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Topic: Gaelic Revival

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  Gaelic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gaelic as an adjective means "pertaining to the Gaels", whether to their language or their culture.
When referring to Scottish Gaelic, Gaelic is usually pronounced /gɑːlɪk/ or /gælɪk/; /galɪk/ in Scots and Scottish English.
Shelta is sometimes counted as a Gaelic or Goidelic language; however, while it is closely associated with Irish Gaelic it is not genetically related, being instead a cant which has borrowed a great volume of Irish vocabulary.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gaelic   (204 words)

 Gaelic literature. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Since Scots Gaelic became separate from Irish Gaelic only in the 17th cent., the literature is conventionally divided into Old Irish (before 900), Middle Irish (until 1350), Late Middle or Early Modern Irish (until 1650), and Modern Irish and Scots Gaelic (from 1650).
Gaelic Ireland was now fighting a losing battle with England, and as the English conquered, Gaelic literature became more passionately patriotic and more militantly Catholic.
The connections between Gaelic Scotland and Gaelic Ireland were close until the rise of Presbyterianism in Scotland.
www.bartleby.com /65/ga/Gaelicli.html   (1190 words)

 Gaelic Literature - missgien.net
Throughout the 19th century, principally because of the emigration and starvation caused by the potato famine of 1845, the Gaelic language, both written and spoken, fell into disuse; most of the Gaelic speakers were by then illiterate.
Interest in the language was revived by the work of various societies, particularly the Gaelic League, founded in 1893, and by the works of such scholars and nationalists as Douglas Hyde, Canon Peter O'Leary, Patrick O'Conner, and Padhraic Pearse.
In the last decade of the 19th and the first half of the 20th centuries the Gaelic revival resulted in the publication of many collections of Irish folk tales and in the writing of a considerable number of plays, works of fiction, and poetry in Gaelic.
www.xs4all.nl /~missgien/celtic/1700-2000.html   (622 words)

 BBC NEWS | Scotland | Row over Skye Gaelic-only school
Gaelic needs to be an option in call centres, websites, bank statements, bills etc. If people have the choice to use it, they will accept and learn it.
Gaelic is the native language in that area, English is a foreign language.
Gaelic is a minority language, outside of the Highlands in Scotland no-one is interested in it.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/scotland/4695954.stm   (2637 words)

 [No title]
Gaelic is a Celtic language which was first brought to Scotland by settlers from the Antrim area of Ireland, known as Gaidheil.
The Gaelic language thus spread all over the country and was at one time the language of the king and court of Scotland, as well as of the majority of the common people.
Later political developments were less kind to Gaelic, however, and over the years Gaelic speakers and their culture were subjected to a great deal of oppression, which resulted in a decline in the number of speakers and in Gaelic’s retreat to the Highlands and Islands of Scotland.
www.smo.uhi.ac.uk /canan/gaidhlig-97/gaelic.html   (1258 words)

 Ireland's OWN: History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The founding of the GAA in 1884 was the first landmark incident in the Gaelic revival as it constructed a ‘powerful rural network’, according to Roy Foster.
The revival happened when it did for a number of reasons: there was a Tory government in power in Britain and, according to F.S.L. Lyons, Parnell’s death meant that ‘nationalist energies were seeking new outlets and new modes of expression’.
The Nationalist movement of the early twentieth century was born out of the Gaelic revival of the late nineteenth century.
irelandsown.net /revival.html   (648 words)

 Material for Gaelic Revival (2)
This literature was thus made known to the general Irish public who no longer spoke Irish, and who had therefore lost contact with the heritage passed on through that language.
He experienced the first decade of the Irish literary revival as a young adult, but was not involved.
His position as an Irishman poised between two cultures, his escape to a safe distance from both of them, his extraordinary sense of language and form, his unshakeable belief in himself, his loyal wife and a generous patron made his unique achievement possible.
www.uni-bielefeld.de /lili/personen/fleischmann/archsuse03/matirl3gaelrev2.htm   (2794 words)

