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Topic: General Strike

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  General strike - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A general strike is a strike action by an entire labour force in a city, region or country.
General strikes were frequent in Spain during the early twentieth century, where revolutionary anarcho-syndicalism was most popular.
The term "general strike" is sometimes also applied to large-scale strikes of all of the workers in a particular industry, such as the Textile workers strike (1934).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/General_strike   (324 words)

 UK General Strike of 1926 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The UK General Strike of 1926 lasted nine days, from 3 May 1926 to 12 May 1926, and was called by the General Council of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) in an unsuccessful attempt to force the government to act to prevent wage reduction and worsening conditions for coal miners.
The Government had prepared for the strike over the nine months in which it had provided a subsidy, creating organisations such as the organisation for the maintenance of supplies, and did whatever it could to keep the country moving.
On the 12 May 1926, the TUC General Council visited 10 Downing Street to announce their decision to call off the strike, provided that the proposals worked out by the Samuel Commission were adhered to and that the Government offered a guarantee that there would be no victimisation of strikers.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/UK_General_Strike_1926   (947 words)

 Nineteen Nineteen. The General Strike
To the laborers, the general strike was a potentially powerful yet largely untested means of forcing employers to meet the demands of one union by involving all the unions in a city in the struggle.
The Seattle strike, "the first major general strike in U.S. history,"32 in was significant episode in the development of strike tactics and of responses to strikes.
The general strike inaugurated by the Seattle Central Labor Union was an undertaking in violation of the rules and regulations of the American Federation of Labor.
www.schrag.info /research/chap4.html   (8463 words)

 The General Strike   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The General Strike can just as well be used by the workers to institute real industrial freedom and democracy and to do away with all yokes save that of necessary social labor which is in the common obligation of everybody born into the world.
The so-called General Strike in Denmark which was called by the Socialists to block the forming of an unpopular cabinet by the King is an example in point, as is the now famous attempt of the Italian workers to take over the industries in 1920.
According to the modern idea of the General Strike it would not be at all necessary, during a well organized class movement of this sort for the employed workers to leave their assigned places in industry at all.
www.iww.org.au /lit/general-strike.html   (12186 words)

 general strike   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The strike was called by the Trades Union Congress in response to a national lockout of coal-miners, but the government was able to keep most services running and the TUC capitulated after nine days.
Elsewhere, the general strike was used as a political weapon by anarchists and others (see syndicalism), especially in Spain and Italy.
The immediate cause of the 1926 general strike was the report of a royal commission on the coal-mining industry (Samuel Report (1926)) which, among other things, recommended a cut in wages.
www.tiscali.co.uk /reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0029515.html   (339 words)

 General Strike   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
On the 11th May, at a meeting of the Trade Union Congress General Committee, it was decided to accept the terms proposed by Herbert Samuel and to call off the General Strike.
The purpose of the General Strike was to obtain justice for the miners.
I was heartily in favour of the General Strike.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /TUgeneral.htm   (2158 words)

 general strike. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In 1926 a general strike in Great Britain was called in sympathetic protest against the national lockout of the coal miners, but the strikers were forced to capitulate when it became clear that the government was able to keep essential services running and when only about half of the workers answered the strike call.
In France a general strike, which failed, was called (1938) to protest against a government decree lengthening hours and penalizing strikers.
In 1968 another general strike occurred in France when university students and workers joined together during May and June and closed the major industries and universities.
www.bartleby.com /65/ge/generals.html   (392 words)

 Seattle General Strike Project
Coordinated by Professor James Gregory, the Seattle General Strike Project is sponsored by the University of Washington Harry Bridges Center for Labor Studies.
was the first city-wide strike anywhere in the United States to be proclaimed a "general strike." It led off a tumultuous post-World War I era of labor conflict that saw massive strikes shut down the nation's steel, coal, and meat packing industries and threaten civil unrest in a dozen cities.
The General Strike Committee, composed of delegates from the key striking unions, tried to coordinate vital services and negotiate with city officials, but events moved quickly beyond their control.
faculty.washington.edu /gregoryj/strike   (918 words)

 General Strike   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Seattle General Strike Projectis an on-line resource center for information about the 1919 General Strike and related labor history of Seattle and the Pacific Northwest.
Among the more interesting links are an IWW maintained map of general strikes around the world and a guide to the music and lyrics of the rock opera "Seattle 1919" recorded in 1985 by the FUSE.
Dashiell Hammetts 1927 novel with references to the Wobblies, the general strike and corruption in a California mining town.
www.geocities.com /CapitolHill/5202/GenStrike.htm   (443 words)

