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Topic: Gamow


In the News (Tue 2 Sep 14)

  
  The George Gamow Memorial Lecture Series - His Life
Gamow then decided to become a scientist and began his study of mathematics, physics, and astronomy.
At this period Gamow also collaborated with F. Houtermans and R. Atkinson in attempts to apply his formula for calculating the rate of induced nuclear transformations to the so-called thermonuclear reaction in the interior of the Sun and other stars.
While Gamow was in Washington he developed the theory of the internal structure of red giant stars.
www.colorado.edu /physics/Web/Gamow/life.html   (515 words)

  
  CONK! Encyclopedia: George_Gamow   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
George Gamow (pronounced "GAM-off"), born Georgiy Antonovich Gamow (Георгий Антонович Гамов) (March 4, 1904 – August 19, 1968) was a Ukrainian born physicist and cosmologist.
Gamow then worked at a number of establishments before fleeing the increased oppression in Russia and moved to the United States in 1934, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1940.
Gamow was highly regarded in the Soviet Union, and was awarded the rank of General in the Army, a fact which raised eyebrows in the paperwork for his U.S. security clearances during the Cold War.
www.conk.com /search/encyclopedia.cgi?q=George_Gamow   (365 words)

  
 [No title]
Gamow's contribution to the astronomy-research is mainly concerning the origin of the Universe and the stars evolution.
Gamow used his knowledge of nuclear-reactions to interpret stellar evolution, collaborating with Teller on a theory of the internal structure of red giants, in 1942.
Gamow surmised that the goal for scientists was to learn how a long sequence of 4 nucleotides determines the assignment of long protein sequences composed of 20 amino acids.
medlem.spray.se /gamow/georgegamow.html   (1634 words)

  
 Gamow bag - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The gamow bag was named after its inventor, Dr. Igor Gamow, son of George Gamow.
Gamow originally designed a predecessor to the gamow bag called "The Bubble" for high-altitude athletes which would produce more red blood cells to carry more oxygen to the muscles.
Gamow did not give up though and re-designed 'The Bubble' into a bag that could be used by high-altitude climbers.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gamow_bag   (178 words)

  
 A Representative Example of Intellectual Dishonesty in the pathlights.com Creation-Evolution Encyclopedia
Gamow was a quite accomplished theoretical physicist before he even started theorizing about the Big Bang, having come up with quantum tunnelling as an explanation of the emission of alpha particles by atomic nuclei and the fusion of hydrogen atoms in the sun.
Gamow was Professor of Physics at the George Washington University in Washington, DC from 1934 to 1956, and Professor of Physics at the University of Colorado in Boulder, until his death in 1968.
Gamow published a paper on molecular biology in 1954 (shortly after the structure of DNA was discovered, but before the genetic code was cracked) that "presented the key idea that hereditary properties could be characterised by a long number in digital form" which is very close to the way the DNA code works.
www.infidels.org /library/modern/mark_vuletic/gamow.html   (501 words)

  
 Godless Americans March On Washington, Nov 2, 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
On the big video screen, GAMOW participants were treated to a slide show assembled by Bart Meltzer showing notable nonbelievers, from Robert Ingersoll and Ambrose Bierce to Paul Kurtz, Carl Sagan and the Murray O'Hair Family.
GAMOW will be held on the National Mall, with a march and rally at the west side of the US Capitol Building.
GAMOW Marshals will be available to direct the flow of the march, answer questions and deal with any special needs or other situations.
www.godlessamericans.org /gamow.shtml   (2368 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Gamow attended Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) University, where he studied briefly with A.A. Friedmann, a mathematician and cosmologist who suggested that the universe should be expanding.
Gamow and Teller were both proponents of the expanding-universe theory that had been advanced by Friedmann, Edwin Hubble, and Georges LeMaître.
Gamow held the position of professor of physics at the University of Colorado, Boulder, from 1956 until his death.
www.phy.bg.ac.yu /web_projects/giants/gamow.html   (636 words)

  
 Getting a Bang out of Gamow   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Gyorgy Antonovich Gamow was born in Odessa, Ukraine, in 1904.
Gamow disliked working in crowded fields of research, even if it was an area he himself had developed, or one in which he had acquired prestige and eminence.
Gamow, his former student at GW, Ralph Alpher, and their long-time colleague Robert Herman were the first to systematically develop the physical aspects of the cosmological theories of the Russian mathematician Alexander Friedmann and the Belgian cosmologist George Lemaitre.
www.gwu.edu /~physics/gwmageh.htm   (2462 words)

