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Topic: French Restoration


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In the News (Tue 19 Feb 19)

  
  Bourbon Dynasty, Restored - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The ensuing period is called the Restauration, following French usage, and is characterized by a sharp conservative reaction and the re-establishment of the Roman Catholic Church as a power in French politics.
Louis XVIII's restoration to the throne in 1814 was effected largely through the support of Napoleon's former foreign minister Talleyrand who convinced the victorious Allied Powers of the desirability of a Bourbon restoration.
There is still considerable debate among historians as to the actual cause of the downfall of Charles X. What is generally conceded, though, is that between 1827 and 1830, a series of economic downturns combined with the rise of a liberal opposition within the Chamber of Deputies ultimately felled the conservative Bourbons.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/French_Restoration   (1623 words)

  
 First French Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The First French Empire, commonly known as the French Empire, the Napoleonic Empire or simply as The Empire, covers the period of the domination of France and of much of continental Europe by Napoleon I of France.
Constitutionally, it refers to the period of 1804 to 1814, from the Consulate to the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in the history of the French state, with a coda in the Hundred Days of 1815.
Having seen their actions in the stormy hours of the French Revolution, he despised them and looked upon them as incapable of disinterested conduct, conceited, and obsessed by the notion of equality.
www.1-free-software.com /en/wikipedia/f/fi/first_french_empire.html   (2558 words)

  
 History of France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The 13th century was to bring the crown important gains also in the south, where a papal-royal crusade against the region's Albigensian or Cathar heretics (1209) led to the incorporation into the royal domain of Lower (1229) and Upper (1271) Languedoc.
The May 1958 seizure of power in Algiers by French army units and French settlers opposed to concessions in the face of Arab nationalist insurrection led to the fall of the French government and a presidential invitation to de Gaulle to form an emergency government to forestall the threat of civil war.
The French have stood among the strongest supporters of NATO and EU policy in the Balkans.
www.sevenhills.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/History_of_France   (2413 words)

  
 Restoration, in French history. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
in French history, the period from 1814 to 1830.
The Bourbon regime was responsible for considerable French economic recovery and expansion and for the restoration of French prestige abroad.
See N. Hudson, Ultra-Royalism and the French Restoration (1936); G. de Bertier de Sauvigny, France and the European Alliance (1958), D. Resnick, The White Terror and the Political Reaction after Waterloo (1966); J. Stewart, The Restoration Era in France (1968).
www.bartleby.com /65/re/RestorFr.html   (266 words)

  
 55. The French Revolution and the Restoration of Monarchy in France. Wells, H.G. 1922. A Short History of the World
The French Revolution and the Restoration of Monarchy in France.
In 1787 this French monarchy found itself bankrupt and obliged to call representatives of the different classes of the realm into consultation upon the perplexities of defective income and excessive expenditure.
For some time the French thrust towards Ita’y was hung up, and it was only in 1796 that a new general, Napoleon Bonaparte, led the ragged and hungry republican armies in triumph across Piedmont to Mantua and Verona.
www.bartleby.com /86/55.html   (2366 words)

  
 Restoration Drama
HEN came the gallant protest of the Restoration, when Wycherley and his successors in drama commenced to write of contemporary life in much the spirit of modern musical comedy.
In 1660 the Stuart dynasty was restored to the throne of England.
The heroes of the Restoration comedies were lively gentlemen of the city, profligates and loose livers, with a strong tendency to make love to their neighbors' wives.
www.theatrehistory.com /british/restoration_drama_001.html   (2133 words)

  
 United Nations Human Rights Website - Treaty Bodies Database - Document - Jurisprudence - France   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
(a) French persons from the territory of the French Republic, as it was constituted on 28 July 1960, and domiciled, on the date on which a State previously having the status of overseas territory of the French Republic attained independence, in the territory of that State retained French nationality (an.
Restoration of nationality may be denied on the ground of unworthiness (indignite) or failure to be assimilated.
French nationality is evidenced in cases of difficulty by a certificate issued by the juge d'instance of the place of domicile of the applicant.
www.unhchr.ch /tbs/doc.nsf/385c2add1632f4a8c12565a9004dc311/278e5d1a83cbd432c1256acd004deb6f?OpenDocument&Highlight=0,184/1984   (5344 words)

  
 Restoration Workshop...French Polish
Wheeler and Wilson in particular used this system which is simply achieved by applying a number of coats of hard wax to the wood, allowing each coat to dry and be buffed with a soft cloth before applying the next.
French polishing is the name given to the process.
Producing a good, workman-like French- polished job is not the sole preserve of the master craftsman.
www.ismacs.net /articles/frenchpolish.html   (1344 words)

  
 Knowledge King - Bourbon Dynasty, Restored   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Following the ouster of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1814, the Bourbon Dynasty was restored to the French throne.
The period of their reigns is called in French the Restauration.
Following the ouster of the last king to rule France, the Second Republic was formed after the election of Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte as President (1848-1852) who then had himself declared Emperor Napoleon III of the Second Empire from 1852 - 1871.
www.knowledgeking.net /encyclopedia/b/bo/bourbon_dynasty__restored.html   (105 words)

