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Topic: German Reich


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  Reich article - Reich Robert Reich Steve Reich Wilhelm Reich German realm empire cognate - What-Means.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Reich is the German word for "realm" or "empire", cognate with Scandinavian rike and Dutch rijk.
Later, Deutsches Reich was the official name of Germany from 1871 to 1945, although its three very different political systems are commonly referred to as the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933), and finally the Third Reich (Nazi Germany) (1933–1945).
Führer or Heil); the word "Reich" is usually not one of them, although in certain contexts it does carry a connotation of German imperialism.
www.what-means.com /encyclopedia/Reich   (340 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: German Reich   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
3 The rise of Prussia and the German Confederation
The rise of Prussia and the German Confederation
The new economic decline combined with memories of the 1923 hyperinflation and nationalist opposition stemming from the Draconian conditions of the Treaty of Versailles undermined the Weimar government from inside and out.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/German-Reich   (1656 words)

  
 Holy Roman Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Holy Roman Empire (German: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a political conglomeration of lands in western and central Europe in the Middle Ages.
German kings had been elected since time immemorial; in the 9th century by the leaders of the five most important tribes (the Franks, Saxons, Bavarians, Swabians and Thuringians), later by the main lay and clerical dukes of the kingdom, finally only by the so-called Kurfürsten (electing dukes).
The Reich also had two courts: the Reichshofrat at the court of the king/emperor (that is, later in Vienna), and the Reichskammergericht (Imperial Chamber Court), established with the Imperial Reform of 1495.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/holy_roman_empire   (4401 words)

  
 Nazi Germany   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Third Reich is an anglification of the German expression "Das Dritte Reich", and is used as a synonym for Nazi Germany.
The Third Reich was sometimes also referred to as the "Thousand Year Reich", as it was intended by its founder, Adolf Hitler, to stand for one thousand years, as in the case of the Holy Roman Empire.
Most ordinary Germans, happy with the improving economy and better standard of living remained obedient and quiet, but many political opponents, especially communists and socialists, were reported by omnipresent eavesdropping spies, and put in prison camps where they were severally mistreated, and many tortured and killed.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/nazi_germany   (2014 words)

  
 Nazi Germany -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Third Reich was sometimes also referred to as the "Thousand Year Reich," as it was intended by its founder to stand for one thousand years — similar to the (The lands ruled by Charlemagne; a continuation of the Roman Empire in Europe) Holy Roman Empire.
There is evidence that Hitler himself disliked the term "Drittes Reich", because of its suggestion that his new order stood in a subordinate position to its predecessors, but a copy of Moeller's book was found in the Berlin bunker where both Hitler and his Reich came to their violent end.
The Nazis' plan was to extend German (Space sought for occupation by a nation whose population is expanding) lebensraum ("living space") eastward, but their public pretext for launching the war in Eastern Europe was "to defend Western Civilization against (Soviet communism) Bolshevism".
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/n/na/nazi_germany.htm   (4878 words)

  
 Who Broke the Disarmament Treaty of Versailles? Declaration of the Government of the German Reich. Fichtebundblatt 741.
The German people and particularly their government at that time were convinced that meeting the disarmament stipulations set out by the Treaty of Versailles would initiate and guarantee the beginning of international, general disarmament, as promised by the Treaty.
The German government as guardian of the honor and interests of the German nation desires to secure the necessary extent of those instruments of power that are required to preserve the intactness of the German Reich and to ensure the international regard for and consideration of Germany as fellow guarantor of general peace.
At this time the German government reaffirms, both to the German people and to the world, its determination that its rearming shall not be for military aggression, but a pledge for its defense and thus for the preservation of peace.
www.wintersonnenwende.com /scriptorium/english/archives/articles/fichteEwhobroke.html   (1423 words)

  
 The Avalon Project : Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression Volume IV - Document No. 1439-PS
Between the German Government and the Slovak Government, a treaty was signed on 18 March 1939 in Vienna and on 23 March 1939 in Berlin extending protection by the German Reich to the State of Slovakia.
The German Reich undertakes to protect the political independence of the State of Slovakia and the integrity of its territory.
German citizens who, on the basis of private employment contracts, are engaged in the construction of military installations in the designated zone shall be subject to German jurisdiction.
www.yale.edu /lawweb/avalon/imt/document/nca_vol4/1439-ps.htm   (427 words)

  
 GERMAN REICH   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The German campaigns in Greece and North Africa delayed the planned invasion by several weeks and a large period good weather had been lost by the time the invasion was launched on June 22 1941.
The defeat at the Battle of Stalingrad shocked many in the German High Command and the realisation that the German forces were not invincible began to permeate through the minds of the German people.
The Germans fought on in Italy and in October the new Italian government declared war on Germany.
www.websters-online-dictionary.org /definition/GERMAN+REICH   (5772 words)