  
 A Man of Science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Gamow, born in Odessa, Russia, went to the University of Leningrad with the hopes of studying Physics.
Gamow saw this as his attempt to leave the Soviet Union, except he knew that he was only permitted a passport for himself, and he could not possibly go without Rho.
Gamow implies that he was merely offered a position as visiting professor for one year, with the assumption that it would become permanent if he so chose.
home.gwu.edu /~jmcdnld/Gamow_thesis.htm   (5024 words)

  
 American Scientist Online - The Invention of the Genetic Code   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
As Gamow saw it, the various combinations of bases along one of the grooves in the double helix could form distinctively shaped cavities into which the side chains of amino acids might fit.
Gamow noted that most amino acid side chains are symmetrical, and he therefore postulated that the diamonds could be flipped end-for-end or flopped side-to-side without changing their meaning.
Gamow thought the constraints might reveal the nature of the code; as it turned out, they were the downfall of his hypothesis.
www.americanscientist.org /template/AssetDetail/assetid/20831/page/3;   (687 words)

  
 Signal + Noise: A Respectable Scientist
Gamow's collaborators Ralph Alpher and Robert Herman calculated a present-day temperature of about 5 Kelvin, which is very close to the current best estimate of 2.726K.
Gamow passed away in 1968, ten years before the 1978 Nobel Prize was awarded to Penzias and Wilson for the discovery of the Cosmic Background Radiation.
Gamow, on the other hand, was someone whose non-fiction popular works I sucked up at the library and later at the used book store, as a child.
signalplusnoise.com /archives/000323.html   (877 words)

  
 Genetic ciphering
Gamow surmised that the goal for scientists was to learn how a long sequence of 4 nucleotides determines the assignment of long protein sequences composed of 20 amino acids.
Gamow published a short piece in the October 1953 issue of Nature that proposed a solution called the “diamond code”, an overlapping triplet code based on a combinatorial scheme in which 4 nucleotides arranged 3-at-a-time would specify 20 amino acids.
By mid-1954, Gamow had accepted that his diamond code was not accurate, yet he and others continued to deliberate over the various codes presented by disparate researchers.
pubs.acs.org /subscribe/journals/mdd/v04/i03/html/03timeline.html   (1686 words)

  
 RECENT HISTORY OF COSMOLOGICAL THEORIES - 2   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Gamow said a "big squeeze" contracted the ylem into an extremely small, tight ball.
According to Gamow's version, the ylem was said to already contain neutrons BEFORE the explosion.
Gamow eventually decided that "various differentiation processes" later produced stars, galaxies, and planets out of the superheated, outwardly expanding gas from that initial explosion.
www.pathlights.com /ce_encyclopedia/02-star9.htm   (2216 words)

  
 CERN Courier - Bookshelf - IOP Publishing - article
Working with his student, Ralph Alpher, in Washington in the 1940s, Gamow learned that the young Hans Bethe was visiting the US and invited him to add his name to the famous "Alpher, Bethe, Gamow" papers on the origin of the chemical elements.
After sending the piece to several large circulation magazines and receiving impersonal rejection slips, Gamow put it to one side until his physicist friend, Sir Charles Darwin (the grandson of the author of The Origin of Species), suggested sending it to C P Snow, then the editor of Discovery magazine, published by Cambridge University Press.
With Gamow no longer available (he died in 1968), UK physicist Russell Stannard, author of the well-known "Uncle Albert" trilogy (The Time and Space of Uncle Albert, Black Holes and Uncle Albert and Uncle Albert and the Quantum Quest), was invited to give Mr Tompkins a facelift.
www.cerncourier.com /main/article/39/9/24   (918 words)

  
 [No title]
George Gamow was one of the most prominent scientists of the 20th century.
Gamow was also the first to decipher a genetic code.
The legendary memory of Gamow lives on among the people who worked with him and every one who is imbued with the beauty and elegance of Gamow's findings.
www.com2com.ru /rgs/rconf5.htm   (537 words)

