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Topic: Gaius Marius


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  MARIUS, Gaius
Marius was considered the savior of his country and in 100 bc was made consul for the sixth time.
Marius then took his revenge on the aristocracy in a veritable orgy of indiscriminate murder.
Gaius Julius Caesar, dictator of Rome, is stabbed to death in the Roman Senate house by 60 conspirators led by Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus.
www.history.com /encyclopedia.do?articleId=215836   (520 words)

  
 Gaius Marius - WCD (Wiki Classical Dictionary)
Gaius Marius was born in B.C. 157, at the village of Cereatae (modern Casamare)
Marius cut off the pipes which supplied the capitol with water, and obliged the, conspirators to surrender at discretion; and though he made some efforts to save their lives, they were put to death immediately they had descended into the forum.
Marius was now quite alone amid the swamps and marshes through which the Liris flows, and with difficulty waded through them to the hut of an old man, who concealed him in a hole near the river, and covered him with reeds.
www.ancientlibrary.com /wcd/Gaius_Marius   (6919 words)

  
 Gaius Marius Summary
Marius was born in 157 BC in the town of Arpinum in southern Latium.
The facts that Marius had connections with the nobility in Rome, that he ran for local office in Arpinum and that he had marriage relations with the local nobility in Arpinum all combine to indicate that he was born into a locally important family of equestrian status.
Marius seems to have been able to get exactly what he wanted and it even seems that his support determined whom the People would elect as his colleagues (his choice was apparently determined on the basis of their malleability).
www.bookrags.com /Gaius_Marius   (5128 words)

  
 Gaius Marius
Marius' new legions prefigured Caesar's troops crossing the Rubicon, the later Praetorian Guard who made and broke Emperors, and the eventual empowerment of the Roman legions to choose and control the autocrats of state.
Marius altered the way that the pilum (the throwing spear of the common soldier) was fixed to the shaft; this caused the point to break off upon impact, which meant Rome's enemies could not return the spear against her legions.
Marius turned against Saturninus in 99 and this led to rioting and, eventually, the murder of the Tribune and his supporters inside the Senate house, when opponents pelted the men to death with roof tiles.
web.mac.com /heraklia/Caesar/contemporaries/marius/index.html   (3451 words)

  
 Gaius Marius
By this time Marius was generally recognized as the ablest general of the day, and was appointed to the chief command against the Cimbri and Teutones.
In 101 Marius was elected consul a fifth time (previously in 107, 104, 103, 102), hailed as the "savior of his country", and honored with a triumph of unprecedented splendor.
Marius, however, unlike Caesar, did not attempt to overturn the oligarchy by means of the army; he used rather such expedients as the constitution seemed to allow, though they had to be backed up by riot and violence.
www.nndb.com /people/114/000095826   (1005 words)

  
 Roman Emperors - DIR Marius
Marius is the second emperor of the so-called "Gallic Empire".
Obviously Marius was in a very difficult position from the very first days of his reign: he needed to retain the loyalty of Postumus' troops which had brought him to power; he also had to reconcile these forces with the remnants of Laelianus' army.
König thinks that Cologne remained the capital of Marius and that Marius' successor Victorinus moved the capital of the "Gallic Empire" to Trier (König 1981, 145).
www.roman-emperors.org /marius.htm   (732 words)

  
  The Internet Classics Archive | Caius Marius by Plutarch
Marius came forth with glory to the people and confirmed his law, and was henceforth esteemed a man of undaunted courage and assurance, as well as a vigorous opposer of the senate in favour of the commons.
Marius answered that the Romans never consulted their enemies when to fight, however, he would gratify the Cimbri so far; and so they fixed upon the third day after and for the place, the plain near Vercellae, which was convenient enough for the Roman horse, and afforded room for the enemy to display their numbers.
Marius, in return for this piece of service, was forced to connive at Saturninus now proceeding to the very height of insolence and violence, and was, without knowing it, the instrument of mischief beyond endurance, the only course of which was through outrages and massacres to tyranny and the subversion of the government.
classics.mit.edu /Plutarch/c_marius.html   (6198 words)

  
  Marius
The facts that Marius had connections with the nobility in Rome, that he ran for local office in Arpinum and that he had marriage relations with the local nobility in Arpinum all combine to indicate that he was born into a locally important family of equestrian status.
Marius seems to have spent the summer of 108 ingratiating himself with the troops by relaxing military discipline, and with the Italian traders by claiming that he could capture Jugurtha in a few days with half Metellus' troops.
Marius seems to have been able to get exactly what he wanted and it even seems that his support determined whom the People would elect as his colleagues (his choice was apparently determined on the basis of their malleability).
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ga/Gaius_Marius.html   (2657 words)

