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Topic: French Revolutionary Calendar


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In the News (Sun 21 Jul 19)

  
  History & info - French Revolutionary calendar (1793 - 1806)
The French Revolutionary Calendar (or Republican Calendar) was officially adopted in France on October 24, 1793 and abolished on 1 January 1806 by Emperor Napoleon I. It was used again briefly during under the Paris Commune in 1871.
The calendar was adopted more than one year after the advent of the First Republic (there was no year 1), after a long debate involving the mathematicians Romme and Monge, the poets Chénier and Fabre d' Eglantine and the painter David.
Therefore a rule similar to the one used in the Gregorian Calendar (including a 4000 year rule) was to take effect in the year 20.
webexhibits.org /calendars/calendar-french.html   (577 words)

  
 French Revolutionary calendar. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
the official calendar of France, Nov. 24, 1793–Dec. 31, 1805.
Its introduction was decreed by the Convention on Oct. 5, 1793, but it was computed from Sept. 22, 1792, the autumnal equinox and the day after the proclamation of the republic.
For the outstanding events known by the names of the revolutionary months in which they occurred, see Vendémiaire; Brumaire; Thermidor; Fructidor.
www.bartleby.com /65/fr/FrenchRe-c.html   (247 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: 9 Thermidor
The prime mover, however, for the events of 9 Thermidor was a Montagnard conspiracy, led by Jean Lambert Tallien and Bourdon de l'Oise, which was gradually coalescing, and was to come to pass at the time when the Montagnards had finally swayed the deputies of the Right over to their side.
The Mountain (in French La Montagne) refers in the context of the history of the French Revolution to a political group, whose members, called Montagnards, sat on the highest benches in the Assembly.
French Republican Calendar This article is about a legislative body and constitutional convention during the French Revolution.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/9-Thermidor   (1559 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The French Revolutionary Calendar ------------------------------------ The French Revolutionary Calendar (or Republican Calendar) was introduced in France on 24 November 1793 and abolished on 1 January 1806.
The Maya calendar was adopted by the other Mesoamerican nations, such as the Aztecs and the Toltec, which adopted the mechanics of the calendar unaltered but changed the names of the days of the week and the months.
The Chinese calendar is based on exact astronomical observations of the longitude of the sun and the phases of the moon.
www.faqs.org /ftp/pub/pub/faqs/calendars/faq/part3   (4181 words)

  
 French_Revolutionary_Calendar LANGUAGE SCHOOL EXPLORER
The French Republican Calendar or French Revolutionary Calendar is a calendar proposed during the French Revolution, and used by the French government for about twelve years from late 1793.
The French calendar is in use in the Republic of Louisianne, a Francophone North American nation of the alternate history project Ill Bethisad, although the ten day week was dropped and replaced with the original seven day week.
Sarah Monette used the French Revolutionary calendar as the basis for the City Calendar in her novel Melusine and its sequels.
language.school-explorer.com /info/French_Revolutionary_Calendar   (1719 words)

  
 French Revolutionary Calendar - The Jiggies Reference Guide   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The French Revolutionary Calendar is a calendar proposed during the French Revolution, and in use by the French government for 13 years from 1793.
It was abolished by Napoléon partly to appease the Catholic Church, which opposed the calendar because it abolished the Sabbath, but mainly because he had crowned himself Emperor of the French in December 1804 and had created the new Empire's Nobility during the year 1805.
The calendar was adopted by the Jacobin-controlled National Convention on October 24, 1793.
www.jiggies.com /reference/French_Revolutionary_calendar   (851 words)

  
 Calendar FAQ, v. 2.8 (modified 15 December 2005) Part 3/3
The French Revolutionary Calendar ------------------------------------ The French Revolutionary Calendar (or Republican Calendar) was introduced in France on 24 November 1793 and abolished on 1 January 1806.
The Maya calendar was adopted by the other Mesoamerican nations, such as the Aztecs and the Toltec, which adopted the mechanics of the calendar unaltered but changed the names of the days of the week and the months.
The Chinese calendar is based on exact astronomical observations of the longitude of the sun and the phases of the moon.
www.cs.uu.nl /wais/html/na-dir/calendars/faq/part3.html   (4919 words)

  
 The French republican calendar
The republican calendar was officially adopted on October 24, 1793, that is to say more than one year after the advent of the First Republic (thus no Year I !), after a long debate enters the mathematicians Romme and Monge, the poets Chénier and Fabre d' Eglantine and the painter David.
The republican calendar is one of the great reforms undertaken by the national Convention which, just like the metric system, aimed at reforming the society until in its references to time and space.
The diffusion of this calendar, promoted by the participation of large artists, ran up however against the problems of the reduction of the days of rest which it implied thus that at the ancestral rate of the fairs and agricultural markets.
www.gefrance.com /calrep/calen.htm   (365 words)

