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Topic: French Revolutionary Wars


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  French Revolutionary Wars - LoveToKnow 1911   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
FRENCH REVOLUTIONARY WARS (1792-1800), the general name for the first part of the series of French wars which went on continuously, except for some local and temporary cessations of hostilities, from the declaration of war against Britain in 1792 to the final overthrow of Napoleon in 1815.
On the side of the French, the Army of the Moselle (41,000 effectives) was in cordon between Saargemiind and Longwy; the Army of the Ardennes (22,000) between Beaumont and Givet; of the Army of the North, the right wing (38,000) in the area BeaumontMaubeuge and the centre (24,000) about Guise.
The French were far too exhausted to pursue them (they had lost twice as many men as the Allies), and their leader had practically no formed body at hand to follow up the victory, thanks to the extraordinary dissemination of the army.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /French_Revolutionary_Wars   (18108 words)

  
 French Revolutionary Wars - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
French Revolutionary Wars wars occurring in the era of the French Revolution and the beginning of the Napoleonic era, the decade of 1792-1802.
This manifesto angered the French and contributed to the suspension of the king (Aug., 1792).
During 1795 the French defeated the allies on all fronts, but in 1796 the new Austrian commander, Archduke Charles, took the offensive, defeating first Jourdan, then Moreau, both of whom had retreated to the Rhine by Sept., 1796.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-frenchrewr.html   (1395 words)

  
 French Revolutionary Wars: Campaigns of 1798 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1798 was a relatively quiet period in the French Revolutionary Wars.
Meanwhile, the French also invaded Switzerland at the invitation of French-speaking factions in Vaud, seizing Bern and establishing the Helvetian Republic on the French model.
French troops occupied Rome, deposing the Pope's secular rule and establishing a republic.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/French_Revolutionary_Wars:_Campaigns_of_1798   (479 words)

  
 French Revolutionary Wars. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
wars occurring in the era of the French Revolution and the beginning of the Napoleonic era, the decade of 1792–1802.
The peace obtained in 1801–2 is generally considered to divide the French Revolutionary Wars from the Napoleonic Wars, but the character of the conflict changed only gradually.
It was desired by many of the revolutionists—with the notable exception of Robespierre—who believed that war would insure the permanence of the new order and propagate revolution abroad, and by the royalists, who hoped that victory would restore the powers of Louis XVI.
www.bartleby.com /65/fr/FrenchReWr.html   (1233 words)

  
 1911 Encyclop√¶dia Britannica/French Revolutionary Wars - Wikisource
But Prussia and other powers had allied themselves with Austria in view of war, and it was against a coalition and not a single power that France found herself pitted, at the moment when the emigration, the ferment of the Revolution, and want of material and of funds had thoroughly disorganized her army.
On the side of the French, the Army of the Moselle (41,000 effectives) was in cordon between Saargemund and Longwy; the Army of the Ardennes (22,000) between Beaumont and Givet; of the Army of the North, the right wing (38,000) ill the area Beaumont Maubeuge and the centre (24,000) about Guise.
Revolutionary energy was common to the Army of Italy and to the Army of the North.
en.wikisource.org /wiki/EB1911:French_Revolutionary_Wars   (21006 words)

  
 Napoleonic Wars - WarWiki - A Wikia wiki
These wars revolutionized European army and artillery, as well as military systems, and were of a scale never before seen, mainly due to the application of modern mass conscription.
French power rose quickly, conquering most of Europe; the fall was also rapid, beginning with the disastrous invasion of Russia, and Napoleon's empire ultimately suffered complete military defeat, resulting in the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in France.
The peace was soon clouded by the French intervention in the Swiss civil strife (Stecklikrieg) and occupation of several coastal cities in Italy.
war.wikia.com /wiki/Napoleonic_Wars   (4989 words)

  
 French Revolutionary Wars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of major conflicts, from 1792 until 1802, fought between the French Revolutionary government and several European states.
Marked by French revolutionary fervour and military innovations, the campaigns saw the French Revolutionary Armies defeat a number of opposing coalitions and expand French control to the Low Countries, Italy, and the Rhineland.
This began the longest period of peace during the period 1792-1815, and the crowning of Napoleon as emperor (in 1804) is an appropriate point to mark the transition between the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/French_Revolutionary_Wars   (2755 words)

  
 French Revolution - Search Results - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
French Revolution, cataclysmic political and social upheaval, extending from 1789 to 1799.
French Revolutionary Wars, the title given to the series of conflicts that broke out in Europe in 1792 in the wake of the French Revolution and that...
Bastille, fortress in eastern Paris, France, that was the French state prison in the 17th and 18th centuries; it became a symbol of royal tyranny....
uk.encarta.msn.com /French_Revolution.html   (168 words)

  
 Newfoundland and the French and American Wars, 1793-1815: Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage
Britain was at war with France from 1793 until 1815, with a brief period of peace in 1802-1803.
Tensions generated by this conflict led to the War of 1812 between Britain and the United States, and it is appropriate to discuss all three wars together.
This meant that when the wars finally ended, there was no one left to train the "green men" who were so essential to the recovery of the migratory fishery.
www.heritage.nf.ca /exploration/french_rev.html   (515 words)

  
 French Revolutionary Wars — Infoplease.com
French Revolutionary Wars, wars occurring in the era of the
French Revolutionary Wars: War with Austria - War with Austria On Apr. 20, 1792, France declared war on Austria.
French Revolutionary Wars: The Origins of the Wars - The Origins of the Wars The French Revolution aroused the hostility of foreign monarchs, nobles,...
www.infoplease.com /ce6/history/A0819668.html   (300 words)

