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Topic: Gaia

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She was an early earth goddess and it is written that Gaia was born from Chaos, the great void of emptiness within the universe, and with her came Eros.
Gaia took as her husband Uranus, who was also her son, and their offspring included the Titans, six sons and six daughters.
Gaia being the primordial element from which all the gods originated was worshiped throughout Greece, but later she went into decline and was supplanted by other gods.
www.pantheon.org /articles/g/gaia.html   (474 words)

 Gaia (mythology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
By Pontus, Gaia birthed the sea-deities Nereus, Thaumas, Phorcys, Ceto and Eurybia.
Gaia is believed by some sources (Joseph Fontenrose 1959 and others) to be the original deity behind the Oracle at Delphi.
Beliefs regarding Gaia vary, ranging from the common Wiccan belief that Gaia is the Earth (or in some cases the spiritual embodiment of the earth, or the Goddess of the Earth), to the broader Neopagan belief that Gaia is the goddess of all creation, a Mother Goddess from which all other gods spring.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gaia_(mythology)   (1317 words)

 Facts about topic: (Gaia theory (science))   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Lovelock presented a new version of the Gaia Hypothesis, which was abandoning any attempt to argue that Gaia intentionally or consciously maintained the complex balance in her environment that life needed to survive.
During the Gaia conference, James Kirchner (additional info and facts about James Kirchner), a physicist and philosopher took the opportunity of the meeting to explain that there are not one Gaia hypothesis, but several ones.
Gaia is just symbiosis (The relation between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other) as seen from space." – apparently in reference to Lynn Margulis (additional info and facts about Lynn Margulis), Symbiotic Planet: A New View of Evolution.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/g/ga/gaia_theory_(science).htm   (2660 words)

 Gaia Hypothesis
Gaia, as a total planetary being, has properties that are not necesarily discernable by just knowing individual species or populations of organisms living together...
Is the idea of Gaia only a romantic and dramatized description of the terrestrial biosphere and its effects, or is there a planetary being, whose life cycle must be counted in the billions of years, which spawns these evolving life forms to suit the purpose of its being.
Lovelock points out that Gaia, being ancient and resourceful enough to have carried out these successive changes of the planet in spite of asteroid collisions and other setbacks, is herself probably not endangered by the relatively momentary depradations of the human species, as it befouls and cripples the bio-dynamics of its environment.
erg.ucd.ie /arupa/references/gaia.html   (1374 words)

 Gaia: A new look at life on Earth, by James Lovelock
But if Gaia does exist, then we may find ourselves and all other living things to be parts and partners of a vast being who in her entirety has the power to maintain our planet as a fit and comfortable habitat for life.
Gaia has remained a hypothesis but, like other useful hypotheses, she has already proved her theoretical value, if not her existence, by giving rise to experimental questions and answers which were profitable exercises in themselves.
If Gaia exists, the relationship between her and man, a dominant animal species in the complex living system, and the possibly shifting balance of power between them, are questions of obvious importance.
www.marxists.org /reference/subject/philosophy/works/us/gaia.htm   (7331 words)

The Gaia hypothesis attempts to prove that the air, waters, rock, and life on Earth are all interconnected.
Gaia theory is to planetary science, what plate tectonics is to geological science.
By 1973, they had refined the Gaia hypothesis in publications of Tellus and Icarus to be "the notion of the biosphere as an adaptive control system that can maintain the Earth in homeostasis." (Lovelock 1990).
www.geo.utep.edu /pub/ortega/gaia.html   (2353 words)

 Gaia, Greek Mythology Link.
After Chaos, Gaia appeared, whether she was the offspring of Chaos or not, and also Eros, through whom the whole Cosmos came to be; for the world is not created, but procreated through Love and intercourse.
It is said that Gaia was succeeded at this oracle by Themis, and the latter by the Titaness Phoebe 1, who finally ceded her seat to Phoebus Apollo, who was surnamed after her.
It was Gaia (along with Uranus) who told Zeus that Metis 1, after giving birth to the maiden who was in her womb, would bear a son fated to become the lord of heaven.
homepage.mac.com /cparada/GML/Gaia.html   (1644 words)

 ESA - Science - Home - Gaia
Gaia will rely on the proven principles of ESA's Hipparcos mission to solve one of the most difficult yet deeply fundamental challenges in modern astronomy: to create an extraordinarily precise three-dimensional map of more than one thousand million stars throughout our Galaxy and beyond.
Gaia's expected scientific harvest is of almost inconceivable extent and implication.
Gaia is expected to communicate with Earth for an eight-hour period every day.
www.esa.int /esaSC/120377_index_0_m.html   (1433 words)