  
 University of Minnesota Human Rights Library
Many years later (the author claimed that this took place in 1979), he had allegedly been informed by the relevant French authorities that, pursuant to a decision of the Ministry of Justice, he was no longer regarded as a French national and that consequently he was required to return his French identity papers.
(a) French persons from the territory of the French Republic, as it was constituted on 28 July 1960, and domiciled, on the date on which a State previously having the status of overseas territory of the French Republic attained independence, in the territory of that State retained French nationality (art.
After unsuccessful attempts to persuade the Ministry of Justice to "restore" his French nationality and to obtain a new "certificate of nationality" from the competent judge, H.S., in August 1979, applied to the Tribunal de grande instance of Bobigny for "recognition" of his French nationality.
www1.umn.edu /humanrts/undocs/session41/184-1984.htm   (5114 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The French Revolution is a period in the history of France covering the years 1789-1799, in which the monarchy was overthrown and radical restructuring was forced upon the Roman Catholic Church.
The French crown, which was fiscally one and the same as the French state, was deep in debt.
By the time Calonne brought together an assembly of notables on February 22, 1787 to address the situation, France was as good as bankrupt: no one would lend the king funds sufficient to meet the expenses of government and court.
www.online-encyclopedia.info /encyclopedia/f/fr/french_revolution_1.html   (3540 words)

  
 [336 NLRB No. 125] United States Postal Service, 34-CA-9194
French asked if he had 2 years to retreat back to the unit and Persico said yes and that the only time French would lose was the 14 months he spent as a supervisor.
French had indeed been moved for the 14 months because when I was reading the JCAM I noticed in there that anybody that was outside of the Postal Service and then came back within two years they lose the time that they should have been out and Mr.
French was supposed to have been taken away from—that 14 months was supposed to have been taken away from him sometime back in 1990 or 1991 and he asked me if I had found any evidence of that.
www.nlrb.gov /nlrb/shared_files/decisions/336/336-125.htm   (9489 words)

  
 The French Flags
Thereafter the three parties to the civil wars of 1420-36 are distinguished by the cross: white for the French, red for the English and red saltire for the Burgundians.
The time seemed ripe for a restoration, and the two branches of the Bourbon family had even reconciled: the childless count of Chambord would reign first, and the throne would then naturally pass to the Orléans branch.
But the count of Chambord insisted on restoring the white flag, and this proved fatal to the restoration effort: French monarchists knew that there was no way to impose on the country a flag which by now symbolized the most retrograde and antiquated aspects of monarchism.
www.heraldica.org /topics/france/frflag.htm   (1476 words)

  
 Restoration Comedy
Following the political and social turmoil of the English Civil War, the Restoration Age was characterized by a sense of loss and cultural disillusion coupled with efforts to restore social stability and cohesion.
Joseph Wood Krutch contends that Restoration comedy "was derived from the union of certain elements of the old comedy of Humours with certain elements in the romantic plays of the same period.
Also referred to as the Comedy of Manners because the chief characters are usually members of high society, the Restoration comedy tends to feature recurring types- "the graceful young rake, the faithless wife, the deceived husband, and perhaps, a charming young heroine who is to be bestowed in the end on the rake" (Krutch, 2).
www.cyberpat.com /shirlsite/essays/restor2.html   (5314 words)

  
 French Creek Restoration Project 2003   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
French Creek (watershed code 920-470700) is an east coast of Vancouver Island watershed with an area of 68 km2.
A total of 30m of instream restoration are addressed in this prescription along with riparian restoration adjacent to the instream work.
The restoration targets all life stages of salmonid s found within the reach but in particular the holding and rearing habitats of those species that spend an extended amount of time rearing in fresh water.
www.mvihes.bc.ca /other-groups/parksville-skprs/fcreach2rest-feb03.htm   (419 words)

  
 French Restoration   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The ensuingperiod is called in French the Restauration, characterizedby a sharp conservative reaction and the re-establishment of the Roman Catholic church as a power in French politics.
Louis-Philippe ascended the throne on the strength of the JulyRevolution of 1830, and ruled, not as "King of France" but as "King of the French," an evocative difference amongcontemporaries.
Following the ouster of the last king to rule France in 1848, the Second Republic was formed after the election of Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte as President (1848 - 1852), who subsequently had himself declared Emperor Napoleon III of the Second Empire from 1852 - 1871.
www.therfcc.org /french-restoration-82001.html   (153 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Charles Maurice de Talleyrand : Talleyrand and the Restoration (French History, Biography) - Encyclopedia
He negotiated the first Treaty of Paris of May, 1814, by which France, despite the defeat, was granted the French borders of 1792.
Winning the European powers to his principle of "legitimacy," namely, the restoration of Europe to its prerevolutionary status, and shrewdly exploiting the dissension among the allies, he succeeded in taking part in the negotiations on equal terms with the principal victorious powers.
Talleyrand remained in Vienna during the Hundred Days but resigned in Sept., 1815, shortly after the second Bourbon Restoration : according to his memoirs because of his opposition to the second Treaty of Paris of Nov., 1815, but in all probability because of pressure from the ultraroyalist chamber on Louis XVIII to dismiss him.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/T/Talleyra-talleyrand-and-the-restoration.html   (342 words)

