Frequency (statistics) - Factbites
 Where results make sense
 About us   |   Why use us?   |   Reviews   |   PR   |   Contact us

# Topic: Frequency (statistics)

Note: these results are not from the primary (high quality) database.

 Michael Stubbs: Words and Phrases If the main need is for simple word-frequency statistics and a concordance program, it often hardly matters which specific software is used. 6.3 Analysis 1: frequency statistics (descending frequency order In addition they allow frequency lists of various kinds to be prepared, and they may allow texts or corpora to be compared with each other in different ways. www.uni-trier.de /uni/fb2/anglistik/Projekte/stubbs/book2001.htm

 Bayesian probability - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch Whereas a frequentist and a Bayesian might both assign probability 1/2 to the event of getting a head when a coin is tossed, only a Bayesian might assign probability 1/1000 to personal belief in the proposition that there was life on Mars a billion years ago, without intending to assert anything about any relative frequency. The Bayesian approach is in contrast to the concept of frequency probability where probability is held to be derived from observed or imagined frequency distributions or proportions of populations. The frequentist interpretation of probability was preferred by some of the most influential figures in statistics during the first half of the twentieth century, encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /bayesian_probability.htm

 Ed 602 - Lesson 3 - Frequency Distributions Before we start that discussion, with frequency distributions, let's consider an overview of descriptive statistics. In statistics we call these tables frequency distributions and in this lesson we will look at four different types of frequency distributions. In the cummulative frequency distribution for the high temperatures data below, notice that the cummulative frequency for the lowest temperature (43) is 3, and that the cummulative frequency for the temperature 44 is 3+3 or 6. www.mnstate.edu /wasson/ed602lesson3.htm

 Probability Generator Note: Frequency Distribution is shown in red, and the actual probability distribution curve of the data generated overlaid in blue on top of the histogram. The mean, standard deviation, skewness, and kurtosis of the sample distribution are shown to the left of the population statistics. Note: The statistics of the input histogram are inherited by the output histogram, but the actual statistics of the generated data will differ slightly from the input distribution. www.math.tamu.edu /FiniteMath/FinalBuild/Classes/Probability

 caspase recruitment domain family, member 4 32.02 ---------+--------+--------+ Total 279 127 406 68.72 31.28 100.00 Frequency Missing = 44 Statistics for Table of Allele Frequency Statistic DF Value Prob ------------------------------------------------------ Chi-Square 1 0.1459 0.7025 Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square 1 0.1465 0.7019 Continuity Adj. 30.48 ---------+--------+--------+ Total 98 322 420 23.33 76.67 100.00 Frequency Missing = 30 Statistics for Table of Allele Frequency Statistic DF Value Prob ------------------------------------------------------ Chi-Square 1 5.2400 0.0221 Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square 1 5.0736 0.0243 Continuity Adj. 31.95 ---------+--------+--------+ Total 251 87 338 74.26 25.74 100.00 Frequency Missing = 112 Statistics for Table of Allele Frequency Statistic DF Value Prob ------------------------------------------------------ Chi-Square 1 0.1027 0.7486 Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square 1 0.1022 0.7492 Continuity Adj. innateimmunity.net /IIPGA2/PGAs/InnateImmunity/CARD4/ADsas   (4019 words)

 Cryonics Institute -- Feature Article: Cryonics: The Probability Of Rescue Mises definition of probability of an event with reference to an experiment: the probability is the postulated limiting relative frequency of occurrence of the event in an infinite sequence of "identical" experiments whose results are indifferent to place selection. Mises, Richard: "On the Foundations of Probability and Statistics," Annals of Math. Neyman, Jerzy: Lectures and Conferences on Mathematical Statistics and Probability, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, 1952. www.cryonics.org /probability.html   (4019 words)

