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Topic: French Second Republic


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In the News (Tue 18 Dec 18)

  
  French Third Republic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The French Third Republic, (in French, Troisième Republique, sometimes written as IIIème Republique) (1870/75-10 July 1940) was the governing body of France between the Second French Empire and the Fourth Republic.
However, the French Second Empire lasted only eighteen years because of the emergence of another world power, one that was to profoundly transform the balance of power in Europe - the German Empire.
Instead a "temporary" republic was established, pending the death of the elderly childless Chambord and the succession of his more liberal heir, the Comte de Paris.
www.peekskill.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Third_Republic   (1184 words)

  
 French Second Republic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The French Second Republic (often simply Second Republic) was the republican regime of France from February 25, 1848 to December 2, 1852.
It came to power as a result of the 1848 Revolution and is counted as the second republic because the government during the French Revolution is counted as the first, although the revolutionary government is more often discussed as three periods: the National Convention, the Directory, and the Consulate.
It was now the turn of the Republic, and it was proclaimed by Lamartine in the name of the provisional government elected by the Chamber under the pressure of the mob.
www.hartselle.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/French_Second_Republic   (2330 words)

  
 Second French Empire -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Although the machinery of government was almost the same under the Second Empire as it had been under the (An honours degree of the highest class) First, its founding principles were different.
The Legislative Body was not allowed to elect its own (The chief executive of a republic) president or to regulate its own procedure, or to propose a law or an amendment, or to vote on the (A sum of money allocated for a particular purpose) budget in detail, or to make its deliberations public.
The recall of French troops from Rome, in accordance with the convention of 1864, led to further attacks by the (A Roman Catholic who advocates ultramontanism (supreme papal authority in matters of faith and discipline)) Ultramontane party, who were alarmed for the papacy.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/S/Se/Second_French_Empire.htm   (1890 words)

  
 Third French Republic
The French Third Republic, sometimes written as the IIIrd Republic (1870-1940), was the governing body of France between the Second Empire and the Fourth Republic.
However, the French Second Empire lasted only twenty years because of the rise of another world power, one that was to upset the balance of power in Europe and eventually bring about World War One - the German Empire.
The Republic was also rocked by a series of crises, none more famous that the Dreyfus Affair, in which it was alleged that a Jewish officer in the French Army was a German spy.
faculty.ucc.edu /egh-damerow/third_french_republic.htm   (1047 words)

  
 FRENCH THIRD REPUBLIC FACTS AND INFORMATION
The French Third Republic, (in French, ''La Troisième Republique'', sometimes written as ''La 3ème Republique'') (1870/75-10_July 1940) was the governing body of France between the Second_French_Empire and the Fourth Republic.
However, the French Second Empire lasted only eighteen years because of the emergence of another world power, one that was to profoundly transform the balance_of_power in Europe: the German_Empire.
On May_16, 1877, with public opinion swinging heavily in favour of a republic, the President of the Republic, Patrice_MacMahon,_duc_de_Magenta, himself a monarchist, made one last desperate attempt to salvage the monarchical cause by dismissing the republic-minded prime minister Jules_Simon and appointing the monarchist leader the Duc de Broglie to office.
www.amysflowershop.com /French_Third_Republic   (1172 words)

  
 French Fourth Republic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It was the period when the French were under France's fourth republican constitution.
It was in many ways a revival of the Third Republic which had ruled before the Second World War.
France adopted the constitution of the Fourth Republic on October 13, 1946.
www.1-free-software.com /en/wikipedia/f/fr/french_fourth_republic.html   (218 words)

  
 Republic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Republics can (and usually do) have a single person that is head of state, in which case such head of state (even if in a joint office like the two consuls of the Roman Republic) is selected for a limited term.
The term "republic" has been applied to states that were top-down totalitarian and/or had their leaders appointed externally, like for example the DDR (litterally: "German Democratic ''Republic''"): the ''form of governement'' of such state is however usually not qualified as a republic.
French Enlightenment thinkers such as Rousseau and Montesquieu expanded upon and altered the ideas of what an ideal republic would be: some of their new ideas were scarcely retraceable to antiquity or the Renaissance thinkers.
www.infothis.com /find/Republic   (3115 words)

  
 French_Republic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents.
The French Republic is furthermore a member of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) and of the Indian Ocean Commission (COI), and an associate member of the Association of Caribbean States (ACS).
French Brie, the area where the famous Brie cheese is produced, is the part of Brie that was annexed to the royal demesne, as opposed to Champagne Brie (Brie champenoise) which was annexed by Champagne.
www.freecaviar.com /search.php?title=French_Republic   (5502 words)