 e-Keltoi: Volume 1, Diaspora - "This Could Have Been Mine": Scottish Gaelic Learners in North America, by ...
A Gaelic teacher recently confided to me that the aspects of her culture that she finds most interesting are usually those that were intentionally suppressed by the dogmatic religious elders of her community (where even the musical tradition was largely silenced), and her comment is not unusual.
The ideology of the contemporary Gaelic revival in North America is inspired by the anti-globalization movement, as is apparent in the periodicals created by and for the community, and in the comments of survey participants.
Learning Gaelic appears to be a meaningful experience and rewarding process in itself, regardless of the level of achievement: the average length of time spent learning Gaelic by those who responded to the survey is nearly six years, with a standard deviation of eight years.
www.uwm.edu /Dept/celtic/ekeltoi/volumes/vol1/1_1/newton_1_1.html   (12375 words)

 Irish Echo Online - Arts
The inspiration behind the founding of the GAA was the so-called "Gaelic Revival" that swept Ireland and Irish America in the late-19th century.
Initially, Cusack was uncertain whether he should push for a revival of traditional Irish sports, or for renewed interest in classical athletic events (i.e., ones that did not originate in England) like running, jumping, and the hammer throw.
Gaelic football had been played in Ireland for at least two centuries (the first recorded reference to sport dates from 1712).
www.irishecho.com /newspaper/story.cfm?id=11956   (1184 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
"The Gaelic League was nonsectarian and apolitical, but its purpose fit nicely into the newer nationalism" (Orel 329), which came as a great uplifting force, especially in the middle classes of Ireland, after being subjugated by the British for so long.
The Gaelic League still has strong chapters in the U.S., which act as meeting places for those that embrace the Irish language and the literature which comes from that tongue.
The Gaelic League did succeed in keeping the Irish language around, because there are people still speaking it on a daily basis, studying it at colleges and remembering how the Irish have their own heritage and their own identity.
www.usna.edu /EnglishDept/ilv/gaelic.htm   (424 words)

 The Daltaí Boards: History of Irish Gaelic in America
The foundation of the Gaelic League in 1893 focused on the revival of Irish as a spoken language.
Rather, the formation of Gaelic societies and the cultivation of the Irish language societies in the United States became a building block of ethnic pride.
To the Gaelic League in Ireland, the language movement in the United States was an inspiration and a valuable financial source.
www.daltai.com /discus/messages/12465/12221.html?1084512926   (926 words)

 The Brownstone Journal
From allusions to Gaelic (2) folklore, to views of Connemara, to the idealized political landscape of Dublin, Yeats’ poetry portrays the Ireland in which he lived as well its past and visions of its future.
Beginning with Yeats’ writings in Gaelic folklore (3) is the proper place, for not only does it represent some of the poet's earliest work, but the folklore itself represents some of the first evidence of an Irish identity.
The political connotations of the Gaelic folklore revival of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century in Ireland are undeniable (4), and Yeats contributed to these notions.
www.bu.edu /brownstone/issues/12/obryan.html   (3552 words)

 Philip O'Leary: Prose Literature of the Gaelic Revival, 1881-1921, The
Philip O'Leary: Prose Literature of the Gaelic Revival, 1881-1921, The
The Gaelic Revival has long fascinated scholars of political history, nationalism, literature, and theater history, yet studies of the period have neglected a significant dimension of Ireland's evolution into nationhood: the cultural crusades mounted by those who believed in the centrality of the Irish language to the emergent Irish state.
This book attempts to remedy that deficiency and to present the lively debates within the language movement in their full complexity, citing documents such as editorials, columns, speeches, letters, and literary works that were influential at the time but all too often were published only in Irish or were difficult to access.
www.psupress.org /books/titles/0-271-01063-0.html   (363 words)

 e-Keltoi: e-Keltoi: Volume 2, Cultural Survival - Becoming Cold-hearted like the Gentiles Around Them: Scottish Gaelic ...
The fact that Gaelic speakers were frequently ashamed of their mother tongue and did their best to abandon it in favor of English as soon as they could appears in many periodicals in the nineteenth century.
Gaelic is lacking in the terminology of every craft, and in each field of study and engineering that people developed in the last century.
Gaelic was reframed as a moral and cultural virtue and those who feigned to have forgotten their Gaelic could be accused of an ethical transgression, trading in a superior virtue for mere materialistic gain.
www.uwm.edu /Dept/celtic/ekeltoi/volumes/vol2/2_3/newton_2_3.html   (17427 words)