 Civilization.ca - Canadian labour history, 1850-1999 - Winnipeg general strike
The Winnipeg General Strike would last six weeks until it was finally brought to an end by the tragic events of Bloody Saturday.
Indeed, in 1918, the city had witnessed a smaller general strike that ended in partial victory for the strikers.
With this overwhelming endorsement in hand, the WTLC declared a general strike to begin on May 15, at 11:00 a.m.
www.civilization.ca /hist/labour/labh22e.html   (1352 words)

 May 1999: The Seattle General Strike   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The great Seattle General Strike of 1919 was not the first or the last general strike in the United States.
It is even more impressive that the strike occurred when one realizes that the most radical local AFL officials were in Chicago participating in a rally for the release of Tom Mooney when the plans for the strike were made.
Although mainstream accounts touted the Seattle General Strike as a failure, this conclusion is an attempt to minimize an important event in labor history.
www.socialistaction.org /news/199905/seattle.html   (1965 words)

 Britain 1926 General Strike: On the Verge of Revolution
Appallingly, this bloc with the General Council actually continued for a year after the strike was defeated at the hands of the TUC leaders.
It is simply a wage dispute." Indeed it was not yet a revolutionary movement, but a strange mere wage dispute which involves a general strike, councils of action, in some parts of the country, like the north east, almost dual power with the workers in control of everything that moved.
There are indeed eerie comparisons with the miners strike of 1984-5 where the heroic struggle of the miners and the support of the rank and file of other unions was only matched by the treachery of the TUC and Labour leaders.
www.marxist.com /History/british_gen_strike_1926.html   (3705 words)

 San Francisco and the General Strike
As the cry for a general strike sounded, the gulf between the aroused members of the ILA and the Teamsters, on the one hand and the conservative leaders of the San Francisco labor movement and their followers on the other, became increasingly apparent.
Union after union voted to strike or (about half of them) to abide by the decision of the General Strike Committee formed by appointment of President Vandeleur of the Labor Council as the labor directorate of the strike.
In the wake of the general strike came the opportunity to arrest communist leaders of farm strikes on charges of vagrancy and criminal syndicalism under cover of hysteria, for the criminal syndicalism laws work most effectively when fear is abroad.
newdeal.feri.org /survey/34405.htm   (4649 words)

 San Francisco's Press and the 1934 General Strike
In May, 1934, the longshoremen went on strike and in the course of several months gained the sympathy of many big unions who voted the general strike.
Labor was smiling, quiet; the newspaper-reading citizenry and the radio masses were quick to respond to hysterical suggestions, when as a climax General Hugh Johnson, arriving as mediator, delivered himself of a senseless blast against labor which became the newspaper signal for hysteria.
As a preparation for the general strike the majority of newspapers of San Francisco began a series of inflammatory editorials and distorted news items calling it a revolution; on the other hand, many newspapers failed to print even the official declarations of the strike committee giving the reasons, causes and grievances.
www.brasscheck.com /1934.html   (1711 words)

 Bisbee Deportation: The General Strike, Exhibit 22   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In addition to Haywood's "The General Strike," it contains G.B.'s "The Last War," and a short tract called "The Deadly Parallel." The pamphlet was originally used in the trial of the United States vs. William D. Haywood, et al.
I recall the first general strike in the Coeur d'Alenes, when all the mines in that district were closed down to prevent a reduction of wages.
But in Leadville we lost the strike there because they were able to bring in scab labor from other communities where they had the force of the government behind them, and the force of the troops.
digital.library.arizona.edu /bisbee/docs/022.php   (13282 words)

 HistoryLink Essay: Seattle General Strike, 1919, Part I
For labor, the Seattle General Strike was a glorious folly that led to government crackdowns and to the distrust of the public and the press for a decade to come.
The strike was aimed as much at the federal government's Emergency Fleet Corporation, which coordinated wartime shipbuilding, as at the private shipyard owners themselves.
As the shipyard strike began, Seattle's Central Labor Council of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) debated launching a general strike in solidarity with the shipyard unions.
www.historylink.org /output.cfm?file_id=861   (1047 words)

 General Strike, June 1961
On 1 June 1961, the NAC issued a press statement strongly condemning the victimisation of students who participated in the strike and demanded that the tyrannical orders for the closing of some of the colleges should be withdrawn and the colleges reopened at once.
People expressed the view that the issue on which the people were asked to strike, namely, the demand for a national convention, lacked emotional appeal and was, in any event, too complicated an issue to arouse enthusiasm.
What reduced the scope and extent of what would have been an unprecedented response were the drastic measures taken by the government to suppress the strike, intimidation by employers, and the falsehoods spread by the radio and the press.
www.anc.org.za /ancdocs/history/mandela/pr610603.html   (5354 words)

