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Topic: Galatian language


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  Irish Language
The Celtic language family is made up of the extinct Continental Celtic languages (consisting of Celtiberian, Gaulish, Lepontic, and Galatian), and the Insular Celtic languages of the so-called British Isles.
This group of Irish patriots sought to assist the embattled language and its rich cultural associations against the continuing pressure of English, a pressure that began to be felt in Ireland as early as the twelfth century with the arrival of the Anglo-Norman invasion.
Despite the fact that Irish is the first official language of the Republic of Ireland, most Irish people have only a nodding acquaintance with genuine daily fluency in their native tongue, and Ireland is far from a monoglot country.
www.celtictraveler.com /Irish_language-4.html   (643 words)

  
  Epistle to the Galatians
Henceword the Galatians were under the protection of the Romans, and were involved in all the troubles of the civil wars that followed.
Paul addresses his letter to the churches of Galatia (Gal., i, 2) and calls them Galatians (Gal, iii, 1); and in I Cor., vi, 1, he speaks of the collections which he ordered to be made in the churches of Galatia.
The Epistle was written to conteract the influence of a few Judaizers who had come amongst the Galatians, and were endeavouring to persuade them that in order to be Christians it was necessary to be circumcised and observe the Law of Moses.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/g/galatians,epistle_to.html   (4937 words)

  
  Epistle to the Galatians - Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Henceword the Galatians were under the protection of the Romans, and were involved in all the troubles of the civil wars that followed.
Paul addresses his letter to the churches of Galatia (Gal., i, 2) and calls them Galatians (Gal, iii, 1); and in I Cor., vi, 1, he speaks of the collections which he ordered to be made in the churches of Galatia.
The Epistle was written to conteract the influence of a few Judaizers who had come amongst the Galatians, and were endeavouring to persuade them that in order to be perfect Christians it was necessary to be circumcised and observe the Law of Moses.
www.heiligenlexikon.de /CatholicEncyclopedia/Paulus-Galaterbrief.html   (4964 words)

  
 Galatian language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Galatian is an extinct Celtic language once spoken in Galatia in Asia Minor (modern Turkey) from the 3rd century BC up to the 4th century AD.
Galatian is a Continental Celtic language contemporary to, and possibly a dialect of, the Gaulish language.
The Galatian Language: A Comprehensive Survey of the Language of the Ancient Celts in Greco-Roman Asia Minor.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Galatian_language   (203 words)

  
 Introduction to Galatians
Galatians is the only epistle that Paul directed specifically to a group of churches.
Galatians openly denounces the dangers of legalism and establishes the essential truth of faith as the only requirement for salvation.
The language that he uses alludes to an experience in the Spirit, that goes beyond that which was His initial reception by the Galatians.
www.angelfire.com /sc3/redentormio/Galatians.html   (2360 words)

  
 Languages : Indo-European Family
Languages that are scattered around the world as their speakers are part of diasporas.
Lithuanian is one of the oldest of the Indo-European languages.
Armenian is spoken in Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh (an enclave in Azerbaijan).
www.krysstal.com /langfams_indoeuro.html   (1882 words)

  
 A Historical Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to the Galatians
It was, however, believed by the Galatians, for otherwise Paul would have suffered it to "pass by him as the idle wind".
Moreover, the Galatians had been used to a religion in which such ritualistic acts {(ta stoixeia tou kosmou)}, IV 3) were a prominent part; and it was natural that they should again "turn to the weak and beggarly elements".
It is quite allowed by North Galatian theorists that the foundation for the misrepresentation of Paul's teaching alluded to in I 6 - 10 and V 11 lay (as we also assume) in his action on his second journey.
webminister.com /ramsay/rcgb08.shtml   (959 words)

  
 A Historical Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to the Galatians
It was, however, believed by the Galatians, for otherwise Paul would have suffered it to "pass by him as the idle wind".
Moreover, the Galatians had been used to a religion in which such ritualistic acts {(ta stoixeia tou kosmou)}, IV 3) were a prominent part; and it was natural that they should again "turn to the weak and beggarly elements".
It is quite allowed by North Galatian theorists that the foundation for the misrepresentation of Paul's teaching alluded to in I 6 - 10 and V 11 lay (as we also assume) in his action on his second journey.
www.webminister.com /ramsay/rcgb08.shtml   (959 words)

  
 Celtic languages at AllExperts
The Celtic languages are the languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic", a branch of the greater Indo-European language family.
Today, Celtic languages are now limited to a few areas in the British Isles, eastern Canada, Patagonia, scattered groups in the United States and Australia, and on the peninsula of Brittany in France.
Within the Indo-European family, the Celtic languages have sometimes been placed with the Italic languages in a common Italo-Celtic subfamily, a hypothesis that is now largely discarded, in favour of the assumption of language contact between pre-Celtic and pre-Italic communities.
en.allexperts.com /e/c/ce/celtic_languages.htm   (1081 words)

