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 Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Frederick II (December 26, 1194– December 13, 1250), Holy Roman Emperor of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212, unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 until his death in 1250.
Born in Jesi, near Ancona, Frederick was the son of the emperor Henry VI.
Frederick celebrated it with a triumph in Cremona, in the manner of an ancient Roman emperor, with the captured carroccio (later sent to the commune of Rome) and an elephant.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Frederick_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor   (5967 words)

  
 Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
As an Austrian Habsburg Duke, he became Frederick V in 1424, and Frederick IV as Geman king, and then Frederick III with his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor.
For the last ten years of Frederick's life, he and Maximilian ruled jointly.
Frederick was the last Emperor to be crowned in Rome, being crowned in 1452 by Pope Nicholas V.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Frederick_III,_Holy_Roman_Emperor   (727 words)

  
 Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and German king. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001
With his rule the great days of the German empire ended and the rise of states in Italy began.
Frederick issued a circular against the pope and seized most of the Papal States; in May, 1241, he captured a number of prelates en route from Genoa to a general council in Rome, and he was threatening Rome when Gregory died.
Frederick returned in 1229 and signed (1230) the Treaty of San Germano, by which he was temporarily reconciled with the pope.
www.bartleby.com /65/fr/Fred2HRE.html   (727 words)

  
 History Focus September 29
Frederick was the son of Henry VI and grandson of Frederick I, Holy Roman emperor.
In 1228 Frederick led the Fifth Crusade to the Holy Land, where he took Jerusalem and concluded a 10-year truce with the sultan of Egypt.
Frederick II was born in Lesi, Italy, on December 26, 1194.
www.geocities.com /ransome/0929focus.html   (352 words)

  
 Frederick II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194–1250, king 1211/12–1250, emperor since 1220)
Frederick II of Austria (?–1246, duke of Austria 1230–1246)
Frederick II, Margrave of Brandenburg (1413–1470, margrave 1440–1470)
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Frederick_II   (141 words)

  
 Wikinfo Frederick
Frederick I of Austria (Habsburg), the Handsome, (1286-1330), Duke of Austria and King of the Romans as Frederick (III).
Frederick I of Austria (Babenberg), Duke of Austria from 1195-1198
Frederick II of Denmark and Norway, (1534-1588), Norwegian monarch
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Frederick   (298 words)

  
 Cyprus History: Lusignan Period - The Rule of Henri I
Frederick II, the Holy Roman Emperor, king of Sicily and Jerusalem, and overlord of the Lusignan dynasty, was the son of the Emperor Henry VI from whom Amaury had received the crown of Cyprus.
As Frederick II in 1228 was on his way to Palestine, he was met by a delegation of Cypriot barons, led by Sir Amalric Barlais, who asked his aid on behalf of the queen against the bailiff, Jean d'Ibelin.
The quarrel was patched up in the interests of the crusade by the surrender to the emperor twenty hostages, including the two elder sons of Jean d'Ibelin, who pledged himself to appear at the High Court of Jerusalem to furnish proofs of his rights to the lordship of Beyrouth.
www.cypnet.co.uk /ncyprus/history/lusignan/2henri1.htm   (1799 words)

  
 Frederick II Holy Roman Emperor and German King: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library
Frederick II by...medieval Holy Roman Emperors was ill for...party at Fredericks death was...territories in Germany and grandson...was crowned King of Sicily...rival for the German kingship...was crowned emperor in St Peters...popes.
1194–1250, Holy Roman emperor (1220–50) and German king (1212–20), king of Sicily (1197–1250), and king of Jerusalem (1229–50), son of Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI and of Constance, heiress of Sicily.
Under Frederick, however, no such union was effected; Henry governed, first under a regency, in Germany, and Frederick governed Italy and Sicily, which became the seat of his empire.
www.questia.com /library/encyclopedia/frederick_ii_holy_roman_emperor_and_german_king.jsp   (2751 words)

