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Topic: Gastrointestinal

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In the News (Fri 19 Jul 19)

Amebiasis: See full discussion (Worldwide): Amebiasis is an amebic gastrointestinal infection (sometimes affecting other systems) that may be asymptomatic, chronic, or acute.
Gastrointestinal symptoms are followed in 1-6 weeks by fever, eosinophilia, periorbital and facial edema, conjunctivitis, dysphagia, dyspnea, cough, myalgia, and muscle spasms.
Vibrio parahaemolyticus and other vibrio species (worldwide): Vibrio are motile, anaerobic, curved, gram-negative rods that cause (according to species) gastrointestinal (notably cholera) and septic illnesses; and wound, skin, and opthalmic infections.
www3.baylor.edu /~Charles_Kemp/gastrointestinal.htm   (8001 words)

  eMedicine - Gastrointestinal Duplications : Article by Amulya K Saxena, MD   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Gastrointestinal duplications are most frequently single, tubular, or cystic and located on the mesenteric side of the native alimentary tract structure.
Gastrointestinal duplications can be found along the entire length of the gastrointestinal tract; therefore, the complications that may occur after surgical excision of gastrointestinal duplications depend on the location of the lesions.
Gastrointestinal duplications have an extremely variable presentation, and the surgical management depends on the location, size, and shape of the duplication.
www.emedicine.com /ped/topic2959.htm   (2962 words)

 Fluoride & the Gastrointestinal Tract
Fluoride ingestion and its correlation with gastrointestinal discomfort.
Gastrointestinal symptoms consist of epigastric pain, nausea, vomiting, and occasionally, blood-loss anemia; these presumably result from the irritant effect of fluoride ion on gastric mucosa.
It is concluded that in an endemic (fluorosis) zone, where the inhabitants are consuming water of high fluoride content, the occurrence of gastrointestinal complaints - viz., loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal pain, flatulence, constipation and intermittent diarrhoea - is one of the early warning signs of fluoride toxicity and fluorosis.
www.fluoridealert.org /health/gi   (3898 words)

 ACVC 2001 - Ferret Gastrointestinal Disease
Gastrointestinal obstruction is more common in ferrets that are allowed out of their cages unsupervised.
Discomfort on abdominal palpation and palpation of the foreign object in the gastrointestinal tract is common.
Gastrointestinal ulcers in pet ferrets are more likely to be secondary to another disease and infrequently appear to be a primary problem.
www.vin.com /VINDBPub/SearchPB/Proceedings/PR05000/PR00407.htm   (1101 words)

 Gastrointestinal stromal tumors
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors are uncommon mesenchimal tumors that arise in the wall of the gastrointestinal tract.
The follow up of patients with curatively resected primary gastrointestinal sarcoma is a combination of clinical and appropriate imaging directed to the early identification of a small group of patients in whom failure is confined to the liver and in whom the potential for liver resection exists.
Gastrointestinal pacemaker cell tumor: gastrointestinal stromal tumors show phenotypic characteristics of the interstitial cells of Cajal.
www.geocities.com /surgoncnet/GIST.htm   (2077 words)

 Gastrointestinal Tract
Carcinoid and Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Gastrointestinal Tract
Upper gastrointestinal damage associated with Kayexalate in sorbitol is reported far less frequently, and the clinicopathologic spectrum of disease in cases with upper gastrointestinal damage has not been investigated previously.
Although the overall sensitivity of symptoms for the detection of gastrointestinal lesions was low, logistic-regression analysis demonstrated that the presence of symptoms in the upper gastrointestinal tract was associated with the detection of lesions in the upper gastrointestinal tract (odds ratio, 2.6; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.4 to 4.7).
www.thedoctorsdoctor.com /bodysites/gastrointestinal.htm   (2651 words)

 Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor Treatment - National Cancer Institute
A gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor is cancer that forms in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract.
Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors develop from a certain type of hormone-making cell in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract.
The hormones produced by gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors are usually destroyed by blood and liver enzymes.
cancer.gov /cancerinfo/pdq/treatment/gastrointestinalcarcinoid/patient   (865 words)

 Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
After a gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the stomach and intestines or to other parts of the body.
Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors are grouped for treatment based on where they are in the body.
Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors develop from a certain type of hormone -making cell in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract.
www.acor.org /cnet/258021.html   (3430 words)

 Scleroderma Gastrointestinal Involvement
Gastrointestinal involvement in patients with systemic sclerosis is quite frequent and implies sustained monitoring and periodic evaluation in order to prevent complications.
Although the manifestations of involvements in the different gastrointestinal organ systems may vary considerably, the underlying pathophysiology for involvement of the gastrointestinal tract is the same: The primary abnormality involves dysmotility of the smooth muscle of the entire gastrointestinal tract.
Gastrointestinal symptoms occur in a variety of neuromuscular diseases that may affect the neural access from the brain down to the peripheral nerve.
www.sclero.org /medical/symptoms/gi/a-to-z.html   (2270 words)