  
 The Epistles of St. Paul to the Thessalonians, Galatians and Romans (1894) - vol. 1 Galatians: The Online Library of ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Granting that the Galatian Church, like most other Christian communities, may have contained Jewish as well as Gentile Christians, still the context shows that those who ‘served them which by nature are no gods,’ and those who were ready to relapse into the weak and beggarly elements of the law, were the same persons, iv.
The natural use of language and the express testimony of the oldest writers are safer grounds of argument than the probability that Mary the wife of Cleophas or Alpheus was sister of Mary the mother of Christ.
In the language of the Epistle to the Romans (v.
oll.libertyfund.org /Texts/StPaul0242/Epistles/HTMLs/0055-01_Pt04_Galatians.html   (12696 words)

  
 Epistle to the Galatians
They seem to have been composed mainly of converts from heathenism (4:8), but partly also of Jewish converts, who probably, under the influence of Judaizing teachers, sought to incorporate the rites of Judaism with Christianity, and by their active zeal had succeeded in inducing the majority of the churches to adopt their views (1:6; 3:1).
This epistle was written for the purpose of counteracting this Judaizing tendency, and of recalling the Galatians to the simplicity of the gospel, and at the same time also of vindicating Paul's claim to be a divinely-commissioned apostle.
This to the Galatians is written on the urgency of the occasion, tidings having reached him of the state of matters; and that to the Romans in a more deliberate and systematic way, in exposition of the same great doctrines of the gospel.
mb-soft.com /believe/txs/galatian.htm   (677 words)

  
 Theologia :: Bible :: Getting the Galatian Heresy Right
In the background of Galatians is the Jerusalem council of Acts 15.
Emphasis on ritual is not the Galatian heresy; the Galatian heresy is emphasis on the wrong ritual – in particular, on ritual that creates boundaries among the people of God where there ought not to be any.
Thus it is fair to say that Galatians is more about the global purposes of God’s grace (as revealed in the Abrahamic covenant – Gen. 12:1ff) than the fact that grace is not earned by human efforts or merits.
www.hornes.org /theologia/content/rich_lusk/getting_the_galatian_heresy_right.htm   (4214 words)

  
 EPISTLE TO THE GALATIANS - Online Information article about EPISTLE TO THE GALATIANS
The much-vaunted law is shown to be merely a provisional episodes culminating in the gospel (iii.
case it is assumed that the Galatians knew his handwriting.
Wood (Studies in St Paul's Epistle to the Galatians, 1887) criticizes Lightfoot.
encyclopedia.jrank.org /GAG_GEO/GALATIANS_EPISTLE_TO_THE.html   (3191 words)

  
 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2002.12.19
Galatian is the Celtic language spoken in Anatolia, and nothing survives except personal names.
The first section is a three-page overview of the arrival of the Celtic tribes in Anatolia and scholarship to date on their language; the second section, "Celts and Galatians", discusses the ambiguous use of the terms Keltoi and Galatai in the Classical sources.
In general the status of written material as evidence for the fate of a non-Greek language in the Greco-Roman world is a central question which must be tackled in any discussion of the "survival" of the language in question.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2002/2002-12-19.html   (1115 words)

  
 Walter Scott: Commentary on Galatians
The sacred historian merely records these visits, but from certain allusions to Paul's presence there, and the warm, truly Galatian reception accorded to the apostle and his mission, which are referred to in the body of the epistle (4:13-15, etc.), these visits must have been occasions of real interest.
It is important for the reader to remark in the early struggles of the cross and Christianity, that these two truths-the immediate and divine authority of the apostle and the heavenly character of Christianity-were ever coupled together.
An Outline to the Epistle to the Galatians - by A E Bouter
www.biblecentre.org /commentaries/ws_52_galatians.htm   (883 words)

  
 Kenmare Ireland - The Irish Language -
The Celtic language family is made up of the Continental Celtic languages (consisting of Celtiberian, Gaulish, and Galatian), and the Insular Celtic languages of the so-called British Isles.
This group of Irish patriots sought to save the embattled language and its rich cultural associations from the continuing pressure of English, a pressure that began to be felt in Ireland as early as the twelfth century with the arrival of the Anglo-Norman invasion.
Despite the fact that Irish is the first official language of the Republic of Ireland, most Irish people have only a nodding acquaintance with genuine fluency in their native tongue, and Ireland is far from a monoglot country.
www.kenmare.com /history/irishlan.html   (660 words)

  
 NT Gateway Weblog
One of the weaknesses of many readings of Galatians is that they imagine the Galatians "contemplating" or "thinking about" the message brought by the influencers, as if they have listened to a series of sermons and have now retired for a fortnight to meditate on the practical application to them as individuals.
Paul is attempting to explain what the Galatians have done in the light of the ancient world’s notion that they are victims of someone’s evil eye.
Moreover, a bump in the road is the language of being in a process that can change, whereas to have been circumcised is a pretty permanent completed change (I know it can be reversed, but you are not suggesting that is Paul's message, esp. with appeal to 1 Cor 7).
ntgateway.com /weblog/2006/11/were-galatians-already-circumcised-iii.html   (1346 words)

