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Topic: German resistance movement

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  Resistance movement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A resistance movement is a group dedicated to fighting an invader in an occupied country.
Some resistance movements are underground organizations engaged in a struggle for national liberation in a country under military occupation or totalitarian domination.
Philippine resistance movement -- the anti-Japanese phase of the Huk movement
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Resistance_movement   (724 words)

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Although the resistance movements in German were quite passive, the resistance to the regime both in Germany and in the occupied countries was significant in each case to some degree.
Resistance by workers formed the most significant component of the German resistance movement, and formed an outlet for the people to follow their moral and ethic values.
The resistance which occurred in occupied countries such as the USSR, Poland, Yugoslavia and France, and the resistance movements by the workers, churches, youth, army, middle-class in Germany were significant to the people.
members.iinet.net.au /~kewdon/german.txt   (2050 words)

 German resistance movement. Who is German resistance movement? What is German resistance movement? Where is German ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Widerstand is the name given to the resistance movements in Nazi Germany.
From 1938 to 1945, there was 17 assassination attempts against Adolf Hitler by the German Resistance.
German conspiracy to overthrow Hitler and the Nazi regime
www.knowledgerush.com /kr/encyclopedia/German_resistance_movement   (162 words)

 German resistance movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Foundation War and Resistance Documentation A foundation that documents the resistance movement in the city and province of Groningen.
Houses for Non Smoker A German based resistance movement against the tobacco industry and fighting to be able to breathe again and not be forced into inhaling other people's smoke in every possible place.
German Resistance Memorial Center, Berlin The German Resistance Memorial Center is located in the historic section of the former headquarters of the Army High Command, where it documents the failed attempt of Colonel von Stauffenberg and others to assassinate Hitler in 1944.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-German_resistance_movement.html   (372 words)

 Widerstand - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Widerstand (German: 'resistance') is the name given to the resistance movements in Nazi Germany.
The last assassination attempt against Hitler, called the July 20 Plot, resulted in the capture and executions of more than 4,800 known or suspected opponents of his regime, effectively destroying the resistance movement.
What matters now is no longer the practical purpose of the coup, but to prove to the world and for the records of history that the men of the resistance dared to take the decisive step.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/German_resistance_movement   (341 words)

 Encyclopedia: Nazi Germany   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Most ordinary Germans, happy with the improving economy and better standard of living, remained obedient and quiet, but many political opponents, especially communists and socialists, were reported by omnipresent eavesdropping spies, and put in prison camps where they were severely mistreated, and many tortured and killed.
German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives.
The German exodus from Eastern Europe refers to the exodus of the German populations to the east of Germanys and Austrias post-World War II borders.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Nazi-Germany   (10297 words)

Some resistance movement are underground organization engaged in a struggle for national liberation in a country under military or totalitarian occupation.
Tactics of resistance movements range from passive resistance and industrial sabotage to what would today be regarded as guerrilla (or guerilla) warfare and terrorism.
Contemporary acts of a group that considers itself a resistance movement are usually condemned as terrorism by the government they are directed against, even when such attacks are directed against military targets.
www.jahsonic.com /Resistance.html   (491 words)

 resistance movement
Opposition movement in a country occupied by an enemy or colonial power, especially in the 20th century; for example, the resistance to Nazism and Nazi occupation in Europe during World War II.
In more industrialized countries, such as France (where the underground movement was called the Maquis), Belgium, and Czechoslovakia, the action was more sporadic; sabotage in factories and on the railways, propaganda, and the assassination of Germans and collaborators were the main priorities.
Resistance, though less problematic for the Nazi dictatorship, also came from the Jews and other inmates of the concentration camps and ghettos of Eastern Europe, and from anti-Nazi groups within Germany itself.
www.tiscali.co.uk /reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0011742.html   (207 words)

 Mommsen, H.; McGeoch, A., trans.: Alternatives to Hitler: German Resistance under the Third Reich.
Internal opposition to Nazism is often mythologized as heroic or dismissed as "too little, too late, and for the wrong reasons." These seminal writings trace the real and complex history of the German Resistance from the ascent of the Nazi Party to the July 1944 attempted assassination of Hitler.
Along the way he tells the incredible stories of such Germans as Count Claus von Stauffenberg, who planted a briefcase bomb during a staff meeting at Hitler's East Prussian military headquarters, and the members of the Kreisau Circle, who clandestinely met to plan for Germany's postwar future as a democratic member of an integrated Europe.
While upholding resistance to Nazism as a value beyond reproach, Mommsen considers the varied and sometimes murky motives of those who resisted--motives that ranged from principled commitment to pragmatic self-interest by former Nazi sympathizers.
pup.princeton.edu /titles/7646.html   (560 words)