  
 Gaius Marius - Picture - MSN Encarta
The career of Roman general and statesman Gaius Marius was marked by a bitter rivalry with fellow statesman Lucius Cornelius Sulla.
Marius represented the interests of the Populares, a party that stood for agricultural reform and the interests of the common people, while Sulla led the Optimates, the aristocratic party.
Marius died within a few days, however, and Sulla’s forces regained control of the city in 83 bc.
encarta.msn.com /media_461562211_761552589_-1_1/Gaius_Marius.html   (95 words)

  
 Gaius Marius biography
Marius was declared the savior of the state, the third founder of Rome, and his name was mentioned along with those of the gods at banquets.
Marius was soon forced to flee, and after enduring the greatest hardships, and making numerous hairbreadth escapes, he reached Africa, where he remained until a rising of his friends took place under Cinna (q.v.).
Marius was delirious in his revenge upon the aristocracy; a band of 4000 slaves is said to have carried on the work of murder for five days and nights.
www.dromo.info /mariusbio.htm   (715 words)

  
 Gaius Marius (c. 157-86 B.C.)
Gaius Marius was a strong and brave soldier and a skillful general, popular with his troops, but he showed little flair for politics and was not a good public speaker.
Marius had already violated the law by granting citizenship on the battlefield to two cohorts of Italians (Camertes) who fought under him against the Cimbri in 101, and conceivably Saturninus and Marius were agreeable to a program of extensive enfranchisement of Italians by means of the new colonial settlements.
Marius was commemorated by the name Mariana given to Uchi Majus and Thibaris (two African settlements) and to a colony in Corsica, and by the Fossa Mariana, a canal dug by his soldiers at the mouth of the Rhône River.
www.thelatinlibrary.com /imperialism/notes/marius.html   (1552 words)

  
 Gaius Marius
As a man from a family that had never held the consulship before, Marius was considered a novus homo, or "new man", of which there were few during the Republic.
During this time, Marius held consulship every year But, Marius began to lose support due to his political friendship with the tribune Saturninus, who often times served as his hatchet man. Eventually Marius was forced to disassociate himself from bloody Saturninus.
Marius and his allies, who had survived the attack, were forced to flee.
dante.udallas.edu /hutchison/Fall_of_Republic/names/gaius_marius.htm   (430 words)

  
 Gaius Marius Victorinus - LoveToKnow 1911
GAIUS MARIUS VICTORINUS (4th century A.D.), Roman grammarian, rhetorician and neo-Platonic philosopher, an African by birth (whence his surname Afer), lived during the reign of Constantius II.
He taught rhetoric at Rome (one of his pupils being Jerome), and in his old age became a convert to Christianity.
See G. Geiger, C. Marius Victorinus Afer, ein neuplatonischer Philosoph (Metten, 1888); G. Koffmann, De Mario Victorino philosopho Christiano (Breslau, 1880); R. Schmid, Marius Victorinus Rhetor and seine Beziehungen zu Augustin (Kiel, 1895); Gore in Dictionary of Christian Biography, iv.; M. Schanz, Geschichte der romischen Litteratur, iv.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Gaius_Marius_Victorinus   (309 words)

  
 Marius and Sulla
Marius became quaestor in 123 and, with the help of the influential family of the Caecilii Metelli, was elected tribune of the plebs in 119.
Marius threatened to arrest the consul unless the senate's unlawful decree was withdrawn.
Marius was unsuccessful in his attempt for the positions of curule aedile and plebeian aedile, but became praetor for 115, barely securing acquittal on a charge of electoral corruption.
janusquirinus.org /essays/Apollo/Background/MS1.html   (1124 words)

  
 Marius
Marius was of humble beginnings, having been born near the town of Arpinum in Latium.
First serving in Spain, Marius was essentially a military man. He did not hold any public office until he was voted to the position of Tribune of the People in 119 BC.
Marius, elected consul again in 105 BC, enojyed successive election victories as consul until 101 BC, during which time his task was to destroy the menace of the Cimbri and Teutones, who had shattered teh Romans earlier.
www.roman-empire.net /republic/marius.html   (1229 words)

