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Topic: Gap junction

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In the News (Sat 15 Jun 19)

  gap junction   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Gap Junctions serve as a communication portholes to the rest of the body.
The gap junctions are not actually the physical proteins that serve as the "pipes".
The gap junction's channels only allow for the passage of molecules underneath 300 MW (a unit of measurement) to pass through.
sun.menloschool.org /~cweaver/cells/e/gap_junctions   (271 words)

  Gap junction - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In vertebrates, gap junction hemichannels are primarily homo- or hetero-hexamers of connexin proteins.
Gap junctions formed from two identical hemichannels are called homotypic, while those with differing hemichannels are heterotypic.
Gap junctions are particularly important in the cardiac muscle: the signal to contract is passed efficiently through the gap junctions, allowing the heart muscle cells to contract in tandem.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gap_junction   (576 words)

 Tufts Sackler School: Gap Junction
Gap Junction conducts hands-on science labs for middle school students during after-school and summer programs.
Gap Junction is an interactive science service learning program for middle school kids in Boston in which Tufts graduate students volunteer as instructors to bring in hands-on science into afterschool programs.
One of the organizations that Gap Junction participates in is The Paraclete Center in South Boston.
www.tufts.edu /sackler/currentStudents/gapJunction.html   (232 words)

 Webvision: Horizontal Cells
Gap junctions are formed only between neighboring horizontal cells of the same physiological type as shown in figure 13a, b.
The conductance of the gap junctions between horizontal cells and therefore, dye coupling, is influenced by the intracellular and extracellular milieu and by chemicals such as dopamine, retinoic acid, nitric oxide or hydrogen ions that are released by other retinal cells (see later section).
The gap junctions between horizontal cells are highly permeable to small ions and therefore, serve as low-resistance pathways for electrical signals to spread laterally within the horizontal cell layer.
webvision.med.utah.edu /HC.html   (17152 words)

 The Gap Junction Protein Connexin32 Is a Mouse Lung Tumor Suppressor -- King and Lampe 64 (20): 7191 -- Cancer Research
The Gap Junction Protein Connexin32 Is a Mouse Lung Tumor Suppressor
inducible expression of exogenous connexin43 in gap junction
Lo CW Genes, gene knockouts, and mutations in the analysis of gap junctions.
cancerres.aacrjournals.org /cgi/content/full/64/20/7191   (2414 words)

 Adult Human Stem Cells & Cell-to-Cell Communication in Human Cancer
The basic hypothesis of the Trosko/ Chang lab is that the reversible inhibition of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) by endogenous or exogenous tumor promoters is responsible for the tumor promotion phase of carcinogenesis and that stable down regulation of GJIC is responsible for the progression or malignant/metastasic phase of carcinogenesis.
Gap junctional intercellular communication is a biological process found only in multi-cellular organisms.
It is interesting to note that toti-potent stem cells do not have expressed gap junctions, nor do several human pluri-potent stem cells (kidney, breast).
www.msu.edu /~trosko/lectures/gapjunction/tumormodel.html   (996 words)

 Expression of Gap Junction Channels in Communication-Incompetent Cells After Stable Transfection with cDNA Encoding ...
The gene family encoding gap junction proteins (connexins) consists of several known members, and multiple connexins are frequently coexpressed by coupled cells.
Functional gap junction channels were still expressed after 19 passages of the cells, indicating stable transfection.
When junctional conductance was rendered reversibly low by exposing the cells to agents that uncouple other cell types, currents through single gap junction channels could be observed.
intl.pnas.org /cgi/content/abstract/87/4/1328   (581 words)

 Gap junction definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms easily defined on MedTerms
Gap junction: An organized collections of protein channels in cell membranes that allows ions and small molecules to pass between adjacent cells.
Gap junctions exist in almost all cell types., some exceptions being skeletal muscle, red blood cells and circulating blood lymphocytes.
The size and number of gap junctions per cell can change, depending on such factors as the point in the cell cycle and exposure of the cell to environmental stress.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=32536   (235 words)

 NMDA receptors regulate developmental gap junction uncoupling via CREB signaling - Nature Neuroscience
Signaling through gap junctions (electrical synapses) is important in the development of the mammalian central nervous system.
Both developmental gap junction uncoupling and Cx36 downregulation are prevented by the blockade of NMDA glutamate receptors, action potentials and the calcium–cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB), and are accelerated by CREB overexpression.
Developmental gap junction uncoupling and Cx36 downregulation are not affected by blockade of non-NMDA glutamate receptors, and do not occur in hypothalamic neurons from NMDA receptor subunit 1 (NMDAR1) knockout mice.
www.nature.com /neuro/journal/v8/n12/abs/nn1588.html   (307 words)