  
 The French revolutionary calendar
Also with this calendar there is no agreement with the moon phases, but the calendar was corrected in such a way that the yearly beginning falls on the day autumn equinox.
Before the introduction of the French revolution calendar with the years reforms was accomplished, whereby everything else of the Gregorian calendar one continued to use.
As soon as the difference between autumn equinox and calendar beginning of the year increased on 1 day and thus the calendar beginning of the year would fall on the 2nd day, an additional day should be introduced in the previous year.
www.kalendersysteme.de /english/calendar/systems/calendar_20.html   (1198 words)

  
 Where do I find French Revolutionary Calendar information   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The 18 Brumaire An VIII (9 November 1799) is investigated the terminal of the French Revolution.
The French timetable is in operation in the Republic of Louisianne, a Francophone North American nation of the alternate history affair Ill Bethisad, even supposing the ten sidereal day week was dropped replaced with the leading seven sidereal day week.
Sarah Monette used the French Revolutionary timetable as the downtime for the City Calendar in her contempo Melusine its sequels.
pregnancy.eaa47.com /weeks/French_Revolutionary_Calendar   (1851 words)

  
 Calendar Converter
The Gregorian calendar was proclaimed by Pope Gregory XIII and took effect in most Catholic states in 1582, in which October 4, 1582 of the Julian calendar was followed by October 15 in the new calendar, correcting for the accumulated discrepancy between the Julian calendar and the equinox as of that date.
The Julian calendar was proclaimed by Julius Cæsar in 46 B.C. and underwent several modifications before reaching its final form in 8 C.E. The Julian calendar differs from the Gregorian only in the determination of leap years, lacking the correction for years divisible by 100 and 400 in the Gregorian calendar.
The Bahá'í calendar is a solar calendar organised as a hierarchy of cycles, each of length 19, commemorating the 19 year period between the 1844 proclamation of the Báb in Shiraz and the revelation by Bahá'u'lláh in 1863.
www.fourmilab.ch /documents/calendar   (5200 words)

  
 Calendopaedia - Miscellaneous Calenders
The Babylonian Calendar is not particularly unsusual but is included because it was thought to be the main influence on the Egyptian, Hebrew and Islamic calendars.
The French Revolutionary Calendar, also known as the French Republican Calendar was introduced on 24th November 1793 and abolished on 1 January 1806.
As the calendar was introduced on 24th November 1793 it was decided that the calendar would retrospectively start on 22 September 1792.
www.geocities.com /calendopaedia/misc.htm   (1610 words)

  
 Conversion To and From Other Calendars
However, this calendar did not exist before the sixteenth century and was not widely used before the eighteenth century; it did not fully displace the Julian calendar and gain universal acceptance until the early twentieth century.
The French Revolutionary calendar was created by the Jacobins after the 1789 revolution, to represent a more secular and nature-based view of the annual cycle, and to install a 10-day week in a rationalization measure similar to the metric system.
Their calendar consists of twelve months of which the first six have 31 days, the next five have 30 days, and the last has 29 in ordinary years and 30 in leap years.
www.nongnu.org /emacsdoc-fr/manuel/other-calendars.html   (1445 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: French Revolution
The influence of freemasonry in the French Revolution proclaimed by Louis Blanc and by freemasonry itself is proved by the researches of M. Cochin.
No section of French territory should recognize the authority of a bishop living abroad, or of his delegates, and this, adds the Constitution, "without prejudice to the unity of faith and the communion which shall be maintained with the head of the Universal Church".
The measures taken by the Convention to substitute the Revolutionary calendar for the old Christian calendar, and the decrees ordering the municipalities to seize and melt down the bells and treasures of the churches, proved that certain currents prevailed tending to the dechristianization of France.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/13009a.htm   (7785 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Concordat of 1801 between Napoleon and the Church ended the dechristianisation period and established the rules for a relationship between the Catholic Church and the French State that lasted until it was abrogated by the Third Republic via the separation of church and state on 11 December 1905.
In the Brunswick Manifesto, the Imperial and Prussian armies threatened retaliation on the French population should it resist their advance or the reinstatement of the monarchy.
Another anti-clerical uprising was made possible by the installment of the Revolutionary Calendar on 24 October.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Revolutionary_France   (6001 words)

  
 SparkNotes: Napoleonic Europe (1799-1815): The Consulate (1799-1804)
A brilliant young French general, having already won fame with a series of victories for Revolutionary France in Italy Napoleon Bonaparte, was then busy fighting a fruitless war in Egypt.
On June 1800, Napoleon led the French army against the Austrians at the battle of Marengo and emerged with a staggering victory.
Trained at French military schools to command artillery, Napoleon proved capable of commanding far greater military contingents: after leading the revolutionary army to victory at the battle of Toulon, Napoleon was promoted to general.
www.sparknotes.com /history/european/napoleonic/section1.html   (1326 words)