 NewsForge | OpenOffice.org, FOSS, and the preservation of Gaelic
Because OpenOffice.org Gaelic is the first major piece of software written in the language, Gaelic equivalents did not exist for many of the terms on the menu.
Gaelic is a fringe language of the western isles and western highlands, and is suffering the same problems it always has today, as it did before.
Interestingly, Gaelic survived as a dominant language in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, long after it faded in Scotland, although it's use has declined in recent generations, attributable, some say, to some degree to the controversial building of a causeway to the island.
software.newsforge.com /software/05/06/28/2040202.shtml?tid=93&tid=130&tid=132   (2640 words)

 Philip O'Leary: Gaelic Prose in the Irish Free State
Hardback: $95.00 SH “One of the great, essential statements about the Irish imagination in those strange moments when it first confronted the bleakness of freedom after 1921, Gaelic Prose in the Irish Free State is a masterpiece of literary history and also a major contribution to the history of ideas in Ireland.
Gaelic Prose in the Irish Free State, 1922–1939 is a continuation of Philip O’Leary’s previous path-breaking book on the prose literature of the Gaelic Revival.
With the publication of Gaelic Prose in the Irish Free State, 1922–1939, we have at last an authoritative and balanced account of this major but neglected aspect of the Irish cultural renaissance.
www.psupress.org /books/titles/0-271-02523-9.html   (356 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Scotland's First Gaelic Secondary School Elizabeth Buie Education Editor The Herald (Glasgow) May 22, 2004 1 SCOTLAND is to get its first dedicated Gaelic secondary school at a time when the number speaking the language is at a dangerously low level.
Duncan Ferguson, chairman of Bord na Gaidhlig, said: "Gaelic medium education is a key priority in the revitalisation and development of Gaelic, and we require a robust expansion at all levels." Mary Galbraith, convener of Glasgow Comann nam Parant, the Gaelic parents' association, said she thought demand would grow.
"There are a lot of people who don't send their children to Gaelic medium primary because they know what happens at secondary is quite pitiful." Willie Hart, Glasgow EIS area secretary, described the move as a logical and positive development for Glasgow medium education and said his union supported the maintenance and revival of Gaelic.
www.asu.edu /educ/epsl/LPRU/newsarchive/Art3983.txt   (339 words)

 Observer | New national pride fuels revival in Gaelic language
For years it was scorned, ridiculed and derided, but Gaelic is now the toast of urban Scots keen to weld a language to their new-found national pride.
Burnett's aspirations for his children are shared by an increasing number of Scots drawn to a language that not long ago was discouraged in Highland schools.
It was born of a prototype Gaelic unit originally attached to another school in the mid-Eighties.
observer.guardian.co.uk /print/0,3858,4572424-102285,00.html   (737 words)

 Gillian Ní Ghabhann - The Gaelic Revival in the US in the nineteenth century
The revival offers many important insights into the mentality of Irish emigrants and is an essential subject in the study of the Irish in America.
While the revival was important in stimulating interest in the language, to succeed in preserving Irish as a spoken language, it had to win the support of native speakers.
If the revival could not persuade these people to maintain their language, then it was fated to last only as long as Irish nationalism supported it.
www.ucc.ie /chronicon/nighab2.htm   (5680 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Matters were apparently at their lowest mark in all things national when, in 1893, the Gaelic League was organized, chiefly through the effort of Douglas Hyde and Father O'Growney, the two most accomplished Gaelic scholars in Ireland.
Gaelic is now taught in a large number of National schools, and in nearly all the Catholic Church parish schools in Ireland, the last report showing about 3500 students of Gaelic in Dublin alone.
Gaelic or Celtic chairs are also established at Harvard University, the Catholic University of America, Washington, and at Notre Dame University, Indiana.
www.bklyn-genealogy-info.com /Society/Gaelic.html   (290 words)