  
 AIM25: Royal Holloway, University of London: REICH, Dorothy (1921-2001)
Administrative/Biographical history: Dorothy Reich (née Knight) was born on the 6th August 1921, the daughter of a civil servant.
Having completed her MA in 1949 Reich spent a year as a teaching assistant in the German Department at Glasgow University before returning to London to take up the position of Assistant Lecturer at King's College in October 1950.
Reich's papers therefore include a great deal of material relating to the 3rd and 4th editions of the book edited by Purdie.
www.aim25.ac.uk /cats/11/930.htm   (867 words)

  
 Untitled Document
German Unification was ultimately achieved through war ("blood and iron") rather than more liberal methods and Bismarck believed that a state forged by blood and iron needed a sense of pride and destiny.
In 1888 Bismarck addressed the German Reichstag (parliament) and pointed out exactly what the goals of the German Reich (empire) should be.
If we Germans wish to wage a war with the full effect of our national strength, it must be a war which satisfies all who take part in it, all who sacrifice anything for it, in short the whole nation.
hkuhist2.hku.hk /history/firstyear/Share/shareE14.html   (1268 words)

  
 Franco-German conflict and the new German Reich (from Germany) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The northern fringe of the Central German Uplands
German society, economy, and culture in the 14th and 15th centuries
More results on "Franco-German conflict and the new German Reich (from Germany)" when you join.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-58190   (318 words)

  
 Christian Network
Vice-Chancellor of the German Reich, Herr Franz von Papen.
Reich and an Ambassador of the German Reich at the Holy See, as heretofore.
Catholic Church in the German Reich remains in force.
www.cnetwork.co.uk /catholic8.htm   (3557 words)

  
 German Third Reich HJ & DJ Tinnies
Hitler Youth, German Youth, and BDM items have been moved to their own page.
This is a 1938 dated HJ badge, with an eagle bearing a German flag over the ocean raised background on the face.
This was for the German Youth in foreign countries.
www.snyderstreasures.net /pages/hjtinnies.htm   (1272 words)

  
 German Third Reich Weapons Militaria out of print Reference Books
Handbook covers German Offensive and Defensive principles of battle, employment of and specifications of weapons, obstacles and vehicles, as well as organization of combat teams.
This is one of the rarest of the early Third Reich dagger references.
Covers the main military operations of the German Armed Forces from September 1940 - September 1941, to include the Luftwaffe bombing of England, U-boat operations, the war in Africa, the German airborne assault on Crete, and the initial attacks into Russia.
www.johnsonreferencebooks.com /catalogue/books/outofprintref   (6203 words)

  
 Third Reich 1933-1945 (Germany)
When the German charge d'affaires protested to the State Department, among the comments allegedly made, was that the national flag had not been interfered with, but only the party flag.
Personally, I doubt the importance of the incident in German flag history and prefer the explanation which notes that by 1935, [President von] Hindenburg was dead, the Army had come to terms with the Nazis and the German Nationals [Party] had ceased to be an important political factor.
The Nazi flag laws [were] the Law for the Protection of the National Symbols of 19 May 1933, and the Reich Flag Law [Reichsflaggengesetz] of 15th September 1935 (the Nuremberg Flag Law).
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/de1935.html   (557 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The general aim is to turn students' attention to the growing political pressure on the language, ethnicity and identity problem.
I also try to compare Polish and Lithuanian national movements in the situation of the aggressive nationalism of the German Reich.
German state politics (social - economical, educational etc.) and the problem of the Lithuanian elite
www.ceu.hu /crc/Syllabi/alumni/history/straka.html   (340 words)

  
 A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust-Perpetrators
Himmler was made chief of the German police as well as the head of the SS, able to act within the law as head of the police and outside the law as head of the SS.
The German people were in the hands of the police, the police were in the hands of the Nazi Party, and the Party was in the hands of a ring of evil men....
Following the successful German invasion of Poland in 1939, the Nazis had more than two million additional Jews under their administration.
www.fcit.usf.edu /holocaust/people/perps.htm   (2592 words)

  
 The Map Room Journal - A Search for the Lost Cities of the German Reich
By 1948, the last German refugees left and the city was closed to foreigners until 1991.
After the war, with the expulsion of the German population, it was never rebuilt.
Memel, like Danzig, was severed from the German Reich at the end of World War I and made a "free city" under French administration.
www.maproom.com /journals/jhuntoon.htm   (1653 words)

  
 Pope Pius XI 14 March 1937 Church and German Reich
They, and they alone with their accomplices, silent or vociferous, are today responsible, should the storm of religious war, instead of the rainbow of peace, flen the German skies.
No one would think of preventing young Germans establishing a true ethnical community in a noble love of freedom and loyalty to their country.
But We expect the Catholic youth, in the more favorable organizations of the State, to uphold its right to a Christian sanctification of the Sunday, not to exercise the body at the expense of the immortal soul, not to be overcome by evil, but to aim at the triumph of good over evil (Rom.
www.ewtn.com /library/encyc/p11brenn.htm   (5643 words)