It is necessary to evaluate the role of the gastrointestinal tract and the development of late-onset autism, as Dr. Baker, Dr.
The gastrointestinal tract is the principal interface between humans and the environment and is the home to 70% of the immune system.
Microbial colonization of the gastrointestinal tract affects the composition of gut-associated lymphoid tissue.
www.littlecanaries.org /gastro.htm   (1430 words)

 Gastrointestinal bleeding - WrongDiagnosis.com
Gastrointestinal bleeding or gastrointestinal hemorrhage describes every form of hemorrhage (loss of blood) in the gastrointestinal tract, from the pharynx to the rectum.
Detailed information about the causes of Gastrointestinal bleeding including medication causes and drug interaction causes can be found in our causes pages.
With a diagnosis of Gastrointestinal bleeding, it is also important to consider whether there is an underlying condition causing Gastrointestinal bleeding.
www.wrongdiagnosis.com /g/gastrointestinal_bleeding/intro.htm   (634 words)

 CDC - Anthrax of the Gastrointestinal Tract
Gastrointestinal anthrax is greatly underreported in rural disease-endemic areas of the world.
The clinical features of oropharyngeal anthrax include fever and toxemia, inflammatory lesion(s) in the oral cavity or oropharynx, enlargement of cervical lymph nodes associated with edema of the soft tissue of the cervical area, and a high case-fatality rate.
Awareness of gastrointestinal anthrax in a differential diagnosis remains important in anthrax-endemic areas but now also in settings of possible bioterrorism.
www.cdc.gov /ncidod/eid/vol8no7/02-0062.htm   (2136 words)

 Gastrointestinal Cancer Program
Surgeons in the Gastrointestinal Cancer Program are recognized for their special expertise in performing sphincter saving operations as an alternative to a colostomy in patients with rectal tumors.
Surgeons here are known for their pioneering efforts and expertise in treating gastrinomas and other rare tumors of the gastrointestinal tract.
A multidisciplinary Gastrointestinal Cancer Conference is held on a regular basis to discuss cases and develop comprehensive treatment plans.
healthlink.mcw.edu /article/914049177.html   (451 words)

 Gastrointestinal Illness - Gastrointestinal Illness Information
Gastrointestinal Illness is your online source for GERD or heartburn medication and Gastrointestinal Illness Information.
Gastrointestinal reflux disorder and heartburn are caused by excess stomach acid.
Gastrointestinal Illness carries a wide variety of heartburn medications.
www.gastrointestinal-illness.com   (74 words)

 Postgraduate Medicine: Preventing gastrointestinal complications of NSAIDs
Risk of gastrointestinal complications secondary to NSAIDs is not uniformly distributed in the population.
The results (table 2) show a small reduction in gastrointestinal complications and a large rate of adverse events attributable to misoprostol, the most common of which was diarrhea.
Gastrointestinal toxicity from NSAIDs is an important cause of morbidity and mortality.
www.postgradmed.com /issues/2001/05_01/graumlich.htm   (3408 words)

 Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors are cancers in which cancer (malignant) cells are found in certain hormone-making cells of the digestive, or gastrointestinal, system.
The chance of recovery (prognosis) and choice of treatment depend on whether the cancer is just in the gastrointestinal system or has spread to other places, and on the patient's general state of health.
Treatment of gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor depends on the type of tumor, the stage, and the patient's overall health.
www.acor.org /cnet/62691.html   (1873 words)

 Gastrointestinal - Novartis.com
The goal of the GI DA is to carry out innovative research into the pathology of gastrointestinal and other visceral disorders and to identify novel targets for their treatment, as well as providing research support for existing development projects.
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are chronic or recurrent in nature and classified by symptoms such as visceral pain or discomfort and / or altered bowel habits.
Whilst there is no obvious link between an identifiable pathology and the clinical manifestations of FGIDs, disturbances of gastrointestinal motor and sensory function, alterations in the bidirectional communication between the enteric nervous system and the central nervous system as well as psychosocial factors are all implicated in the development of FGIDs.
www.nibr.novartis.com /DiseaseAreas/Gastrointestinal   (554 words)

 Gastrointestinal tract - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The gastrointestinal tract or digestive tract, also referred to as the GI tract or the alimentary canal, (nourishment canal) or the gut, is the system of organs within multicellular animals which takes in food, digests it to extract energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste.
The gastrointestinal tract is also a prominent part of the immune system (Coico et al 2003).
The low pH (ranging from 1 to 4) of the stomach is fatal for many microorganisms that enter it.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gastrointestinal   (920 words)

