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Topic: German idealism

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In the News (Mon 22 Jul 19)

  German idealism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
German Idealism was a philosophical movement in Germany in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
Hegel (1770 - 1831) was a German philosopher born in Stuttgart, Württemberg, in present-day southwest Germany.
Impersonal mind or spirit (German geist) was thought to have brought forth the universe in accordance with reasonable, logical thought.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/German_idealism   (1859 words)

 German Idealism [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
For the philosopher German idealism usually means the philosophy of Kant and his immediate followers, while for the historian of literature it may seem little more than the personality of Goethe; and it is not usual to characterize the literary aspect of the movement as neo-humanism.
The conceptual framework of German Idealism was provided by Immanuel Kant who was the first to reconcile the conflicting empirical and rationalistic elements of the prevailing dogmatic philosophy.
In his view the ideal society would be one based on the insight and activity of the educated, and on the rational education of youth, and realizing in its organization the natural and fundamental ethical ideas.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/g/germidea.htm   (3619 words)

 The German Ideology
The only results which this philosophic criticism could achieve were a few (and at that thoroughly one-sided) elucidations of Christianity from the point of view of religious history; all the rest of their assertions are only further embellishments of their claim to have furnished, in these unimportant elucidations, discoveries of universal importance.
These three aspects of social activity are not of course to be taken as three different stages, but just as three aspects or, to make it clear to the Germans, three “moments,” which have existed simultaneously since the dawn of history and the first men, and which still assert themselves in history today.
But it is also clear how in Germany it is impossible to write this sort of history, because the Germans lack not only the necessary power of comprehension and the material but also the “evidence of their senses,” for across the Rhine you cannot have any experience of these things since history has stopped happening.
www.marxists.org /archive/marx/works/1845/german-ideology/ch01a.htm   (5425 words)

 Amazon.com: German Idealism : The Struggle against Subjectivism, 1781-1801: Books: Frederick C. Beiser   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
As he traces the structure and evolution of idealism as a doctrine, Frederick Beiser exposes a strong objective, or realist, strain running from Kant to Hegel and identifies the crucial role of the early romantics--Hölderlin, Schlegel, and Novalis--as the founders of absolute idealism.
Traditionally, German idealism is understood as a radical form of subjectivism that expands the powers of the self to encompass the entire world.
Granting the self-imposed temporal constraints of his inquiry, Beiser's aim is not to exclude or marginalize Hegel and deny his significance for German idealism, but rather to rescue the singular originality and grandeur of moments within the history of German Idealism that have fallen into the shadow of the leviathan to which they gave birth.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0674007697?v=glance   (1244 words)

 German Philosophy
This metacritique of German idealism has an analogue in the British reaction to idealism that gave birth to analytical trends in twentieth century philosophy.
When reference is made to German philosophy in the last two decades of the eighteenth century, most people will immediately think of that tradi­tion which has come to be called "German Idealism," along with its best-­known representatives, I. Kant, J. Fichte, F. Schelling, and G.
Between Kant and Hegel: Texts in the Development of Post-Kantian Idealism by George Di Giovanni, H. Harris, and George Di Giovanni (Hackett) fills a lamentable gap in the philosophical literature by providing a collection of writings from the pivotal generation of thinkers between Kant and Hegel.
www.wordtrade.com /philosophy/german/germanphilosophy.htm   (3184 words)

 People Directory
Her current interests include German Romanticism (and its reception of Dante and Boccaccio), translation theory, taste, gusto and bon gout in the 19th century.
Florentina Costache studied German Language and Literature at the University of Bucharest, Romania and holds a M.A. in German Literature from the Johns Hopkins University.
Her current ares of research include contemporary Austrian literature, narrative theory, postmodern (re)writing and deconstructive reading, as well as history of science in the 18th and 19th centuries, with particular emphasis on philosophies of nature and evolutionary theories of literature.
web.jhu.edu /german/directory.html   (880 words)

 Ralph Dumain: "The Autodidact Project": Review: "German Idealism and the Jew" by Michael Mack   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
German Idealism and the Jew: The Inner Anti-Semitism of Philosophy and German Jewish Responses.
A noted German thinker by the name of Treitschke played a significant role in generating anti-Semitic propaganda.  Here we have an important specimen of anti-capitalism and anti-materialism coupled with anti-Semitism.
The generic concept of idealism as a form of repression/denial may well be important, but it isolates one theme or one mechanism, and while imposing one aspect of systematicity organized around this single theme, bypasses the systematicity of the actual philosophical systems under discussion.  And this is what a psychoanalytical approach also fails to address.
www.autodidactproject.org /my/idealism-german-jew.html   (1244 words)

