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Topic: Gilbert Islands

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In the News (Mon 19 Aug 19)

  Gilbert and Ellice Islands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Gilbert Islands have been the major part of the nation of Kiribati since 1979, and the Ellice Islands became Tuvalu in 1978.
The sixteen islands of the Gilberts, declared a protectorate by Captain Davis, R. of HMS Royalist between 27 May and 17 June 1892, were discovered intermittently from perhaps as early as 1537 up to 1826.
The Ellice Islands were declared a protectorate by Captain Gibson, R. of HMS Curacao between 9th and 16 October of the same year; Banaba (or Ocean Island) was included within the protectorate in 1900 and then in the colony in 1916.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gilbert_and_Ellice_Islands   (543 words)

 Gilbert Islands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Gilbert Islands are a chain of 16 atolls and coral islands in the Pacific Ocean, part of the nation Kiribati.
The natives of the Gilberts are Micronesian, similar in many respects to the natives of the Marshalls, the Carolines, and the Marianas.
All education in the islands came under the supervision of the Colonial Education Department whose aims were to educate native boys for employment in government and commercial work, and to standardize the level of education throughout the colony.
www.bonneylake.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Gilbert_Islands   (834 words)

 AllRefer.com - Gilbert Islands (Pacific Islands Political Geography) - Encyclopedia
Gilbert Islands, group of 16 islands, central Pacific, one of the island groups that form the Republic of Kiribati.
Nikunau was explored by British Commodore John Byron in 1765; other islands were explored by captains Thomas Gilbert and John Marshall in 1788, and the remainder were visited between 1799 and 1824.
The British made the islands a protectorate in 1892 and a colony in 1915–16.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/G/GilbertI.html   (254 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The isolated stands of mangroves in the Gilbert Islands and the distinctive saline and brackish lagoons in the Line and Phoenix Islands are of conservation interest, as are the freshwater habitats of Teraina (Washington).
The island is valued for the variety and naturalness of its terrestrial habitats and large breeding populations of seabirds, several of which are of outstanding international importance.
The island was occupied between 1956 and 1959 by British servicemen to monitor the Christmas Island atmospheric nuclear bomb test programme, and was itself used as a target for some of the larger detonations (Garnett, 1983).
www.wetlands.org /inventory&/OceaniaDir/Doc_chapters/Kiribati.doc   (13717 words)

 MSN Encarta - Print Preview - Kiribati
In 1788 British naval captains John Marshall and Thomas Gilbert, for whom the Gilbert Islands were later named, came upon several of the other islands while sailing from Australia to China.
In 1939 the British agreed that Kanton and Enderbury—two Phoenix Islands strategically important to the United States—would be administered jointly by the United States and Britain.
Because the Polynesian people of the Ellice Islands wanted to maintain cultural distinctiveness from the Micronesians of the Gilbert Islands, the Ellice Islands separated from the GEIC in 1975 and formed the nation of Tuvalu.
encarta.msn.com /text_761562805___7/Kiribati.html   (696 words)

 Kiribati 2000
The Republic of Kiribati consists mainly of the Gilbert Islands, a group of 16 low coral islands or atolls in the Central Pacific between 173 degrees and 170 degrees east longitude and 4 degrees north and 3 degrees south latitude.
Each of the Islands of Kiribati has its own culture and consists mainly of very small, low, white coral islands or atolls which in most cases has a number of quite small islets which are separated from one another by narrow passages of water from the lagoon side to the ocean.
The seventeen rays of the sun represent the sixteen islands of the Gilberts and Banaba (Ocean Island).
www.janeresture.com /KIRIBATI2000/kiribati2000.htm   (2161 words)

 Gilbert and Ellice Islands
The Gilbert Islands were discovered by the British in 1764 and made a protectorate in 1892.
Ellice Islands - Sighted in 1568 by Alvaro de Mendenña de Neira, the Ellice Islands became a British protectorate in 1892 and annexed with the Gilbert Islands in 1915.
Cook Islands were annexed to New Zealand in 1901, Solomon Islands had their own badge in 1910, but Gilbert Islands, which were combined with Ellice Islands in (probably) 1916, when the Protectorate became a Colony, still, in 1930, had the unspecific BR badge.
flagspot.net /flags/ki-gilbt.html   (2251 words)

 Kiribati - Origins
Despite the variations that exists between islands in the Gilbert Group, most Gilbertese people believe their ancestors were spirits, some created in Samoa and some in the Gilberts, and that it was the movement from Samoa which populated the Gilbert Islands for the first time.
There is a growing amount of evidence that suggests that the Gilbert Islands had been inhabited for at least 3000 years, and that the ancient origin of the migrants was Southeast Asia.
The precise route that the first settlers follow to the Gilbert Islands is still uncertain, but there is little doubt today that they were part of a much larger movement of people from the Southeast Asia/Indonesia area into the Pacific.
www.janeresture.com /ki33/origins.htm   (1728 words)

