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Topic: General of the Armies of the United States


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In the News (Fri 14 Jun 19)

  
  General of the Army (United States) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In an Act of the United States Congress on March 3, 1799, Congress provided "that a Commander of the United States shall be appointed and commissioned by the style of General of the Armies of the United States and the present office and title of Lieutenant General shall thereafter be abolished."
The rank of General of the Army ceased to exist upon the death of Sheridan on 5 August 1888 and the highest rank of the United States Army was again the two star Major General rank.
The second version of General of the Army, also known as a "Five Star General" was created by Public Law 482 of the 78th Congress, passed on 14 December 1944, first as a temporary rank, then made permanent 23 March 1946 by an act of the 79th Congress.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/General_of_the_Army_(United_States)   (1169 words)

  
 General of the Armies - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the United States Army military hierarchy, General of the Armies is traditionally considered a rank superior to a five-star general, also known as "General of the Army" (note the difference between the names of the two ranks).
On 11 October 1976, by Act of Congress, Washington was posthumously appointed to the rank of General of the Armies.
In the United States Navy the equivalent of General of the Armies was the rank Admiral of the Navy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/General_of_the_Armies   (1010 words)

  
 Chapter XLVI. Grant, Ulysses S. 1885–86. Personal Memoirs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
“General Grant, the nation’s appreciation of what you have done, and its reliance upon you for what remains to be done in the existing great struggle, are now presented, with this commission constituting you lieutenant-general in the Army of the United States.
He was commanding an army and, for nearly a year previous to my taking command of all the armies, was in supreme command of the Army of the Potomac—except from the authorities at Washington.
General J. Johnston was defending Atlanta and the interior of Georgia with an army, the largest part of which was stationed at Dalton, about 38 miles south of Chattanooga.
www.bonus.com /contour/bartlettqu/http@@/www.bartleby.com/1011/46.html   (3186 words)

  
 UMC Pershing Rifle Company/General Pershing
General Pershing was also the Professor of Military Science at the University of Nebraska and taught tactics at The United States Military Academy at West Point.
General Pershing was a strict disciplinarian, cold, distant, and demanding, but known well for being fair and just, as well as, being a tireless organizer, and a courageous leader of men.
Following the establishment of the General of the Army grade, Army regulations were changed to prescribe that Generals of the Army would wear five stars.
www.geocities.com /mupershingrifles/blackjack.html   (1479 words)

  
 AMVETS Department of New York - US Army Insignia of Rank   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
The grade of General of the Army was conferred on Sheridan and was discontinued when he died, while still on active duty on August 5, 1888.
When General Pershing was appointed General of the Armies, he continued to wear the four stars that he, as well as Generals Tasker H. Bliss and Peyton C. March, had adopted under the provisions of then current uniform regulations, which permitted them to prescribe the insignia denoting their grade.
Following the establishment of the General of the Army grade on December 14, 1944, Army Regulations 600-35 were changed to prescribe that Generals of the Army would wear five stars.
www.amvets-ny.us /refmil_ior_USA.html   (754 words)

  
 John Joseph Pershing, General of the Armies
General of the Armies John J. Pershing, then the nation's highest ranking military official, died on 15 July 1948, at the age of eighty-seven, at the Army's Walter Reed General Hospital, Washington, D.C. He had been a patient there since 6 May 1941, residing in a small wing set aside for him.
All military units that were to participate in the funeral were alerted by noon on 15 July; through the afternoon, officers representing units that were to act as escort in the funeral procession joined Military District of Washington officials in conference on details and procedures.
The Army Band rendered honors as General Pershing's casket was borne from the rotunda at 1300 through a cordon of honorary pallbearers and honorary body bearers to a caisson at the foot of the east steps.
www.arlingtoncemetery.net /johnjose.htm   (7467 words)

  
 atlanta-sherman
General Hooker attacked well and drove the enemy back to the very road, but a pitchy dark night set in and by the next day the enemy had strengthened his position by strong breast-works that were too serious to attempt.
General Garrard was then ordered to secure the shallow ford at Roswell and hold it until he could be relieved by infantry, and as I contemplated transferring the Army of the Tennessee from the extreme right to the left.
General Hooker, offended that General Howard was preferred to him as the successor of General McPherson, resigned his command of the Twentieth Corps, to which General Slocum was appointed; but he was at Vicksburg, and until he joined the command of the corps devolved upon General A. Williams, who handled it admirably.
www.aotc.net /atlanta-sherman.htm   (11776 words)

  
 PERSONAL MEMOIRS U. S. GRANT, Part 4
General Rosecrans had been at Murfreesboro', Tennessee, with a large and well-equipped army from early in the year 1863, with Bragg confronting him with a force quite equal to his own at first, considering it was on the defensive.
General Palmer, with a division of the 14th corps, Army of the Cumberland, was ordered to move down the river on the north side, by a back road, until opposite Whitesides, then cross and hold the road in Hooker's rear after he had passed.
General Thomas was directed to have one of these boats loaded with rations and ammunition and move up the Tennessee River to the mouth of the Holston, keeping the boat all the time abreast of the troops.
www.ibiblio.org /pub/docs/books/gutenberg/4/3/6/4367/4367-h/p4.htm   (21464 words)