 Cloning and expression of a Xenopus embryonic gap junction protein -- Ebihara et al. 243 (4895): 1194 -- Science
Gap junctions in the early amphibian embryo may play a fundamental role in the regulation of differentiation by mediating the cell-to-cell transfer of chemical signals.
This protein sequence is homologous to the well-characterized gap junction structural proteins rat connexin32 and connexin43.
To confirm that the oocyte cDNA encodes a gap junction channel, the protein was over expressed in Xenopus oocytes by injection of RNA synthesized in vitro.
www.sciencemag.org /cgi/content/abstract/243/4895/1194   (592 words)

 Downregulation of Connexin 43 Expression by High Glucose Reduces Gap Junction Activity in Microvascular Endothelial ...
Johansson K, Bruun A, Ehinger B: Gap junction protein connexin43 is heterogeneously expressed among glial cells in the adult rabbit retina.
Hossain MZ, Ao P, Boynton AL: Platelet-derived growth factor-induced disruption of gap junctional communication and phosphorylation of connexin43 involves protein kinase C and mitogen-activated protein kinase.
Granot I, Dekel N: Phosphorylation and expression of connexin-43 ovarian gap junction protein are regulated by luteinizing hormone.
diabetes.diabetesjournals.org /cgi/content/full/51/5/1565   (4369 words)

 Differential regulation of the levels of three gap junction mRNAs in Xenopus embryos -- Gimlich et al. 110 (3): 597 -- ...
The alpha 2 gap junction mRNA is a maternal transcript
predominant gap junction subunit of the mammalian heart (connexin 43).
Gap junction-mediated transfer of left-right patterning signals in the early chick blastoderm is upstream of Shh asymmetry in the node.
www.jcb.org /cgi/content/abstract/110/3/597   (615 words)

 An Electron microscopic view of membranes
The sides have specialized junctions that keep the nutrients from entering the space between the cells.
This cartoon diagrams a view of a gap junction showing molecules that can freely pass.
This last compound enables the scientist to study transport throught the gap junction.
cellbio.utmb.edu /cellbio/membran3.htm   (898 words)

 Gap Junction Defects
It targets Keratitis-Ichthyosis-Deafness (KID) Syndrome and the role of gap junctions in cell signaling in the affected tissues, the epidermis, cornea and inner ear.
Their research revealed that KID is caused by autosomal dominant mutations in the gene encoding the gap junction protein connexin-26 (Cx26).
The results demonstrate that mutant Cx26 cannot form gap junction plaques at the cell membranes or impairs the function of gap junction channels.
www.nfed.org /Gap.htm   (676 words)

 Expression of functional cell-cell channels from cloned rat liver gap junction complementary DNA -- Dahl et al. 236 ...
This induction was blocked by simultaneous injection of antisense RNA transcribed from the gap junction cDNA.
A concentration-dependent induction of channels was observed in response to injection with in vitro transcribed gap junction messenger RNA.
Thus, the liver gap junction cDNA encodes a protein that is essential for the formation of functional cell-cell channels.
www.sciencemag.org /cgi/content/abstract/236/4806/1290   (590 words)

 Monovalent Ion Selectivity Sequences of the Rat Connexin43 Gap Junction Channel -- Wang and Veenstra 109 (4): 491 -- ...
The relative permeability sequences of the rat connexin 43 (rCx43) gap junction channel to seven cations and chloride were
Gap junction channel activity in short-term cultured human detrusor myocyte cell pairs: gating and unitary conductances
Gap junction proteins are not interchangeable in development of neural function in the Drosophila visual system
www.jgp.org /cgi/content/abstract/109/4/491   (1338 words)

 The origin of annular junctions: a mechanism of gap junction internalization -- Jordan et al. 114 (4): 763 -- Journal ...
The origin of annular junctions: a mechanism of gap junction internalization -- Jordan et al.
The origin of annular junctions: a mechanism of gap junction internalization
antibody-tagged gap junctions were visualized in cells that contacted the
jcs.biologists.org /cgi/content/abstract/114/4/763   (859 words)

 Topological analysis of the major protein in isolated intact rat liver gap junctions and gap junction-derived single ...
Topological analysis of the major protein in isolated intact rat liver gap junctions and gap junction-derived single membrane structures -- Zimmer et al.
Topological analysis of the major protein in isolated intact rat liver gap junctions and gap junction-derived single membrane structures
Gap junctions and cell polarity: connexin32 and connexin43 expressed in polarized thyroid epithelial cells assemble into separate gap junctions, which are located in distinct regions of the lateral plasma membrane domain
www.jbc.org /cgi/content/abstract/262/16/7751   (916 words)