  
 Gaius Marius
Marius besought them with tears to the contrary, and the masters of the ship, after frequent changes, in a short space of time, of their purpose, inclining first to one, then to the other side, resolved at length to answer the soldiers that they would not give up Marius.
Marius desiring him to do so, he carried him into the fens and bade him hide himself in an hollow place by the river-side, where he laid upon him a great many reeds, and other things that were light, and would cover, but not oppress him.
Marius, himself now worn out with labour and sinking under the burden of anxieties, could not sustain his spirits, which shook within him with the apprehension of a new war and fresh encounters and dangers, the formidable character of which he knew by his own experience.
history-world.org /gaius_marius.htm   (8440 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Marius (disambiguation)
Marius is derived from either the Roman Mars (God of War), or else from the Latin root mas, maris meaning "male".
Gaius Marius (157 BC 86 BC), Roman general.
Gaius Marius the Younger (Rome 110 BC/108 BC – Praeneste 80 BC), son of the previous.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Marius   (204 words)

  
 Biographies: Gaius Marius :: 0 A.D. :: Wildfire Games
Gaius Marius was a famous Roman general and consul who did much to improve the army he also set the stage for many vicious civil wars.
Marius decided to seek out Julia’s hand in marriage and managed to arrange for the wedding with her brother, Gaius (later in time Gaius would be the father of Julius Caesar).
Marius was furious at this and left in a fit of rage and ultimately he ended up only enhancing his failing reputation as his anger scared the eastern rulers he encountered.
wildfiregames.com /0ad/page.php?p=1540   (2062 words)

  
 Gaius Marius
Gaius Marius was the son of a small plebeian farmer near Arpinum.
As a youth Marius may have used his modest family influence to join the legions as a junior officer, or may have risen from the ranks.
Marius gained the benefit of entry into social and political circles that he would never have had, and the Julii were immediately re-established as a power player through the financing of political campaigns by Marius.
www.unrv.com /empire/gaius-marius.php   (807 words)

  
 Historical background on Julius Caesar - All Julius Caesar
When Gaius Julius Caesar was born, the leading man in Rome was Caius Marius, who had saved the Roman Republic several years before by defeating two German tribes, the Teutones (102) and the Cimbri (101).
Marius was appointed general and had some success; more important, however, were the victories of Sulla, a man who was considered to be one of the optimates.
Marius had defeated some of their tribes (the Teutones and the Cimbri), but in Caesar's days it was probably not a gross exaggeration to say that the states of Gaul would have to become Roman or would be overrun by Germans, who would proceed to attack Italy.
www.alljuliuscaesar.bravehost.com /historical-background.html   (8400 words)

  
 StrategyPage.com - Military Book Reviews
Gaius Marius was born in 158 BC to a family of the lower middle class in Arpinum, a farming district outside of Rome.
Gaius Marius was tagged a novus homo (New Man) -- that is a noveaux riche plebeian.
By 107 BC, Marius had managed to undermine Metellus, have himself elected consul, and assume command of the war against the Numidian king Jugurtha.
www.strategypage.com /articles/default.asp?target=marius/gaiusmariusbio   (357 words)

  
 Gaius Marius
Gaius Julius knew that he was too old to be consul, so he decided to offer Marius marriage to his daughter, Julia.
Marius also cared a lot for his family, which he only had one child, but was very affectionate toward them.
Marius had to make the decision on whether the law would be passed or lose his credibility and the friendship of Saturninus.
www.geocities.com /stargazer1979/marius.html   (984 words)

  
 C. Julius Caesar - a biography in twelve parts
When Gaius Julius Caesar was born, the leading man in Rome was Gaius Marius, who had saved the Roman republic several years before by defeating two Germanic tribes, the Teutones (102) and the Cimbri (101).
Marius was appointed general and had some success; more important, however, were the victories of Lucius Cornelius Sulla, a man who was considered to be one of the optimates.
Marius was forced to flee to Africa, and Sulla went to Asia Minor again, where he defeated Mithridates.
www.livius.org /caa-can/caesar/caesar01.html   (795 words)

  
 Gaius Julius Caesar
Gaius Julius Caesar was born most likely on July (originally Quinctilis, but renamed by Caesar in his own calendar reform) 13, 100 BC.
Marius was certainly one of the richest men in Rome of the time and while he gained political clout, the Caesar family gained the wealth required to finance election campaigns for Caesar's father and uncles.
Marius was the pre-eminent Roman just prior to Caesar's birth, serving 6 Consulships, winning the war against Jugurtha, reforming the legions and the social order, and saving Rome from the Germanic Cimbri and Teutone threat.
www.unrv.com /fall-republic/gaius-julius-caesar.php   (778 words)

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