 Lenin: 1908/mec: 5. The Two Trends in Modern Physics, and German Idealism
Electricity is proclaimed a collaborator of idealism, because it has destroyed the old theory of the structure of matter, shattered the atom and discovered new forms of material motion, so unlike the old, so totally uninvestigated and unstudied, so unusual and “miraculous,” that it permits nature to be presented as non-material (spiritual, mental, psychical) motion.
The realist compares the assertion that one cannot conceive how the mental can be formed from the material, or even from the play of atoms, with the opinion of an uneducated person who asserts that the distance between the sun and the earth cannot be twenty million miles, for he cannot conceive it” (p. 186).
Boltzmann does not deny that the ideal of science is to present mind and volition as “complex actions of particles of matter” (p. 396).
www.marxists.org /archive/lenin/works/1908/mec/five5.htm   (2762 words)

 The Cambridge Companion to German Idealism - Cambridge University Press
The Cambridge Companion to German Idealism offers a comprehensive, penetrating, and informative guide to what is regarded as the classical period of German philosophy.
The essays in the volume trace and explore the unifying themes of German Idealism, and discuss their relationship to Romanticism, the Enlightenment, and the culture of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Europe.
The legacy of Idealism in the philosophy of Feuerbach, Marx, and Kierkegaard Karl Ameriks; Bibliography; Index.
www.cambridge.org /catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521651786   (381 words)

 Amazon.ca: German Idealism: The Struggle Against Subjectivism, 1781-1801: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
There are better works available on German Idealism than this 600 page volume, which is unfortunate because it would indeed have been handy to have an accurate portrayal of the philosophical period it purports to describe, and to have it in English.
For those who want to understand Idealism, it means that works by other authors should be read (or at the very least consulted, if only to appraise Beiser's claims to be authoritative, something which is evidenced throughout by his strident tone), and, as with all real scholarship, articles as well.
In sum, a book on "German Idealism" that lops off Kant on the one end and Hegel on the other just cannot be said to have covered the ground that the title implies.
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/0674007697   (998 words)

 Mack, Michael: German Idealism and the Jew
Mack, Michael German Idealism and the Jew: The Inner Anti-Semitism of Philosophy and German Jewish Responses.
In German Idealism and the Jew, Michael Mack uncovers the deep roots of anti-Semitism in the German philosophical tradition.
While many have read German anti-Semitism as a reaction against Enlightenment philosophy, Mack instead contends that the redefinition of the Jews as irrational, oriental Others forms the very cornerstone of German idealism, including Kant's conception of universal reason.
www.press.uchicago.edu /cgi-bin/hfs.cgi/00/15610.ctl   (428 words)

 German Idealism: Immanuel Kant and Georg W. Hegel   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Kant believed that all statements in mathematics, the sciences and metaphysics are synthetic a priori statements.
The philosophy of the German philosopher, Kant, was an attempt to reconcile the materialism of Hume and the idealism of Leibniz.
His theory of the primary of the state gave support to the German nationalism of his day as reflected in Prussian militarism and National Socialism of the twentieth century.
isu.indstate.edu /gilberti/ite671_672/lesson13.html   (1606 words)

 The Emergence of German Idealism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The story of the emergence of German Idealism (from its beginnings in Kant to its apparent consummation in Hegel) has never been fully told.
While defying any simple or simplistic explanation, the various and sometimes conflicting impulses that led to the emergence of German Idealism together constitute an intelligible and rich line of development.
In this volume, an international group of leading scholars shows how the various aspirations at work in the emergence of German Idealism—moral, religious, aesthetic, political, and epistemological—can be understood as both consummating and overcoming Kant’s critical philosophy.
cuapress.cua.edu /books/viewbook.cfm?Book=BAEG   (322 words)

 Amazon.com: Heidegger, German Idealism, and Neo-Kantianism: Books: Tom Rockmore   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Martin Heidegger, a leading German philosopher of the twentieth century, has left an indelible mark on existentialism and phenomenology.
Kant is particularly crucial to understanding Heidegger, since the reformulation of Kantian thought that led to German neo-Kantianism provided an important part of the intellectual climate in which Heidegger formulated his own position.
Heidegger's relationship to German idealism, particularly to its three main thinkers, Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel, is obviously complex.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/1573927376?v=glance   (657 words)

