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Topic: Fregoli delusion

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  Delusion Encyclopedia Article @ Despairing.net   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
A delusion is commonly defined as a fixed false belief and is used in everyday language to describe a belief that is either false, fanciful or derived from deception.
In this case the delusion does not cease to be a delusion because the content later turns out to be true.
In other cases, the delusion may be assumed to be false by a doctor or psychiatrist assessing the belief, because it seems to be unlikely, bizarre or held with excessive conviction.
www.despairing.net /encyclopedia/Delusion   (1009 words)

A delusion is commonly defined as a false belief, and is used in everyday language to describe a belief that is either false, fanciful or derived from deception.
According to Jaspers, primary delusions (sometimes called true delusions) are distinguished by a transformation of meaning, so that the world, or aspects of it, are interpreted in a radically different way by the delusional person.
Secondary delusions (sometimes called delusion-like ideas) are considered to be, at least in principle, understandable in the context of a person's life history, personality, mood state or presence of other psychopathology.
www.mrsci.com /Symptoms/Delusion.php   (1063 words)

 The Belief Formation program
In psychiatric cases, delusions can be widespread and multi-thematic or they can be circumscribed and monothematic (examples of the latter include monothematic delusions in delusional disorder, delusions of misidentification, or cases where a schizophrenia patient only becomes delusional about the sources of their voices).
Fregoli delusion is the belief that you are continually being followed by a group of people whom you cannot recognize because they are disguised.
Delusions of persecution and reference are characterized by fundamental aberrations in social cognition, such as the misperception of other people's intentions (e.g., as intending to cause personal harm) and/or the misinterpretation of neutral social information (including other people's mental states) as self-referent.
www.maccs.mq.edu.au /research/programme/belief.htm   (1554 words)

 Introducing Philosophical Psychopathology by Rüdiger Vaas
Delusions, hallucinations and thought disorders form the core of psychotic disorders (traditional "madness" and "insanity"), which is characterized by a patient's lack of insight into his or her condition.
Evaluative delusions are remarkable philosophically due to the dichotomy of fact and value as well as that of content and form.
Delusions, by the way, might also shed light upon bizarre examples of epistemological skepticism (like René Descartes' arguments for deception by dreaming or an deus malignus, i.e.
human-nature.com /nibbs/02/vaas.html   (5262 words)

 Delusion Symptoms
A delusion is commonly defined as a fixed falsebelief and is used in everyday language to describe a belief that is either false, fanciful or derived from deception.
In other cases, the delusion may be assumedto be false by doctor or psychiatrist assessing the belief, because it seems to be unlikely, bizarre or held with excessive conviction.
Critics (such as R. Laing) have argued that this leads to the diagnosis of delusions being based on the subjectiveunderstanding of a particular psychiatrist, who may not have access to all the information which might make a belief otherwise interpretable.
www.lumrix.com /medical/symptoms/delusion.html   (1087 words)

Fregoli’s delusion is characterized by a belief that someone, often someone considered threatening by the patient, is disguised as another person.
Generally, Cotard’s delusion produces feelings of unreality, visual recognition difficulty, and a belief that one’s body is rotting and malodorous (Young and Leafhead, 1996).
In one early theory, these delusions were thought to be a guilt relief valve for a love-hate relationship; that is, one is free to hate a person they are supposed to love if that person is an imposter (Young, 2000).
clearinghouse.missouriwestern.edu /manuscripts/353.asp   (2547 words)

 The Autism Home Page
The patient had been diagnosed with schizophrenia for years, had strange delusions, had a history of multiple attempts at suicide using bizarre methods, reported unusual physical symptoms, reported unusual visual perception problems, and was strangely believable and likable.
However, Forstl and Beats (1992) report that Charles Bonnet in 1788 described the case of a woman who developed the delusion that she was dead (Cotard syndrome) and that she was in another place (reduplicative paramnesia).
Delusions were categorized thusly: nihilistic delusions concerning the body (86%), nonexistence (69%), hypochondriacal delusions (58%), and delusions of immortality (55%).
groups.msn.com /TheAutismHomePage/cotardsyndrome.msnw   (1787 words)

 Delusion Anyway | Fregoli Delusion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
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cviy.info /delusion-anyway.htm   (473 words)