  
 Wikinfo Frederick
Frederick I of Austria (Habsburg), the Handsome, (1286-1330), Duke of Austria and King of the Romans as Frederick (III).
Frederick I of Austria (Babenberg), Duke of Austria from 1195-1198
Frederick is Friedrich in German and Frederik in Danish.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Frederick   (298 words)

  
 Frederick III - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Emperor Frederick III from the House of Habsburg (Frederick V as Archduke of Austria), who, as German King (elected in 1440), was crowned as Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III in 1452.
Technically, he should have been Emperor Frederick I, and had considered taking the name "Frederick IV" to show his status as heir of the Holy Roman Emperors; but since the Hohenzollern Emperors were numbered in continuation of the Kings of Prussia, he is also remembered as Frederick III.
Frederick the Handsome, Duke of Austria from 1308 to 1330, who was elected as German King in the time of Louis the Bavarian (1326) as the result of a compromise between the Houses of Wittelsbach and Habsburg.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Frederick_III   (296 words)

  
 Wikinfo Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
Maximilian was born in Vienna as the son of the Emperor Frederick III and Eleanor of Portugal.
Elected king of the Romans in 1486 at the initiative of his father, he became Holy Roman Emperor upon his father's death in 1493.
Maximilian died in Wels, Upper Austria, and was succeeded as Emperor by his grandson Charles V, his son Philip I of Castile having died in 1506.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Maximilian_I,_Holy_Roman_Emperor   (264 words)

  
 Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ultimately, Frederick prevailed in all those conflicts by outliving his opponents and sometimes inheriting their lands from, such as in the case of Ladislaus Postumus, from whom he gained Lower Austria in 1457, and Albert VI, whom he succeeded in Upper Austria.
Albert had illegally taken control over some imperial fiefs, asked to marry Kunigunde (who lived in Innsbruck, far from her father) and offered the Emperor to give the fiefs to the daughter as a dowry.
Frederick agreed, but withdrew his approval when Albert also took control of Regensburg.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Frederick_III,_Holy_Roman_Emperor   (264 words)

  
 Frederick I, Holy Roman emperor and German king. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001
Frederick’s coronation as emperor in Rome was delayed by unrest in Germany and by the revolutionary commune of Rome (1143–55), headed by Arnold of Brescia, which controlled the city.
Frederick withdrew temporarily, but returned in 1166, captured Rome, and was preparing to attack the pope& Sicilian allies when his army was decimated by an epidemic.
Frederick replied in a manifesto that he held the throne “through the election of the princes from God alone” and prepared to invade Italy, where Milan had begun the conquest of Lombardy.
www.bartleby.com /65/fr/Fred1HRE.html   (264 words)

  
 Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Friendly relations were entered into with the East Roman emperor Manuel, and attempts were made to come to a better understanding with Henry II of England and Louis VII of France.
Frederick VI of Swabia carried on with the remnants of the army, with the aim of burying the Emperor in Jerusalem, but efforts to conserve his body in vinegar failed.
Frederick then organized the magnificent celebration of the canonization of Charlemagne at Aix-la-Chapelle, while restoring the peace in the Rhineland.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Frederick_I,_Holy_Roman_Emperor   (264 words)

  
 Holy Roman Emperor
The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806.
The title of "emperor" was considered to have passed from the Romans to the Frankish kingdom when, in 800 AD, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne, king of the Franks, emperor in exchange for the protection of the church.
Until 1508, the King of the Romans, who was elected by a group of princes later known as electors, became emperor when he was crowned by the pope in Rome, after which he remained king (a title with functions in feudal law).
hallencyclopedia.com /Holy_Roman_Emperor   (264 words)