  
 USMA Bicentennial   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
The United States Military Academy ranks fourth among the nation's colleges and universities in number of Rhodes Scholars with 70.
Episcopal bishop of Louisana; served as lieutenant general of the Confederate States of America; honorary degree of Sacred Theology from Columbia University; founded the University of the South at Sewanee in 1857.
General in Chief, Armies of the United States; President of the United States, 1869-77.
www.usma.edu /bicentennial/history/NotableGrads.asp   (735 words)

  
 Today in History: July 15
The first general awarded the title since George Washington, Pershing was given a hero's burial at Arlington National Cemetery.
After the United States entered the First World War on April 6, 1917, Wilson appointed Pershing commander of the American Expeditionary Forces to Europe.
General Pershing's patriotic message was recorded at American field headquarters during the battle of Picardy and Flanders on April 4, 1918.
memory.loc.gov /ammem/today/jul15.html   (824 words)

  
 The History Guy: Five-Star Generals and Admirals of the United States
George Washington holds the highest rank in U.S. military history, "General of the Armies of the United States," (note the plural use of "armies") which was awarded posthumously.
General John "Black Jack" Pershing was awarded the title "General of the Armies of the United States," but wore only four stars.
In 1888, General Philip H. Sheridan was promoted from Lieutenant General to General of the Army, and held that office until his death.
www.historyguy.com /5-star-military.htm   (322 words)

  
 My Home Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
The five star general rank was created in the midst of World War II to address the fact that several American commanders found themselves in the delicate position of supervising Allied officers of higher rank.
When General of the Army Omar N. Bradley died in April of 1981, the five star ranking was consigned to history.
The Army's five star generals were General George C. Marshall, General Douglas MacArthur, General Dwight D. Eisenhower, and General Omar N. Bradley.
home.att.net /~steven.newton5/generals.html   (191 words)

  
 Truman Library - Public Papers of the Presidents: Harry S. Truman
Embodied in General Pershing's character were all those soldierly qualities that are essential to a great captain: brilliant leadership, steadfast courage, tireless energy, unswerving loyalty, and constant devotion to duty.
General Pershing's service in France called not only for the highest quality of military talent but also for the exercise of statesmanship of the highest order.
213), which provided that as a mark of respect to the memory of General Pershing the flag of the United States should be flown at half-mast on all public buildings, forts, military posts, and naval stations and vessels until after the funeral had taken place.
www.trumanlibrary.org /publicpapers/viewpapers.php?pid=1706   (367 words)

  
 Army - General of the Army (U.S.)
"General of the Armies" was not a title limited to Washington and Pershing.
A late 19th century law on the organization of the Army authorized one general and specified that he would have the title "General of the Armies of the United States."
In 1776 Congress conferred upon General George Washington the title "Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the United States" so as to uniquely identify him.
www.allstates-flag.com /fotw/flags/us^ar5s.html   (187 words)

  
 Indiana Historical Resources - Greenville Treaty Flag   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
The Historical Bureau has placed on display on the first floor of the State Library and Historical Building the oldest United States flag in the state, a short notice of which was printed in the January Bulletin.
General Wayne, after the disastrous defeat of Governor Arthur St. Clair, had been appointed commanding general of the armies of the United States and had decisively defeated the Indians under Little Turtle at Fallen Timbers, southwest of Toledo.
They gave the United States title to land along the Ohio River down to the mouth of the Kentucky, and security to the settlers of Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, and Illinois for fifteen years.
www.statelib.lib.in.us /www/ihb/resources/gflagart.html   (526 words)

  
 MoDNR Missouri Resources-Resources to Explore Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
It stated that a competitive examination for the appointment of a cadet to the U. Military Academy at West Point would be held at the Trenton courthouse.
Later that year, Pershing left his military unit to become a professor of military science and tactic at the University of Nebraska, where the Pershing Rifles were formed and became a national organization.
It was dedicated to the memory of the general and to the soldiers who fought under him in World War I. The dedication took place on Sept. 13, 1960, as part of a national centennial celebration to honor Gen. Pershing.
www.dnr.mo.gov /magazine/2000-01_winter/Resources_to_Explore.htm   (1548 words)

  
 World War One Main Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
In 1914 he was recalled to the United States, and in 1916 he was sent to pursue the Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa.
He was determined to maintain his forces as an independent army despite pressure from the Allies to use his troops as replacement units in European divisions.
In 1919 he was appointed general of the armies of the United States, a title no other officer had held.
history-world.org /pershing.htm   (520 words)

  
 American Generals   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Sherman, Grant's successor as Commanding General of the Army, was appointed as 'General of the Army' on March 4, 1869.
Sheridan the grade of 'General of the Army'.
U.S. Army generals, thus becoming a de facto "six-star" general in 1944.
www2.powercom.net /~rokats/generals.html   (309 words)