 Rectifying Gap Junction
This membrane mechanism must somehow be wrenched out of its normal context of a channel between the inside and outside of a point on a section so that it can represent a channel between the insides of two sections.
The extracellular mechanism for the gap section is a key idea in this exercise since it gives us a non-trivial extracellular node (without an extracellular mechanism, the outside voltage next to the membrane is defined to be 0).
In hoc one would manage such simulations by writing a "GapJunction" template that manages a gap section with an rgap and extracellular mechanism along with a LinearMechanism instance to connect the gap junction to the desired locations.
www.neuron.yale.edu /course/lincir2/lincir2.html   (770 words)

 Department Of Neuroscience Faculty
Thaddeus A. Bargiello, Professor: Molecular genetics and biophysics of gap junction channels; structure-function relationships and biological roles.
Elliot L. Hertzberg, Professor: Biochemical and immunological studies of gap junction proteins.
Vytautas K. Verselis, Professor: Structure-function studies of gap junction channels; voltage gating, and permeation.
neuroscience.aecom.yu.edu /faculty.html   (836 words)

 Gap junction structures. I. Correlated electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction -- Caspar et al. 74 (2): 605 -- The ...
Foote, C. I., Zhou, L., Zhu, X., Nicholson, B. The Pattern of Disulfide Linkages in the Extracellular Loop Regions of Connexin 32 Suggests a Model for the Docking Interface of Gap Junctions.
Clustering of Cx43 cell-to-cell channels into gap junction plaques: regulation by cAMP and microfilaments.
Finbow, M., Pitts, J. Is the gap junction channel--the connexon--made of connexin or ductin?.
www.jcb.org /cgi/content/abstract/74/2/605   (533 words)

 Commission Junction - Management
Tom Vadnais is CEO of ValueClick Inc., and general manager of its Commission Junction and Mediaplex divisions, as well as serving on the board of directors.
As Commission Junction's vice president of client development – west, Dave Osman is responsible for developing the company's west coast advertiser and publisher accounts, including leading Commission Junction's eBay account management team and managing our west coast agency relationships.
As Commission Junction's vice president of client development - east, Kerri Pollard directly manages the east coast teams responsible for supporting the company's advertiser and publisher clients as they create new partnerships with clients, maximize existing relationships, and drive results to the bottom line.
www.cj.com /about/management.html   (611 words)

 NEJM -- Mutations of the Connexin43 Gap-Junction Gene in Patients with Heart Malformations and Defects of Laterality
Doble, B. W., Dang, X., Ping, P., Fandrich, R. R., Nickel, B. E., Jin, Y., Cattini, P. A., Kardami, E. Phosphorylation of serine 262 in the gap junction protein connexin-43 regulates DNA synthesis in cell-cell contact forming cardiomyocytes.
Stains, J. P., Lecanda, F., Screen, J., Towler, D. A., Civitelli, R. Gap Junctional Communication Modulates Gene Transcription by Altering the Recruitment of Sp1 and Sp3 to Connexin-response Elements in Osteoblast Promoters.
Rivedal, E., Opsahl, H. Role of PKC and MAP kinase in EGF- and TPA-induced connexin43 phosphorylation and inhibition of gap junction intercellular communication in rat liver epithelial cells.
content.nejm.org /cgi/content/abstract/332/20/1323   (1267 words)

 Topology of the Mr 27,000 liver gap junction protein. Cytoplasmic localization of amino- and carboxyl termini and a ...
Topology of the Mr 27,000 liver gap junction protein.
by treatment of isolated gap junctions with a variety of proteases.
protein is also localized to the cytoplasmic surface of the gap junction.
www.jbc.org /cgi/content/abstract/263/35/19105   (756 words)

 Junction Networks - VoIP for Business: Hosted SIP, Hosted PBX, PSTN Gateway
Junction’s SIP Service Suite rejects per seat pricing model and bridges the gap between Free SIP Calling and Open Source PBX.
Junction Networks, the Business VOIP provider, announces the addition of enhanced hosted PBX services
Junction Networks and FORTRESS ITX launch Enterprise VoIP Peering Point in Northern New Jersey.
www.junctionnetworks.com /news.php   (230 words)

 Augmentation of differentiation and gap junction function by kaempferol in partially differentiated colon cancer cells.
Augmentation of differentiation and gap junction function by kaempferol in partially differentiated colon cancer cells.
Differentiation was observed as changes in cell morphology and the activity of alkaline phosphatase.
Increased differentiation in kaempferol-treated KNC cells correlated with restoration of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC), increased levels of connexin43 protein and its phosphorylation status.
coloncancer.researchtoday.net /archive/2/2/766.htm   (289 words)

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