  
 Councils of Lyons
This the holy Roman church, mother and mistress of all the faithful, has till now professed, preached and taught; this she firmly holds, preaches, professes and teaches; this is the unchangeable and true belief of the orthodox fathers and doctors, Latin and Greek alike.
We think that the bull of deposition of the emperor Frederick II must be considered a statute of the council, and we place this in front of the constitutions.
Bull Deposing The Emperor Frederick II On rescripts
mb-soft.com /believe/txs/lyons.htm   (13622 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Frederick II
German King and Roman Emperor, son of Henry VI and Constance of Sicily; born 26 Dec., 1194; died at Fiorentina, in Apulia, 13 Dec., 1250.
About this time Frederick married Elizabeth of England (at Worms), and in 1235 held a brilliant diet at Mainz, where he promulgated the famous Laws of the Empire, a landmark in the development of the empire and its constitutions.
Frederick had also been obliged to acknowledge the pope as his overlord in Sicily, thus abandoning his father's cherished hopes of uniting Sicily with the imperial crown of Germany, though the attempts of the pope to entirely nullify this "personal union" were far from successful.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/06255a.htm   (2264 words)

  
 Page 2
Frederick II Any history of the Renaissance in Italy must take account of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor.
Frederick was excommunicated in 1227, reconciled in 1230, violently condemned in 1236, and excommunicated a second time in 1239.
His name was Frederick of Hohenstaufen and he looms large because he came closer than anyone to bringing all of Italy under his sway.
history.boisestate.edu /hy309/Italy/02.html   (178 words)

  
 Sixth Crusade - Psychology Central
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, had attempted to join the Fifth Crusade, but Pope Innocent III prevented him from participating, fearing that Frederick would undermine papal authority.
They resented Frederick's attempts to impose imperial authority, and were quickly caught up in the European struggle between supporters of the papacy (the Guelphs) and the supporters of the Holy Roman Empire (the Ghibellines).
Frederick now had a claim to the truncated kingdom, and reason to attempt to restore it.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Sixth_Crusade   (685 words)

  
 1274 - Simple English Wikipedia
May 7 - The Second Council of Lyons, held by the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church convenes to consider the conquest of the Holy Land via Crusades and address the East-West Schism with the Byzantine church.
The Council eventually approves a tithe to support efforts to conquer the Holy Land from Muslims, and reaches apparent resolution of the schism which ultimately proves unsuccessful.
Pope Gregory X decrees that conclaves (meetings during which the electors have no contact with the outside) should be used for papal elections, reforming the electoral process which had taken over three years to elect him.
simple.wikipedia.org /wiki/1274   (136 words)

  
 Frederick II (1194 - 1250, German King, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick also played host to specialists in anatomy, ethics, metaphysics, what passed then for chemistry and agriculture, as well as astrology (which didn't helped him achieve success, because it is, of course all rubbish, as Frederick may have come to realise).
Frederick was also very interested in language, as could be expected of someone who spoke six languages fluently.
Frederick was trying to use observation to answer the most important questions of his day.
www.liebreich.com /LDC/HTML/HallOfFame/Frederick/Scientist.html   (557 words)

  
 History of Austria
Maximilian, the eldest son of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III, was born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria.
Charles was the son of Philip I, king of Castile, and Joanna the Mad; maternal grandson of Ferdinand V of Castile and Isabella I; paternal grandson of the Habsburg Holy Roman emperor Maximilian I; and great-grandson of Charles the Bold, duke of Burgundy.
Frederick, by favour of the divine mercy, august emperor of the Romans.
www.geocities.com /historyofaustria/history.html   (20221 words)

  
 The Holy Roman Empire
Frederick is well aware of the power of Burgundy but he also has ambitions to marry his infant son Maximilian to a rich heiress.
Born 1415, Elected 'King of the Romans' 1440, crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 1452 in Rome, marrying Eleanor of Portugal at the same ceremony.
Ruler: Emperor Frederick III, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Styria, Carinthia and Carniola.
freespace.virgin.net /sheldon.stevens/hre.html   (712 words)

