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Topic: Gland

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In the News (Wed 26 Jun 19)

 [No title]
The pituitary gland is sometimes called the "master" gland of the endocrine system, because it controls the functions of the other endocrine glands.
The pituitary gland is no larger than a pea, and is located at the base of the brain.
The gland is attached to the hypothalumus (a part of the brain that affects the pituitary gland) by nerve fibers.
www.umm.edu /endocrin/pitgland.htm   (207 words)

 Third Eye - Pineal Gland - Crystalinks
The Pineal Gland is about the size of a pea, and is in the center of the brain in a tiny cave behind and above the pituitary gland which lies a little behind the root of the nose.
While the physiological function of the pineal gland has been unknown until recent times, mystical traditions and esoteric schools have long known this area in the middle of the brain to be the connecting link between the physical and spiritual worlds.
The gland is large in children and begins to shrink with the onset of puberty.
www.crystalinks.com /thirdeyepineal.html   (1660 words)

 eMedicine - Salivary Gland Tumors, Minor, Benign : Article Excerpt by: Fadi Chahin, MD
The minor glands are dispersed throughout the upper aerodigestive submucosa (ie, palate, lip, pharynx, nasopharynx, larynx, parapharyngeal space).
The remaining tumors arise in the submandibular gland (8%) and minor salivary glands (22%).
The anatomy of the parotid gland and the role of the main ducts were described in the mid-17th century.
www.emedicine.com /med/byname/salivary-gland-tumors-minor-benign.htm   (636 words)

 Salivary Glands & Thyroid
The salivary gland functions are to maintain oral and dental hygiene, prepare food for mastication, taste, and deglutition, and begin carbohydrate digestion with amylase.
90% of salivary stones occur in the submandibular gland, and 10% occur in the parotid gland.
Neoplasms of the salivary glands usually occur in the major salivary glands, with 80% occurring in the parotids, and almost 20% occurring in the submandibular glands.
www.utmb.edu /oto/MedicalStudent.dir/sal-gland-thyroid.htm   (1238 words)

 Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland) Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment by MedicineNet.com
Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which an overactive thyroid gland is producing an excessive amount of thyroid hormones that circulate in the blood.
The gland wraps around the windpipe (trachea) and has a shape that is similar to a butterfly formed by two wings (lobes) and attached by a middle part (isthmus).
The thyroid gland removes iodine from the blood (which comes mostly from a diet of foods such as seafood, bread, and salt) and uses it to produce thyroid hormones.
www.medicinenet.com /hyperthyroidism/article.htm   (612 words)

 CIGNA - Bartholin Gland Cyst
The Bartholin glands are in a woman's genital area.
Unless a Bartholin gland cyst is causing symptoms, you may not know you have one.
A Bartholin gland abscess is diagnosed based on signs of infection, such as fever or swelling, and pain in the Bartholin gland area
www.cigna.com /healthinfo/tw2685.html   (1604 words)

 Salivary Glands
Besides these glands, there are many tiny glands called minor salivary glands located in your lips, inner cheek area (buccal mucosa), and extensively in other linings of your mouth and throat.
It is possible for the duct system of the major salivary glands that connects the glands to the mouth to be abnormal.
If your doctor suspects an obstruction of the major salivary glands, it may be necessary to anesthetize the opening of the salivary ducts in the mouth, and probe and dilate the duct to help an obstructive stone pass.
www.entnet.org /healthinfo/throat/salivary.cfm   (1081 words)

 Salivary Gland Disorders: Mouth and Dental Disorders: Merck Manual Home Edition
Two smaller pairs, the sublingual glands and the submandibular glands, lie deep in the floor of the mouth.
Other than cancer (see Mouth Growths: Types of Oral Cancer), two major types of disorders affect the salivary glands: one that results in salivary gland malfunction, whereby not enough saliva is produced, and one that results in salivary gland swelling.
If the tumor is cancerous, the gland may feel stone-hard and may be fixed firmly to surrounding tissues (see Mouth Growths: Types of Oral Cancer).
www.merck.com /mmhe/sec08/ch111/ch111a.html   (912 words)

 Fluoride & the Pineal Gland
Jennifer Luke from the University of Surrey in England - that the pineal gland is the primary target of fluoride accumulation within the body.
After finding that the pineal gland is a major target for fluoride accumulation in humans, Dr. Luke conducted animal experiments to determine if the accumulated fluoride could impact the functioning of the gland - particulalry the gland's regulation of melatonin.
Fluoride is associated with depressed pineal melatonin synthesis by prepubertal gerbils and an accelerated onset of sexual maturation in the female gerbil.
www.fluoridealert.org /health/pineal   (2227 words)

 Bartholin's gland cyst
A Bartholin's gland cyst is a swollen fluid-filled lump that develops from a blockage of one of the Bartholin's glands, which are small glands located on each side of the opening to the vagina.
Bartholin's gland cysts and abscesses are commonly found in women of reproductive age, developing in approximately 2% of all women.
If the cyst is caused by cancer, the gland must be excised, and the woman should be under the care of a gynecologist familiar with the treatment of this type of cancer.
www.healthatoz.com /healthatoz/Atoz/ency/bartholins_gland_cyst.jsp   (1011 words)