  
 NPR : Back to the Beginning with Singh's 'Big Bang'
In 1948, George Gamow and his student Ralph Alpher tried to show that the Big Bang model of creation could explain the abundances of the light elements in the universe, such as hydrogen and helium.
Gamow was a close friend of Hans Bethe, who was famous for his work on stellar nuclear reactions, and he wanted to add Bethe's name to the list of authors, even though he had contributed nothing to this particular research paper.
Essentially, he was going to defend the results of his collaboration with Gamow, but relying solely on his own wits, unable to turn to his mentor for advice.
www.npr.org /templates/story/story.php?storyId=4505414&sourceCode=RSS   (969 words)

  
 The Big Bang and the genetic code   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Nevertheless Alpher, Gamow and Herman's work was the first serious attempt to discuss the observable consequences of a big bang and the basic framework was correct.
Crick, Gamow and Watson became good friends and Gamow even founded an RNA Tie Club, limited to twenty members, each one of whom had a special tie, provided by Gamow, with a specific amino acid in its design.
Even without Mr Tompkins, Gamow was one of the wittiest, most interesting scientists of the twentieth century, a man with an extraordinarily quick and sure grasp of the great problems.
www.nature.com /cgi-taf/DynaPage.taf?file=nature/journal/v404/n6777/full/404437a0_r.html   (826 words)

  
 Amazon.co.uk: Books: Mr.Tompkins in Paperback: Comprising "Mr Tompkins in Wonderland'"and "Mr Tompkins ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
George Gamow's classic provides a delightful explanation of the central concepts in modern physics, from atomic structure to relativity, and quantum theory to fusion and fission.
Gamow was referred to by a journalist, some time during the Cold War, as "the only scientist in America with a real sense of humor".
The author Gamow started in nuclear physics, during the Golden Age of Physics, worked with Niels Bohr, then later in the US, on the Manhattan Project during WWII, and after the war, he was professor in Boulder Colorado.
www.amazon.co.uk /exec/obidos/ASIN/0521447712   (866 words)

  
 R. IGOR GAMOW: Publications   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Gamow, R. Igor, Geer, A. Drew, Kasic, James F., and Smith, Henrietta M., "Methods of Gas-Balance Control to be Used with a Portable Hyberbaric Chamber in the Treatment of High Altitude Illness," Journal of Wilderness Medicine, 1:165-180 (1990).
Gamow, R. Igor and Harris, John, "The Infrared Receptors of Snakes," Scientific American, Vol.
Gamow, R. Igor, Bottger, B., and Barnes, F. S., "Analysis of Chemotaxis in White Blood Cells," Biophysical Journal, 11:860-867 (Nov. 1971).
www.gamow.com /igor/pubs.html   (152 words)

  
 Gamow, George on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
A nuclear physicist, Gamow is better known to the public for his excellent books popularizing abstract physical theories.
He did his earlier research at the Univ. of Copenhagen, Cambridge Univ., and the Univ. of Leningrad, where he was professor (1931-33).
"Genes, Girls and Gamow" by James D. Watson
www.encyclopedia.com /html/G/Gamow-G1e.asp   (386 words)

  
 2096th Meeting, Friday, November 20, 1998 8:15 PM   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
George Gamow made fundamental contributions to the fields of nuclear physics, cosmology and biophysics.
Gamow arrived at GW in 1934 and, with Edward Teller and Merle Tuve (Carnegie Institution of Washington), immediately began an annual series of theoretical physics symposia held each April on the GW campus.
During the late 1940's Gamow, with Ralph Alpher and Robert Herman, proponents of the “big bang” theory, predicted the existence of a cosmic background radiation.
www.philsoc.org /1998Fall/2096abstract.html   (301 words)

  
 Regents fire UCB's Gamow, cite 'acts of moral turpitude'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In his letter, Gamow challenges an April 11 story in the Boulder Daily Camera, in which staff writer Clint Talbott chronicles the claims of one of Gamow's alleged victims, Gretchen Hume, who publicly alleged in 1996 that she had been sexually assaulted by Gamow as an undergraduate in 1982.
Gamow, who began teaching at UCB in 1968, said he believes that CU officials decided at the last minute to not use Ruehlman's allegations against him during his September 2003 Privilege and Tenure Committee hearing, and that Ruehlman did not testify as planned.
Indicating that using Ruehlman's charges against Gamow in the dismissal process would have hurt the University's chances in her lawsuit against CU, Ruehlman's attorney, George Johnson, states in a legal brief that CU withdrew her claims "because it put uppermost its interest in preserving the opportunity to discredit [Ruehlman] in later court proceedings."
newmedia.colorado.edu /silverandgold/messages/3529.html   (547 words)