  
 The French Revolt and Empire
Austria was now fighting a lone war on the continent, and despite local gains she increasingly found herself faced by a new French army general of unusual ability.
By the end of 1800, French generals Moreau, Brune and Macdonald were repeating the earlier drive east through southern Germany and so finally the Austrian government sued for peace, officially bringing the French Revolutionary Wars to a close in early 1801.
With their strategic center breached, the Austrians were unable to prevent the French occupation of Vienna, and in December of 1805 the remaining Allied army catastrophically lost the Battle of Austerlitz to Napoleon, knocking Austria out of the wars for several years.
www.wtj.com /articles/napsum1   (3463 words)

  
 French Revolutionary Wars — FactMonster.com
French Revolutionary Wars: Bibliography - Bibliography See T. Blanning, The French Revolution in Germany (1983); G. Lefebvre, The...
French Revolutionary Wars: Second Coalition - Second Coalition Meanwhile, France again aroused the anger of the European powers by creating the...
French Revolutionary Wars: First Coalition - First Coalition Late in 1792 the Convention issued a decree offering assistance to all peoples...
www.factmonster.com /ce6/history/A0819668.html   (194 words)

  
 H-Net Review: Ronald Schechter on The French Revolutionary Wars: 1787-1802   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Blanning begins by arguing that French defeat in the Seven Years' War (1756-63) stimulated reforms in the army which are normally associated with the Revolution: the breaking up of armies into smaller, more flexible divisions; the use of columns in addition to lines; an increasing reliance on light troops; and the use of artillery.
A similar tension is evident in Blanning's discussion of the importance of the alleged elan of the French revolutionary soldiers.
In some places Blanning criticizes the notion that as "citizen-soldiers" French troops were equipped with a patriotic spirit or elan and a special sense of mission which enabled them to fight more courageously and more successfully than their counterparts in the allied forces.
www.h-net.msu.edu /reviews/showrev.cgi?path=20709891902096   (2278 words)

  
 Wars Against Oman Coast Pirates, 1809-1821
The French invasion of Egypt in 1798 completely altered power equations in the Middle East, forcing the British to shore up their influence and strategic interests, especially defence of trade routes with India.
The French intended to cut a canal through the isthmus of Suez and secure exclusive control of the Red Sea.
Although the French threat ended decisively with the fall of Napoleon in 1814, the Persian Gulf had been a haven for local and foreign pirates since Roman times.
www.regiments.org /wars/19thcent/19arabia.htm   (541 words)

  
 Jemappes : Battle of Jemappes : Revolutionary Wars : French Revolution
The Austrian army was in winter quarters near Jemappes, in the Austrian Netherlands (Belgium) when attacked by the French.
Losses were 2000 suffered by the French and 1500 to the defenders.
A boost for the fledgling republic, the revolutionary forces went on to capture Brussels.
www.napoleonguide.com /battle_jemappes.htm   (73 words)

  
 Old Maps of the Napoleonic and French Revolutionary Wars reproduced for Military Historians, War Gamers and Re-enactors
WARS OF THE REVOLUTION: Paris 1789, France 1792, the Netherlands, Southern Germany and Switzerland, Fleurus, Hohenlinden, Jemappes, Neerwinden, Stockach, Toulon, Turcoing and Tournai, Zurich (13 maps).
NAPOLEON’S WARS AGAINST AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA AND RUSSIA 1805–1809: the Danube, Prussia and Poland, Abensburg, Aspern-Essling, Auerstadt, Austerlitz, Echmuhl, Eylau, Friedland, Heilsberg, Jena, Pultusk, Ulm, Wagram (17 maps).
THE PENINSULAR WAR: Spain and Portugal, Albuera, Badajoz, Barrosa, Bayonne, Burgos, Busaco, Ciudad Rodrigo, Corunna, Gerona, Medina de Rio Seco, Nivelle, Ocana, Orthes, Pyrenees, Salamanca, San Sebastian, Saragossa, Talavera, Tarragona, Torres Vedras, Toulouse, Vimeira, Vitoria (24 maps).
www.village-atlas.com /alison/alison_9.html   (338 words)

  
 French Revolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The wars of the 17th and 18th cent., an iniquitous and inefficient system of taxation, intervention in the AMERICAN REVOLUTION, and waste had resulted in a gigantic public debt, which neither NECKER, nor CALONNE, nor Loménie de Brienne was able to reduce.
But this only provided the ideas not the motivation for revolutionary upheaval; the deeper causes of both revolutions were rooted in changing social and economic conditions of the eighteenth century, the weaknesses of monarchical leadership, and mounting financial problems.
But the French experience convinced more and more people during the course of an initially reactionary nineteenth century that popular sovereignty, national independence, and constitutional government were the new forces in world history.
idcs0100.lib.iup.edu /modernera/french.htm   (1840 words)

  
 The French Revolutionary Wars
The First World War (1) The Eastern Front 1914-1918
The Napoleonic Wars (1) The rise of the Emperor 1805 - 1807
The Alamo and the War of Texan Independence 1835-36
www.blackdogaccessories.com /118.htm   (150 words)

  
 Hondeschoote : Battle of Hondeschoote : Revolutionary Wars : French Revolution
At Hondeschoote, 24,000 desperate French recruits launched themselves at the lines of disciplined British troops.
The Duke of York's 16,000 men fought bravely, but the weight of numbers finally forced them to retreat.
Casualties were split at 3000 men on each side.
www.napoleonguide.com /battle_hondeschoote.htm   (53 words)

  
 Internet Modern History Sourcebook: French Revolution
Contains considerable material in French on the Ancien Regime and the Revolution.
The threat that lead to the onset of the French Revolutionary wars.
Conversion of French revolutionary and Common Era Dates [At gefrance]
www.fordham.edu /halsall/mod/modsbook13.html   (619 words)

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