 The Gilbert & Ellice Islands
These islands are fairly close to the island of Makin which is the most northern island in the Gilberts.
Kiribati consists of very small low, white coral islands or atolls, which in most cases have a number of quite small islets which are separated from one another by narrow passages of water from the lagoon side to the ocean.
Mother Marie Louise was always eager to help the Missionaries, but this time she hesitated about the Gilberts because of the extreme isolation of these remote islands separated from the rest of the world and from each other by vast wastes of ocean.
www.angelfire.com /ar/janer/egan22.html   (2949 words)

 Journeys through Pacific history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Forty years after they left the Gilbert Islands as the principal colonial representatives, Harry and Honor Maude were invited back to the independence celebrations, "among the most honoured of the honoured guests", and Professor Maude was awarded the Kiribati Independence Medal "in recognition of your dedicated and meritorious service to our country".
The particular strength is material relating to the central Pacific islands where he had spent most of his administrative career, in which the collection is unrivalled, but there are publications on probably every inhabited island of the Pacific from Hawaii to New Guinea, and on all aspects of traditional culture, culture contact and post-colonial society.
The Gilbert and Ellice Islands works in particular are wide-ranging and comprehensive in their coverage, including almost everything written on the islands as well as missionary and official publications from the islands themselves.
www.library.adelaide.edu.au /ual/publ/Journeys_Pacific.html   (4775 words)

 Kiribati   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Its name is pronounced and is a Gilbertese transliteration of "Gilberts", the English name for the main group of islands: the former Gilbert Islands.
The islands were named the Gilbert Islands in 1820 by an Estonian admiral, Adam von Krusenstern, and French captain Louis Duperrey, after a British captain, Thomas Gilbert, who crossed the archipelago in 1788 ('Kiribati' is the islanders' pronunciation of plural 'Gilberts').
That is why Kiritimati Island is known in English as Christmas Island (not to be confused with the Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean, which is administered by Australia).
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/K/Kiribati.htm   (825 words)

 Gilbert & Ellice Islands Bank Notes
These notes were retained on the islands and credits were given in Sydney upon their arrival.
Gilbert and Ellice Islands, located in the western Pacific Ocean and comprised of Gilbert, Ellice, Ocean, Fanning, Washington, Christmas and Phoenix islands, was a British colony since 1915.
The islands were occupied by Japan during WWII and became self-governing in 1971.
www.tomchao.com /au/au7.html   (144 words)

 Kiribati: History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Republic of Kiribati now consists of the sixteen Gilbert Islands, Banaba, the eight Phoenix Islands, and eight of the ten Line Islands, with a total land area of 690 square kilometres, spread over an ocean area of a third to half a million square kilometres.
Of the total thirty-three islands, twenty are inhabited by Gilbertese, and thirteen are at present uninhabited or only temporarily occupied.
In mid-1984 the total population was estimated at 61,400, of whom approximately 90% live in the Gilbert Islands, and more than 30% live on Tarawa.
www.wysiwyg.co.nz /kiribati/history.html   (206 words)

 Kiribati Bibliography: Semantic Index
Island Courts in the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony.
Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony, Legislative Council, Tarawa.
The Constitution of the Gilbert Islands as in force on 1 February, 1978.
www.trussel.com /kir/s_law.htm   (894 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Gilbert Islands are a chain of 16 atolls in the Pacific Ocean, part of the nation Kiribati.
Banaba (Ocean Island), is not part of the chain but is included for administrative purposes.
The nearby island of Banaba, is geologically not part of the chain, though politically it is. Banaba is actually a mined-out phosphate rock island.
www.informationgenius.com /encyclopedia/g/gi/gilbert_islands.html   (76 words)

 Gilbert Islands --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Grosvenor, Gilbert H. American geographer, writer, and long-time editor of the National Geographic Magazine and president of the National Geographic Society.
of Gilbert Islands; belong to Kiribati; Birnie, McKean, Phoenix, Hull, Sydney, and Gardner were part of British dependency of Gilbert Islands until 1979; Canton and Enderbury were administered jointly by U.S. and United Kingdom under 50-year agreement reached 1939, released by U.S. Starbuck Island
The island was conquered in four days at a cost of 913 Marine dead and 2,000 wounded.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9036816?tocId=9036816   (815 words)

Upon the partition of the Vicariate of Micronesia, the Gilbert Islands were erected into an independent vicariate by a decree of the Sacred Congregation of Propaganda, dated 17 July, 1897, and the present vicar Apostolic, Mgr.
Joseph Leray, titular bishop of Remesiana, was placed at its head, and, with several missionary priests from the Congregation of the Sacred Heart, he entered upon the evangelization of the islands.
The population of the vicariate is estimated at between 30,000 and 40,000, of whom 14,000 are Catholics.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/06557a.htm   (269 words)