 German philosophy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
German philosophy, here taken to mean philosophy in the German language, has been extremely diverse, and central to both the analytic and continental traditions in philosophy for centuries, from Leibniz through Kant and Hegel to contemporary philosophers such as Jürgen Habermas.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on German Philosophy in the 18th Century Prior to Kant
This page was last modified 20:19, 5 July 2006.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/German_philosophy   (88 words)

 German Studies Faculty
Articles on the beguine mystic Maria van Hout, on the relationship between medieval rhetoric and German mysticism, and on the development and reception of the German mystical tradition.
Selected Courses: German Literature in its Cultural Context: 1900 to the Present; Mann, Kafka, Wolf; Contemporary German Culture and Politics; The World as Theater; Heroes on Stage and Screen; The Drama of Reconciliation; Overcoming Political Tragedy; German Cinema in the Weimar Republic (1918-1933); The Third Reich in German Film (1946-99).
Selected Courses: Evil and the Lie in Modern European Literature, The Outsider in European Prose Fiction of the 20th Century, 20th-Century German Lyric Poetry, The Role of the Narrator in French and German Fiction from the 17th to the 20th Century, Self-Definition and the Quest for Happiness in American and European 20th-Century Prose.
www.nd.edu /~grl/germstfa03.htm   (4501 words)

Another significant step in the transformation of idealism may be clearly seen in the writings of Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling.
The greatest of all the German idealists was Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, who methodically constructed a comprehensive system of thought about the world.
As we have already seen, Hegel's view of the world is determinedly historical; he believed that history itself (involving another triad, of original/reflective/philosophical history) exhibits the growth of self-consciousness in the Absolute, the process of development by means of which the Weltgeist comes to know itself.
www.philosophypages.com /hy/5k.htm   (2158 words)

 Whitehead and German Idealism: A Poetic Heritage
In his article "Coleridge’s Borrowings from the German" he quotes Schlegel in a passage concerning the so-called mechanic and organic forms in works of art, and he shows how the passage in Coleridge follows the German text so closely that one cannot but regard it as a mere translation.
Furthermore, if Coleridge was a necessary and fertile mediator between German Idealism and English poetry, we will find many ideas in Wordsworth that can be traced back to Coleridge’s principal sources in German Idealism, namely to Kant and still more to the philosophy of Schelling.
For German Idealism is commonly understood as the philosophical school that conceives any evolution or historical process as governed by a rigid necessity, excluding thereby the possibility of genuine novelty.
www.religion-online.org /showarticle.asp?title=2561   (9524 words)

 Publisher description for Library of Congress control number 2002152500   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Publisher description for German idealism and the Jew : the inner anti-semitism of philosophy and German Jewish responses / Michael Mack.
Offering the first analytical account of the connection between anti-Semitism and philosophy, Mack begins his exploration by showing how the fundamental thinkers in the German idealist tradition--Kant, Hegel, and, through them, Feuerbach and Wagner--argued that the human world should perform and enact the promises held out by a conception of an otherworldly heaven.
Each thinker accepted the philosophies of Kant and Hegel, in varying degrees, while simultaneously critiquing anti-Semitism in order to develop the modern Jewish notion of what it meant to be enlightened--a concept that differed substantially from that of Kant, Hegel, Feuerbach, and Wagner.
www.loc.gov /catdir/description/uchi051/2002152500.html   (315 words)

 Topics in Philosophy: German Idealism
In the second half of the 18th century, German Idealism came to dominate Continental Philosophy, setting the stage for both 19th and 20th century concepts and arguments.
German Idealism: The Struggle Against Subjectivism, 1781-1801 by: Frederick C. Beiser
German Idealism and the Jew : The Inner Anti-Semitism of Philosophy and German Jewish Responses by: Michael Mack
www.erraticimpact.com /philosophy/topics/topics_details.cfm?ID=4025   (282 words)

 Routledge History of Philosophy; The Age of German Idealism (Routledge History of Philosophy) by ROBERT SOLOMON [ISBN: ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The enormity of the revolution set off in philosophy by Immanuel Kant was comparable, in Kant's own estimation, with the Copernican Revolution that ended the Middle Ages.
The movement he set in motion, the fast-moving and often cantankerous dialectic of "German Idealism," inspired some of the most creative philosophers in modern times: including G. Hegel and Arthur Schopenhauer as well as those who reacted against Kant--Marx and Kierkegaard, for example.
This volume traces the emergence of German Idealism from Kant and his predecessors through the first half of the nineteenth century, ending with the irrationalism of Kierkegaard.
www.gettextbooks.com /isbn_0415056047.html   (200 words)

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