  
 WunderMoosen
It was taunted as a worker's calendar, to throw away all that was familiar and remove any possible trappings of religious association with the Gregorian calendar and thus its reforms.
The French year was to begin at the Autumn Equinox, but by its 8th year, it had drifted and was no longer starting on the Equinox.
When calculating a French Revolution date, Calendar X is implementing the dates as if modification made for the leap year rule (in effect in the 20th year of the Republic) were in fact adopted.
www.wundermoosen.com /WunderMoosenWeb-french-revolutionary-calendar-article.aspx   (366 words)

  
 The French Revolutionary Calendar
The existing calendar perpetuated the frauds of the Christian church (Jesus himself was probably a good sans-culotte; all the nonsense stemmed from Paul), and was highly irrational and inconvenient.
The new calendar, based on a report of Fabre d'Églantine, was adopted by the Convention in October, 1793.
In spite of its symmetry and its poetic months of budding and of mist, the new calendar was not a success, and Napoleon abandoned it in the year XII (1804).
www.windhorst.org /calendar   (567 words)

  
 French Revolutionary calendar - HighBeam Encyclopedia
French Revolutionary calendar the official calendar of France, Nov. 24, 1793-Dec. 31, 1805.
Its introduction was decreed by the Convention on Oct. 5, 1793, but it was computed from Sept. 22, 1792, the autumnal equinox and the day after the proclamation of the republic.
The French revolution as local experience: the terror in Dijon.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-FrenchRe-c.html   (608 words)

  
 the calendar of the French Revolution | France
The first day of the Revolutionary Calendar was 1 Vendémaire of year 1 of the Republic (remember, that is 22 September 1792 in the Gregorian calendar).
During the time that the Revolutionary Calendar existed, the leap years were in years 3, 7 and 11.
Based on the calendar of the ancient Egyptians (still used by Eastern Orthodox churches), this calendar was designed to make a complete break with both the French aristocracy and their institutions, and also with the Catholic Church and its institutions, including the Gregorian calendar.
www.abelard.org /france/revolution_calendar.php   (769 words)

  
 French Republican Calendar - TLP
The French Republican Calendar (also French Revolutionary Calendar; French: Calendrier Républicain) is a calendar proposed during the French Revolution, and used by the French government for about twelve years from November 1793.
The calendar was adopted by the Jacobin-controlled National Convention on October 24 1793.
The calendar was alo used in Saint-Domingue, for example in the letters of Toussaint Louverture or documents by French Commisioners in the colony, such as Léger Félicité Sonthonax.
thelouvertureproject.org /index.php?title=Republican_Calendar   (307 words)

  
 The French Revolutionary Calendar
But, the radical change in the French state was to be expressed by means of a new calendar, which led to the elaboration of a new calendar wholly independent of the Gregorian calendar.
The era of this calendar was 22 September 1792, Gregorian.
This was approved of later, and the Gregorian calendar re-adopted on 1 January 1806.
www.ortelius.de /kalender/fr_en.php   (567 words)

  
 The Illegalization of Biblical Christianity; case #2, the deChristianized Calendar - Sean Hannity Discussion
The French revolutionary calendar changed the names of the months to remove all reminders of despotic traditions, such as August, named after the Roman emperor Augustus, July, named after Julius Caesar, and March (mars in French), named after the Roman god of war.
The names for the months in the new calendar were invented hastily, by revolutionary dramatist Philippe Fabre d'Eglantine (1755-94), George Jacques Danton's talented secretary who would be tragically guillotined at the prime age of 39, a mere five years after the storming of the Bastille, the popular uprising that launched the French Revolution.
The French revolutionary calendar remained in effect until the Thermidorian Reaction, a period of political revisionism, of vulgar extravagance in social manners, of greed and scandal and of merveilleuses, women known for their underdressed overdressing in public.
www.hannity.com /forum/showthread.php?t=50334&goto=nextoldest   (1176 words)

  
 Calendars of various cultures and religions
The original long-term goal was to cross-reference all of these calendars to one another, so to further that goal I've created a perpetual calendar for all the 365-day solar-year calendars I have that can be cross-referenced to one another, graphically represented in relation to the Gregorian.
This is the same year that the Hindu (civil) calendar begins on, but I don't know if it's a coincidence, because I don't know as yet what event(s) this correlates to, historical or astronomical.
This is the same year that the Indonesian calendar begins on, but I don't know if it's a coincidence, because I don't know as yet what event(s) this correlates to, historical or astronomical.
www.kelsung.com /calendar.htm   (1800 words)

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