 Building the Navy's Bases Online: Tarawa, in the Gilbert Islands
The Gilbert Islands, which include Tarawa, Apamama, and Makin, are a group of coral atolls lying athwart the equator.
When the 74th Battalion went ashore at Betio, by far the most heavily defended island in the atoll, organized resistance had ceased, although many snipers were at large, and groups of Japanese were barricaded in underground shelters and in block-houses.
The greatest obstacle to be overcome was the condition of the island.
microworks.net /pacific/bases/btnb_online/tarawa.htm   (1826 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
GILBERT ISLANDS (CVE-107) An island group containing 16 atolls in the western Pacific Ocean on the equator, southeast of the Marshalls and northeast of the Solomons.
GILBERT ISLANDS departed San Pedro Bay 29 July to screen logistic ships replenishing 3d Fleet striking forces along the coast of Japan.
Reclassified AKV-39 7 May 1959, GILBERT ISLANDS remained in reserve until her name was struck from the Navy List June 1961.
www.hazegray.org /danfs/carriers/cve107.txt   (622 words)

 Gilbert Islands on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
group of 16 islands, central Pacific, one of the island groups that form the Republic of Kiribati.
The British made the islands a protectorate in 1892 and a colony in 1915-16.
Jenna DeRosa, 12, right, of Johnston, Rhode Island jokes with her bunkmate Katie Gilbert, from Ohio, in their cabin at Camp Kingsmont, a children's weight loss camp in West Stockbridge, Massachusetts.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/G/GilbertI1.asp   (618 words)

 Invasion of the Gilbert Islands
The attack on the Gilbert Islands would be the first offensive amphibious operation in the Central Pacific.
The island hosted a seaplane base, but the defenses were incomplete and the garrison small.
Coffee and food were lowered to them on a line from the transports and they slept on their cargo while anchored in the lagoon--all the while being awakened by random fire from shore.
www.uscg.mil /hq/g-cp/history/GilbertsWWII.html   (2752 words)

 Abaiang Atoll --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Comprising six islets in the northern Gilberts with a total land area of 6 square miles (16 square km), the atoll has a lagoon (16 by 5 miles [26 by 8 km]) that provides sheltered anchorage.
Most volcanic islands are referred to as high even if they are not very high, and most coral islands are called low.
The islands and islets number more than 1,200 and have a total land area of 70 square miles (181 square kilometers), scattered over about 770,000 square miles (1,994,000 square kilometers) of...
www.britannica.com /eb/article?tocId=9003219   (934 words)

Tasked to make known the need for an itinerant missionary in the Gilbert Islands (now Kiribati) he was gradually convicted by God to obey the Great Commission.
The LMS maintained a ship, the 'John Williams' (named after the 19th century martyred missionary of the Pacific), which transported pastors to their parishes and students to the mission schools and theological college.
In 1968 the LMS Mission became the Gilbert Island Protestant Church.
www.christianaction.org.za /GDL/gilbert-islands.htm   (643 words)

 British Empire: The Map Room: Pacific: Gilbert Islands
The large population led to the introduction of natives from these islands into Hawaii as laborers in 1878-1884, but they were not found satisfactory.
The islands were discovered by John Byron in 1765 (one of them bearing his name); Captains Gilbert and Marshall visited them in 1788; and they were
A protectorate was established together with the Ellice Islands in 1892 a d it became part of the colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands from 1916, until gaining independence as Kiribati in 1979.
www.britishempire.co.uk /maproom/gilbert.htm   (104 words)

 Kiribati Bibliography: Semantic Index
Thornton, J. The Troubles of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands.
Knudson, Kenneth E. Adaptational Persistence in the Gilbert Islands.
The Micronesian Executive: FSM, Kiribati, and the Marshall Islands, presented at the meeting of the Pacific Islands Political Studies Association, Guam, December 16-18, 1989.
www.trussel.com /kir/s_genl.htm   (1078 words)

 Phoenix Islands
The Phoenix Islands were visited between 1823 and 1840 by British and American explorers, but most of them were annexed by Great Britain in the late 19th cent.
Previously uninhabited, Orona, Manra, and Nikumaroro islands were colonized with people from the overcrowded Gilbert Islands between 1938 and 1940.
By 1963, however, the three settlements had failed and the entire population was moved to the Solomon Islands.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/world/A0838844.html   (177 words)

 HyperWar: The Battle for Tarawa [Appendix G: Brief History of the Gilbert Islands]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The first record of the discovery of the islands of the group which came to be known as the Gilberts dates back to 1765 when Commander Byron in the ship Dophin discovered the island of Nikunau.
In 1788 Captain Gilbert in the Charlotte and Captain Marshall in the Scarborough discovered Apamama, Kuria, Aranuka, Tarawa, Abaiang, Butaritari, and Makin.
A British protectorate was first proclaimed over the Gilberts by Captain Davis of HMS Royalist on 27 May 1892.
www.ibiblio.org /hyperwar/USMC/USMC-M-Tarawa/USMC-M-Tarawa-G.html   (634 words)

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