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Topic: Fuero

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In the News (Tue 23 Apr 19)

  Medieval Sourcebook: Jews and Christians in Teruel: The Fuero of Teruel, 1176
Jews and Christians in Teruel: The Fuero of Teruel, 1176 CE The Fuero of Teruel was an urban charter granted to the city of Teruel in 1176 by Alfonso II of Aragon.
It and the roughly contemporary and very similar Fuero of Cuenca were much copied and thus had an impact far beyond the bounds of a single city.
The following is a small selection of the articles of the Fuero of Teruel dealing with Jews (themselves a small subset of the Fuero).
www.fordham.edu /halsall/source/1276teruel.html   (932 words)

  Fuero - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Fuero has meant several things: a compilation of laws, especially a local one; a set of laws specific to an identified class or estate (for example fuero militar, comparable to a military code of justice or fuero eclesiástico, specific to the Church); a charter.
The Aragonese Fueros were an obstacle for Philip II when his former secretary Antonio Pérez escaped the death penalty by fleeing to Aragon.
The cry for fueros (meaning regional autonomy) was one of the demands of the Carlists of the 19th century, hence their strong support from the Basque Country and (especially in the First Carlist War) in Catalonia and Aragón.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Fueros   (2293 words)

The earliest extant written fuero is probably that which was granted to the province and town of Leon by Aiphonso V. in 1020.
The fuero general does not profess to supersede the consuetudines antiquorumjurium or Chindaswints codification of these in the Lex Visigothorum; the fuero municipal is really for the most part but a resuscitation of usages formerly established, a recognition and definition of liberties and privileges that had long before been conceded or taken for granted.
The history of the Foraes of the Portuguese towns, and of the Fors du Beam, is precisely analogous to that of the fueros of Castile.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /F/FU/FUENTERRABIA.htm   (1259 words)

 General Assemblies of Biscay. History. The Fuero   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Fuero or Territorial Law is the legal ordinance by which the Seigniory of Biscay was governed.
Expressed in Act 16 of Section I of the New Fuero, the situation as freemen established the civil equality between citizens and residents of Biscay with such obvious consequences as the prohibition of being submitted to torture or to the exemption from taxation:
The Act passed on 21 July 1876 meant the consummation of the divestment of the Fueros and, therefore, the disappearance of the General Assemblies and of the Territorial Governments as the ruling bodies of the policies of the territories of Bizkaia, Gipuzkoa and Araba.
www.jjggbizkaia.net /english/historia/fuero.asp   (425 words)

 Buber's Basque Page: Power, Authority and Sovereignty in 16th Century Bilbao
The text of the Fuero of 1526 reads, " all the citizens and residents of the said Señorío of Vizcaya, tierra llana, towns and city are hidalgos and enjoy all the privileges of noble men." The vecinos owned the land, not the Lord of Vizcaya.
The first Fueros were written in 1237 at the same time that the Kingdom of Navarre lacked a ruler and asked Theobald of Champagne to be their King.
Fueros are into two broad classes; those given as a concession from an agency higher up in the recognized hierarchy or those claimed as a right.
www.buber.net /Basque/History/jw_bilbao.html   (5593 words)

 Chapter 5: The Worlds of Alfonso the Learned and James the Conqueror
Supplementing the chronicle accounts are the numerous municipal documents, especially the fueros and furs and the cartas pueblas, which specify the nature of the municipal military requirement and the methods by which it was to be fulfilled.
Valladolid received the amplified fuero in 1265; and aspects of its military requirements are to be found in the fuero received by Murcia after its restoration in 1266, and at Requena in 1268.
The Fuero real charters took care to assure the continuance of knightly status for the widow when her husband died, and for her children as well until the males were old enough to serve.
libro.uca.edu /worlds/chapter5.htm   (11951 words)

 Euskal Herria Journal | A Basque Journal | Navarre   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Fuero appeared in Navarre in the 12th century, during the reign of Santxo V the Wise, king of Navarre, as a collection of laws with origins in the earlier simple charters guaranteeing certain rights and privileges to the inhabitants of a newly created settlement.
The Fuero was organized as a collection of two types of laws: those covering private, domestic law i.e.
In the 14th century, Navarre adopted the Modification of the Fuero or Amejoramiento, which is the modification, by initiative of the Representative Assembly, of those aspects contained in the Fuero that are considered to be inadecuate for the time.
www.ehj-navarre.org /navarre/na_history_laws.html   (1099 words)

