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Topic: Gallic wars

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  Gallic Wars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Gallic Wars were a series of military campaigns by several invading Roman legions under the command of Julius Caesar into Gaul, and the subsequent uprisings of the Gallic tribes.
The Gallic Wars culminated in the decisive Battle of Alesia in 52 BC, in which a complete Roman victory resulted in the expansion of the Roman Republic over the whole of Gaul.
Gallic warriors were ferocious opponents and were much admired for this by the Romans (see the Dying Gaul), but they lacked discipline in the field.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gallic_Wars   (2645 words)

 Gallic Wars - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Gallic Wars, campaigns in Gaul led by Julius Caesar in his two terms as proconsul of Cisalpine Gaul, Transalpine Gaul, and Illyricum (58 BC-51 BC).
Caesar's Gallic Wars were the theater in which he displayed his abilities, and his organization of the new territory was the seed of modern France.
The ghost cavalry The ghost cavalry Side by side with their horses, Gallic warriors who fell to the might of the Romans.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-gallicw1a.html   (619 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Gallic Wars   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Gallic Wars GALLIC WARS [Gallic Wars], campaigns in Gaul led by Julius Caesar in his two terms as proconsul of Cisalpine Gaul, Transalpine Gaul, and Illyricum (58 BC-51 BC).
Defeated by Ariovistus and at odds with their Gallic neighbors, they were allies of the Romans.
Of Gallic origin, the Roman Ricomagus grew around the collegiate Church of St. Amable (1077; restored).
www.encyclopedia.com /articles/04874.html   (623 words)

 Gallic Wars - The start of the conquest of Gaul
With the help of Gallic auxilia, as in all cases, Crassus quickly brought Roman control to the westernmost portion of Gaul.
With the defeat of the Gallic resistance, Caesar next began to focus his attention across the channel.
And despite his confidence, the Gallic tribes were not nearly as subdued as he thought.
www.home.zonnet.nl /postbus/gallicwars2.html   (434 words)

 The Gallic Wars
The occasion of that war was this: P. Crassus, a young man, had taken up his winter quarters with the seventh legion among the Andes, who border upon the [Atlantic] ocean.
Wherefore, since he reflected that almost all the Gauls were fond of revolution, and easily and quickly excited to war; that all men likewise, by nature, love liberty and hate the condition of slavery, he thought he ought to divide and more widely distribute his army, before more states should join the confederation.
He appoints D. Brutus, a young man, over the fleet and those Gallic vessels which he had ordered to be furnished by the Pictones and the Santoni, and the other provinces which remained at peace; and commands him to proceed toward the Veneti, as soon as he could.
www.brainfly.net /html/books/brn0004.htm   (10098 words)

But Indutiomarus began to collect cavalry and infantry, and make preparations for war, having concealed those who by reason of their age could not be under arms, in the forest Arduenna, which is of immense size, [and] extends from the Rhine across the country of the Treviri to the frontiers of the Remi.
When he had come thither, greater forces of the Britons had already assembled at that place, the chief command and management of the war having been intrusted to Cassivellaunus, whose territories a river, which is called the Thames, separates, from the maritime states at about eighty miles from the sea.
At an earlier period perpetual wars had taken place between him and the other states; but, greatly alarmed by our arrival, the Britons had placed him over the whole war and the conduct of it.
www.roman-britain.org /books/caesargw5.htm   (2421 words)

 Gaius Julius Caesar: Commentaries on the Gallic War, Book 4
Caesar, being aware of their custom, in order that he might not encounter a more formidable war, sets forward to the army earlier in the year than he was accustomed to do.
And to wait until the enemy’s forces were augmented and their cavalry had returned, he concluded, would be the greatest madness; and knowing the fickleness of the Gauls, he felt how much influence the enemy had already acquired among them by this one skirmish.
He sends before him Caius Volusenus with a ship of war, to acquire a knowledge of these particulars before he in person should make a descent into the island, as he was convinced that this was a judicious measure.
www.forumromanum.org /literature/caesar/gallic_e4.html   (3515 words)

But the enemy, who were acquainted with all the shallows, when from the shore they saw any coming from a ship one by one, spurred on their horses, and attacked them while embarrassed; many surrounded a few, others threw their weapons upon our collected forces on their exposed flank.
When Caesar observed this, he ordered the boats of the ships of war and the spy sloops to be filled with soldiers, and sent them up to the succor of those whom he had observed in distress.
Our men, as soon as they made good their footing on dry ground, and all their comrades had joined them, made an attack upon the enemy, and put them to flight, but could not pursue them very far, because the horse had not been able to maintain their course at sea and reach the island.
www.roman-britain.org /books/caesargw4.htm   (1804 words)