  
 Central Europe (including Germany), 1400-1600 A.D. Timeline of Art History The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Holy Roman Emperors struggle with increasing difficulty to control their territorial holdings—the boundaries of which continue to expand until the late sixteenth century—in the face of opposition from local princes and foreign threats, especially France and the Ottoman Turks.
Ferdinand encourages a flourishing of Italian art at his court, and Maximilian commissions a summer palace, the Neugebäude, that sets the precedent for a surge of construction at mid-century.
Frederick of Habsburg, duke of Styria, is elected emperor in 1440.
www.metmuseum.org /TOAH/ht/08/euwc/ht08euwc.htm   (2663 words)

  
 Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor : Frederick III
He acceded as emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in 1440 and was married to Eleanore of Portugal.
For the last ten years of Frederick's life he and his son co-ruled as emperors.
Frederick's father was Ernest the Iron[?] (Ernst der Eiserne),born 1406 and his wife Cymburga of Masovia.
www.fastload.org /fr/Frederick_III.html   (129 words)

  
 Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor - InfoSearchPoint.com
Frederick I (1122/25-1190), also known as Frederick Barbarossa ("Frederick Redbeard") was elected king of Germany on March 4, 1152 in succession to his uncle Conrad III, and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 1155.
As the son of Frederick of Hohenstaufen, duke of Swabia, and Judith of Bavaria, of the rival Guelph dynasty, Frederick was descended from Germany's two principal families, making him an acceptable choice for the Empire's princely electors as heir to the Imperial crown.
Frederick was succeeded as king and emperor by his son Henry.
www.infosearchpoint.com /display/Barbarossa   (359 words)

  
 Ancestors and Family of Frederick I Barbarossa
The successor of Eugenius III, Pope Adrian IV, honoured the Treaty of Constance and crowned Frederick emperor on June 18, 1155, in Rome.
The announcement of his election, which he sent to Pope Eugenius III, made it plain that Frederick I was not ready to recognize the preeminence over the emperors that the popes had won during the quarrel over the right of investiture of bishops and abbots.
Frederick was the son of Frederick II, duke of Swabia, and Judith, daughter of Henry IX, duke of Bavaria, of the rival dynasty of the Welfs.
nygaard.howards.net /files/3/2615.htm   (730 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Frederick I
The death of Urban III and the election of Gregory VIII brought about a change in the dealings of the Curia with the empire, owing chiefly to the gloomy reports from the Holy Land.
The conception of the dignity of the Roman emperor placed before him by these men confirmed him in his claims to the supremacy of the German kings over the Church, which he based upon the rights exercised by them during the Carlovingian period.
Similar to Frederick in character, he vigorously supported the anti-hierarchical policy of the emperor.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/06252b.htm   (2336 words)

  
 Friedrich I, 'Barbarossa' Holy_Roman_Empir (1122 - 10 Jun 1190)
Frederick I (Holy Roman Empire), called Frederick Barbarossa (1123?-90), Holy Roman emperor and king of Germany (1152-90), king of Italy (1155-90), and as Frederick III, duke of Swabia (1147-52, 1167-68).
Frederick initiated the Third Crusade in 1189, and in the next year, having resigned the government of the empire to his son Henry, later Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI, set out for Asia Minor.
Frederick was forced in 1177 to acknowledge Alexander III as pope and in 1183 to sign the Peace of Constance, acceding to the demands of the Lombards for autonomy but retaining imperial suzerainty over the towns.
www.smokykin.com /ged/f002/f56/a0025623.htm   (888 words)

  
 Frederick II (1194 - 1250), German King, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick was born on 26 December 1194, son of Constance of Altavilla and Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI.
Frederick had a vision of a secular empire, free from the control of the church, ruled by law.
Frederick's father died when he was two; his mother died a year later, shortly after having him crowned King of Sicily and making him a ward of the ruthlessly-ambitious Pope Innocent III.
www.liebreich.com /LDC/HTML/HallOfFame/Frederick/FrederickII.html   (581 words)

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