 Station Information - Delusion
In practice psychiatrists tend to diagnose a belief as delusional if it is either patently bizarre, causing significant distress, or excessively pre-occupies the patient, especially if the person is subsequently unswayed in their belief by counter-evidence or reasonable argument.
Delusions typically occur in the context of neurological or mental illness, although are not tied to any particular disease and have been found to occur in the context of many pathological states (both physical and mental).
David, A.S. (1999) On the impossibility of defining delusions.
www.stationinformation.com /encyclopedia/d/de/delusion.html   (695 words)

 delusion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
(delusion) (d[schwa]-loozh[schwa]n) [L. delusio, from de from + ludus a game] a false belief that is firmly maintained in spite of incontrovertible and obvious proof or evidence to the contrary and in spite of the fact that other members of the culture do not share the belief.
There are delusions of paranoia (others are plotting against them), grandiose delusions (exaggerated ideas of one's importance or identity), and somatic delusions (a healthy person believing that he/she has a terminal illness).
Some types of common delusions are delusions of being controlled, delusions of grandeur, delusions or persecution and somatic delusions.
www.vocamania.com /delusion.aspx   (1137 words)

 Guardian | Where belief is born
"The assumption is that a delusion is a false belief.
Fregoli delusion is the belief that the sufferer is constantly being followed around by people in disguise.
Capgras' delusion, named after its discoverer, the French psychiatrist Jean Marie Joseph Capgras, is a belief that someone emotionally close has been replaced by an identical impostor.
www.guardian.co.uk /print/0,3858,5226946-111414,00.html   (2007 words)

 Delusions and confusions - smh.com.au
Capgras' delusion is a form of brain damage, says Coltheart: the parts of the brain that associate face recognition with an emotional response have somehow become disconnected.
The second deficit is to blame for the acceptance of a delusional thought, for it becoming a belief "despite its implausibility and despite all attempts at dissuasion by family, friends and clinicians".
This second deficit, the theory goes, is "present in all cases of delusion and is associated with damage to the right hemisphere of the brain".
www.smh.com.au /articles/2003/07/17/1058035113159.html   (640 words)

 Leopoldo Fregoli - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Leopoldo Fregoli (born July 2, 1867 in Rome; died November 26, 1936 in Viareggio) was a stage star and early Italian actor.
Fregoli generously complied and Biondi went on to be another great quick change artist- first claiming to be a pupil but later set up as the 'original' Fregoli.
The Alhambra was scheduled to reopen early in March of 1897 with the premiere of Sir Arthur Sullivan's new ballet "Victoria and Merrie England".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Leopoldo_Fregoli   (964 words)

Perhaps the most well known of the misidentification syndromes is the Capgras delusion, a condition in which the person believes that another person, usually a close relative such as the spouse, has been replaced by an impostor.
A third type of misidentification syndrome is the Fregoli delusion, which involves the belief that familiar people are disguised as others.
For example, Ellis and Young (1990) have proposed that the Capgras delusion is the result of intact perception of faces but a loss of the affective response that normally contributes to the recognition of familiar faces.
www.maccs.mq.edu.au /~max/Tompath/nora.html   (736 words)

 Kalman Glantz reviews Pathologies of Belief edited by Max Coltheart and Martin Davies
There is for example the Capgras Delusion; people with this condition believe that one or more of their loved ones are impostors.
People with the Fregoli Delusion believe that they keep seeing one of their friends or relatives wherever they go, or that they are being followed by someone they know who is in disguise.
The classification of the varieties of delusions and of the regularities underlying bizarre beliefs are useful.
human-nature.com /nibbs/02/glantz.html   (750 words)

 Macquarie University News
The Fellowship also enables Coltheart to further his work on monothematic delusions - a neuropsychological (rather than a psychiatric) condition caused by damage to part of the brain, in which a patient suffers from one single delusion.
Examples are the Capgras Delusion, in which a person believes that someone they are very close to has been replaced by an imposter, and Mirrored-self Misidentification, where a person does not recognise their own mirrored image as themselves.
One is that the link between the system used for recognising faces and the system used for emotional response has been severed, so the patients are not able to respond emotionally to the face of a person who has been a familiar figure in their life.
www.pr.mq.edu.au /macnews/feb03/federation.htm   (1019 words)

 My Monothematic Delusions… - Pop Occulture
* Cotard delusion is the belief that oneself is dead or does not exist; sometimes coupled with the belief that they are putrifying or missing their internal organs.
I think they should be left alone in their delusions and not hospitalized unless proven dangerous for some reason.
That delusion is probably in the 98% or greater realm.
www.timboucher.com /journal/2006/12/06/my-monothematic-delusions   (1267 words)