  
 The Scotsman - Sport - French restoration for regal Magne
French coach Bernard Laporte made two other changes to the team which defeated the Welsh 29-22.
He was the favourite to take over from Galthie when the French captain and 2002 world player of the year retired after the World Cup but Laporte gave the nod to Elissalde.
He is the fourth-best scorer in the French championship and kicked 19 points for his Biarritz Olympique club last Saturday.
thescotsman.scotsman.com /sport.cfm?id=312622004   (695 words)

  
 French Restoration Furniture
During the reign of Charles X the use of "bois clair", or blond woods, became popular and dark wood marquetry with palmette motifs was used for decorative effect rather than bronze.
For contrasting effects in marquetry light French and exotic woods were used : burr ash or elm, flecked maple, satin wood, sycamore, walnut were used together with types of rosewood, mahogany, and ebony.
What is termed the Restoration period in French history sometimes includes the time of Louis Philippe furniture looked at in the next section.
www.furniturestyles.net /european/french/restoration.html   (503 words)

  
 Silent Era: The 2000 Restoration of Napoleon (1927)
Altogether, 35 minutes of material has been added to the 1980 restoration and all footage that was optically blown-up from a surviving 17.5mm reduction print has been replaced by 35mm footage of excellent quality.
The new intertitles were typographically-matched to the original French intertitles, reset by computer in the matching typefont, and then imaged to filmstock.
The restoration was made possible largely through the financial support of the Eric Anker-Petersen Charity, a Danish trust.
www.silentera.com /info/napoleonRestoration.html   (607 words)

  
 French urges restoration of international unity after Iraq splits
French Foreign Minister Dominique de Villepin on Friday called for the restoration of harmony in the international community, which has been split by differences over the Iraq war, and insisted on a major post-war Iraq role for the United Nations.
Many European countries are pressing for a central role for the UN in Iraq's post-war administration but the US has made clear it will reserve for itself and Britain a free hand in determining how the country is run until it decides otherwise.
Echoing his French counterpart, Frattini also insisted the UN had a major role in post-war Iraq, "not only in the emergency phase of humanitarian aid but even more in reconstruction so that Iraq can be restored to the Iraqi people".
www.spacewar.com /2003-a/030404203234.ci6bah8q.html   (478 words)

  
 H-France Reviews   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The temptation for fascism among French intellectuals of the 1930s and early 1940s is a subject that has generated much speculation and scholarship over the years.
Wesseling’s use of Brasillach as his window onto the period and the phenomenon of French fascism provides the reader with the story of a writer continuing the tradition of nationalists dating to the early 1800s of constructing a certain notion of France on the basis of “ideas of renewal” (p.
Without explicitly stating it, Wesseling demonstrates the inability of French history and identity in the modern period to be read without inscribing the colonial experience within it.
www.uakron.edu /hfrance/vol3reviews/genova.html   (1298 words)

  
 French Horn Restoration
We began restoring this instrument immediately upon its arrival to our shop, and will be showing you the completed work at the end of the Current Projects pages.
This particular french horn is one of those that you don't see very often.
Brass is soft, so in the case of a french horn branch, light pressure is sufficient enough to raise the dent.
www.oberloh.com /gallery/Currentp.htm   (786 words)

  
 Houses for sale in France and French country properties
French property and houses in France for sale.
Our portfolio include pages of French property for sale, land, businesses, gites, country properties, hotels, real estate and house sales in many regions of France.
All advertised Properties in are for sale in priced order, either in French Euros or GBP including agency fees where applicable.
www.frenchhouserestoration.co.uk   (126 words)

  
 Education   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
It is awarded every year alternately to a French or American preservation architect to study for six months in the reciprocal country.
Allows American students to live in French historic houses and châteaux and contribute first hand to their restoration.
French students are also received in historic American private home in the United States.
members.aol.com /FVMFNYC/Edu.htm   (151 words)

  
 My Works
Restoration should only be done by art conservators who are both qualified and have had much experience in the field.
They must also be aware of how the work has been previously restored or altered, and also of their own limitations so that they do not attempt methods with which they are not familiar.
When approaching a work, conservators must always experiment with various techniques, and must rely on their instincts to know which experiments are most likely to be successful.
www.geocities.com /SoHo/Workshop/6501/myworks.html   (249 words)

  
 THE INFLUENCE OF FRENCH ON ENGLISH IN THE EARLY MODERN PERIOD
For a greater portion of the Middle English period (M.E.) French (Fr.) was the governing vernacular of England.
loans from the opening of the period to approximately the Restoration reveal that both of the aforementioned motives for borrowing are valid.
Though the number of French loans in the EModE period is relatively minor in comparison to M.E, the contribution is most important.
www.chass.utoronto.ca /~cpercy/courses/6362Jurcic1.htm   (2770 words)

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