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Topic: German Romanticism


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  Learn more about Romanticism in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Romanticism was an artistic and intellectual movement that originated in the late 18th century and stressed strong emotion, imagination, freedom from classical correctness in art forms, and rebellion against social conventions.
Romanticism was an attitude or intellectual orientation that characterized many works of literature, painting, music, architecture, criticism, and historiography in Western civilization over a period from the late 18th to the mid-19th century.
Romanticism can be seen as a rejection of the precepts of order, calm, harmony, balance, idealization, and rationality that typified Classicism in general and late 18th century Neoclassicism in particular.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /r/ro/romanticism.html   (1152 words)

  
 Romanticism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Romanticism was an artistic and intellectual movement in the history of ideas that originated in late 18th century Western Europe.
Romanticism, by having a unique reverence for what was old as being separate from the present, had strains which both revelled in form, and which rebelled against strictures not seen as "essential".
In France, Romanticism is associated with the 19th century, particularly in the paintings of Théodore Géricault and Eugène Delacroix, the plays of Victor Hugo and the novels of Stendhal.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Romanticism   (2470 words)

  
 An Italian Journey through German Romanticism
Among the most influential aesthetic forces in German nineteenth- century culture was the achievement of the Berlin architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel, whose neoclassic buildings were regarded as an embodiment of the rebirth of true beauty through the style of antiquity.
The German fascination for Italy as well was shared by the Swiss and the Austrians, who were in a position to forge an ideal synthesis between the best virtues of the German and the Italian.
The self-proclaimed superiority of modern nineteenth-century German culture seemed to be vindicated by the idea that it had successfully integrated the surviving remnants of the classical past into itself through the movements of Neoclassicism and Romanticism.
www.americansymphony.org /dialogues_extensions/93_94season/4th_concert/leon.cfm   (673 words)

  
 German Idealism [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
For the philosopher German idealism usually means the philosophy of Kant and his immediate followers, while for the historian of literature it may seem little more than the personality of Goethe; and it is not usual to characterize the literary aspect of the movement as neo-humanism.
Romanticism gave depth to the historical view and dissolved into thin air those time-worn conceptions of a "law of nature," "common sense," and innate norms of the reason; this was just as the Enlightenment had formerly disposed of the idea of a supernatural, ecclesiastical norm, which rested on these conceptions.
Out of Romanticism sprang a new impulse for systematic thinking; and through the political catastrophes of the time and the moral earnestness of the intellectual leaders, idealistic speculation was forced to apply its norms to practical social problems.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/g/germidea.htm   (3619 words)

  
 German Romanticism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
In the philosophy, art, and culture of German-speaking countries, German Romanticism was the dominant cultural movement of much of the nineteenth century.
Since the aesthetic of was a relatively late development compared to its English counterpart (Goethe, Classicism's greatest figure, lived well into the 19th century), German romanticism followed very closely after it.
The greatest composer of German opera; was an exponent of Leitmotiv.
www.northmiami.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/German_romanticism   (600 words)

  
 Reform, Liberation and Romanticism in Prussia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Romanticism as an antidote to enlightened rationalism and revolution swept all of Europe after the revolutionary and Napoleonic wars, but German Romanticism was different from most of the others.
The antecedents of German romanticism were pietism of the l7th and l8th century, the influence of England's Percy, Rousseau, and the Sturm und Drang period of German literature (l77O's).
The German Romanticists developed the cult of aestheticism which was at once a rejection of reason and an attempt to apprehend unity and immediacy in one instantaneous act.
mars.acnet.wnec.edu /~grempel/courses/germany/lectures/07reform.html   (2042 words)

  
 Jean-Luc Nancy and Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe-The Literary Absolute.
It is to this early or "first" romanticism, which first constituted "romanticism," and determined not only the possibility of a "romanticism" in general, but also the course that literary history (and history as such) would follow from the romantic moment on-it is to this "early romanticism" that this book is devoted.
What is at stake in "early romanticism"-in other words the romanticism of Jena, a toponymic appellation to which we will return-can also be referred to, in at least a first approximation, as theoretical romanticism, and more precisely as what we will have to examine as the inauguration of the theoretical project in literature.
Not that our goal is to establish the "contemporary relevance of romanticism." The usual results of this sort of program are well known: a suppression pure and simple of history, the dubious immortalization of what is supposedly given "contemporary relevance," the (far from innocent) occultation of the specific characteristics of the present.
www.egs.edu /faculty/nancy/nancy-the-literary-absolute.html   (5142 words)

  
 German Romanticism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Since the aesthetic of German classicism was a relatively late development compared to its English counterpart (Goethe, Classicism's greatest figure, lived well into the 19th century), German romanticism followed very closely after it.
In contrast to the seriousness of English romanticism, the German variety is notable for valuing humor and wit as well as beauty.
Universally acknowledged as the greatest composer of German Lieder; called 'the most poetic musician ever' by Franz Liszt.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/German_Romanticism   (568 words)

