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Topic: Free will


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  free will
Free will is probably located in the pre-frontal cortex, and we may even be able to narrow it down to the ventromedial pre-frontal cortex.
Free will is a concept in traditional philosophy used to refer to the belief that human behavior is not absolutely determined by external causes, but is the result of choices made by an act of will by the agent.
Free will advocates, or libertarians, as they are sometimes called, believe that while everything else in the universe may be the inevitable consequence of external forces, human behavior is unique and is determined by the agent, not by God or the stars or the laws of nature.
skepdic.com /freewill.html   (1289 words)

  
  free will
Free will is probably located in the pre-frontal cortex, and we may even be able to narrow it down to the ventromedial pre-frontal cortex.
Free will is a concept in traditional philosophy used to refer to the belief that human behavior is not absolutely determined by external causes, but is the result of choices made by an act of will by the agent.
Free will advocates, or libertarians, as they are sometimes called, believe that while everything else in the universe may be the inevitable consequence of external forces, human behavior is unique and is determined by the agent, not by God or the stars or the laws of nature.
www.skepdic.com /freewill.html   (1289 words)

  
 Free Will [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Minimally, to say that an agent has free will is to say that the agent has the capacity to choose his or her course of action.
Presumably, the reason why it would not be a free action is because, in the case of brainwashing, Allison’s decision does not arise from her free will.
An agent acts with free will if she is responsive to the appropriate rational considerations, and she does not act with a free will if she lacks such responsiveness.
www.iep.utm.edu /f/freewill.htm   (9087 words)

  
 free will. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The existence of free will is challenged by determinism.
A denial of free will was implicit in Plato’s argument that, because no one would deliberately choose a worse over a better course of action, people’s decisions are determined by their understanding (or ignorance) of what constitutes the good.
William of Occam affirmed free will but claimed it impossible for any human to comprehend how it is compatible with God’s foreknowledge and omniscience, which cannot be distinguished from his role as prime mover and original cause.
www.bartleby.com /65/fr/freewill.html   (395 words)

  
 Free Will
Free will is not a necessary fiction, and making known the naturalistic truth about ourselves is a far better basis for human flourishing.
If we don’t have free will, and the individual is not seen as ultimately morally responsible for his or her actions, how do we carry on moral discourse and justify moral judgments.
This focuses on free will, responsibility and punishment from a naturalistic perspective, using the example of Susan Smith, who was found guilty of drowning her two children in a South Carolina lake.
www.naturalism.org /freewill.htm   (1713 words)

  
 Free Will
Man will, then, be caught between two opposing attractions, each seeking to gain his obedience, so that he is compelled to choose the path he desires, freely, consciously, and relying on his own efforts and resources.
We see the results of free will everywhere, and the struggle waged against its proponents by those who oppose it is itself a clear indication that the latter implicitly accept it.
The free will that man enjoys is willed by the Creator of nature, and God's command manifests itself in the form of the norms that rule man and nature, natural relations, causes, and factors.
www.al-islam.org /GodAttributes/free.htm   (4196 words)

  
  Free will - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In these cases, free will is lacking not because the past is causally determining the future, but because the aggressor is overriding the victim's desires and preferences about his own actions.
One exception to the assumption that moral culpability lies in either individual character or freely willed acts is in cases where the insanity defense—or its corollary, diminished responsibility—can be used to argue that the guilty deed was not the product of a guilty mind.
The theological doctrine of divine foreknowledge is often alleged to be in conflict with free will.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Free_will   (7662 words)

  
 Free will theorem - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The free will theorem of John H. Conway and Simon Kochen states that, if we have a certain amount of "free will", then, subject to certain assumptions, so do some elementary particles.
The contrapositive of the theorem (if particles do not have free will, neither do we) is aesthetically unappealing to many people, or contrary to their intuition.
The definition of "free will" used in the proof of this theorem is simply that an outcome is "not determined" by prior conditions, and may therefore be equivalent to the possibility that the outcome is simply random, whatever that means.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Free_will_theorem   (432 words)

  
 dfwVariousStrawsonG
The second is that one’s belief in strong free will may be driven simply by the conviction that one is or can be radically self-determining in one’s actions in a way that is incompatible with determinism; and this conviction about radical self-determination need not involve giving much—or any—thought to the issue of moral responsibility.
And it does seem that one way in which the belief in strong free will manifests itself is in the very vague and (necessarily) unexamined belief that many have that they are somehow or other radically responsible for their general mental nature, or at least for certain crucial aspects of it.
Various other suggestions have been made: those who think hard about free will are likely to become convinced that investigation of the complex moral psychology of the belief in freedom, and of the possible moral and psychological consequences of altering the belief, is the most fruitful area of research that remains.
www.ucl.ac.uk /~uctytho/dfwVariousStrawsonG.html   (7511 words)

