supreme court of appeal; and the comites of his court are the administrators of his empire.
95.1911encyclopedia.org /E/EM/EMPIRE.htm   (11493 words)

  
 Holy Roman Empire
The Empire was formally dissolved on August 6, 1806 when the last Holy Roman Emperor Francis II (from 1804, Emperor Francis I of Austria) resigned.
The Holy Roman Empire (German: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a political conglomeration of lands in western and central Europe in the Middle Ages.
The term Roman Empire was used in 1034 to denote the lands under Conrad II, and Holy Empire in 1157.
www.1-free-software.com /en/wikipedia/h/ho/holy_roman_empire.html   (4349 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Search Results - Francis II (of France)
Francis II (Holy Roman Empire): annexation of Tirol by France
Francis II (Holy Roman Empire) (1768-1835), last Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806) and, as Francis I, first emperor of Austria (1804-1835).
French Revolution: wars : French Revolutionary wars: Francis II (Holy Roman Empire)
encarta.msn.com /Francis_II_(of_France).html   (303 words)

  
 Timeline Holy Roman Empire
1640 Jun 9, Leopold I, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (1658-1705), was born.
1576 Rudolf II was crowned King of the Holy Roman Empire and moved the Imperial Court from Vienna to Prague.
1620 Ferdinand II became emperor of the Holy Roman Empire after the death of Rudolf II and moved the Imperial Court back to Vienna.
www.timelines.ws /countries/HOLY_ROMAN_EMP.HTML   (2895 words)

  
  Francis II Biography
After Napoleon dissolved the Holy Roman Empire, Francis II took the title of Francis I, the first emperor of Austria (1804-35).
Francis II - 1768-1835, Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806).
www.biography-dictionary.com /Francis-II.htm   (29 words)

  
 Holy Roman Empire
Francis II ruled thereafter as Francis I of the Austrian Empire (established in 1804).
The (second) medieval revival of the Western Roman Empire was referred to as The Holy Roman Empire which lasted from 962 AD to 1806.
The on-going struggle between these families and the intervention of the papacy drastically weakened the empire, culminating in the "Age of the Princes" in Germany and the "Great Interregnum" in the Holy Roman Empire.
www.arcaini.com /italy/italyhistory/HolyRomanEmpire.htm   (387 words)

  
 Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Francis II Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, who is also referred to as Francis von Habsburg or Emperor Franz I of Austria (February 12, 1768– March 2, 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until August 6, 1806, when the Empire was disbanded.
As the leader of a large multi-ethnic empire, Francis felt threatened by Napoleon's call for liberty and equality in Europe.
Austria played a major role in the final defeat of France—in recognition of this, Francis, represented by Clemens von Metternich, presided over the Congress of Vienna, helping to form the Concert of Europe and the Holy Alliance, ushering in an era of conservatism and reactionism in Europe.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Francis_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor   (594 words)

  
 Holy Roman Empire
The Roman title of emperor, which had lapsed in western Europe in the 5th century, was revived in 800 by Pope Leo III and conferred on Charlemagne, king of the Franks.
In spite of their bitter quarrels, the empire and the papacy remained closely associated throughout the Middle Ages, and until the beginning of the 16th century the German king, having been elected emperor by the leading German princes, was then crowned by the pope.
The German Empire of 1871–1918 was often called the Second Reich (empire) to indicate its descent from the medieval empire; by the same reasoning, Adolf Hitler referred to Nazi Germany as the Third Reich.
www.hfac.uh.edu /gbrown/philosophers/leibniz/BritannicaPages/HolyRomanEmpire/HolyRomanEmpire.html   (534 words)

  
 The "Holy" Roman Empire
12- 25- 800: Charlemagne is crowned Emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo III and his kingdom is known as theRoman Empire”.
The Roman Empire is revived again with Otto as emperor and Pope John XII as pope.
The Roman Empire and theHolyRoman Empire: The revived Roman Empire was not ruled by Romans (or Italians), but by German kings.
www.geocities.com /fairauthor/HolyRomanEmpire.html   (938 words)

  
 THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE
The Holy Roman Empire, ended by a decision of the last Emperor, Francis II, on 6 August 1806, had already long ceased to be a major political power, even though the prestige of the Imperial title conferred immense status and influence.
The Holy Roman, or German Empire as it is sometimes described (despite northern Italy being also considered part of the Imperial domain) could nonetheless claim to be the territorial successor of the Western Roman Empire, despite its later foundation.
Francis surrendered Lorraine (an Imperial fief) to France as the temporary sovereign Duchy of the French King's father-in-law, the former King of Poland, from whom it passed to France on his death in 1766.
www.chivalricorders.org /nobility/holyroman   (2298 words)

  
 Holy Roman Empire. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
In 1804, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II took the title Francis I, emperor of Austria, and after the establishment (1806) of the Confederation of the Rhine under Napoleon I, Francis renounced his title as Holy Roman Emperor.
Joseph II, successor of Francis I, adhered to the principles of the Enlightenment; he attempted to rationalize the administration of the imperial government but failed in the face of resistance by the particularist princes, especially Frederick II of Prussia.
The defense of the empire against foreign attack was made more difficult by the repeated attempts of the emperors to maintain their authority in Italy against the opposition of the city-states (see commune), the papacy, and the petty princes.
www.bartleby.com /65/ho/HolyRoma.html   (1820 words)

