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Topic: Gadsden Purchase

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 Gadsden Purchase - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Gadsden Purchase was intended to allow for the construction of a southern route for a transcontinental railroad, and was also designed to fully compensate Mexico for the lands taken by the United States after the Mexican-American War.
As originally envisioned, the purchase would have encompassed a much larger region, extending far enough south to include most of the current Mexican states of Coahuila, Chihuahua, and Sonora as well as all of the Baja California peninsula.
The purchased lands were initially appended to the existing New Mexico Territory.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gadsden_Purchase   (649 words)

 Gadsden Purchase
Gadsden, the U.S. ambassador to Mexico, was President of the South Carolina, Louisville, Charleston and Cincinnati railroads.
The territory was bound on the east by the Rio Grande, on the north by the Gila River, and on the west by the Colorado River.
The Gadsden Purchase includes sections of the Southwest that are now among the fastest growing in the nation, part of the Sunbelt's phenomenal development.
www.epcc.edu /ftp/Homes/monicaw/borderlands/18_gadsden.htm   (931 words)

 JAMES GADSDEN - LoveToKnow Article on JAMES GADSDEN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Ratifications of the treaty, slightly modified by the Senate, were exchanged on the 30th of June 1854; before this, however, Gadsden had retired from his post.
The boundary line between Mexico and the Gadsden Purchase was marked by joint commissions appointed in 1855 and 1891, the second commission publishing its report in 1899.
Gadsden died at Charleston, South Carolina, on the 25th of December 1858.
31.1911encyclopedia.org /G/GA/GADSDEN_JAMES.htm   (387 words)

 MSN Encarta - Gadsden Purchase
Gadsden Purchase, land purchased by the United States from Mexico in 1853.
The purchase was necessitated by the misunderstandings arising from the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the Mexican War.
Gadsden and the Mexican president, Antonio López de Santa Anna, whose administration was in financial need, negotiated a treaty on December 30, 1853.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761564337/Gadsden_Purchase.html   (432 words)

 Gadsden County Courthouse   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Gadsden County was created in 1823 and the county seat established two years later at Quincy.
James Gadsden was aide-de-camp to Andrew Jackson during the latter’s invasion of Spanish Florida, and negotiated "treaties of removal" with the state’s native residents.
Gadsden County is famed for its large plantations and tobacco farms - witness the name of Havana, a historic community between Quincy and Tallahassee.
www.jud10.org /Courthouses/Gadsden/gadsden.html   (228 words)

 The Official Web Site of the Gadsden Purchase
James Gadsden (1788-1858), whose name the purchase bears, was a grandson of Christopher Gadsden (1724-1805), a South Carolina Revolutionary soldier and statesman who was captured by the British at Charleston and confined as a prisoner for ten months at St. Augustine.
James Gadsden soldiered for several years under General Andrew Jackson and it was he who seized the papers that led to the trial and execution of Robert C. Ambister and Alexander Arbuthnot in Florida in 1818, an incident that strained British-American diplomatic relations almost to the breaking point.
Gadsden was recalled as Minister to Mexico for mixing in Mexican politics and domestic affairs and did not live to see the Southern Pacific Railroad built through his purchase.
www.gadsdenpurchase.com   (1950 words)

 Treaty that put Tucson in U.S. is 150 years old   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Gadsden Purchase, also known as El Tratado de La Mesilla - The Treaty of La Mesilla - in Mexico, was formalized on Nov. 16, 1854, on the Mesilla Plaza.
After engineers advised Gadsden that the most direct and practical route for a railroad line would be south of the then-U.S. boundary, he made plans to have the federal government acquire title to the necessary territory from Mexico.
The Gadsden Purchase was signed on Dec. 30, 1853, in Mexico City, and was ratified by Congress on June 30, 1854.
www.latinamericanstudies.org /mexico/gadsden-purchase.htm   (627 words)

 Gadsden Purchase on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
GADSDEN PURCHASE [Gadsden Purchase] gădz´den, strip of land purchased (1853) by the United States from Mexico.
Fitch Affirms Bishop Gadsden, SC $77MM Outstanding Bonds at 'BBB'; Outlook Stable.
Purchase of Land to Benefit Youth in Sallisaw, Okla.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/G/GadsdenP1.asp   (388 words)

 Introduction to Arizona - The United States of America
Gadsonia was a Latin adaptation of the surname of James Gadsden.
James Gadsden was appointed U.S. Minister to Mexico and instructed to purchase, from Mexico, a strip of land south of the Gila River and lying in what is now southwestern New Mexico and southern Arizona.
The Gadsden Purchase formalized the deal, providing Mexico with $10,000,000, the United States with 45,535 square miles of land and a clarified the U.S./Mexico boundary.
www.netstate.com /states/intro/az_intro.htm   (1049 words)