  
 Free Will: Masters of our destiny or puppets on a string?
Free Will is the philosophical doctrine that human beings have the power to choose from alternatives, unrestrained by causality or by preordained mystical powers.
The illusion of a lack of Free Will is due to man’s preoccupation with the proliferation of macrocosmic events in his existence.
With the intervention of free will, our future, and thus the future of the universe, will follow a path different from the path it would have pursued without our intervention.
www.rationality.net /freewill.htm   (2927 words)

  
 Free Will
Free will is not the same as freedom of action.
Free will means being free to try to escape (or not), to try to wave (or not), to try to move your limbs (or not).
The determinist will respond that you are simply not aware of the causes of your decisions, and have labeled that ignorance “free will.” There were no doubt neurons firing and chemicals sailing across synapses and so forth, all very deterministically resulting in my choice of the danish.
www.ship.edu /~cgboeree/freewill.html   (2161 words)

  
 Open Theism and Libertarian Free Will
By contrast, compatibilist free will holds that a person can choose only that which is consistent with his nature and that there are constraints and influences upon his ability to choose.
In libertarian free will, a sinner is equally able to choose God or reject God regardless of his sinful condition.
Free will is the ability for a person to make choices that determine some or all of his actions.
www.carm.org /open/free_will.htm   (1396 words)

  
 Free will - Theopedia
Hence, Libertarian free will is necessarily associated with both Open Theism, which maintains that God does not foreknow or predetermine the free choices of man, and Arminianism, which contends that God in his omniscience foresees man's free choices and reacts accordingly.
In compatibilism, free will is affected by human nature and man will never choose contrary to his nature and desires.
In Calvinism, man has free will in that he is a free moral agent and makes real choices that will have very real consequences, but he is limited by his fallen nature.
www.theopedia.com /Free_will   (2010 words)

  
 Free will - you only think you have it - fundamentals - 04 May 2006 - New Scientist
A week after he announced it, two eminent mathematicians showed that the theory has profound implications beyond physics: abandoning the uncertainty of quantum physics means we must give up the cherished notion that we have free will.
Arguments about free will are as old as philosophy itself, and ever since quantum mechanics was proposed people have attempted to connect free will to the indeterminacy at the heart of this theory.
Since the mathematicians believe that we have free will, it follows for them that 't Hooft's theory must be wrong.
www.newscientist.com /channel/fundamentals/mg19025504.000-free-will--you-only-think-you-have-it.html   (1326 words)

  
 Free Will (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
“Free Will” is a philosophical term of art for a particular sort of capacity of rational agents to choose a course of action from among various alternatives.
Free will also appears to be a condition on desert for one's accomplishments (why sustained effort and creative work are praiseworthy); on the autonomy and dignity of persons; and on the value we accord to love and friendship.
Many accounts of free will are constructed against the backdrop possibility (whether accepted as actual or not) that each stage of the world is determined by what preceded it by impersonal natural law.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/freewill   (6418 words)

  
 Free will - Psychology Wiki
In these cases, free will is lacking not because the past is causally determining the future, but because the aggressor is overriding the victim's desires and preferences about his own actions.
One exception to the assumption that moral culpability lies in either individual character or freely willed acts is in cases where the insanity defense—or its corollary, diminished responsibility—can be used to argue that the guilty deed was not the product of a guilty mind.
The theological doctrine of divine foreknowledge is often alleged to be in conflict with free will.
psychology.wikia.com /wiki/Free_will   (7678 words)