 Fregoli delusion
The Fregoli delusion or Fregoli syndrome is a rare disorder in which a person holds a delusional belief that different people are in fact a single person who changes their appearance or is in disguise.
Often this belief is of a paranoid nature with the delusional person believing that they are being persecuted by the person whom they believe to be following them.
The Fregoli delusion is classed as a delusional misidentification syndrome, a class of delusional beliefs that involves the misidentification of people, places or objects.
www.mrsci.com /Psychosis/Fregoli_delusion.php   (225 words)

 SIFA 2006   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The standard clinical definition, according to which delusions are false, unjustified beliefs, has been challenged by several authors, and some alternative proposals emerged.
For a theory of delusions, the significance of separating belief from acceptance is twofold: (i) it undermines the lack-of-pragmatic-commitment objection; (ii) it provides a new conceptual framework to describe and analyze puzzling features of delusions, e.g.
Thus, this criticism against doxastic accounts of delusions is misguided, and owes to a confusion between different functional roles of mental representation.
sifa.unige.it /milano06/abstracts/paglieri.html   (792 words)

 Delusion Manga Hentai | Another Name For Delusion Pregnancy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
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 fregoli delusion - General Practice Notebook   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Fregoli syndrome derives its name from an actor who had a remarkable skill in changing his facial appearance.
In this condition the patient identifies a familiar person, usually someone he believes to be his persecutor, in various encounters.
Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® is an independent company owned by the authors which does not receive income from any other organisation or individual.
www.gpnotebook.co.uk /cache/-214630367.htm   (125 words)

 Fregoli delusion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The syndrome may be related to a brain lesion and is often of a paranoid nature with the delusional person believing that he or she is being persecuted by the person he or she believes to be in disguise.
In 2005, writer Charlie Kaufman produced a traveling radio play series called the Theater of the New Ear.
One of the feature plays, Anomalisa, was written by one "Francis Fregoli," whom the playbill described as being "the pen-name of an established writer, who wishes to remain anonymous."
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Fregoli_delusion   (340 words)

 dreadful dreams
A variation on the theme is Fregoli delusion, the belief that different people are actually the same person in disguise.
Intermetamorphosis, the belief that different people swap identities with each other while maintaining the same appearance, or the delusion of subjective doubles, that a doppelganger of the person is performing independent actions of their own free will; known as clonal pluralization, when a person thinks there are more than one of them in existence.
This case would fall under the delusion of inanimate doubles, that is unless her sons are in fact trying to gaslight her, which would be hilarious.
dreadfuldreams.blogspot.com   (4092 words)

 [No title]
 ç…ðH ð ƒ ð0ƒ“ŽŸ‹”Þ½h¿ÿ ?ð ÿÿÿ€€€»àã33™™™™Ìˆ8Š0º___PPT10‹ë.¶ÂÀ°îMï€ ½ðµ€ððMð( ð ðð ð ƒ ð0€Uƒ¿Àÿ ð°ÐP 𵟨'In the Fregoli syndrome, the patient falsely identifies a familiar person, often a persecutor, in strangers.
The persecutor changes faces, being the mailman one day and a nurse another.
Delusions of persecution in which the same perscutor is repeatedly identified as being different individuals Complete strangers or more often acquaintances are accused of being the persecutor.
learn.sdstate.edu /PhelpsB/MemoryDisorder.ppt   (204 words)

 INEX: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Capgras delusion)
This seems to be the reverse of prosopagnosia, a condition where conscious face recognition abilities are lost, despite sufferers still showing a covert emotional response to familiar faces, detectable by measuring (for example) skin conductance.
Situations in which the protagonist (and the audience) knows that their acquaintances have been replaced by spies,
Ellis, H.D. and Lewis, M.B. Capgras delusion: a window on face recognition.
www.uta.fi /~paavo.arvola/archive.html   (552 words)

 Interictal Psychosis Presenting With Fregoli Syndrome -- Duggal 16 (4): 543 -- J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Interictal Psychosis Presenting With Fregoli Syndrome -- Duggal 16 (4): 543 -- J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci
The neurobiological basis of Fregoli syndrome is discussed below.
Joseph AB, O’Leary DH: Anterior cortical atrophy in Fregoli syndrome.
neuro.psychiatryonline.org /cgi/content/full/16/4/543   (634 words)

 [No title]
The cognitive neuropsychiatry of psychosis, delusions and belief formation.
Bell, V., Halligan, P.W. & Ellis, H.D. (2006) Explaining delusions: A cognitive perspective.
Bell, V., Ellis, H. & Halligan, P. (2003) Neuropsychology, delusions and modularity: The curious problem of belief.
internal.iop.kcl.ac.uk /ipublic/staff/profile/external.aspx?go=10947   (861 words)

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