 Puerto Rico General Strike
In the present strike, there are ubiquitous references to "the people." In declaring the phone workers' struggle against privatization a "strike of the people," many militants want to underline the widespread popular support for the strikers against the despised Rosselló.
If the general strike called for July 7 and 8 is to be anything more than a two-day work stoppage and parade, it must be animated by a program of revolutionary class struggle.
Since the general strike poses this question, it is essential that a vanguard party of the working class be forged to provide the answer, to lead a revolutionary struggle for power.
www.internationalist.org /prstrike.html   (4826 words)

 General Strike News   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
BCGEU is facing government demands targeting 6,000 of its members jobs in the public service, and the Throne Speech made it absolutely clear the Liberals are poised to bring in unprecedented health care privatizations that threaten the very existence of public health care.
Sims and the teachers in the BCTF broke new ground in their fight with Government and their break with recent strike strategies resulted, rather in a defeat as we are used to, in a draw.
In 1967 a injunction against mass picketing during a strike at the Peterborough Examiner was withdrawn by the courts following sustained mass defiance by hundreds of pickets organized by the Peterborough and District Labour Council.
www.generalstrikenews.ca   (788 words)

 BBC NEWS | Business | Israel shut down by general strike
As the strike was ending its first day, Israel's parliament approved the 11bn shekel ($2.4bn; £1.5bn) cutback plan that sparked the dispute.
The 700,000 on strike account for 12% of Israel's population and a much greater percentage of the total workforce.
Some commentators predict that the strike may be temporarily suspended next Tuesday on soldiers' remembrance day so as to enable relatives to pay their respects at military cemeteries throughout the country without unnecessary inconvenience.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/business/2987479.stm   (1734 words)

 [R-G] BC labour strife flows from deep vein - Vancouver Sun
Conspiracy theorists argue it's not coincidence that the decision to revoke Goodwin's exempt status and hunt him down came in the aftershock of a bitter strike he had organized at the smelter in Trail during the dismal winter of 1917.
The shooting and the general strike that followed represented a nexus in a complex struggle involving class, politics and economics that had swept across the western landscape as a self-educated industrial working class flexed its muscle against robber-baron capitalism.
These three general strikes ushered in a new era which saw massive national-scale job action shut down the steel, coal and meat packing industries and begin a transformation in the North American workplace.
lists.econ.utah.edu /pipermail/rad-green/2002-February/002550.html   (1105 words)

Both give a general outline of the events and explain the role of the trade unions and the failure of the left, especially the CPGB, in dealing with the historic events that were occurring.
The strike was not defeated by the strong arm of the state or a lack of determination on the part of the strikers themselves.
The strike constituted an ultimate test for the left wingers, a test which they all failed - even A J Cook, who was described in a Home Office intelligence report as 'an agitator of the worst kind'.
pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk /isj70/bookwatc.htm   (4027 words)

 WINNIPEG GENERAL STRIKE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Frustrated with their employers’ reluctance to bargain collectively or recognize industrial unions, more than 30,000 workers belonging to 94 different unions staged the Winnipeg General Strike in the spring of 1919.
The strike was supported by workers across Canada, but the workers returned to work without winning the basic right to bargain.
It was not until the mid-1930s that the idea that all workers should have the right to bargain collectively began to take hold in Canada and the United States.
collections.ic.gc.ca /cau/essays/essay3d.html   (447 words)

 Winnipeg General Strike 1919   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Winnipeg General Strike and the origins of the NDP
Left History 3.2 Abstract of Article on the role of the Citizens Committee in the General Strike
The Canadian Railroad Chronology the founding of the CNR and the 1919 General Strike
www.geocities.com /CapitolHill/5202/win1919.htm   (81 words)

That heading is meant more as a topic than a slogan.
A general strike seems beyond the pale in contemporary USA.
What would it take in terms of logistics and infrastructure to actually contemplate calling a general strike?
maxspeak.org /mt/archives/001601.html   (164 words)

 portland imc - 2004.11.09 - General Strike - USA
Show George II, "The W", how much we support his reign, by supporting a General Strike on Thursday, January 20, 2005.
We must show the world that we are not satisfied with "fl box" voting, where there is no paper trail of the votes cast.
I for one would not be surprised if a lot more people started taken those "Great Jobs' as a source of finding money to live on, not that they are designed to do more than keep you alive at best.
portland.indymedia.org /en/2004/11/302801.shtml   (1333 words)

 The Anarchist Encyclopedia; An almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Spanish strike in Barcelona in 1919, becoming a General Strike.
Italian-American anarchist, member of the Gruppo Gaetano Bresci, sentenced 6-12 years in prison for planting bombs in St. Patrick's Cathedral & the Church of St. Alphonsus with Frank Arbano.
(1900-1986), Pivotal anarchist/anti-fascist in the Italian community in Australia, led the 1934 Canecutters' strike.
recollectionbooks.com /bleed/gallery/galleryindex.htm   (2989 words)

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