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Topic: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor


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  Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Frederick II (December 26, 1194 – December 13, 1250), Holy Roman Emperor of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212, unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 until his death in 1250.
Frederick celebrated it with a triumph in Cremona, in the manner of an ancient Roman emperor, with the captured carroccio (later sent to the commune of Rome) and an elephant.
Frederick's illegitimate son Manfred, King of Sicily, was born in 1231 of Bianca, the daughter of Count Bonifacio Lancia.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Frederick_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor   (5967 words)

  
 Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and German king. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
1194–1250, Holy Roman emperor (1220–50) and German king (1212–20), king of Sicily (1197–1250), and king of Jerusalem (1229–50), son of Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI and of Constance, heiress of Sicily.
Frederick issued a circular against the pope and seized most of the Papal States; in May, 1241, he captured a number of prelates en route from Genoa to a general council in Rome, and he was threatening Rome when Gregory died.
Frederick II was one of the most arresting figures of the Middle Ages.
www.bartleby.com /65/fr/Fred2HRE.html   (1213 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Frederick   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Frederick I of Austria (Babenberg), Duke of Austria from 1195-1198
Frederick I of Austria (Habsburg), the Handsome, (1286-1330), Duke of Austria and King of the Romans as Frederick (III).
Frederick II of Denmark and Norway, (1534-1588), Norwegian monarch
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Frederick   (298 words)

  
 History Focus September 29
Frederick II was born in Lesi, Italy, on December 26, 1194.
Frederick was the son of Henry VI and grandson of Frederick I, Holy Roman emperor.
Frederick was crowned king of Jerusalem in that city in 1229.
www.geocities.com /ransome/0929focus.html   (352 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick II Hohenstaufen (December 26, 1194 - 1250) ruled the Holy Roman Empire from 1220 through 1250.His empire was frequently at war with the Papal States, so it is not surprising that he was excommunicated – twice, in fact.
Frederick was excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX in 1227 for failing to honor his promise to launch the Sixth Crusade.
Frederick's crusade ended in a truce and coronation of Frederick as King of Jerusalem on March 18, 1229.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Frederick_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor   (762 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Frederick II
German King and Roman Emperor, son of Henry VI and Constance of Sicily; born 26 Dec., 1194; died at Fiorentina, in Apulia, 13 Dec., 1250.
Frederick's sole desire was for peace in Germany, even if to secure this he had to make the greatest sacrifices; and for this reason, he granted to the ecclesiastical and temporal lords a series of privileges, which subsequently developed into the independent sovereignty of these princes.
Frederick had also been obliged to acknowledge the pope as his overlord in Sicily, thus abandoning his father's cherished hopes of uniting Sicily with the imperial crown of Germany, though the attempts of the pope to entirely nullify this "personal union" were far from successful.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/06255a.htm   (2264 words)

  
 Frederick II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Frederick II of Austria (?–1246, duke of Austria 1230–1246)
Frederick II, Margrave of Brandenburg (1413–1470, margrave 1440–1470)
Frederick II of Denmark and Norway (1534–1588, king 1559–1588)
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Frederick_II   (141 words)

  
 Cyprus History: Lusignan Period - The Rule of Henri I
Frederick II, the Holy Roman Emperor, king of Sicily and Jerusalem, and overlord of the Lusignan dynasty, was the son of the Emperor Henry VI from whom Amaury had received the crown of Cyprus.
As Frederick II in 1228 was on his way to Palestine, he was met by a delegation of Cypriot barons, led by Sir Amalric Barlais, who asked his aid on behalf of the queen against the bailiff, Jean d'Ibelin.
The quarrel was patched up in the interests of the crusade by the surrender to the emperor twenty hostages, including the two elder sons of Jean d'Ibelin, who pledged himself to appear at the High Court of Jerusalem to furnish proofs of his rights to the lordship of Beyrouth.
www.cypnet.co.uk /ncyprus/history/lusignan/2henri1.htm   (1799 words)