  
 Free will : Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online
Its central questions are 'What is it to act (or choose) freely?', and 'What is it to be morally responsible for one's actions (or choices)?' These two questions are closely connected, for freedom of action is necessary for moral responsibility, even if it is not sufficient.
They are therefore wholly free to choose and act even if their whole physical and psychological make-up is entirely determined by things for which they are in no way ultimately responsible - starting with their genetic inheritance and early upbringing.
This conviction is the deep and inexhaustible source of the free will problem: powerful arguments that seem to show that we cannot be morally responsible in the ultimate way that we suppose keep coming up against equally powerful psychological reasons why we continue to believe that we are ultimately morally responsible.
www.rep.routledge.com /article/V014   (711 words)

  
 Free Will Forms
Free Will Forms.com is giving away a selected group of last will and testament forms FREE - you only pay a small shipping and handling fee of $5.95 for the printed out forms and instructions.
Without a will the court will decide the outcome of your estate and could determine the guardianship of any minor children you may have.
These will forms are designed to be used by any person, in any state, to easily prepare their own last will and testament.
www.freewillforms.com   (476 words)

  
 Notes on Free Will and Determinism - Prof. Norman Swartz
Logical Determinism may appear to pose a threat to the existence of free will, but that is only because it misrepresents the nature of the relation between a true proposition and the state-of-affairs in the world that accounts for that proposition's being true.
The notion that foreknowledge, and in particular God's foreknowledge, is incompatible with free will is not a mere semantic trifle.
The way out of the puzzle about free will and causal determinism is to adopt a thoroughly modern view of natural laws, removed once and for all from its supernatural, theistic, origins.
www.sfu.ca /philosophy/swartz/freewill1.htm   (7975 words)

  
 Astrology & Karma: Know Your Free Will - astrology.com
Free will is all about the choices we make every day and how we choose to live our lives in the present.
Free will teaches us to know what's right and to set a code of ethics and behavior by which each of us, as individuals, can live comfortably.
Free will is not only about taking action; it is the way you structure your life, a power which is always in your hands.
karma.astrology.com /freewill.html   (503 words)

  
 "Free-Will" by A.A. Hodge
I say to my class, but I do not know whether it will do to say it here, “I have my will, but my will is not free; it is myself that is free.” Now it makes a difference whether you have freedom of will or the freedom of man in willing.
It is the I that is free, and has got a will; it is the I that is free, and has got a character.
Therefore, I hold that a man is free just in proportion to his convictions, just in proportion to his capability of determining his action from experience, just from his fixedness and crystallization of character.
www.the-highway.com /free-will_Hodge.html   (2124 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Free Will
free will is a fiction, a name which covers no reality, for it is not in man's power to think well or ill, since all events occur by
free will is yet not destroyed in the race (Sess.
and so are free, whereas they are as strictly determined by the feelings or motives which have gone before, as any material effects are determined by their material antecedents.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/06259a.htm   (3144 words)

  
 Free will - FreeThoughtPedia
Nonetheless, all sects of Christianity claim mankind was given "free will" by God and that man abused this privilege and this is why they need to be saved, otherwise they will suffer in the afterlife.
Free Will is an amazing gift, because God is all-knowing and all-seeing and omnipotent, he could have easily made man 100% obedient and having no "free will" so mankind should cherish the gift of choice given by God.
Apparently free will is limited by the parameters of the physical world in which we live.
www.freethoughtpedia.com /wiki/Free_will   (2254 words)

  
 Free Will
Free will means being free to try to escape (or not), to try to wave (or not), to try to move your limbs (or not).
Since the free willist is making a claim, and an exceptional one at that, the burden of proof is on him or her.
The determinist will respond that you are simply not aware of the causes of your decisions, and have labeled that ignorance “free will.” There were no doubt neurons firing and chemicals sailing across synapses and so forth, all very deterministically resulting in my choice of the danish.
webspace.ship.edu /cgboer/freewill.html   (2161 words)

  
 Debian -- What Does Free Mean?
Many people new to free software find themselves confused because the word "free" in the term "free software" is not used the way they expect.
Software that is free only in the sense that you don't need to pay to use it is hardly free at all.
While free software is not totally free of constraints (only putting something in the public domain does that) it gives the user the flexibility to do what they need in order to get work done.
www.debian.org /intro/free   (1044 words)

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