  
 American Leaders Speak: From War to Normalcy, p.2
A graduate of the United States Military Academy (1886), John "Black Jack" Pershing fought in the Spanish-American War (1898), and earned national recognition leading a punitive mission into Mexico in search of Pancho Villa (1916).
General Pershing's brief statement for the Nation's Forum was recorded at American field headquarters in France on April 4, 1918, during the battle of Picardy and Flanders.
His generous financial support of the Democratic party during the presidential campaign of 1912 led President Woodrow Wilson to reward him with an ambassadorship.
memory.loc.gov /ammem/nfhtml/nfexww1.html   (503 words)

  
 Military
General of the Armies of the United States as of 1976, when posthumously appointed pursuant to an Act of Congress, and General Washington to rank 1st among all officers of the Army, past and present
General of the Armies of the United States as of Sept. 3, 1919 (but wore only 4 stars even though he remained preeminent among all Army Generals until his death in 1948)
There have been 7 Army (or Air Force) Generals who held the rank of General of the Army (5 Stars) or higher (Pershing or Washington might be considered higher).
www.bessel.org /fivemas.htm   (575 words)

  
 U.S. Army Five-Star Generals
The temporary grade of "General of the Army" (five-star) was provided for by Public Law 482, 78th Congress, approved December 14, 1944, and became permanent on March 23, 1946, under provisions of Public Law 333, 79th Congress.
General of the Army Douglas MacArthur: December 18, 1944
General of the Army Omar N. Bradley: September 20, 1950
www.army.mil /cmh/faq/FAQ-5star.htm   (675 words)

  
 Trenches on the Web - Bio: General John J. Pershing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Pershing had to form and train an army that grew in a year and a half to nearly 3,000,000 men.
Congress created a new rank for him -- General of the Armies of the United States.
They are being told that their army was stabbed in the back, betrayed, that their army had not been defeated.
www.worldwar1.com /biocbjp.htm   (177 words)

  
 NHQ.PershingRifles.com - General Pershing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
General of the Armies Pershing, founder and patron of the National Society of Pershing Rifles, will forever be remembered for his contributions to the United States Army.
The first and only officer to hold the rank of General of the Armies while living, his life is an example for all who pursue careers in the service of our nation.
Description of Grade 'General of the Armies of the United States'
nhq.pershingrifles.com /gjjp.php   (87 words)

  
 John J. Pershing Died
General Pershing with Pancho Villa before Villa became an enemy of the United States
Although Pershing never caught Villa, Wilson was impressed with the way the general handled his command in a foreign country.
Before his death in 1948, Pershing's brilliant military career earned him the title of General of the Armies of the United States.
www.americaslibrary.gov /cgi-bin/page.cgi/jb/modern/pershing_3   (121 words)

  
 El Paso County, TX - Mural   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Later that year Pershing was sent to France, where he served with distinction as Commander-in-Chief of the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. He was named General of the Armies of the United States by a special act of Congress in 1919.
General Pershing won the Pulitzer Prize for history in 1932 for his memoirs, “My Experiences in World War.” He died on July 15, 1948 and was buried with highest military honors in Arlington National Cemetery.
Clendenen, Clarence C. Blood on the Border: The United States Army and the Mexican Irregulars.
www.co.el-paso.tx.us /mural/ipix/detail50_general.html   (296 words)

  
 Huachuca Illustrated, vol 1, 1993: Black Jack Pershing
General of the Armies John J. Pershing began his service as a Second Lieutenant of Cavalry, serving in the Southwest and taking part in campaigns against hostile Apaches.
Retiring as Army Chief of Staff, Pershing paid a visit to Fort Huachuca in 1924, and returned in 1935 to review the troops of the 25th Infantry.
He was promoted to brigadier general in 1906 while serving as an observer with the Japanese Army during the Russian-Japanese war.
www.lib.byu.edu /~rdh/wwi/comment/huachuca/HI1-14.htm   (202 words)

  
 United States Military Academy at West Point
In the remaining battles, a West Point graduate commanded on one of the two sides.
Chief of Staff to the president 1973-74; Supreme Allied Commander in Europe 1974-79; president, United Technologies Corporation 1980-81; Secretary of State 1981-82.
Commanding general, 82nd Airborne Division 1976-78; commanding general, U.S. Army Japan 1980-82; U.S. Representative to NATO Military Committee, 1982-85; first African American four-star general in the Army, 1982.
www.usma.edu /NotableGrads.asp   (697 words)

  
 Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant
He expected also to have the co -operation of Banks to do the same thing on the west shore.
Hurlbut had 7,ooo cavalry, and Sherman ordered him to reinforce Smith so as to give the latter a force of about 7,ooo with which to go against Forrest, who was then known to be south-east from Memphis.
When these scouts returned it was through them that he got the information of General Polkas being at Meridian, and of the strength and disposition of his command.
www.wtj.com /archives/grant/grant46a.htm   (1463 words)

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