 Frontline 13 –
The Basque Fueros were a system of public and private law that regulated both internal administrative and political policies and the external relationship with the Spanish monarchy.
By the middle of the 19th century, modernisation demanded a profound reform of the Fueros, both internally - the political organisation of the economy and society - and externally - the relationship of the Basque territories with the new liberal state.
However, two solutions were possible: update the Fueros to reconcile Basque identity with modernity (a federal solution which was unsuccessfully tried under the First Spanish Republic in 1873-4); or follow the French model of a unitary state, abolishing local particularities and homogenising cultural and linguistic values around the idea of a Spanish nation.
www.redflag.org.uk /frontline/13/13euskadi.html   (4266 words)

 2. The Wars of Independence, 1806-1872. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
The Bourbon reforms (See Administration) curtailed the ecclesiastical fuero, an institution that placed the clergy outside the control of civil authorities.
In contrast to the weakening of the church, the Bourbon reforms reinforced the military fuero, which placed Spaniards and creoles, and even people of color who served in the army, outside civilian jurisdiction.
The army created an avenue of social recognition for creoles and nonwhite people, and allowed them to develop military skills that later proved useful in the struggle for independence.
www.bartleby.com /67/1643.html   (628 words)

 Chapter 7: Cortes of Castile-León
The prologue to the Fuero viejo, written around the middle of the fourteenth century, relates that the king gave the Fuero del Libro to the towns of Castile in 1255.
During the cortes of Burgos 1272, the use of the Espéculo and the Fuero real was challenged, forcing the king to confirm the traditional fueros of the nobility and of the Castilian and Extremaduran [118] towns.
García Gallo, who believed that the Libro del Fuero was identical with the Espéculo, concluded that its application in the towns was now abrogated, and that its usage in the royal court was restricted to the so-called casos de corte, whose nature and extent were specified in the Ordinance of Zamora of 1274.
libro.uca.edu /cortes/cortes7.htm   (6968 words)

 Journal of Social History: The Social Transformation of Eighteenth-Century Cuba - Book Review
For Cuba comercio libre was declared in 1765 and more importantly, according to this book, the fuero militar conferring a series of protections and privileges was extended to both the regular army and the locally recruited militia in 1771.
For Johnson the fuero militar is critical if a series of broader issues are to be understood, of which Cuba's ongoing and intense loyalty to the Crown is most important.
Governor Las Casas sought to abrogate the fuero militar by attempting to impose labor obligations upon the free population, principally to maintain or rebuild roads and bridges, and this produced a crisis of resistance to these measures, as well as to the sugar-expansion project.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m2005/is_1_37/ai_109668491   (993 words)

 FUENTERRABIA (formerly ... - Online Information article about FUENTERRABIA (formerly ...
fuero is probably that which was granted to the province and town of See also:
In consequence, however, of the Carlist rising of 1873–1876, the Basque fueros were finally extinguished in 1876.
history of the Foraes of the.Portuguese towns, and of the Fors du Bears, is precisely analogous to that of the fueros of Castile.
encyclopedia.jrank.org /FRA_GAE/FUENTERRABIA_formerly_sometimes.html   (1509 words)

 The Code of Cuenca | Powers, James F., Translator   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The royal charter was in the form of a law code, or fuero.
Fueros, which evolved from short lists of exceptions to standing royal directives into much more extensive commentaries on legal matters, were used as an incentive to Christian settlement on the frontier.
Reflecting the complexities of administering a town that still had large Muslim and Jewish populations, the fuero or code of Cuenca was meant to assure the permanence of Christian conquest and settlement.
www.upenn.edu /pennpress/book/13391.html   (365 words)

 LLMC - Civil law II - Italy, Spain & Portugal
Now known as the Fuero juzgo, it was translated into Spanish in the 13th century.24 This extensive compilation of all aspects of law - family relations, procedure, inheritance, obligations, crimes, etc. - survived through the next period, the Arabic or Moorish conquest and occupation, which lasted from about 711 to the 13th century.
The most fecund period for the development of Spanish customary law is that of the Christian reconquest, beginning in the 11th century and completed at the end of the 15th.
Fueros, observancias, actos de Corte, usos y costumbres, con una rese-a geográfica é historica del reino de Aragon, primera traduccion castellana completa, por Luis Parral y Cristobal, con un prologo del Excm.
www.llmc.com /civil_law_2.htm   (12006 words)

 americas.org - Condoleeza Rice vs. Democracy in Mexico   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The “fuero” – a privilege given to all Mexican elected officials – grants immunity from prosecution for any crime to political office holders.
The fuero literally places a politician outside the reach of the law, but that’s only half the story.
The fuero is also double-edged sword that is suspended over every elected official’s neck (and so it is no wonder that so few stick their necks out against powerful interests).
www.americas.org /item_18185   (2617 words)

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