  
 Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor Information
Although Maximilian's grandson and successor, Charles V, Holy Roman EmperorCharles V, was crowned in Bologna by the Pope, he was the last, and thereafter the position of Holy Roman Emperor was a wholly German post until the Empire's dissolution in August 6, 1806.
The Holy Roman Empire, such as it was, consisted of the Kingdoms of Kingdom of GermanyGermany, Kingdom of ItalyItaly, and Kingdom of BurgundyBurgundy.
Being Emperor in the Roman Empire was not a constitutional office but rather a complicated collection of offices, titles, and honours, that were consolidated around a single person (while in the republic the "taking of turns", often in shared offices, had been the principle for passing on power).
www.echostatic.com /Frederick_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor.html   (2641 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Related Items - Holy Roman Empire
Otto II (955-983), Holy Roman emperor (967-983), king of Germany (961-983), the son of Otto I, with whom he ruled jointly from 967 to 973.
Carolingian Empire, early phase of the Holy Roman Empire
Charlemagne, traditional founder of the Holy Roman Empire
encarta.msn.com /related_761558731_17.44/Otto_II.html   (75 words)

  
 Leopold II, Holy Roman emperor, king of Bohemia and Hungary
Succeeding his father, Holy Roman Emperor Francis I, in Tuscany, Leopold reorganized the Tuscan government, abolished torture and the death penalty, equalized taxation, and sought to gain control over the church.
Leopold II Leopold II, 1747–92, Holy Roman emperor (1790–92), king of Bohemia and Hungary (1790–92), as Leopold I grand duke of Tuscany (1765–90), third son of Maria Theresa.
Having reached an agreement (1790) with Frederick William II of Prussia, who wished to prevent Austrian expansion in the east and was about to side with the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) in its war against Russia and Austria, Leopold abandoned his alliance with the Russian czarina, Catherine II.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/people/A0829447.html   (397 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Multimedia - Francis II
Francis II Francis II, the last emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, dissolved the empire in 1806, following defeats in the Napoleonic Wars.
Holy Roman Empire; Francis II (Holy Roman Empire)
Francis proclaimed himself the emperor of Austria and allied Austria with Britain and Russia to fight Napoleon.
encarta.msn.com /media_461518947/Francis_II.html   (81 words)

  
 Battle_of_Austerlitz
Emperor Francis II of the Holy Roman Empire was not present at the battle.
The battle was followed by the signing of the Treaty of Pressburg, and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire.
In the Battle of Austerlitz (December 2, 1805), part of the Napoleonic Wars against the Third Coalition, a French army of approximately 68,000 troops under Napoleon's command decisively defeated a joint Russo-Austrian army of over 89,000 troops, commanded by Russian General Kutuzov and Austrian General von Weyrother.
www.apawn.com /search.php?title=Battle_of_Austerlitz   (562 words)

  
 Tensen Physics (1806)
German emperor Francis II officially dissolved the Holy Roman Empire.
Although it intended to be a continuation of the ancient Roman Empire, long before its dissolution it had ceased to be a major political power.
The Empire was a medieval state that embraced most of central Europe and Italy under the rule of German kings.
www.mcm.edu /~christej/dictionary/history/h1806.html   (69 words)

  
 the Holy Roman Empire
The advisers of Francis II made the argument that it was not enough to abdicate: Napoleon could have used an interregnum to wreak further damage or even have himself installed as emperor, and it was in the members' best interests to deprive Napoleon of such tools.
Although the various princes and lords of the Empire were all his vassals and subjects, they possessed a number of privileges that brought them close to de facto sovereignty; in particular, the emperor could not intervene in their particular affairs as long as they ruled according to the law.
The Empire was an elective monarchy since the end of the Carolingian dynasty in the early 10th century, although the principle was not firmly set in writing until the constitution of 1338 and the Golden Bull of 1356 (see a picture here and the text here).
www.heraldica.org /topics/national/hre.htm   (11303 words)

  
 Francis II - Wikipedia
Franz, Duke of Bavaria, called Francis II by supporters of the Jacobite claim to the British throne
This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Francis_II   (75 words)

  
 Battle of Austerlitz
Austerlitz is sometimes known as the "Battle of Three Emperors" because it represented the clash of Napoleon I, Tsar Alexander I of Russia, and Emperor Francis II of the Holy Roman Empire on the battlefield [were they on the field or merely in the theater?].
In an unprecedentedly (for that era) rapid concentration of French forces, Napoleon essentially defeated Mack by maneuver, resulting in the surrender of a major Austrian force protecting the northern approach to Vienna, and subsequently leading to the capture of the Austrian capital.
usapedia.com /b/battle-of-austerlitz.html   (209 words)

