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Topic: Genital reassignment surgery

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In the News (Wed 26 Jun 19)

  Sexual reassignment surgery
This is part of a treatment for gender identity disorder, involving surgery involving the internal / external sex organs, and removal of the breasts as is the case involving persons born with a female body.
Not all transsexual people are able to or choose to have sexual reassignment surgery (for several reasons, for example financial reasons, due to the high cost of such surgery, or medical reasons), although they live constantly in their target gender role; these are called non-operative transsexuals.
Genital reassignment procedures use either the female clitoris, which is enlarged by androgenic hormones, or rely on skin grafts[?] and erectile prostheses[?].
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/gr/GRS.html   (835 words)

 Sex Reassignment Surgery: Encyclopedia of Surgery
Also known as sex change or gender reassignment surgery, sex reassignment surgery is a procedure that changes genital organs from one gender to another.
Individuals undergoing female to male gender reassignment surgery undergo a hysterectomy to remove the uterus and oophorectomy to remove their ovaries.
Gender reassignment surgery is performed by surgeons with specialized training in urology, gynecology, or plastic and reconstructive surgery.
health.enotes.com /surgery-encyclopedia/sex-reassignment-surgery   (1221 words)

 Sex reassignment surgery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sex reassignment surgery (SRS) is a term for the surgical procedures by which a person's physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are changed to that of the other sex.
These surgeries are also known in some populations as "normalization surgeries," for the perception that the surgery is aligning the physical body with its correct gender identity.
For transwomen, sex reassignment usually involves the surgical construction of female genitals, whereas in the case of transmen, this term may entail any of a variety of procedures, from the mastectomy (removal of the female breasts) to the shaping of a male-contoured chest to the construction of male genitals.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Genital_Reassignment_Surgery   (895 words)

 Dr Douglas Ousterhout, transsexual plastic surgery FFS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Surgery such as a rhinoplasty (nasal surgery), chin, cheek and forehead modifications (either reduction or augmentation), changing the shape of the mandibular angle, and - in certain patients - moving the upper and/or lower jaws are frequently completed by me as well.
While the shape of the cheeks and their prominence, or lack of it, is not generally a female or male characteristic, it is true that a lack of cheek prominence is often not appealing.
Nasal surgery is usually completed under general anesthesia, and requires one night in the hospital followed by ten to twelve days for more complete recovery.
www.investdelsol.com /ousterhout/ffssurgery.htm   (4074 words)

 Orchiectomy: Encyclopedia of Surgery
Statistics for orchiectomies in connection with gender reassignment surgery are difficult to establish because most patients who have had this type of surgery prefer to keep it confidential.
Persons undergoing the hormonal treatments and periods of real-life experience as members of the other sex that are required prior to genital surgery frequently report social rejection, job discrimination, and other negative consequences of their decision.
Because the standards of care for gender reassignment require a psychiatric diagnosis as well as a physical examination, the surgeon who is performing the orchiectomy should receive two letters of evaluation and recommendation by mental health professionals, preferably one from a psychiatrist and one from a clinical psychologist.
health.enotes.com /surgery-encyclopedia/orchiectomy   (3087 words)

 Marci Bowers - Genital Reassignment Surgery
Hair grows in cycles of 13 weeks so generally cannot be cleared at the time of surgery although we do clear follicles from the scrotal area and perform extensive intra-operative electrolysis at the time of surgery.
In general, despite her misgivings about the Standards of Care, Dr. Bowers is required by the hospital and insurers to require two letters of approval, particularly for those with a RLE/RLT of less than five years.
Surgery simply takes longer in heavier patients and puts you at greater risk for complications, If you arrive greater than this weight, you risk postponement, or in some cases, a $500 surcharge to cover the longer length of surgery.
www.marcibowers.com /grs/surgery.html   (1120 words)

 IJ TRANSGENDER - Genital Reassignment on Two Male Transvestites
The described surgery was performed by Dr. Gohrbandt, Director of the Surgical Clinic of the Urban Hospital in Berlin.
After this, surgery is perfored and post-treatments with rinsing, ointments, and so on, and later, dilation of the vaginal walls with a dilator.
To perform this surgery was in these cases (and probably it will be the same in many other cases) a kind of emergency surgery necessary to save patients from worse self-inflicted procedures.
www.symposion.com /ijt/ijtc0302.htm   (1331 words)

 IJ TRANSGENDER - Transgender and HIV: Risks, Prevention, and Care - Kirk
Surgery is often thought of in two distinctly different contexts—surgical procedures that are indicated and surgery that is designated as elective.
Indicated surgery carries inherent in it the concept of a need, based on emergency or urgency, and is an approach to a cure or that which has capacity to restore to health or as close to it as possible.
Genital Reconstruction Surgery (GRS) to accomplish congruity between mind, spirit and body, between identity and anatomy is truly indicated in my view as well, but not so in the opinion of many professionals.
www.symposion.com /ijt/hiv_risk/kirk.htm   (2375 words)