  
 The Gamow Bag   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Gamow bag, as named after Dr. Igor Gamow, is often a feature of aid stations high in the mountains.
The bag was developed after the idea in the 1980's that athletes should 'train low, sleep high' in order to produce more red blood cells to transport more oxygen to the muscles, which in theory makes an athlete faster and stronger.
Gamow invented 'The Bubble,' a pressurised chamber where athletes living at high altitude could go to train at the oxygen-enriched sea level of their competitors.
www.climbing-high.com /the-gamow-bag.html   (318 words)

  
 Citebase - Relativistic Gamow Vectors   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Gamow vectors in non-relativistic quantum mechanics are generalized eigenvectors (kets) of self-adjoint Hamiltonians with complex eigenvalues.
Gamow kets are derived from the resonance poles of the S-matrix.
These Gamow kets are generalized to relativistic Gamow vectors by extrapolating from the Galilei group to the Poincare group.
citebase.eprints.org /cgi-bin/citations?archiveID=oai:arXiv.org:hep-th/9904072   (1245 words)

  
 Salon.com Books | "Genes, Girls and Gamow" by James D. Watson   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Dredged up from old letters, it is a diary-like recounting of the mundane details of his life from April 1953 to March 1968, including detailed descriptions of trinkets he buys his parents in airports and what kinds of houses his friends live in.
I'm still not sure why Gamow won a place in the title, but he does provide Watson with a convenient segue into his own little pranks.
Gamow, Watson tells us, was a big-time practical joker -- for instance, he once persuaded a handful of European physicists to write to the editor of Naturwissenshaften, a prestigious German scientific journal, to say that a paper they'd published had been a hoax.
www.salon.com /books/review/2002/03/12/watson/print.html   (1237 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Books: Thirty Years That Shook Physics: The Story of Quantum Theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Gamow named it after a famous casino at Rio de Janeiro, where money dissipated very efficiently too, at the green tables.Gamow is also the originator of the Big-Bang model of the universe, which is called by many "Gamow's cosmology".
Gamow concludes his history of quantum theory with a light-hearted play created by students of Niels Bohr and presented one evening during technical meetings in 1932 in Copenhagen.
Gamow has remained in print since the 1960's, due largely to his unique style and for his obvious enthusiasm for physics and for people that do physics.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/048624895X?v=glance   (2136 words)

  
 Hyperbaric Treatment
As in the Gamow® Bag, fresh air must be regularly pumped into the bag to prevent CO buildup.
The external, dangling pressure gauge on the Gamow Bag is vulnerable to wear/damage and subsequent leakage, something avoided in the Certec by having the pressure gauge set flush into the bag.
I should note that the presence or absence of a gauge does not affect treatment; the pressure gauge or altimeter is merely a reassurance that the equipment is functional, something that is easy to ascertain in straightforward ways, ie, the bag inflates and the pop-off pressure control valves hiss.
www.high-altitude-medicine.com /hyperbaric.html   (1476 words)

  
 Gamov Conference
One of the prominent scientists of the 20th century Gamow was born in Odessa on March 4, 1904 in the family of a secondary school teacher.
Gamow was the first to decipher a genetic code.
The memory of Gamow lives among the people who worked together with him and everybody who is imbued with beauty and elegance of Gamow's findings.
www.astro.spbu.ru /JSEC/gamow.html   (1013 words)

  
 Philosophical Society of Washington Minutes of Meeting 2096   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
One of Gamow’s very special characteristics was his wonderful capability to popularize science with his “Mr.
Nonetheless, time has tested Gamow and he is esteemed by generations of both scientists and lay-people for helping to make science “user-friendly.” This was aptly demonstrated when Gamow was awarded UNESCO’s Kalinga Prize in 1956 for his works.
During the late 1940’s, Gamow, with Ralph Alpher and Robert Herman, proposed that space initially expanded through extreme heat and pressure then cooled down which predicted the existence of a cosmic background radiation.
www.philsoc.org /1998Fall/2096minutes.html   (575 words)

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