 Glossary on German Resistance
For its' part the Church promised not to meddle in matters of the German State, etc. Hitler did not fully honor his agreement and a number of Catholics were persecuted although senior clerics and the ritual procedures of Catholic practice were, for the most part, left alone.
They opposed efforts by the German Christians to eliminate the Old Testament, block non-aryans from joining the Church Community, etc. Eventually, the Confessing Church (many of its members) publicly opposed the regime's political and racial policies.
Resisters and others were placed on public trial dressed in drab clothing, etc.
members.aol.com /baronvanc/glossary.htm   (1447 words)

 Articles - Resistance movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The ANC, PAC and other political and guerrilla movements that resisted the apartheid regime in South Africa.
Resistance movements in Pattani since the early 1970s.
The Wehrwolf (also spelled Wehrwölfe or Werwolf) was a planned Nazi resistance movement against the victorious Allies after the defeat of the Nazi government at the end of World War II.
www.mainearth.com /articles/Resistance_movement   (625 words)

 In Honor of Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg by Jørn K. Baltzersen
The German resistance movement to the Nazi dictatorship was larger and more active than is generally known.
German diplomats, politicians, military and civilian personnel tried repeatedly between 1934 and 1944, not only to kill Hitler, but to warn the British government of developments.
The White Rose –; Die Weiße Rose – was a resistance movement that started acting in the summer of 1942 – sadly ending with a trial on February 22, 1943.
www.lewrockwell.com /baltzersen/baltzersen10.html   (716 words)

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Resistance centred around the groups surrounding Beck and Goerdeler, for which the objective was to implement some kind of a coup d’état.
He continued /in German/: “As you may be aware, since the autumn of 1939 I often met with Dr. Goerdeler and I regard him as a great patriot and a man of insight who clearly saw which horrendous misfortune that these crooks, i.e.
Through its achievements within various areas, the revolutionary movement would have to show the world that it had dissociated itself from violence and lawlessness as forcible means and from Nazism as religion and school, in the spirit of which German youth was being brought up.
wallenberg.org /arkiv/german.doc   (20521 words)

 Anti-German Resistance   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The story of Bakweri military resistance against the Germans is also the incredible story of Chief KUVA LIKENYE of Buea, whose epic defeat of the German-led forces in 1891 remains one of the most glorious (but largely unknown) chapters in Cameroonian history.
Although Western historians insist that the only German lost in the confrontation was Gravenreuth, Bakweri legend has it that six Germans actually lost their lives in the expedition, and that their skulls now reside in a secret shrine in the village of Wondongo, Buea.
As a resistance movement, it was before its time…Kuva must receive credit for diverting the curse of Gravenreuth and his slave-troops upon the colonial masters themselves.
www.bakwerilands.org /resistance.htm   (1546 words)

 Nazi Germany - LearnThis.Info Enclyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The term Nazi is a short form of the German Nationalsozialismus; the ideology was institutionalized in the NSDAP (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), the National Socialist German Workers' Party, or Nazi Party for short.
The Third Reich is an anglification of the German expression "Das Dritte Reich", and is used as a synonym for Nazi Germany.
The prosecution of minorities continued both in Germany and the occupied areas, from 1941 Jews were required to wear a yellow star in public and most were transferred to Ghettos, where they remained isolated from the rest of the population.
encyclopedia.learnthis.info /n/na/nazi_germany.html   (1963 words)

 German Resistance Memorial Center - Topic 'Resistance from the Labor Movement'
The first resistance against the policies of the National Socialists comes out of the ranks of the labor movement with its rich tradition.
Political graffiti, leaflets, and pamphlets characterize the resistance of the labor movement initially.
Mass trials and concentration camps are intended to convince the supporters of the old labor movement that their struggle is in vain.
www.gdw-berlin.de /b04/b4-ein-e.php   (365 words)

 White Rose - free-definition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Sophie Scholl was executed for her participation in a passive resistance movement against the Nazi regime through White Rose.
The White Rose Society (German, Die Weiße Rose) was a World War II-era resistance movement in Germany calling for passive resistance against the Nazi regime.
They had witnessed the German atrocities, both on the battlefield and during the Holocaust, and sensed that the reversal of fortunes that the Wehrmacht suffered at Stalingrad would eventually lead to Germany's defeat.
www.free-definition.com /White-Rose.html   (745 words)

 McGill Reporter - Volume 28 Number 12
According to the Economist magazine, Germans were long divided on the subject of the German resistance movement during Hitler's rule.
Thanks to an impressive string of books devoted to the subject of Germans who resisted the Nazis, Hoffmann is clearly regarded as one of the world's top authorities on the subject, a reputation he has bolstered by recently publishing Stauffenberg: A family history, 1905 1944.
Their support is in the thousands, rather than in the tens of thousands." He suspects the movement has far more to do with the cynicism, poverty and perceived lack of opportunity of youths from the former East Germany than with anti-Semitism.
www.reporter-archive.mcgill.ca /Rep/r2812/hoffmann.htm   (1239 words)

 Yugoslavia - The Resistance Movement
Cetnik units attacked Partisans in November 1941 and began cooperating with the Germans and Italians to prevent a communist victory.
In March the Partisans outmaneuvered the German army and defeated the Cetnici decisively in Hercegovina and Montenegro.
In May, however, German, Italian, Bulgarian, and NDH forces surrounded the Partisans and launched a final crushing attack.
www.country-data.com /cgi-bin/query/r-14783.html   (1225 words)