Gaia is significant because it fuses scientific insight and religious imagination in a potentially energizing and transformative way, challenging persons across a broad spectrum of disciplines to deal in an integrative fashion with the ecological crisis.
Convinced that Gaia was robust and all-controlling, Lovelock had difficulty admitting that the pesky unfeathered bipeds of the human race could significantly injure it.
For Thomas Berry, a Passionist priest and "geologian," the wellsprings of the Gaia theory are part of a continuum through which a new sense of the sacredness of the cosmos is emanating from modern science.
www.crosscurrents.org /Gaia.htm   (5505 words)

 The Gaia Hypothesis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Lovelock defines Gaia "as a complex entity involving the Earth's biosphere, atmosphere, oceans, and soil; the totality constituting a feedback or cybernetic system which seeks an optimal physical and chemical environment for life on this planet." Through Gaia, the Earth sustains a kind of homeostasis, the maintenance of relatively constant conditions.
This is the crux of the Gaia hypothesis.
One of the biggest criticisms against the idea that Gaia is a "living" organism is the inability of the planet to reproduce.
www.oceansonline.com /gaiaho.htm   (4185 words)

 Gaia.no : Environmental ideas in a viking journey
GAIA er en kopi av GokstadSkipet, som ble bygget vinteren 1989-90 i Bjørkedalen.
Sandefjord kommune mottok Gaia som gave i 1993, og skipet har i dag Sandefjord som hjemmehavn.
GAIA is a replica of the Gokstad Ship, and it was built in the winter of 1989-90 in Bjørkedalen.
www.gaia.no   (206 words)

 ESA Science & Technology: Gaia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Gaia is an ambitious mission to chart a three-dimensional map of our Galaxy, the Milky Way, in the process revealing the composition, formation and evolution of the Galaxy.
Gaia will provide unprecedented positional and radial velocity measurements with the accuracies needed to produce a stereoscopic and kinematic census of about one billion stars in our Galaxy and throughout the Local Group.
Census of the galaxy: Challenges for photometry and spectrometry with Gaia
sci.esa.int /science-e/www/area/index.cfm?fareaid=26   (257 words)

 David Spangler - The Meaning Of Gaia
In ritual and song, the participants called upon the "Spirit of Gaia" to heighten their awareness of their connections with the earth and to fill them with love and compassion for all creatures and for the physical environment as a whole.
Fourth, Gaia does inspire us to think of the spirituality of the earth and to explore an "eco-theology." Such a spirituality is important, for beyond ecology and conservation lies a deeper dimension of spiritual interaction and communion with our environment that is mutually important for ourselves and for nature.
Gaia is an important idea, both as a scientific hypothesis and as a spiritual image.
www.context.org /ICLIB/IC24/Spangler.htm   (2979 words)

 ESA Science & Technology: Brown Dwarfs and Planetary Systems   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Gaia will have the power to investigate the mass-distribution of brown dwarf binaries with 1-30 year periods, through analysis of the astrometric orbits.
The ability of Gaia to simultaneously and systematically determine planetary frequency and distribution of orbital parameters for the stellar mix in the Solar neighbourhood is a fundamental contribution that Gaia will uniquely provide, the only limitations being those intrinsic to the mission i.e.
Gaia measurements are particularly sensitive to such systems thanks to the mission duration and the favourable magnitude of Solar-type stars up to about 200 pc from the Sun (brighter than V = 12 mag).
sci.esa.int /science-e/www/object/index.cfm?fobjectid=31442   (975 words)

 Captain Planet: Gaia
Gaia (Guy-uh), the spirit of Earth, is the protector of the planet.
Gaia's health is connected to the health of the planet and she feels anguish whenever damage is done to the planet, its seas, atmosphere, or any living creatures.
Gaia is a source of wisdom and advice both for Captain Planet and the Planeteers.
www.turner.com /planet/static/gaia.html   (306 words)

 [No title]
The Gaia hypothesis, as formulated by geochemnist James Lovelock, represents a unique moment in scientific thought: the first glimpse, from within the domain of pure and precise science, that this planet might best be described as a coherent, living entity.
In direct contradiction to the earlier scientific assumption that life on Earth's surface is surrounded by and adapts to an essentially random environment, Gaia indicates that the atmosphere in which we live and think is itself a dynamic extension of the planetary surface, a functioning organ of the Earth.
I have suggested that the most radical element of the Gaia hypothesis, as presently formulated, may be the importance that it places on the air, the renewed awareness it brings us of the atmosphere itself as a thick and mysterious phenomenon no less influential for its invisibility.
www.webcom.com /gaia/percept.html   (4683 words)

 Gaia - unity of life and earth   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Gaia links together plants, animals, bacteria, rocks, oceans, and atmosphere in a unity that shapes the planet and maintains life on earth.
To recognize this is not to diminish life or Gaia, but to realize yet another aspect of the incredible richness of matter and nature.
Gaia is not a single organism but a community, a living, breathing community of all living beings evolving in harmony with their non-living environment.
members.aol.com /pantheism0/gaia.htm   (1828 words)