 The RATF Formula (Kwok's Formula): Exploiting Average Term Frequency in Cross-Language Retrieval Exploiting average term frequency and word distribution statistics in text retrieval. The formula calculates goodness values for query keys on the basis of document frequency and collection frequency statistics of words in a document collection. Cf stands for collection frequency and refers to the number of occurrences of a key in a collection, and df stands for document frequency and refers to the number of documents in which the key occurs. informationr.net /ir/7-2/paper127.html   (4019 words)

 PROBABILITY THEORY -- THE LOGIC OF SCIENCE 1520 The Hausdorff Sphere Paradox 1521 Chapter 16 ORTHODOX STATISTICS-- HISTORICAL BACKGROUND The Early Problems 1601 Sociology of Orthodox Statistics 1602 Ronald Fisher, Harold Jeffreys, and Jerzy Neyman 1603 Pre--data and Post--data Considerations 1608 The Sampling Distribution for an Estimator 1609 Pro--causal and Anti--Causal Bias 1611 What is Real; the Probability or the Phenomenon? 4-1 Chapter 5 Queer Uses for Probability Theory Chapter 6 Elementary Parameter Estimation Fig. Appendix A Other Approaches to Probability Theory Appendix B Formalities and Mathematical Style Appendix C Convolutions and Cumulants Appendix D Dirichlet Integrals and Generating Functions Appendix E The Binomial -- Gaussian Hierarchy of Distributions Appendix F Fourier Analysis Appendix G Infinite Series Appendix H Matrix Analysis and Computation Appendix I Computer Programs omega.albany.edu:8008 /JaynesBook.html   (4019 words)

 Web-oriented Teaching Resources in Probability and Statistics Descriptive Statistics (Box Plot, Stem and Leaf Display, Effect Size, Frequency Polygon, Histogram, Kurtosis, Mean, Median, Mode, Range, SD, Skewness, Variance) Descriptive Statistics (Frequency Distribution, Histogram, Mean, Median, Scatterplot, Variance) Descriptive Statistics (Histogram, Interquartile Range, Mean, Median, Mode, Range, Quantile Plot, SD, Variance... www.hut.fi /Units/Departments/F/SAL/Teaching/Resources/ProbStat/table.html   (1694 words)

 Society for Psychophysiological Research Symposium In this study, we use matching pursuit analysis to study the statistics and the time frequency character of the classic P3 components of the ERPs in a memory-assessment task. Makeig (1993) demonstrated that averaging broad band time-frequency transforms of event-related EEG epochs in an auditory attention experiment revealed precisely-timed, both narrow- and wide-band perturbations in the power spectrum of the ongoing EEG, phenomena called event-related spectral perturbations (ERSPs). In a series of experiments with meaningful and non-meaningful visual and verbal stimulus material the hypothesis of a functional role of high frequency brain oscillations for the construction of meaning was tested. www.sccn.ucsd.edu /~scott/spr96.html   (1354 words)

 Plotting (special) Statistics include: number of observations, maximum class frequency, maximum class frequency by %, class mode, mean, standard angular deviation, resultant amplitude, vector magnitude, vector magnitude in %, Rayleigh test, F-test. Calculates simple statistics (circular mean, length of the mean vector, circular standard deviation, standard error, 95 and 99 percent confidence limits), Rayleigh's test, pairwise F-test and Chi-squared test comparisons. Statistics: total points, max percentage, mean percentage, standard deviation, vector mean, resultant length, standard error of vector mean, Rayleigh's test. www.ejge.com /1996/Ppr9602/plotspec.htm   (1261 words)

 Combination 1,2,3,4,5,6: Probability Odds Frequency Reality Combination, lotto, odds, calculate odds, formula, probability, frequency, generate combinations, software, lottery, statistics, drawings, analyze drawings, method, winning. Statistics theory as I learned it says that in an honest game every combination has equal probability, each time regardless of what happened before. As George Orwell put it: "Some animals are more equal than others." Title:Combination 1,2,3,4,5,6: Probability Odds Frequency Reality Probability is an abstract concept. www.saliu.com /bbs/messages/217.html   (1261 words)