 Dr. Koop - Gastrointestinal bleeding
Gastrointestinal bleeding refers to any bleeding that starts in the gastrointestinal tract, which extends from the mouth to the large bowel.
Gastrointestinal bleeding can range from microscopic bleeding (the amount of blood is so small that it can only be detected by laboratory testing) to massive bleeding (pure blood is passed).
It is important to be aware of gastrointestinal bleeding, because it may point to many significant diseases and conditions.
www.drkoop.com /ency/93/003133.html   (411 words)

 Gastrointestinal bleeding - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gastrointestinal bleeding can be roughly divided into two clinical syndromes: upper gastrointestinal bleeding (from a source between the pharynx and the ligament of Treitz) and lower gastrointestinal bleeding.
Gastrointestinal bleeding can range from microscopic bleeding, where the amount of blood is so small that it can only be detected by laboratory testing (in the form of iron deficiency anemia), to massive bleeding where pure blood is passed and hypovolemia and shock may develop, risking death.
Initial focus in any patient with a form of gastrointestinal hemorrhage is on resuscitation, as any further intervention is precluded by the presence of intravascular depletion or shock.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gastrointestinal_bleeding   (502 words)

 Gastrointestinal Disorders   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Gastrointestinal motility is defined by the movements of the digestive system, and the transit of the contents within it.
They are the most commonly presented gastrointestinal illnesses seen by physicians in primary care or gastroenterology.
The social and economic costs of gastrointestinal disorders are enormous.
www.iffgd.org /GIDisorders/GImain.html   (529 words)

 Postgraduate Medicine: NSAID-related gastrointestinal injury
For instance, if the incidence of serious gastrointestinal complications with NSAID use is only 1% to 3% per year, an exposure of 10 million patients will result in 100,000 to 300,000 potentially fatal gastrointestinal complications annually.
As a result, neither the patient nor his or her physician may be aware that the patient harbors an ulcer and is at risk for serious gastrointestinal complications.
This injury is potentiated by diminished ability of the mucosa to repair itself and by a decrease in clearance of hydrogen ions related to a decline in mucosal blood flow.
www.postgradmed.com /issues/2001/09_01/fennerty.htm   (2575 words)

 About Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors
There are often no signs of a gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor in its early stages.
Once gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor is found, more tests will be done to find out if cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body.
Clinical trials are ongoing in most parts of the country for most stages of gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor.
www.jamesline.com /cancertypes/gi/about/tumor   (1264 words)

 Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
An upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to look at the interior lining of your esophagus, your stomach, and the first part of your small intestine (duodenum) through a thin, flexible viewing instrument called an endoscope.
Investigate a decrease in the amount of oxygen-carrying substance (hemoglobin) found in red blood cells (anemia), which may be caused by bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract.
A gastrointestinal endoscopy is usually done in a special testing room or operating room in a hospital or clinic.
www.webmd.com /hw/digestive_problems/hw267678.asp   (2140 words)

 Gastrointestinal Bleeding
The many causes of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding are classified into upper or lower, depending on their location in the GI tract.
Upper gastrointestinal bleeding: Upper GI bleeding originates in the first part of the GI tract—the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum (first part of the intestine).
Lower gastrointestinal bleeding: Lower GI bleeding originates in the portions of the GI tract farther down the digestive system—the segment of the small intestine farther from the stomach, large intestine, rectum, and anus.
www.emedicinehealth.com /gastrointestinal_bleeding/article_em.htm   (237 words)

 Gastrointestinal bleeding - WrongDiagnosis.com
Causes of Gastrointestinal bleeding (Disease Database) Gastrointestinal bleeding (75 conditions)
The cause of Gastrointestinal bleeding may be more easily identified if other symptoms exist.
The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant.
www.wrongdiagnosis.com /sym/gastrointestinal_bleeding.htm   (919 words)

 Dyspepsia — Complete medical information on this disease of the gastrointestinal track on MedicineNet.com
(The gastrointestinal tract is exceeded in the numbers of nerves it contains only by the spinal cord and brain.) Thus, abnormal function of the nervous system in dyspepsia might occur in a gastrointestinal muscular organ, the spinal cord, or the brain.
As already mentioned, abnormal function of the nerves of the gastrointestinal organs, at least theoretically, might occur in the organ, spinal cord, or brain.
This concept states that diseases affecting the gastrointestinal organs (viscera) "sensitize" (alter the responsiveness of) the sensory nerves or the processing centers to sensations coming from the organ.
www.medicinenet.com /dyspepsia/page3.htm   (886 words)

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