  
 French Second Republic biography .ms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It is counted as the second republic because the government during the French Revolution is counted as the first, although the revolutionary government is more often discussed as three periods: the National Convention, the Directory, and the Consulate.
This provisional government with Dupont de l'Eure as its president, consisted of Lamartine for foreign affairs, Crémieux for justice, Ledru-Rollin for the interior, Carnot for public instruction, Gondchaux for finance, Arago for the navy, and Bedeau for war.
The second attempt to revive the principle of 1789 only served as a preface to the restoration of the Empire.
second-republic.biography.ms   (2220 words)

  
 FRENCH SECOND REPUBLIC FACTS AND INFORMATION
The French Second Republic (often simply Second Republic) was the republican regime of France from February_25, 1848 to December_2, 1852.
It came to power as a result of the 1848 Revolution and is counted as the second republic because the government during the French_Revolution is counted as the first, although the revolutionary government is more often discussed as three periods: the National_Convention, the Directory, and the Consulate.
General Oudinot's entry into Rome provoked in Paris a foolish insurrection in favour of the Roman Republic, that of the Château d'Eau, which was crushed on June_13, 1849.
www.palfacts.com /French_Second_Republic   (2177 words)

  
 Ledru-Rollin, Alexandre-Auguste --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
French lawyer whose radical political activity earned him a prominent position in the French Second Republic; he helped bring about universal male suffrage in France.
French sculptor of sumptuous bronze and marble figures, considered by some critics to be the greatest portraitist in the history of sculpture.
French author Alexandre Dumas was a founder of the “problem play,” a realistic drama advocating reforms for contemporary social problems.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9047585?tocId=9047585   (825 words)

  
 Provisional Government of the Second French Republic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
As a compromise, the Provisional government declared that they "desired" the republic, subject to ratification by a national assembly, but insurgents and the public at large took the decision as a proclamation of the republic.
Scarcely was the republic in existence than many working-class demonstrators began to demand "the democratic and social republic," which though vague meant they wanted significant social and economic change.
In the opening session on May 4, the assembly declared that the republic proclaimed on February 24 would remain the form of government of France.
www.ohiou.edu /~Chastain/dh/frprogov.htm   (1221 words)

  
 French Invasion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
On July 13, Bellonet sent a telegram to the French foreign minister, a dispatch to Admiral Roze, and a letter to Prince Kong, the head of the Zongli Yamen, the Chinese office responsible for handling affairs with the foreigners.
The French were unable or unwilling to pursue so pulled back to the safety of Kanghwa with two dead and several wounded.
The French Government was furious at the fiasco and issued strong reprimands to both the charge, Henri de Bellonet, and Roze, France’s reputation was harmed, and French Catholics continued to be harassed and persecuted in China.
users.adelphia.net /~stankorea/french_invasion.htm   (2093 words)

  
 Articles - House of Bourbon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The French monarchy was abolished on September 21, 1792 and a republic was proclaimed.
A French army invaded in 1823 and the constitution was revoked.
The Second Spanish Republic was overthrown in the Spanish Civil War, leading to the dictatorship of Francisco Franco.
www.worldhammock.com /articles/Bourbon_house   (4393 words)

  
 Madagascar - The Second Republic, 1975-92
Ratsiraka was elected to a seven-year term as president in a national referendum on December 21, 1975, confirming the mandate for consensus and inaugurating Madagascar's Second Republic.
According to this document, the primary goal of the newly renamed Democratic Republic of Madagascar was to build a "new society" founded on socialist principles and guided by the actions of the "five pillars of the revolution": the SRC, peasants and workers, young intellectuals, women, and the Popular Armed Forces.
Because neither candidate obtained a majority of the votes cast, a second round of elections between the two frontrunners was held on February 10, 1993.
countrystudies.us /madagascar/5.htm   (1054 words)

  
 2nd Republic
Though the Republicans has won their victory and had created their republic, they hardly agreed on what sort of Republic it was to be.
To the army, they were saving the Republic and they were not firing on "the people" at all: they were firing on traitors to the Republic.
A man hostile to the Republic was the president and his elections was viewed a repudiation of the liberals.
www.pvhs.chico.k12.ca.us /~bsilva/projects/france/2nd_republic.htm   (1697 words)

  
 Second Republic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
There have been several Second Republics in the course of history.
Second Republic of South Korea (1960 and 1961)
This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Second_Republic   (84 words)