 Sigview spectrum analyzer - FFT based signal analysis software SIGVIEW is complete real time signal analysis software package with wide range of powerful FFT spectral analysis tools, statistics functions and comprehensive visualization system. Powerful: Wide range of functions for spectral and cross-spectral analysis, statistics, filtering, exquisite graphical solutions,... With its unique user interface and philosophy, SIGVIEW gives you absolute freedom to combine different signal analysis methods in any possible way - there are no artificial rules and limitations. www.sigview.com   (1261 words)

 resume Copes, P. The Statistical Measurement of Morbidity Frequency, Ottawa, Dominion Bureau of Statistics, Health and Welfare Division. Ottawa, Dominion Bureau of Statistics and Department of National Health and Welfare, Canadian Sickness Survey 1950-51, No. 8. Ottawa, Dominion Bureau of Statistics and Department of National Health and Welfare, Canadian Sickness Survey 1950-51, No. 9. www.sfu.org /~copes/resume.html   (1261 words)

 Abstract - SP29 This paper presents a new parameterization approach that preserves most of the characteristics of mel frequency cepstral cofficients while maintaining the initial frequency resolution obtained from the fast Fourier transform. In this paper, a novel feature vector based on both Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCCs) and a Mel-based onlinear Discrete-time Energy Operator (MDEO) is proposed to be used as the input of an HMM-based Automatic Continuous Speech Recognition (ACSR) system. On Second Order Statistics and Linear Estimation of Cepstral Coefficients icassp98.microsoft.com /technical/guide/abstractSP29.html   (1015 words)

 Frequency analysis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Frequency analysis requires only a basic understanding of the statistics of the plaintext language and some problem solving skills, and, if performed by hand, some tolerance for extensive letter bookkeeping. In cryptanalysis, frequency analysis is the study of the frequency of letters or groups of letters in a ciphertext. Frequency analysis is based on the fact that, in any given stretch of written language, certain letters and combinations of letters occur with varying frequencies. en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Frequency_analysis   (1015 words)

 Frequency - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch In statistics, the frequency of an event is simply the number of times the event occurred in the experiment or the study. Measuring the frequency of sound, electromagnetic waves (such as radio or light), electrical signals, or other waves, the frequency in hertz is the number of cycles of the repetitive waveform per second. The frequency of the standard pitch tone A above middle C is nowadays set at that is 440 cycles per second (or slightly higher) and known as concert pitch, after which an orchestra is tuned. encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /frequency.htm   (498 words)

 Statistics Frequency Distributions Introduction to Statistics: Concepts, Models, and Applications, David W. Stockburger Introductory Statistics: Concepts, Models, and Applications by David Stockburger Normal Distribution Introduction to Statistics: Concepts, Models, and Applications, David W. Stockburger www.coe.ilstu.edu /phklass/eaf509/tutor.htm   (286 words)

 Frequency distribution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia In statistics, a frequency distribution is a list of the values that a variable takes in a sample. The kurtosis of a frequency distribution is the concentration of scores at the mean, or how peaked the distribution appears if depicted graphicallyâ”for example, in a histogram. A frequency distribution is said to be skewed when its mean and median are different. en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Frequency_distribution   (286 words)

 Introduction: Vector Space Model A common weighting scheme for terms within a document is to use the frequency of occurrence as stated by Luhn [18], mentioned in the previous section. The term frequency is somewhat content descriptive for the documents and is generally used as the basis of a weighted document vector [17]. In practice, term frequency has been difficult to implement in automatic indexing. eivind.imm.dtu.dk /thor/projects/multimedia/textmining/node5.html   (286 words)

 Revision Centre - GCSE Maths - Statistics and Probability - Cumulative Frequency Graphs If we divide a cumulative frequency curve into quarters, the value at the lower quarter is referred to as the lower quartile, the value at the middle gives the median and the value at the upper quarter is the upper quartile. If we draw a cumulative frequency curve, we see that the lower quartile, therefore, is about 17 and the upper quartile is about 37. The lower quartile is (n+1)/4 th value (n is the cumulative frequency, i.e. www.revisioncentre.co.uk /gcse/maths/cum_freq_graphs.html   (286 words)