 The Border | 1853 Gadsden Purchase   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Under the purchase, the United States paid $10 million for approximately 30,000 square miles that runs south of the Gila River, extends east to El Paso and west to California.
The purchase -- which included the town of Tucson, in Arizona -- was a major step in resolving an outstanding Mexican American border issue.
Prior to the purchase, the border between Mexico and the United States followed the main fork of the Gila River to its junction with the Colorado River.
www.pbs.org /kpbs/theborder/history/timeline/8.html   (174 words)

 The ‘Reconquista’—Mexico’s Dream of ‘Retaking’ the Southwest   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
James Gadsden soldiered for several years under Gen. Andrew Jackson, and it was he who seized the papers that led to the trial and execution of two British subjects in Spanish Florida in 1818, an incident that strained British-American diplomatic relations almost to the breaking point.
After engineers advised Gadsden that the most direct and practicable route for the southern transcontinental railroad would be partially south of the U.S. boundary, he made plans to have the federal government acquire title to the necessary territory from Mexico.
The Gadsden Purchase territory was an area of 45,535 square miles, almost as large as Pennsylvania.
www.barnesreview.org /The__Reconquista_-Mexico_s_Dre/the__reconquista_-mexico_s_dre.html   (3348 words)

Gadsden returned from Mexico with the drafts of three treaties, either of which, if accepted by the United States, to cause the others to be of no effect.
Third: This was the "Skeleton Treaty," finally agreed to, which embraced all the country ceded by Mexico to the United States under what is generally known as the "Gadsden Purchase" for which the United States were to, and did, pay the sum of $10,000,000.
The argument advanced for the adoption of the treaty which gave us the land embraced in the Gadsden Purchase, was that the United States would have a port on the Colorado River.
southwest.library.arizona.edu /hav1/body.1_div.11.html   (2109 words)

 Today in History: December 30
James Gadsden, U.S. Minister to Mexico, and General Antonio López de Santa Anna, President of Mexico, signed the Gadsden Purchase in Mexico City on December 30, 1853.
U.S. Secretary of War Jefferson Davis had sent Gadsden to negotiate with Santa Anna for this tract of land which many people, including Davis, believed to be strategic for the construction of the southern transcontinental railroad.
A southern transcontinental route through territory acquired by the Gadsen Purchase was not a reality until 1881 when the tracks of the "big four's" Southern Pacific met those of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe in the Territory of New Mexico.
lcweb2.loc.gov /ammem/today/dec30.html   (1089 words)

 Southern New Mexico Travel and Tourism Information: The Gadsen Purchase of 1854 — Securing Mesilla Valley
The purchase price was $15 million and assumption by the United States of claims against Mexico by U. citizens.
Gadsden was appointed Minister to Mexico in 1853 and was instructed to purchase the border strip of approximately 30,000 square miles.
Gadsden negotiated the purchase for $10 million, and the Senate ratified it in 1854 by a narrow margin.
www.southernnewmexico.com /Articles/Southwest/Dona_Ana/LaMesilla/TheGadsdenPurchaseof1854.html   (449 words)

 National Expansion Hall of Fame — Members
Opponents of the Purchase, mainly from Eastern states afraid of being swamped in Congress by votes from new states to be created from Louisiana by frontier "wild men", seized upon the legal irregularities to oppose annexation.
The Gadsden Purchase (see "Jefferson Davis", above) was an initiative by the Expansionist-minded President to create a clear westward path between the eastern states and California, which before his Administration was interrupted by a detour northward.
Opposition in the Senate to the treaty his minister, James Gadsden, negotiated was as harsh as the desert landscape to be bought and the slave system that abolition-minded Senators did not want to see extended.
members.aol.com /xpus/HF-Members.html   (3984 words)

 Gadsden Depot
Gadsden, Alabama is the seat of Etowah County in northeast Alabama.
Gadsden is a thriving community with over 71,000 people in the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and over 42,500 within the City Limits.
Gadsden has an excellent public school system, with advanced academic and fine arts programs, a large community college (Gadsden State Community College) and branches of several state universities (Jacksonville State University and The University of Alabama) which provide a variety of educational options for citizens.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/facility/gadsden.htm   (342 words)

 Memoir of the Proposed Territory of Arizona - Arizona
It was acquired by purchase from Mexico, during the mission of General Gadsden, at a cost of ten millions of dollars.
In the original treaty, as negotiated by General Gadsden, a more southern boundary than the one adopted by the Senate of the United States in confirming the treaty, was conceded by Santa Anna.
The Gadsden purchase is attached by act of Congress to the Territory of New Mexico.
www.worldwideschool.org /library/books/hst/northamerican/MemoiroftheProposedTerritoryofArizona/Chap1.html   (6281 words)