  
 Acting Like Idiots? - Galatians 3:1-5
Because Paul and the Galatians both knew that the Gift had been bestowed upon the Galatians at the point of their belief in the message heard, this was all Paul needed to say to establish once and for all that salvation is by grace and not by any works of any law.
The reason that Paul could tell that the Galatians had reverted to life by the flesh is that he knew what they were depending upon for their lives.
The essence of the Galatian false teaching is that you begin the Christian life by faith, and then you grow in the Christian life by works, that is, by drawing on powers in yourself to make your contribution to salvation.
www.bereanbiblechurch.org /transcripts/galatians/3_1-5.htm   (4957 words)

  
 bible.org: Galatians:
Introduction, Argument, and Outline
Galatians is without a doubt the most secure of all Paul’s letters and perhaps of all books of the NT.
Galatians is quoted or alluded to in 1 Peter, Barnabas, 1 Clement, Polycarp’s letter to the Philippians, Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria, and Origen.
North Galatian theorists argue against them not because of their intrinsic value for the south Galatian theory, but because, if true, the north Galatian theory is falsified.
www.bible.org /page.php?page_id=1237   (5256 words)

  
 BMCR-L: BMCR 2002.12.19, Philip Freeman, The Galatian Language
Galatian is the Celtic language spoken in Anatolia, and nothing survives except personal names.
The first section is a three-page overview of the arrival of the Celtic tribes in Anatolia and scholarship to date on their language; the second section, "Celts and Galatians", discusses the ambiguous use of the terms Keltoi and Galatai in the Classical sources.
In his third section, "The Survival of Galatian", he quotes an inscription left by Galatian mercenaries in Egypt in 185 BC (OGIS 757) to illustrate his statement that some of the Galatians "could write and presumably speak Greek only a few decades after the Galatian migration into Anatolia".
omega.cohums.ohio-state.edu /mailing_lists/BMCR-L/2002/0403.php   (1304 words)

  
 The CR FAQ - An Introduction to Celtic Reconstructionist Paganism - So What is Celtic Reconstructionism?
While fluency in a Celtic language is not a prerequisite to participation in the CR community, people serious about developing the tradition almost always dedicate themselves to studying one of the Celtic languages as part of their CR practice.
The Goidelic (Gaelic) Q-Celtic languages are Irish, Scottish, and Manx.
Usually these people are the children or grandchildren of those who did speak the languages, and though they may not have learned a Celtic language in their household while growing up, the culture of their family has not yet had a chance to drift too far away from its roots.
paganachd.com /faq/whatiscr.html   (2832 words)

  
 Celtic Guide - The Celtic languages.
Galatian was spoken until about the 5th century.
Historically in Scotland in both English and Scots the word was pronounced the same as for the other two languages.
Pictish is mentioned The Cambridge Encyclopedia of language as possibly being Celtic or possibly being a non-Indo-European isolate like Basque although the evidence seems to indicate that it was Indo-European.
www.siliconglen.com /celtfaq/1_3.html   (560 words)

  
 Righteousness, Faith & Love, Galatians 5:5-6
We began last week to look at the first 12 verses of Galatians 5, which are like a lawyer's closing statement to a jury.
In the first 6 verses of chapter 5 Paul is addressing the Galatians, the hearers of this false message that had been taught.
Galatians 5:1-4 (NASB) It was for freedom that Christ set us free; therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery.
www.bereanbiblechurch.org /transcripts/galatians/5_5-6.htm   (4889 words)

  
 [No title]
Commentary on the Epistle to the Galatians (1535) by Martin Luther, 1483-1546 Translated by Theodore Graebner (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1949), Chapter 1, pp.
These Jewish-Christian fanatics who pushed themselves into the Galatian churches after Paul's departure, boasted that they were the descendants of Abraham, true ministers of Christ, having been trained by the apostles themselves, that they were able to perform miracles.
The proper answer is: Although the Galatians had fallen away from the doctrine of Paul, baptism, the Gospel, and the name of Christ continued among them.
www.ctsfw.edu /etext/luther/galatians/Gal1-01.txt   (2958 words)

  
 Galatians   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Paul’s does not believe the written law was abolished, but he takes great exception to the legalistic attempts to impose the system of Judaism on the church.
It comes from a foreign culture in a language that is not only foreign, but obsolete.
The Galatians knew what this letter is all about.
www.rondart.com /Galatians/Galintro.htm   (906 words)

  
 Concordant Commentary - Galatians
Paul’s Galatian epistle is the divine commentary on the doctrine of justification as set forth in the first four chapters of his epistle to the Romans.
Hence the utter folly of the Galatian ecclesias, to whom the law was never given by God, in voluntarily subjecting themselves to its demands when they already had far more than it could ever give them.
Paul's first acquaintance with the Galatians was when, as a sick traveler, he proclaimed the evangel to them in the midst of his infirmities.
www.concordant.org /expohtml/ConcordantCommentary/CC09_Galatians.htm   (4515 words)

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