  
 The Holy Roman Empire
The Holy Roman Empire was the medieval state that embraced most of central Europe and Italy under the rule of the German kings from 962 to 1806.
The history of the Holy Roman Empire can be divided into four periods: the age of emperors, the age of princes, the early Habsburg period, and the final phase.
Because of well-founded fears that Napoleon I of France intended to annex the imperial title, Francis II, the last of the emperors, formally dissolved the empire on August 6, 1806, and established the Empire of Austria.
www.serendipity.li /twz/hre.html   (1519 words)

  
 wikien.info: Main_Page
Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser ("God Save Emperor Francis") is an anthem to the Emperor Francis II of the Holy Roman Empire and later of Austria, written by Lorenz Leopold Haschka (1749-1827) and set to a tune written by Joseph Haydn in 1797.
After the death of Francis in 1835, the tune was given new lyrics that praised his successor, Ferdinand: "Segen Öst'reichs hohem Sohne / Unserm Kaiser Ferdinand!" ("Blessings to Austria's high son / Our Emperor Ferdinand!").
For translations of the text into several of the languages that were spoken in the Austrian Empire, see Translations of Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser.
www.alanaditescili.net /index.php?title=Gott_erhalte_Franz_den_Kaiser   (775 words)

  
 Roman Empire and Christianity
The religion of the Romans had its origin in the worship by each family of its own household and tutelary divinities, in whom the souls of their ancestors were supposed to be enshrined.
This really made the former empire a federation; for its affairs were ruled by a diet of representing the different states, and it was inconceivable that an empire in the medieval sense could exist where the jurisdiction of the Pope was disavowed.
Thus, while the best characteristics of Roman life were gradually developed, religion presented itself to the minds of the people as having one sole object in view; namely, the safety and prosperity of the State, and as providing, as the only method of reaching that object, the maintenance and exact observance of the ancestral ritual.
www.dabar.org /Religion/RED/R-Words/Redromanempire.htm   (3794 words)

  
 Rulers_of_the_Holy_Roman_Empire
1765-1790 Joseph II 1790-1792 Leopold II 1792-1806 Francis II
855- 875 Louis II 875- 877 Charles II 881- 887 Charles III
1002-1024 Henry II 1024-1039 Conrad II 1039-1056 Henry III
www.antiquesatoz.com /habsburg/emperors.htm   (47 words)

  
 I2921: Charles II** (Of The Holy Roman Empire, King Of France) (13 Jun 0823 - 6 Oct 0877)
Charles II** (Of The Holy Roman Empire, King Of France)
I2921: Charles II** (Of The Holy Roman Empire, King Of France) (13 Jun 0823 - 6 Oct 0877)
TITLE: Of The Holy Roman Empire, King Of France
www.afn.org /~lawson/d0006/g0000089.html   (294 words)

  
 The page cannot be found
Go to Microsoft Product Support Services and perform a title search for the words HTTP and 404.
Open IIS Help, which is accessible in IIS Manager (inetmgr), and search for topics titled Web Site Setup, Common Administrative Tasks, and About Custom Error Messages.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/f/fr/francis_ii,_holy_roman_em...   (121 words)

  
 Francis II (Holy Roman Empire) - MSN Encarta
Francis II (Holy Roman Empire) (1768-1835), last Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806) and, as Francis I, first emperor of Austria (1804-1835).
Francis II (Holy Roman Empire)- MSN Encarta
Find more about Francis II (Holy Roman Empire) from
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761561495/Francis_II_(Holy_Roman_Empire).html   (63 words)

  
 The Germanies
Having lost out in their power struggle with the Bourbons of France and in their struggle to gain dominance within the Holy Roman Empire, the Austrian Habsburgs concentrated on enlarging their hereditary lands at the expense of the declining Muslim Ottoman Empire in the Balkans.
Otto I the Great (936-973) is often considered to be the founder of the Holy Roman Empire, which included Northern and Central Italy.
The Holy Roman Emperor Charles V was also King Charles I of Spain.
faculty.ucc.edu /egh-damerow/the_germanies.htm   (726 words)

  
 Austrian History and Maps
1804 Francis II renounces title of head of Roman Empire and becomes emperor of Austria under the name of Francis I. Metternich becomes chancellor.
1556 Abdication of Charles V and partition of the Empire; Ferdinand I, Charles's brother, is crowned emperor and becomes
1438-1806 Archduchy of Austria is the most important State in the Holy Roman Empire.
www.austriancoins.com /hist.html   (844 words)

  
 Holy Roman Empire. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
In 1804, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II took the title Francis I, emperor of Austria, and after the establishment (1806) of the Confederation of the Rhine under Napoleon I, Francis renounced his title as Holy Roman Emperor.
The Holy Roman Empire was a successor state to the empire founded in 800 by Charlemagne (see also Carolingians), who revived the title of Roman emperor in the West.
The defense of the empire against foreign attack was made more difficult by the repeated attempts of the emperors to maintain their authority in Italy against the opposition of the city-states (see commune), the papacy, and the petty princes.
www.bartleby.com /65/ho/HolyRoma.html   (1820 words)

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