  
 German   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Majoring in German allows students to deepen their understanding of German culture and to develop their communication skills in both the written and spoken language.
German majors are strongly encouraged to participate in at least one of the study or internship opportunities in Germany (see below), during either a January Interim, summer, semester, or full-year program.
Students experience intensive German language and culture in Bonn and Berlin, the old and new German capitals, with emphasis on recent changes in the character of both cities.
www.stolaf.edu /depts/chemistry/courses/catalog/source/german.htm   (1745 words)

  
 IHAS: Artist/Movement/Ideas
The Age of Enlightenment, as the 18th century was named for its emphasis on reason and its optimistic faith in a perfectible material and spiritual universe, immolated itself in the flames of the revolutions which closed that century.
The birth of Romanticism is, as historian Paul Johnson has written, also the birth of the modern.
Romanticism, more than anything else, is the cult of the individual--the cultural and psychological nativity of the I--the Self--the inner spark of divinity that links one human being to another and all human beings to the Larger Truth.
www.pbs.org /wnet/ihas/icon/romanticism.html   (552 words)

  
 GERMAN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
German is a major international language of commerce, diplomacy, and scholarly investigation in many fields.
The German Studies program at UB offers many options of study beyond elementary and intermediate language instruction, ranging from traditional concentrations in literature or linguistics to more current studies in German culture and business German.
German majors are finding increasing employment opportunities in business (companies with German-American connections); interpretation (U.N., traveling agencies, tourism bureaus, broadcasting); government (FBI or another international government agency); and translation (of scientific works, literature, government documents).
undergrad-catalog.buffalo.edu /cat0001/german.htm   (1229 words)

  
 Romanticism and Vormärz, 1800-1848
German literature from 1800 to 1848 is marked by a number of different aesthetic, poetic, and political ideologies, and resists attempts at easy classification.
All in all, German literature from 1800-1848 drew heavily upon the political tide of revolution that was sweeping the continent, to such an extent that the discussion of almost any work from the period must take these ideals into account.
Theodore Ziolkowski's comprehensive study German Romanticism and its Institutions presents a thorough examination of the role of five types of institutions -- mining, law, the madhouse, the university, and the museum -- for the Romantic movement in general and for individual authors and works.
www.nthuleen.com /papers/704final.html   (4035 words)

  
 Course Introduction   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
German Romanticism has been called a "disease" (J.W. Goethe), "therapy" (F. Nietzsche), "the passion-flower sprung from the blood of Christ," (H. Heine), and "the largest recent movement to transform the lives and the thought of the Western world" (I. Berlin).
It was, in any event, a highly interdisciplinary movement that encompassed philosophy, literature, aesthetic theory, and a burgeoning study of psychology from the end of the eighteenth to the mid-nineteenth century.
In addition to acquainting us with some of the seminal texts of the Romantics--and therefore also of German literature and philosophy--German 390 will also give us the opportunity to discuss issues of more general importance to the humanities and to educators: issues relating to cultural theory, aesthetic depictions of history, and subjectivity.
www.german.uiuc.edu /lruthjoh/GER474   (171 words)

  
 German Civilization. Lesson 7. Andreas Lixl, UNCG
Romanticism for having come under the domination of the monarchy and the church.
Robert Schumann (1810-1856), the rebel leader of early German Romanticism, experimented with less traditional musical forms than Brahms and Schubert to convey a broad spectrum of moods and melodies in his music.
Romanticism took its name from the medieval stories and poems called romances, which centered on heroic figures and legends, and were written in the vernacular of the people.
www.uncg.edu /gar/courses/lixl/216/216Lesson7.htm   (3844 words)

  
 Art Guild Lecture: Romanticism
It came to mean a rebellion against the Neoclassic period's Age of Reason as writers, composers, architects and artists chose to express themselves with emotion and intuition rather than the rational objectivity which then characterized the arts.
Romanticism refers not to a specific style, but to an attitude of mind that was expressed in any number of ways.
Although Romanticism reached out for impassioned experience wherever it could be found and at whatever risk, there was also a belief that feeling could lead to fresh experience and a new knowledge.
www.netserves.com /moca/lectures/skuzrom.htm   (443 words)

  
 Manfred Frank - The Philosophical Foundations of Early German Romanticism - Reviewed by Fred Rush, University of Notre ...
The larger work is the most comprehensive and thoroughgoing study of early German romanticism, easily superseding prior treatments.
One must judge the philosophical import of early German romanticism on the basis of whether the critique of Fichte is well-taken and whether the strategies meant to replace the foundationalist project are coherent and compelling.
That is, romanticism is committed to a form of conceptual holism that is not constrained by a final set of overarching concepts.
ndpr.nd.edu /review.cfm?id=1024   (2145 words)