 [No title]
Available online at http://classics.mit.edu//Caesar/gallic.html The Gallic Wars By Julius Caesar Translated by W. McDevitte and W. Bohn ---------------------------------------------------------------------- BOOK 1 Chapter 1 All Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae inhabit, the Aquitani another, those who in their own language are called Celts, in our Gauls, the third.
That these things were his concern; that the Sequani, the Leuci, and the Lingones were to furnish the corn; and that it was already ripe in the fields; that as to the road they would soon be able to judge for themselves.
Chapter 5 Caesar, having encouraged the Remi, and addressed them courteously, ordered the whole senate to assemble before him, and the children of their chief men to be brought to him as hostages; all which commands they punctually performed by the day [appointed].
classics.mit.edu /Caesar/gallic.mb.txt   (7072 words)

 Athena Review 1,4: Gaul before the Romans
Gallic Invasions in Italy: The original Gallic homeland extended from Transalpine Gaul to the Danube valley.
Caesar and the Gallic Wars (58-50 BC): Soon after Caesar became consul of Cisalpine Gaul in 59 BC, he also gained command of Transalpine Gaul, the province comprising the southern coast of France and the lower Rhône Valley.
Three years later, during the Roman Civil War, Caesar captured the Greek cities of Massalia and St.-Blaise, and in 46 BC was formally declared triumphant in Gaul.
www.athenapub.com /gaulbck1.htm   (1465 words)

 Caesar"s commentairies on the Gallic and Civil wars, Gallic book III
With them arose the beginning [of the revolt] by their detaining Silius and Velanius; for they thought that they should recover by their means the hostages which they had given to Crassus.
They resolved to conduct the war on a very different method from the rest of the Gauls; for as they perceived that the greatest nations [of Gaul] who had engaged in war, had been routed and overcome, and as they possessed continuous ranges of forests and morasses, they removed themselves and all their property thither.
When Caesar had arrived at the opening of these forests, and had began to fortify his camp, and no enemy was in the mean time seen, while our men were dispersed on their respective duties, they suddenly rushed out from all parts of the forest, and made an attack on our men.
www.earth-history.com /Europe/Wars/ceasar-gallic-3.htm   (2372 words)

 The Gallic Wars - Ancient Roman Empire Forums
The Gallic wars were nothing more than a chance for Caesar to earn medals, but during them too the Gauls continued to be too prideful and paved the way for their own conquest by squabbling amongst each other and making unwise attacks against the Romans after they had made oaths to the contrary.
This religious law may not have had anything to do with concern for the victims of the war, as there were already plenty of reasons to fear the wrath of the gods for venal conquest.
However, something as large and consuming in historical context as the Gallic conquest is far more difficult to readily identify all of its ramifications and whether or not these ramifications are truly indicative of the conquest on its own merit, or whether a multitude of other mitigating factors can be applied.
www.unrv.com /forum/index.php?act=findpost&pid=19945   (2728 words)

 Gallic Wars - Belgae
Despite, according to Caesar, cries of great thanks from various Gallic tribes for deliverance from the Suebi, discontent was growing.
Word came to Caesar that a confederation of northern Gallic tribes was building to confront Roman presence in Gaul.
It's important to note though, that Caesar by this time, had probably realized the only way to maintain the territories in eastern and southern Gaul, was to conquer the whole of the province.
www.angelfire.com /me/ik/belgae.html   (1037 words)

 Gallic Wars - Vercingetorix
Initially hesitant a young chieftan, Vercingetorix (or in Gallic possibly Fearcuincedorigh, Man who is chief of a hundred heads), came to forefront to rally the Gauls.
He was the son of Celtillus, a former chieftan who was executed for attempting to unite the tribe under a single king.
He was slowly becoming, if not a King, then at a minimum, the commander in chief of all the combined Gallic tribes.
www.angelfire.com /me/ik/vercingetorix.html   (706 words)

 Gallic Wars   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The Gallic Wars were a series of wars fought between the Romans and the people of Gaul during the mid-first century BC, culminating in he Battle of Alesia in 52 BC which resulted in the expansion of the Roman Republic across Gaul.
Julius Caesar famously described his military campaign in the Gallic Wars in his writings known as De Bello Gallico.
The comic Astérix, for example, is set during the Gallic Wars.
gallic-wars.iqnaut.net   (129 words)

 Talk:Gallic Wars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Though this must be true to some extent (due to the fact that the gallic tribes LOST to the romans) it needs some sort of evidence, perhaps a quotation from de bello gallico.
It may be true that the romans respected their gallic enemies by honoring them with commemorative statues, but I still think a bit more evidence is needed to really hit home the idea romans thought the gauls were ferocious and that they respected them because of this.
There are a number of dates throughout the article and the wars' duration is listed in the infobox.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Talk:Gallic_Wars   (486 words)

 Gallic Wars   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The Romans, however, had a long memory and fear of Gallic invasions that led to the sacking of Rome in the early 4th century BC was ever present.
Early in his Gallic governorship, Caesar still misread the situation and had 3 of his 4 legions stationed in Illyricum, but he would soon come to the realization that the real danger and opportunity was in Gaul.
Ariovistus was a chieftain of the Suebi and lead a large confederation of Germans including the Harudes, Marcomani, Triboci, Vangiones, Nemetes and Sedusii across the Rhine, seizing land from the Gallic Aedui.
www.unrv.com /fall-republic/gallic-wars.php   (548 words)