 Genital Plastic Surgery
As mentioned in the introduction, apart from the question of using surgery to reinforce a gender assignment in cases of ambiguous genitalia, there is also the debate about surgery to reduce the size of a larger-than-average clitoris in an infant/child that is clearly female.
We have adult women members in our support group who have had such surgery and who do have a sex life, but we also have adult women who would certainly have been candidates for, but who have escaped such cosmetic surgery and who are perfectly content with their situation.
There is also the feminist view that this type of surgery is rooted, at least partly, in a fear by a male-dominated medical profession of the notion of a) an undersized phallus on a male person, and of b) a structure that resembles, however slightly, a male phallus on a female person.
www.medhelp.org /www/ais/33_SURGERY.HTM   (4438 words)

 Hudson's Guide: FTM Genital Reconstruction Surgery (GRS)
Also, if you are unsure if you wish to have additional genital surgery (such as phalloplasty) in the future, discuss with your surgeon which procedures will leave you with the most options for later surgery.
If you have other genital or abdominal procedures done before your GRS (such as hysterectomy/oophorectomy or vaginectomy), be sure to ask how the removal of any tissues or resultant scarring might effect later GRS options.
Smoking slows the ability of the body to heal itself after surgery; thus, it is usually recommended that patients who smoke avoid smoking for at least two weeks prior to sugery, if at all possible.
www.ftmguide.org /grs.html   (3824 words)

 Category:Gender Reassignment Surgery - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki
Gender reassignment surgery (GRS) includes the surgical procedures by which a person's physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are changed to that of the other sex.
People who pursue sexual reassignment surgery are usually referred to as transsexual; "trans" - to go or travel between points; "sexual" - pertaining to the sexual characteristics (not sexual actions!) of a person.
People about to undergo gender reassignment surgery that also want children should consider their reproductive options beforehand.
wiki.susans.org /index.php/Category:Gender_Reassignment_Surgery   (799 words)

A forth psychological evaluation may be required for clients requesting breast reduction or augmentation surgery separate from and prior to genital surgery.
A forth psychiatric evaluation may be required for clients requesting breast reduction or augmentation surgery separate from genital surgery.
Sex reassignment surgery is a highly complex procedure and should not be taken lightly.
www.toddlertime.com /dx/gender/gender.htm   (935 words)

 The National Journal of Sexual Orientation Law
But what we of ICTLEP all stand for is that you should not "have-to-have" genital surgery just, merely, solely, to be allowed by society to get your legal stuff in order.
There's all this pressure to have genital surgery which they will, for the most part, never see the results of or even know for sure if you had it.
From now on, before you've had your genital surgery, yes, before, it should be a matter of course to have your birth certificate amended.
www.ibiblio.org /gaylaw/issue5/frye2.html   (3475 words)

 Sex Change Surgery | Principal Health News
Also known as sex reassignment surgery, sex change surgery is a procedure that changes genital organs from one gender to another.
There are two reasons to alter the genital organs from one sex to another.
Female to male surgery has achieved lesser success, due to the difficulty of building a functioning penis from the much smaller clitoral tissue available in the female genitals.
www.principalhealthnews.com /topic/topic100587458   (712 words)

 Marci Bowers - Genital Reassignment Surgery in Trinidad
Marci Bowers - Genital Reassignment Surgery in Trinidad
She is a former Department Chairperson at Swedish Medical Center (Providence) in Seattle and had consistently been one of the busiest surgeons in Seattle until her move to Colorado.
Bowers brings 20+ years of pelvic surgery experience to her work in gender surgery.
www.marcibowers.com /grs/history.html   (323 words)

 Bangkok Ladyboy Shows   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Gender reassignment surgery in Thailand is also legendary - not only for the outstanding surgical standards that are maintained, but also because it is one of the most cost-effective places in the world to have it done.
Even after genital reassignment surgery they are not allowed to change their legal sex.
This also means it is taking her much longer to save for the final gender reassignment surgery, but she realizes how important it is for her own Karma to do good for her parents.
www.bangkok.com /ladyboy-cabaret/index.html   (1405 words)

 Genital electrolysis before sex reassignment surgery
For those who have had genital electrolysis on scrotal skin, stretching the skin daily can help maintain its elasticity of original skin and decrease a chance of skin graft insufficiency during SRS.
The electrolysis on perineum should be completed at least 2 months prior sex reassignment surgery.
I assure that genital electrolysis can be done after sex change surgery without any difficult since the hair located only around the vaginal opening can be easily accessed.
www.chet-plasticsurgery.com /Srs_electrolysis.html   (279 words)