  
 Frederick II (1194 - 1250, German King, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick also played host to specialists in anatomy, ethics, metaphysics, what passed then for chemistry and agriculture, as well as astrology (which didn't helped him achieve success, because it is, of course all rubbish, as Frederick may have come to realise).
Frederick was also very interested in language, as could be expected of someone who spoke six languages fluently.
Frederick was trying to use observation to answer the most important questions of his day.
www.liebreich.com /LDC/HTML/HallOfFame/Frederick/Scientist.html   (557 words)

  
 Councils of Lyons
For in it can be found neither the condemnation of Frederick II, which seems to have been the chief matter of the council, nor the five constitutions pertaining to the important questions introduced by Innocent IV at the opening of the council, namely those concerned with the Tartars, the Latin east and the crusades.
This the holy Roman church, mother and mistress of all the faithful, has till now professed, preached and taught; this she firmly holds, preaches, professes and teaches; this is the unchangeable and true belief of the orthodox fathers and doctors, Latin and Greek alike.
If the Roman pontiff happens to die outside the city in which he resided with his curia, the cardinals are obliged to assemble in the city in whose territory or district the pontiff died, unless perhaps the city lies under interdict or persists in open rebellion against the Roman church.
mb-soft.com /believe/txs/lyons.htm   (13622 words)

  
 Frederick II Holy Roman Emperor and German King: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library
The Holy League of...powerful French Roman Catholic...puppet, King Henry III...vassal, Frederick, count of...the angry emperors letter to...belonging to the German duchy of...with the king of Spain...also told Frederick that he would...December, Emperor Rudolph II wrote to...December 1585; Emperor Rudolph II to Count Frederick, 16 December...difficult German letters and...
Frederick II by...medieval Holy Roman Emperors was ill for...party at Fredericks death was...territories in Germany and grandson...was crowned King of Sicily...rival for the German kingship...was crowned emperor in St Peters...popes.
Both...formidable Frederick William of...northern German states, created...aiding the Emperor Leopold I...not be a king of Brandenburg...call himself king in Poland...Konigsberg as Frederick I and so...theoretically part of Germany owing allegiance to the Emperor, was treated...
www.questia.com /library/encyclopedia/frederick_ii_holy_roman_emperor_and_german_king.jsp   (2751 words)

  
 1274 - Simple English Wikipedia
May 7 - The Second Council of Lyons, held by the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church convenes to consider the conquest of the Holy Land via Crusades and address the East-West Schism with the Byzantine church.
The Council eventually approves a tithe to support efforts to conquer the Holy Land from Muslims, and reaches apparent resolution of the schism which ultimately proves unsuccessful.
Pope Gregory X decrees that conclaves (meetings during which the electors have no contact with the outside) should be used for papal elections, reforming the electoral process which had taken over three years to elect him.
simple.wikipedia.org /wiki/1274   (136 words)

  
 Sixth Crusade - Psychology Central   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Frederick attempted to negotiate with the pope, but eventually decided to ignore him, and sailed to Syria in 1228 despite the excommunication, arriving at Acre in September.
They resented Frederick's attempts to impose imperial authority, and were quickly caught up in the European struggle between supporters of the papacy (the Guelphs) and the supporters of the Holy Roman Empire (the Ghibellines).
Frederick was not permitted to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem, destroyed by Al-Mu'azzam, nephew of Saladin, in 1217, but he was allowed to enter the city as king.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Sixth_Crusade   (685 words)

  
 Page 2   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Frederick II Any history of the Renaissance in Italy must take account of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor.
His name was Frederick of Hohenstaufen and he looms large because he came closer than anyone to bringing all of Italy under his sway.
Frederick was excommunicated in 1227, reconciled in 1230, violently condemned in 1236, and excommunicated a second time in 1239.
history.boisestate.edu /hy309/Italy/02.html   (178 words)