  
 1852 Coin of the Year   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte became President of the Second French Republic in 1848.
the reverse inscription clearly shows that it was a coin of the second republic.
From 1853 to 1870, coins were issued showing him as Emperor of the French Second Republic.
www.coinoftheyear.com /1852.html   (168 words)

  
 France: Second Republic (1848-1852)
On 4 May 1848, during the first session of the Assembly, the Republic was proclaimed again au nom du peuple français et à la face du monde ('in the name of the French people and to the whole world').
On 14 January 1852, a new Constitution was proclaimed, which claimed to preserve the Republican institutions but in fact prepared the establishment of the Second Empire.
After the proclamation of the Second Empire, a Decision dated 10 November 1853 prescribed new flags for the Army units.
flagspot.net /flags/fr_secdr.html   (728 words)

  
 French Third Republic 1870 - 1940
Napoleon III had become the second Emperor of France in 1852, following in the footsteps of his uncle Napoleon I. However, the French Second Empire lasted only eighteen years because of the emergence of another world power, one that was to profoundly transform the balance of power in Europe - the German Empire.
The Republic was also rocked by a series of crises, none more notorious that the Dreyfus Affair in 1894, when a Jewish officer in the French Army was wrongly jailed on charges of spying for Germany.
Despite this turmoil, the midpoint of the Third Republic was known as the belle epoque in France, a golden time of beauty, innovation, and peace with its European neighbors.
www.bonjourlafrance.net /france-history/french-third-republic.htm   (1161 words)

  
 French First Republic biography .ms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The French people proclaimed France's First Republic on 21 September 1792 as a result of the French Revolution and of the abolition of the French monarchy.
Republican government officially lasted until the establishment of the First French Empire in 1804.
However, major events and phases such as the Reign of Terror and 18 Brumaire, and important groupings like the Committee of Public Safety and the levée en masse often tend to overshadow the official history and the official bodies.
first-french-republic.biography.ms   (141 words)

  
 The Revolution of 1848 in France
The provisional government of the French republic decrees that the Tuileries shall serve hereafter as a home for the veterans of labor.
The provisional government of the French republic pledges itself to guarantee the means of subsistence of the workingman by labor.
I shall devote myself wholly and without reservation to the consolidation of the republic, so that it may be wise in its laws, honest in its aims, great and strong in its deeds.
history.hanover.edu /texts/fr1848.htm   (1002 words)

  
 Second Vermont Republic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It is safe to say that not many people knew such organizations even existed, but the passion and earnestness of the weekend's deliberations showed there is a real feeling that consideration of such an extreme measure as secession is not beyond the pale.
The leading French daily in Quebec did a front-page story on the meeting (naturally, it liked the idea).
The model of secession put forth by the Second Republic people was specifically endorsed by the meeting.
www.vermontrepublic.org /media/thenation.html   (342 words)

  
 French Second Republic, a brief History of France
French Second Republic, a brief History of France
eneral Oudinot's entry into Rome provoked in Paris a foolish insurrection in favour of the Roman republic, that of the Château d'Eau, which was crushed on June 13, 1849.
The plebiscite of the December 20, ratified by a huge majority the coup d'état in favour of the prince-president, who alone reaped the benefit of the excesses of the Republicans and the reactionary passions of the monarchists.
www.bonjourlafrance.net /france-history/second-republic.htm   (2351 words)

  
 Artisan Republic, The
Lyonnais radicals are shown to have been more successful than their Parisian counterparts in electing candidates, disseminating democratic-socialist ideas in the provinces, and resisting the successive blows of the repression of 1849-51.
The Artisan Republic uses the techniques and approaches of local, labour, and social history to test some of the recent theories about the dynamics of revolution, repression, and resistance.
It is an important addition to the growing number of studies which are giving a new direction to the formerly Paris-oriented historiography of the Second Republic.
www.mqup.mcgill.ca /book.php?bookid=58   (181 words)

  
 French Third Republic biography .ms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The French Third Republic, (in French, Troisième Republique, sometimes written as IIIème Republique) (1870/75-1940/46), was the governing body of France between the Second French Empire and the Fourth Republic.
There were two competing claimaints to the throne, each supported by political groups.
On May 16, 1877, with public opinion swinging heavily in favour of a republic, the President of the Republic, Patrice MacMahon, duc de Magenta, himself a monarchist, made one last desperate attempt to salvage the monarchical cause by dismissing the republic-minded prime minister and appointing a monarchist duke to office.
french-third-republic.biography.ms   (1094 words)

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