 AllRefer.com - Gadsden Purchase (U.S. History) - Encyclopedia
Gadsden Purchase[gadz´dun] Pronunciation Key, strip of land purchased (1853) by the United States from Mexico.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) had described the U.S.-Mexico boundary vaguely, and President Pierce wanted to insure U.S. possession of the Mesilla Valley near the Rio Grande : the most practicable route for a southern railroad to the Pacific.
James Gadsden negotiated the purchase, and the U.S. Senate ratified (1854) it by a narrow margin.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/G/GadsdenP.html   (224 words)

 Gadsden Purchase
A settlement was made between the two countries known as the Gadsden Purchase, but diplomatic tension followed.
In 1853, the United States negotiated with Mexico to resolve the boundary dispute which resulted at the termination of the Mexican War and to purchase the land in question.
The treaty was consummated by the raising of the United States flag in the Mesilla Plaza by Fort Fillmore troops.
www.oldmesilla.org /html/gadsden_purchase.html   (334 words)

 Gadsden Purchase --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The purchase was prompted by advocates of a southern transcontinental...
It was renamed for James Gadsden, who later negotiated the Gadsden Purchase...
In 1853 the remaining part, south of the Gila, was obtained from Mexico by the Gadsden Purchase.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9035784   (850 words)

At Gadsden, a tiny relay station on the stage line from Rome to Huntsville, a crowd from the valleys and mountains gather to meet the boat.
In 1846, four close friends Colonel James Gadsden, Gabriel Hughes, Joseph Hughes, John S. Moragne, and General D.C. Turrentine, purchased tracts of land on the west side of the Coosa River.
James Gadsden negotiated the Gadsden Purchase that bought a large tract of land in the southern of New Mexico from the Mexican government.
www.harlingen.isd.tenet.edu /coakhist/expan.html   (3893 words)

 Southern New Mexico Travel and Tourism Information: Anthony, New Mexico/Texas — leap year capital of the ...
In 1853, the Gadsden Purchase changed the southern boundary of the U.S. New Mexico and Arizona were not yet states.
The eastern most portion of the Gadsden Purchase includes the Mesilla Valley that lies on either side of the Rio Grande River, where the villages in this story are located.
Known as El Refugio and Los Amoles, it was in Mexico until 1854, the year the Gadsden Purchase was ratified, then became part of the United States.
southernnewmexico.com /Articles/Southwest/Dona_Ana/Anthony/AnthonySanMiguelLaMesaCha.html   (1602 words)

 Louisiana Secretary of State/Museums/Old State Capitol/Louisiana Purchase - What IS?
Debate over the purchase and over the addition of an "alien population" to the United States was intense with the New England states eager to condemn the acquisition of Louisiana and the frontier states of the South and West just as eager to defend it.
By the single act of purchasing the Louisiana Territory, the United States of America doubled its size and greatly accelerated its march toward the Pacific coast.
The Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis and Clark Expedition guaranteed the continuing westward march of the United States.
www.sec.state.la.us /purchase/map.htm   (928 words)

 FIRE Coalition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In 1854, the United States purchased a strip of territory (approximately 30,000 square miles) from Mexico in what is now southwestern New Mexico and southern Arizona.
The purchase price was $10 million, which at the time was greatly overpriced for what was essentially desert lands, because this price reflected the public sentiments at the time.
Many Americans considered the price of the Gadsden Purchase as "conscience money" or additional compensation for the earlier purchase of vast tracts of land under the 1848 Guadalupe-Hidalgo Treaty.
www.firecoalition.com /southwest.shtml   (720 words)

 James Gadsden
In 1853, when his friend Jefferson Davis was Secretary of War in Pierce's cabinet, Gadsden was appointed minister to Mexico to negotiate for territory along the border.
Gadsden Purchase - Gadsden Purchase, strip of land purchased (1853) by the United States from Mexico.
Gadsden injures ligament; could lose roster spot if serious.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/people/A0819974.html   (284 words)

 American President
The Gadsden Purchase, negotiated by James Gadsden, U.S. minister to Mexico, is signed.
At the cost of $15 million, the United States acquires 29,644 square miles of new territory in Southwest Arizona and New Mexico.
The purchase establishes the final boundaries of the United States and, by providing a strip of land to the Pacific Ocean, will be used a route for the Southern Pacific Railroad.
www.americanpresident.org /history/franklinpierce/keyevents/gadsdenpurchasearticle/email.html   (66 words)

 James Gadsden
American soldier and diplomat, born at Charleston, South Carolina, on the 15th of May 1788, the grandson of Christopher Gadsden.
Returning to South Carolina he became a rice planter, and was president of the South Carolina Railroad Company.
In addition, Article XI of the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which bound the United States to prevent incursions of Indians from the United States into Mexico, and to restore Mexican prisoners captured by such Indians, was abrogated, and for these considerations the United States paid to Mexico the sum of $10,000,000.
www.nndb.com /people/610/000104298   (352 words)

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