One typical (though oversimplified) explanation is of a "man trapped in a woman's body" or vice versa.
A transsexual makes or desires to make a transition from their birth sex to another, by medical means, normally this process is usually hormonally induced, and may include sexual reassignment surgery.
Often in older writings (pre ~1990s), but rarely today, the term transgender is used to refer to "non-op transsexuals" or "non-op transpeople" - transpeople or transsexuals who live as the gender opposite to their birth gender and, though genital reassignment surgery is possible, have chosen not to undergo it.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/tr/Transgender.html   (734 words)

 Sex Reassignment
Sex reassignment surgery (SRS) includes the surgical procedures by which a person's physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are changed to that of the other sex.
Other names for SRS include gender reassignment surgery, sex reconstruction surgery, genital reconstruction surgery, and more recently sex affirmation surgery.
Transsexual people who cannot or want not to have SRS and particularly genital reassignment surgery are considered non-op, while "gender refusenik" is a slang term among transgender people.
www.mdboard.org /sex-reassignment.php   (444 words)

 (en)Gender » Blog Archive » Gianna Israel article about “Transgenderists”   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Because transgenderists are not interested in genital reassignment, they should not be confused with “non-operative” transsexuals or persons who are unable to have surgery due to financial or medical hardship.
Whereas most clinical resources use “consistency” in determining who is a crossdresser as well as who is a transsexual (and therefore an appropriate candidate for hormone administration and genital reassignment), this criterion is equally valuable in identifying transgenderists and their needs.
Likewise, transsexuals may not be interested in socializing with a transgenderist for fear of having a desire or lack of desire in seeking Genital Reassignment Surgery invalidated.
www.myhusbandbetty.com /?p=126   (2072 words)

 Christie Lee Home Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
First, whether a transsexual is entitled to have her legal sex conform with the sex recognized by medical professionals, defined as the medically confirmed genital sex of the post-operative status, or, as the sex stated on an original birth record.
The second document is a sworn affidavit from her physician-surgeon indicating completion of corrective genital reassignment surgery.
Where a person is dismissed on the ground that he or she intends to undergo, or has undergone, gender reassignment, he or she is treated unfavourably by comparison with persons of the sex to which he or she was deemed to belong before undergoing gender reassignment.
christielee.net /file6-1.htm   (10615 words)

 Transsexual Surgery
She has been working in plastic surgery for 15 years and understands the myriad of operations and options available to you.
This surgicenter is used for secondary genital surgery and most cosmetic procedures that can be performed as an outpatient.
After surgery, the patient can return home, to the hotel with a friend, family member, or trained attendant, or can enter a plastic surgery recovery hotel.
www.altermd.com /transsexual_surgery.htm   (563 words)

 Feminization of the Transsexual
I continued at the University of Michigan as a resident in general surgery after serving as a Captain in the U.S. Army Medical Corps from 1966-1968, and completed my residency in Plastic Surgery at Stanford University Medical Center, where I held the position of Chief Resident from 1971-1972.
Upon my return to the United States, I was certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery in 1974, and have been in the practice of plastic surgery in San Francisco since then.
I have fellowships with 185 medical societies including American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons, American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Societe Francaise de Chirurgie Plastique Reconstructrice et Esthetique, American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons, The Harry S. Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association, and the International Society of Craniofacial Surgery.
www.drbecky.com /dko.html   (4399 words)

 Genital Monologues
Genital Plastic Surgery--A well-researched, informative article about the nature vs nurture debate in genital reassignment surgery.
Physician's Weekly Point/Counterpoint--Doctor's Peter Lee and Philip Gruppuso argue the issue of whether cosmetic surgery should be performed on children born with ambiguous genitals.
Astraea: Genital Surgery Controversy--Text of a New York Times article examining the legal issue of gender assignment surgery and comparing the practice to female genital mutilation.
oak.cats.ohiou.edu /~cp391990/links.html   (335 words)

 inbroaddaylight   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The main reason for this is that GRS is major surgery, and with major surgery there are potential (albeit uncommon) life-threatening complications such as heart attack, pulmonary embolism, airway obstruction, etc. I felt that in the unlikely event that I had a bad complication, I wanted to be in the
During the week prior to my surgery, I went on the internet and reread Dr. Bowers’ website in detail, as well a various reports of other peoples’ GRS experience and specifically I read about post-operative care (dilation).
She had her surgery today, and in the late afternoon, we went to visit her (and Marci’s other girls, Lynn and Janice) in the hospital.
www.inbroaddaylight.net /grs_surgery.htm   (6702 words)

 pw: philadelphia weekly online
She often accompanies clients who've been estranged from their families on trips to Canada and Colorado, where genital reassignment surgeries are most often performed.
Before a person can be approved for sex-change surgery, they must obtain written consent from a psychologist and live as a person of their new sex for at least one year.
The result is that female-to-male transsexuals seek surgery less often and are therefore less visible on the streets or in a statistical analysis.
www.philadelphiaweekly.com /view.php?id=11764   (4590 words)

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