  
 Landmark militarybooks -Third Reich and axis
This is a penetrating and detailed account of the climactic battles of the German forces in Slovakia, the Carpathians, parts of Poland, Silesia and Saxony, from autumn 1944 until the end of the war.
The German High Command was hampered by the surrender of Itlay in September 1943, and Field Marshals Kesselring and Rommel had to decide where to make their main line of resistance.
Kampfgruppe Peiper formed the spearhead of the German drive on the Meuse during the Ardennes Offensive in December 1944 and fought one of the most famous actions of the Second World War.
www.landmarkmilitarybooks.com   (4378 words)

  
 German Third Reich Medal Cases
German Third Reich Medal Cases, Boxes, and Issue Bags
We have a large assortment of German Third Reich medals, badges and accessories.
This is an issue case for the 1914 or 1939 Iron Cross First Class medal.
www.snyderstreasures.com /pages/germancases.htm   (413 words)

  
 Commentary: The Third Reich--German physicians between resistance and participation -- Ernst 30 (1): 37 -- ...
German physician who was born after the war and struggles to
German doctors read the IMB or what its true impact was.
German psychiatrists even defended sterilization after the war.
ije.oupjournals.org /cgi/content/full/30/1/37   (3496 words)

  
 GERMANY NEWS GERMAN NEWS | HavenWorks.com/world/germany capital: Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany, Deutschland, ...
"Sixty years ago what was left of the German leadership surrendered to Allied forces, and the heavy burden of responsibility for a war that killed tens of millions of people in Europe has been shouldered by the German people ever since."...
"The Pentagon has barred French, German and Russian companies from competing for $18.6 billion in contracts for the reconstruction of Iraq, saying it was acting to protect "the essential security interests of the United States.""...
"A German trained as a civil defense engineer said Sunday he helped a company design a bunker under Saddam Hussein's Baghdad palace in the early 1980s that is likely to withstand even the newest non-nuclear bombs."...
havenworks.com /world/germany   (3742 words)

  
 Second Regulation for the Law of the Reunification of Austria with the German Reich   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Based on Article III of the Law on the Reunification of Austria with the German Reich of March 13, 1938 (Reichsgesetzbl.
The Reichsfuehrer SS and Head of the German Police in the Reich Ministry of the Interior may take measures necessary for Security and Order even beyond the legal limits otherwise set for this purpose.
The Reichsfuehrer SS and Head of the German Police in the Reich Ministry of the Interior can transfer his authority to other offices.
www.usisrael.com /jsource/Holocaust/1938Reunification.html   (109 words)

  
 AEH: EUR.INST: The Political Economy of Fiscal Federalism: German Reich from Unification to Default   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The way fiscal relations between the central power and the states were designed prompted systematically excessive debt for the Reich.
The system was the outcome of overlapping distributional conflicts between central power and the states, and between capital and labor.
"The Political Economy of Fiscal Federalism: The German Reich from Unification to Default." Paper presented at the third World Congress of Cliometrics, Munich, Germany, July 1997.
eh.net /pipermail/abstracts/1997-September/000596.html   (140 words)

  
 World War I, Declaration of Professors in the German Reich   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In the German army, there is no other spirit than in the German people, for both are one, and we are also a part of it.
For the army educates them to sacrificial faithfulness to duty and lends them the self confidence and sense of honor of the truly free man who submits himself willingly to the whole.
This spirit doesn't only exist in Prussia, but it is the same in all the lands of the German Reich.
www.lib.byu.edu /~rdh/wwi/1914/profeng.html   (266 words)

  
 Request of the Reich Union of Jewish Veterans for the Co-opting of the Former Jewish Front-Soldiers for Duties in the ...
Request of the Reich Union of Jewish Veterans for the Co-opting of the Former Jewish Front-Soldiers for Duties in the German Reich
Following the conversation of April 28 with your Excellency, I took the liberty of giving expression to wishes and thoughts concerning the regulation of the position of the German Jews within the German State in a letter addressed to the Reich Chancellor on May 6, 1933.
In this letter I endeavored to describe the honest desire of our Union to serve the German People and German State, and to outline the way that might lead in such a direction.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Holocaust/ww1vets.html   (219 words)

  
 Treaty of Protection concluded between the German Reich and the State of Slovakia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Treaty of Protection concluded between the German Reich and the State of Slovakia
The German Rich undertakes to protect the political independence of the State of Slovakia and the integrity of its territory.
This treaty shall become effective as of the date of its signature and shall be valid for a period of twenty ice years.
www.adolfhitler.ws /lib/proc/slovaktreaty.html   (321 words)

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