 The Gallic Wars   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Crassus died in a war in the Middle East, and Pompey had turned against Julius Caesar and roused the Senate against him.
The Rubicon River separated his province from Italy, and by crossing it he committed a grave crime against the state.
The Civil War began the minute his legions had finished crossing the Rubicon.
www.utexas.edu /courses/figura/latin507/spring99/projects/b/991b1.htm   (462 words)

 Appian's History of Rome: the Gallic Wars
His account of the wars against the Gauls, which we know from Byzantine excerpts, is known from an excerpt and a couple of fragments (below).
Because the text has to be reconstructed from several medieval manuscripts, not all editions of Appian's History of the Gallic Wars are numbered in the same way; here, the separate units are counted strictly chronologically.
When he was passing through the territory of the Salyi, an ambassador of Bituitus, king of the Allobroges, met him, arrayed magnificently and followed by attendants likewise arrayed, and also by dogs; for the barbarians of this region use dogs also as body-guards.
www.livius.org /ap-ark/appian/appian_gallic_3.html   (960 words)

 Athena Review 1,4: Caesar's Campaigns in Gaul
Indispensible as a source on the Gallic War, the work is also the only report by a military commander of antiquity describing his own campaigns.
The Gallic War: As of about 60 BC, Roman impact north of Provence had been relatively slight, consisting mainly of trading relations along major rivers such as the Rhône and Garonne.
In perhaps the most daring campaign of the Gallic War, Caesar crossed the Rhine in 55 BC after defeating German tribes on its Gallic (western) banks.
www.athenapub.com /caesarg1.htm   (1747 words)

 Gaius Julius Caesar: Commentaries on the Gallic War, Book 5
For the disaster respecting the death of Sabinus having been circulated among them, almost all the states of Gaul were deliberating about war, sending messengers and embassies into all quarters, inquiring what further measure they should take, and holding councils by night in secluded places.
But Caesar, having summoned to him the principal persons of each state, in one case by alarming them, since he declared that he knew what was going on, and in another case by encouraging them, retained a great part of Gaul in its allegiance.
This affair having been known, all the forces of the Eburones and the Nervii which had assembled, depart; and for a short time after this action, Caesar was less harassed in the government of Gaul.
www.forumromanum.org /literature/caesar/gallic_e5.html   (6099 words)

 Life of Gaius Julius Caesar
Unlike almost all other Roman wars, this one is more notable due to Caesar's own detailed account of the events told from his perspective known as the "Commentaries on the Gallic War" or De Bellum Gallico in Latin.
Caesar, the victor of two wars in one season, decides to winter his men in eastern Gaul among the Sequani under Propraetor Titus Labienus while he himself winters in Cisalpine Gaul, conducting his duties as the Governor.
It was part of a war of course but had no military value in any sense of the term of material gain.
www.geocities.com /caesarkevin/caesar2.html   (4704 words)

 Amazon.com: The Gallic War (Loeb Classical Library): Books: Caesar,H. J. Edwards   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Caesar's Commentaries: On the Gallic War And on the Civil War by Julius Caesar
Although there are many translations of Caesar's Gallic War, Loeb is unique in providing the reader with not only the translation, but the original Latin text on the accompanying page.
His best account is probably his final struggle with Vercingetorix, the fierce and charismatic Gallic chieftan who rallied all of the tribes in one final struggle against Rome and surrendered at the siege of Alesia.
www.amazon.com /Gallic-War-Loeb-Classical-Library/dp/0674990803   (2340 words)

 Julius Caesar Introduction
Suetonius (Suet.12 Caes.Julius.56), in his biography of Julius Caesar states that the Gallic and Civil Wars were written by Caesar, and that the 8th book of the Gallic Wars was written by (Aulus) Hirtius.
This is a detailed description of the war campaigns of Julius Caesar, starting from the time that he was in charge of the Roman forces in France (Gaul).
The parts not written by him attempt a similiar style, but are not as clean (See the notes of Hortius, at the start of the 8th book of the Gallic Wars).
www.earth-history.com /Europe/Wars/ceasar-intro.htm   (256 words)

 The Roman Empire
Caesar made his way to praetorship by 62 BC and many of the senate felt him a dangerous, ambitious man. Because of this, they deprived him of a triumph after his praetorian command in Spain (61-60 BC) and they also did their best to keep him out of consulship.
This is supposedly against the Gallic beliefs and it punishable by death, however when he was found murdered, evidence pointed that Roman weapons had been used when, if he was due for death, the druids would have done it.
The result was that on an appointed day, the Carnutes, lead by Cotuatus and Conconnetodumnus, entered Cenabum and killed all the roman citizens who had settled there and plundered their property.
www.iol.ie /~coolmine/typ/romans/romans6.html   (2878 words)

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