The concept of Gaia, which views the Earth as a living, self-regulating entity has raised a few eyebrows and provoked a good deal of discussion over the past 15 years.
Some more traditional members of the scientific community have chafed at the notion of Gaia in part because it is sometimes referred to as a theory or hypothesis and perhaps also because of the use of the term Gaia (earth goddess, mother earth), with its spiritual overtones.
Perhaps one of the most important aspects of the strong version of Gaia is that it includes the notion of purpose -- that all of the biological influences on the global climate are done purposefully, to create a stable, comfortable physical environment, an environment that is favorable for organisms.
www.acad.carleton.edu /curricular/GEOL/DaveSTELLA/Daisyworld/gaia.htm   (2346 words)

 APC: United Nations > Articles > The Pagan Roots Of Environmentalism
Disciples of Gaia believe that all living things on earth are interconnected (except man) and to damage or destroy even a tiny insect is to damage whole ecological systems.
One of the prime spokesmen for the Gaia earth religion is Father Thomas Berry, a dissident Catholic priest and a leader of the Temple of Understanding, located in New York City.
The Gaia Hypothesis, introduced by James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis (formerly, wife of Carl Sagan), is an ancient idea, presented in scientific-sounding language that makes it politically correct for the new age.
www.americanpolicy.org /un/thepaganroots.htm   (1213 words)

 Gaia, the Great Mother Earth   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
It was Gaia, who, grieved at the destruction of her children (the CYCLOPES and the HECATONCHEIRES), who had been cast into Tartarus 1 by Uranus, persuaded the TITANS to attack their father and gave Cronos an adamantine sickle (see Castration of Uranus).
Gaia prophesied victory to Zeus if he would have the CYCLOPES and the HECATONCHEIRES to help him and he, taking them as allies, dethroned Cronos and shut the TITANS up in Tartarus 1 appointing the HECATONCHEIRES as their guards.
After Zeus had intercourse with Metis 1, Gaia said that, after giving birth to the maiden who was in her womb, Metis 1 would bear a son who would be the lord of heaven.
inanna.virtualave.net /gaia.html   (475 words)

 Gaia Theory: Science of the Living Earth
The idea that the Earth was alive had been expressed several times before, but it gained special resonance in the early 60's because of the space flights which allowed the Earth to be viewed for the first time as a complete entity from outer space.
In a way these photographs were to the Gaia idea what computers were to chaos theory; they allowed one to see what was going on, and therefore brought the subject alive to a great many people.
Gaia theory has already had a huge impact on science, and has changed the way we view our place in the world.
www.gaianet.fsbusiness.co.uk /gaiatheory.html   (2673 words)

 The Gaia Hypothesis (Section 3) - Dr Lynn Margulis
And very much like the Gaia Hypothesis when it was first formulated, the concept was so new and required such a degree of leading edge specialised information, that it was often completely misunderstood - not only by researchers in unrelated fields, but also by her peers.
As we have found in the preceeding section concerning the formulation of the Gaia Hypothesis by Dr James Lovelock, this question would have been purposefully redirected by the traditional physical sciences to the attention of counterparts in the philosophy departments, possibly the biology department or, dependent upon their cultural beliefs, possibly to the theological offices.
In conclusion of this section of the presentation concerning the current interdisciplinary developments of the Gaia Theory in relation to Dr Lynn Margulis I would have to say I respect of her usage of the word surfing (global oceanic) in such context.
www.mountainman.com.au /gaia_lyn.html   (4605 words)

 Gaia Theory & Mother Earth   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Gaia hypothesis, now Gaia theory, was invented by British atmospheric chemist James Lovelock and US microbiologist Lynn Margulis.
An evolving overview of Gaia theory, including what it is, evidence for existence of Gaia, scientific and philosophical implications, and a bibliography, is here.
That is, Gaia theory cannot even be discussed, let alone understood, without knowledge of complexity, especially the concept of autopoiesis.
www.prototista.org /E-Zine/GaiaTheoryMotherEarth.htm   (1586 words)

GAIA is an expanding international alliance of individuals, non-governmental organization, community-based organizations, academics and others working to end the incineration of all forms of waste and to promote sustainable waste prevention and discard management practices.
GAIA is the culmination of a series of gatherings about incineration and alternatives held around the world in recent years.
GAIA is co-coordinated by a Northern and Southern coordinator and an international Steering Committee.
www.no-burn.org /about   (336 words)

 Kindred Spirits - BIOS - Gaia Biography
Gaia's first appearance was as a young looking girl with long blond hair who was chained and held captive at the Citadel of the Universal Amalgamator.
Gaia even had to convince Synch to stand up to them and not synch with her powers.
Gaia followed the GenXers around and even had a team uniform to wear but she rarely participated in any of the training sessions or classes.
tigrrwildcat.50megs.com /biogaia.htm   (1011 words)

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