  
 Frederick of Hohenstaufen - Free Encyclopedia of Thelema
Born in Jesi, near Ancona, he was the son of the emperor Henry VI who died in 1197, when Frederick was three years old.
In 1284 Frederick's ghost resurfaced in the form of a very convincing false Frederick [Tile Kolup (http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tile_Kolup)], who impersonated the emperor with such expert knowledge and an amazing similarity that many of those who had known the true Frederick fell for him.
Frederick of Hohenstaufen (http://www.hermetic.com/sabazius/frederick.htm) at the Invisible Basilica of Sabazius.
www.egnu.org /thelema/index.php/Frederick_of_Hohenstaufen   (3242 words)

  
 Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and German king
Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and German king: Character and Legacy - Character and Legacy Frederick II was one of the most arresting figures of the Middle Ages.
Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and German king: Beginning of Reign in Sicily - Beginning of Reign in Sicily Despite his promises to Pope Innocent III that when crowned Holy Roman...
Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and German king: King of Jerusalem - King of Jerusalem Having married (1225) Yolande, daughter of John of Brienne, he claimed the crown...
www.infoplease.com /ce6/people/A0819535.html   (289 words)

  
 Jerusalem Peace Treaty of Jaffa (020303)
Meanwhile Emperor Frederick II, who was to be the leader of the crusade, had remained in Europe and continued to importune the pope for new postponements of his departure.
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor 1220-1250, was "a man described by his contemporaries as 'the terror of the earth', the wonder-working transformer" (Friedrich Heer, The Medieval World: Europe 1100-1350, p.267).
Frederick proposed to use his army principally against the Latins in the East, to try to force them to acknowledge his position as regent and de facto ruler of the Latin states in the East.
www.solami.com /jaffa1.html   (9950 words)

  
 BikeAbout Trip Log: April 8-10, 1998
Educated by the Pope (after all Frederick had the same birthday as Jesus Christ), he was crowned (at the age of four) by his father as King of Sicily.
Frederick II traveled to Jerusalem and remained for a while in the Arab world as part of the Crusades.
Built and probably designed in the early 13th century by our Person of the Day, Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II - hence the innovative and non-traditional design - it was used as a hunting lodge in this rural area which was once thickly forested and home to all sorts of wild game.
www.bikeabout.org /journal/notes_113.htm   (2445 words)

  
 Frederick II --  Encyclopædia Britannica
His reign, like that of his grandfather Frederick I, was filled with conflict: wars for control of his Kingdom of Sicily; war against the Lombard League, a confederation of cities in northern Italy; the rebellion of his own son Henry VII and other German...
For his efforts to unify the German states and for his opposition to the Roman popes, the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I became a legendary German hero and a symbol of national unity.
Frederick II was born on Jan. 24, 1712, in Berlin.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9035231   (787 words)

  
 Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and German king: Conflict in Germany and Italy
Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and German king: Conflict in Germany and Italy
While emperor and pope were thus at swords' points, Europe was threatened (1241) by a Mongol invasion under
Innocent IV, Frederick offered sweeping concessions to the pope and his allies, but the pope fled (1244) to Lyons, deposed Frederick at the Council of Lyons (1245), and gave the emperor's foes the privileges of Crusaders.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/people/A0858237.html   (317 words)

  
 ipedia.com: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Frederick II Hohenstaufen ruled the Holy Roman Empire from 1220 through 1250.
His empire was frequently at war with the Papal States, so it is not surprising that he was excommunicated – twice,...
Frederick II Hohenstaufen (December 26, 1194 - 1250) ruled the Holy Roman Empire from 1220 through 1250.
www.ipedia.com /frederick_ii__holy_roman_emperor.html   (671 words)

  
 Frederick II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Frederick II Frederick II & St. Francis of Assisi
In 1222, As Frederick II held court in Bari, St. Francis came to the royal court with holy exhortations against the dangers of sin, and to warn the nobility of the dangers of the court.
A strange encounter between the Emperor of the known world and a man who had taken a vow of poverty took place with the Frederick taking the role of tempter.
psychicinvestigator.com /demo/CrusadS2.htm   (91 words)

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