 The Greatest War Crime
The memorandum pleaded for solidarity between the German resistance movement and the "civilized world" on the basis of opposition to "destruction so vast...even the victors would suffer from extreme poverty....totalitarian control...increasing even in liberal countries...tendency to anarchism and the abandonment of all established civilized standards...the threat of bolshevization....
It attempted to portray the horrors of world revolution which the German resistance saw as the sole alternative to a negotiated peace between Germany and the Western Allies.
German General Heinz Guderian claims that "the demand for 'unconditional surrender' certainly contributed to the destruction of every hope in Germany for a reasonable peace." He called FDR the "gravedigger not only of Germany but also of Europe" and says that the "entire civilized world" will have to pay for Roosevelt's policy.
www.culturewars.com /CultureWars/Archives/cw_recent/warcrime.html   (6123 words)

 Underground Resistance
The resistance movement was filled with Germans who at first were not against the rise of Adolf Hitler and Nazism.
Although it was Bonhoeffer’s duty as a German citizen to join the army, he did not want to, so a friend of his in the army, also a member of the resistance, got him a job in the German Abwehr, the equivalent of the CIA.
The methods of resisting may not have directly accomplished the goals of killing Hitler and cleansing Germany of Nazism from within, but Jews were able to escape and truths were made known.
www.meredith.edu /stones/undergro.htm   (3401 words)

 The resistance movement in Yugoslavia
However, the troop movements in Yugoslavia would have indicated that a massive attack was going to take place as after the initial German invasion, many German troops were withdrawn for Barbarossa and replaced with Italian, Bulgarian and Hungarian troops.
In a reprisal for the life of a German soldier, the general rule should be capital punishment for 50-100 Communists.
He had specifically ordered that the resistance units loyal to him should not use their local power to enforce communist ideology onto the people who lived in that area.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /resistance_movement_in_yugoslavi.htm   (1681 words)

 Buchenwald Camp Description   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
They were joined by German and Austrian Jews in 1938, almost 10,000 in number, after Kristallnacht (November 9, 1938)--the "night of broken glass"--a terroristic attack on Jewish businesses and people throughout Germany.
As the allies invaded Germany, the resistance movement obstructed orders to prepare for evacuation, refusing to attend roll calls and hiding the selected men.
When the 20th Corps arrived to liberate the camp later that same day, they were greeted by the resistance troops, who had seized control of the camp and placed the SS troops under guard.
www.library.gatech.edu /projects/holocaust/buchendes.htm   (582 words)

 German Resistance to Hitler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Goal of the course: The aim of the course is to explore the various forms German resistance to Hitler during the Third Reich (1933-1945); to discuss the difficulties such resistance faced in a totalitarian regime; and to examine the ethical and religious dimensions of political opposition to unjust rule.
Program: In the first two weeks we will lay the foundations for our discussions of the German Resistance by examining the political events during thje Weimar Republic that made possible the rise of Hitler and his party.
There were many forms of opposition to Hitler’s dictatorship ranging from a whispered joke, which, if overheard by the wrong person, could land you in a concentration camp, to a full-fledged coup d’etat in 1944 by the Stauffenberg circle.
www.aicgs.org /resources/daad/1996006.shtml   (1438 words)

 Books on Nazi Germany - German Resistance to Hitler
Germans Against Nazism: Nonconformity, Opposition and Resistance in the Third Reich: Essays in Honour of Peter Hoffmann
It is also meticulously researched, offering insight into the rise and fall of the Third Reich from the perspective of German resisters who once supported the movement.
This chronicle of German resistance begins in 1933 with the torching of the Reichstag and ends with a bang--literally--in 1944 with a failed bomb plot to knock off the Fuehrer.
www.dropbears.com /b/broughsbooks/military/german_resistance.htm   (840 words)

 As timely now as then: White Rose, a student-led German resistance mvmt started in 1943
At it's very inception this movement depended on the deception and betrayal of one's fellow man; even at that time it was inwardly corrupt and could support itself only by constant lies.
The German intellectuals fled to their cellars, there, like plants struggling in the dark, away from light and sun, gradually to choke to death.
The German people slumber on in their dull, stupid sleep and encourage these fascist criminals; they give them the opportunity to carry on their depredations; and of course they do so.
www.ratical.org /ratville/JFK/JohnJudge/linkscopy/WhiteRose.html   (1050 words)

 Germans against Hitler: The German Resistance - DiscussAnything.com -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The German army group center had ceased to exist, and the Russians were moving with no one to stop them.
He was traveling across Germany and the fronts, looking for new allies for the movement, writing plans and forming shadow governments.
Another duties were given to important resistance members: The interior to Leber, the education to Popitz, the war to General Olbricht, and the posts to General Fellgiebel.
www.discussanything.com /forums/showthread.php?t=69948   (754 words)

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