  
 Vanderbilt Register:Student receives Fulbright grant for year of study in Germany
Her family is of German heritage and her grandparents on both her mother and father's side of the family spoke German.
Doerhoff, who has been speaking German fluently for about five years, was able to work on her language skills as a resident of McTyeire International House on campus.
She lived in the German hall her sophomore year and was able to converse daily with two native speakers - students from Regensburg.
www.vanderbilt.edu /News/register/May4_98/vr21.html   (676 words)

  
 Literary Encyclopedia: German Romanticism
German Romanticism (1790s-1850) was at the center of a worldwide renewal movement that affected national literatures from central Europe to North and Latin America and profoundly altered the worldview and even the lifestyle of the people.
Blessed with exceptional intellectual and artistic riches that had come into their own during Romanticism, Germany was able to repay manifold the stimuli it had received at the dawn of the Romantic Age from France and England.
In recent decades, Early German Romanticism has received special attention because its theories of artistic autonomy, such as the much-touted caprice of the author (F. Schlegel, C. Brentano etc.), appear to have re-surfaced in modern literary techniques.
www.litencyc.com /php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1353   (2913 words)

  
 German Theory and Criticism: 2. Romanticism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Hegel's pronouncement about the end of art, Romanticism is simply the first phase in a period of idealist art, the "Kunstperiode," which began with Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's birth and would end with his death.
Fragments were the mode both Schlegel and Novalis favored most for developing their new poetics of Romanticism, in part because they required the active participation of the reader in the new poetic and aesthetic theories, in part because fragmentation reflects the fragmentary nature of existence (see Lacoue-Labarthe and Nancy 39 ff.; and Wheeler 10).
Within the discourse of Romanticism this means that the dissociation of moral from aesthetic concerns, of subject from object, mind from medium, increases resistance to understanding at the same time that it demands a greater effort of interpretation (Wheeler 13 ff.).
www.press.jhu.edu /books/hopkins_guide_to_literary_theory/german_theory_and_criticism-_2.html   (2647 words)

  
 Seminar   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Literature of German Romanticism is volume 8 of the new Camden House History of German Literature.
It is narrower in scope, focussing specifically on Romanticism as a movement, the only author considered who is not strictly speaking a Romantic being Goethe.
Equally successful are the essays on the “Genesis of German Romanticism” (Gerhard Schulz) and on “Early Romanticism” (Richard Littlejohns).
www.humanities.ualberta.ca /seminar/display.cfm?ReviewID=142   (870 words)

  
 Roots - Fuller-- German Romanticism
Margaret Fuller was the greatest proponent of German Romantic literature in the transcendentalist circle.
Her knowledge of the German language was far superior to that of Emerson.
Fuller was influenced by German Romanticism in the development of her prime duality between the masculine and the feminine.
www.vcu.edu /engweb/transcendentalism/roots/rwe-fuller.html   (305 words)

  
 GM 215 German Romanticism (Spring: 3)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Romanticism is a crucial period in European intellectual history.
Many aspects of what we call "modernity" have their roots in German Romantic thought around the end of the 18th and the first third of the 19th century.
The course will present the political and social history of Romanticism and focus on themes such as the Romantic image of man and nature, philosophical idealism, the significance of dreams and the unconscious, Romantic nihilism, and Romantic theory of literature.
www.bc.edu /crs/gm/course/gm21500.shtml   (95 words)

  
 Richard Wagner: Zenith of German Romanticism
Although he was undoubtedly the most controversial musical figure of the Nineteenth Century, Richard Wagner was a great literary, philosophical and political activist whose contributions to the development of German Romanticism were unrivaled by any of his contemporaries.
His life and works may be said to crown the musical achievements of German Romanticism, but they are simultaneously celebrated and condemned like the works of no other composer in music history.
Particularly in Tannhäuser, Wagner brilliantly adapted the substance of the German Romantic libretto to the framework of grand opera.
www.carolinaclassical.com /articles/wagner.html   (3400 words)

  
 Literary, Historical, and Cultural References   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Romanticism in Germany was not one movement but a series of separate ones.
The Scglegels, however, did not regard themselves as the founders of a romantic movement for, in their definition, romantic meant simply modern (from the Middle Ages on), as opposed to classical (Greek and Latin).
In very general terms, German romanticism may be seen as the culmination of all these movements, the final overthrow of the Enlightenment, and the definitive redirection of 19th-century literature into nonrationalistic areas of experience.
dontpanic.dyndns.org /Bennet/RomantGerman.html   (382 words)

  
 Peter Horn, Thomas Mann - The Consummation and the Transmutation of German Romanticism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
There is little doubt that European Romanticism and especially German Romanticism was one of the most significant and most effective of all literary movements.
In evaluating Romanticism and the work of Thomas Mann alike "it naturally becomes highly ridiculous to associate the term revolutionary exclusively with progress and with victorious rationalism".
They are precisely the topics of German classicism: the harmonious relation between the soul and its emotions on the one hand and the world at large - the belief namely that the inner subjective world of the individual is in harmony with the true order of existence.
users.iafrica.com /h/ho/hornpet/ThomasMann.htm   (4964 words)

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