 Basic Probability Using the relative frequency interpretation of probability, the probability that a student passes the statistics exam is.90. In this particular case, the probability of a "one" is equal to the probability of a "two" is equal to the probability of a "three" is equal to the probability of a "four" and so forth. With a fair coin flipped twice, the probability of a head is one half and the probability of a tail is one half. www.utah.edu /stat/introstats/web-text/Basic_Probability/testa.html   (286 words)

 Statistics Glossary - probability Relative frequency is another term for proportion; it is the value calculated by dividing the number of times an event occurs by the total number of times an experiment is carried out. Probability is conventionally expressed on a scale from 0 to 1; a rare event has a probability close to 0, a very common event has a probability close to 1. Like all probabilities, a subjective probability is conventionally expressed on a scale from 0 to 1; a rare event has a subjective probability close to 0, a very common event has a subjective probability close to 1. www.stats.gla.ac.uk /steps/glossary/probability.html   (286 words)

 The Calculation of Time Domain Frequency Intuitively, a frequency jump is an indication that the statistics of the device being measured are not stationary. Frequency drift may be removed from frequency data by subtracting a least-squares linear fit, by subtracting a line determined by the first-differences of the frequency data or by calculating the drift from the difference between the two halves of the data. Frequency drift may be removed from the phase data by a least-squares or 3-point quadratic fit [5], or by subtracting the average of the second differences. www.ieee-uffc.org /freqcontrol/paper1ht.html   (3604 words)

 Calibration Field Completeness Evaluations These statistics arise from the frequency of occurance of fiducial stars in a "catalog working" subset of the calibration WSDB. Completeness statistics for stars are computed on a tile-by-tile basis within this database. Completeness in this case is defined by asking how many times a "fiducial" source which received an "A" also received an "A" in its other apparitions. www.astro.virginia.edu /~mfs4n/2mass/archive/complete   (977 words)

 Glossary Much of statistics is concerned with estimating numerical properties (parameters) of an entire population from a random sample of units from the population. The chi-square statistic is used to measure the agreement between categorical data and a multinomial model that predicts the relative frequency of outcomes in each possible category. Statistical hypothesis testing is formalized as making a decision between rejecting or not rejecting a null hypothesis, on the basis of a set of observations. stat-www.berkeley.edu /~stark/SticiGui/Text/gloss.htm   (13841 words)

 Basic Statistics An important aspect of the "description" of a variable is the shape of its distribution, which tells you the frequency of values from different ranges of the variable. The test of significance is based on the assumption that the distribution of the residual values (i.e., the deviations from the regression line) for the dependent variable y follows the normal distribution, and that the variability of the residual values is the same for all values of the independent variable x. If the kurtosis (which measures "peakedness" of the distribution) is clearly different from 0, then the distribution is either flatter or more peaked than normal; the kurtosis of the normal distribution is 0. www.statsoft.com /textbook/stbasic.html   (13841 words)

 FREQUENCY ANALYSIS The number of observations, cumulative frequency and statistics are reported. The frequency distribution, then, has two elements: (1) the categories of response, and (2) the frequency with which respondents are identified with each category. The frequency distribution is a record of the number of scores that fall within each response category. marketing.byu.edu /htmlpages/books/pcmds/FREQ.html   (13841 words)

 paper1.htm Intuitively, a frequency jump is an indication that the statistics of the device being measured are not stationary. Frequency drift may be removed from frequency data by subtracting a least-squares linear fit, by subtracting a line determined by the first-differences of the frequency data or by calculating the drift from the difference between the two halves of the data. Frequency drift may be removed from the phase data by a least-squares or 3-point quadratic fit [5], or by subtracting the average of the second differences. www.wriley.com /paper1ht.htm   (3777 words)

Try your search on: Qwika (all wikis)

About us   |   Why use us?   |   Reviews   |   Press   |   Contact us