 Irish dancing: ceilí
The "rince fada" (long dance) is actually a family of dances, one of which was described in the end of the 17th century as performed by "three persons moving abreast, each of which held the end of a white handkerchief, followed by the rest of the dancers in pairs".
The Gaelic Revival in Ireland in the late 19th century destroyed the practice of dancing these dances so effectively that when the Gaelic League decided to resurrect them in the 1920's, they had generally been lost and new dances had to be codified to write the "Ár Rinncidhe Fóirne".
It was organised by the Gaelic League which had been formed in 1893 to foster the revival of the Irish language, dancing and music.
histclo.com /act/dance/danceirtch.html   (1174 words)

 The Inception of the Abbey Theater
This movement was part of a general movement of the eighteenth century beginning in the British Isles with the nations of England, Scotland, Whales and Brittany, and spreading to Germany and France, two nations connected through the Arthurian legends (Hunt, 11).
In its struggle to escape Anglican suppression, the Gaelic revival sought to revitalize the Irish language and develop Irish literature.
The language revival was firmly supported by the founding of the Gaelic League in 1893.
www.usna.edu /EnglishDept/ilv/abbey.htm   (1833 words)

 Irish Traditional Music CD and Book Reviews - 2006   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The Gaelic harp is one of the most ancient instruments in Ireland and the Scottish Highlands, going back as it does at least 1000 years.
As the great Gaelic civilization of Ireland and the Scottish Highlands weakened in the 1600s due to gradual English infiltration, use of the Gaelic harp declined.
Her Gaelic voice is a perfect match for the Gaelic harp: soulful and clear.
home.comcast.net /~eile   (2655 words)

 The People of Ireland - The Celts 10
A Catholic revival did not mean a Gaelic revival.
Jacobite] parliament' of 1689 did not seek to restore the Gaelic social or political order, but to restore property and a measure of power to Catholics who had lost both in the preceding century.
The new Catholic colleges and seminaries, established as Catholic self-confidence grew in step with the removal of discriminatory laws, saw English established as the language of Catholic higher education, and, as the priests went out from these seminaries in increasing numbers, of a more systematic and effective system of pastoral care and community leadership.
www.irelandseye.com /irish/people/settlers/celts10.shtm   (460 words)

 Gaelic revival will enrich Highland communities   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Raising the profile of Gaelic in the Highlands will improve and enrich the lives of all who live there, Scottish Gaelic Minister Calum MacDonald said today.
· road signs in Gaelic as well as English let visitors know they are coming into an area where the language is held in high regard.
“Highland Council’s Gaelic Development Strategy recognises the importance both the language and the culture play in shaping the distinctive nature of the region.
www.scotland.gov.uk /news/releas98_2/pr1892.htm   (188 words)

 Sabhal Mòr Ostaig - News - The History of Sabhal Mòr Ostaig in Print
While the number of Gaelic speakers continued to fall as older people passed away, the decline was slowed and for the first time in 100 years the percentage of young people using the language began to rise proportionately.
Analytical, anecdotal and character-driven, 'A Waxing Moon' is a narrative of heritage being rescued from indifference and despair.
Chrissie Dick is an award-winning Gaelic writer, journalist and educationalist, and a trustee of Sabhal Mòr Ostaig.
www.smo.uhi.ac.uk /smo/naidheachd/fiosan/leabhar_b.html   (884 words)

 The Session: Discussions - Gaelic translation please
The language is sometimes referred to in English as Gaelic (IPA: /ˈgeɪlɪk/), or Irish Gaelic.
Referring to the language as "Gaelic" suggests that the language is as distant and unrelated to modern Irish life as the civilization of the ancient Gaels.
Calling it Irish, on the other hand, indicates that it is and should be the proper national language of the Irish people, and this is the generally accepted term among scholars and in the Irish Constitution.
www.thesession.org /discussions/display/8657   (1275 words)

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