 Prostate gland enlargement - MayoClinic.com
The gland's primary function is to produce most of the fluids in semen, the fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.
Prostate gland enlargement affects about half of men in their 60s and up to 90 percent of men in their 70s and 80s.
The presence or absence of prostate gland enlargement is not related to the development of prostate cancer.
www.mayoclinic.com /health/prostate-gland-enlargement/DS00027   (297 words)

 Pituitary gland Summary
The pituitary gland, or hypophysis cerebri, is a smallendocrine gland, measuring approximately 1.3 cm (0.5 in), and is situated at the base of the brain, cradled in a fossa of the sphenoid bone.
The pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea that sits in the small, bony cavity (sella turcica) at the base of the brain.
The pituitary gland is physically attached to the brain by the pituitary, or hypophyseal stalk connected with the median eminence.
www.bookrags.com /Pituitary_gland   (1722 words)

 ACS :: What Is Salivary Gland Cancer?
The submandibular glands are smaller and are found on either side of the neck, under the chin and tongue area.
The sublingual glands, which are the smallest, are found under the floor of the mouth and below either side of the tongue.
These minor glands are found beneath the lining of the lips, tongue, hard and soft palate, and inside the cheeks, nose, sinuses, and voice box.
www.cancer.org /docroot/cri/content/cri_2_2_1x_what_is_salivary_gland_cancer_54.asp?sitearea=cri   (394 words)

 Bartholin's Gland Cyst | AHealthyMe.com
A Bartholin's gland cyst is a swollen fluid-filled lump that develops from a blockage of one of the Bartholin's glands, which are small glands located on each side of the opening to the vagina.
Bartholin's gland cysts and abscesses are commonly found in women of reproductive age, developing in approximately 2% of all women.
If the cyst is caused by cancer, the gland must be excised, and the woman should be under the care of a gynecologist familiar with the treatment of this type of cancer.
www.ahealthyme.com /topic/topic103548741   (1020 words)

 Prostate Gland
The prostate gland produces a secretion known as prostate fluid that makes up most of the liquid part of semen, which is discharged from the penis during sexual orgasm.
In BPH, the prostate gland can increase in size from 20 g (0.71 oz), which is the average size of the prostate in younger men, to as large as 150 g (5.31 oz).
In bacterial prostatitis, which may be sexually transmitted, a bacterial infection in the prostate gland leads to infection, swelling, pain, and difficulty in urinating; the penis may release bacterial fluid, and blood may appear in the urine.
home.att.net /~larry-hedrick/prostate.htm   (658 words)

 Adrenal Gland Disorders
The adrenal glands are the part of the body responsible for releasing three different classes of hormones.
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia - Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a genetic disorder of adrenal gland deficiency.
Pituitary Tumors - The pituitary gland is located in the brain and helps to regulate the activity of most other glands in the body, including the adrenal glands.
www.nichd.nih.gov /health/topics/Adrenal_Gland_Disorders.cfm   (612 words)

 Salivary gland tumors | Health Library | Walgreens
Salivary gland tumors are abnormal cells growing in the ducts that drain the salivary glands.
Swelling of the salivary glands most commonly occurs in response to salivary gland infections, salivary duct stones, and conditions occurring elsewhere in the body such as cirrhosis of the liver, sarcoidosis, abdominal surgery, other cancers, Sjögren's syndrome, and infections.
A painless swelling in one of the salivary glands (in front of the ears, under the chin, or the floor of the mouth).
www.walgreens.com /library/contents.jsp?doctype=1&docid=001040   (709 words)

 Descartes and the Pineal Gland (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
The pineal gland is attached to the outside of the substance of the brain near the entrance of the canal (“aqueduct of Sylvius”) from the third to the fourth ventricle of the brain (Figure 1).
The pineal gland may be moved in three ways: (1) by “the force of the soul,” provided that there is a soul in the machine; (2) by the spirits randomly swirling about in the ventricles; and (3) as a result of stimulation of the sense organs.
The role of the pineal gland is similar in all three cases: as a result of its movement, it may come close to some of the valves in the walls of the ventricles.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/pineal-gland   (6535 words)

 eMedicine - Salivary Gland Tumors, Minor, Benign : Article by Fadi Chahin, MD
Histologically, the lesion is composed of a diffused, well-organized lymphoid tissue and lymphocytic interstitial infiltrate with obliteration of the acinar pattern.
However, CT or MRI is useful for suspected tumors of the deep lobe of the parotid gland or parapharyngeal space and of the submandibular, sublingual, and minor salivary glands.
In a parotid gland that is being operated on for the first time, a facial nerve stimulator is not used to identify the facial nerve during surgery.
www.emedicine.com /med/topic2790.htm   (4368 words)

 Salivary Gland Cancer at Fox Chase Cancer Center   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Salivary gland cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the salivary glands.
The tumor may be any size and may have spread to soft tissue around the affected gland, to the skin, jawbone, ear canal, facial nerve, base of the skull, or carotid artery, or to one or more lymph nodes on either or both sides of the body.
Patients with salivary gland cancer should have their treatment planned by a team of doctors who are experts in treating head and neck cancer.
www.fccc.edu /pdq/English/Patients/SalivaryGlandCancer.html   (3178 words)

 gland   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A gland is an organ that secretes a chemical substance called a hormone into the bloodstream that controls the operation of another organ or organs somewhere else in the body.
Compare that to the pituitary gland that secretes a number of hormones that control how certain glands secrete their hormones in turn.
The only glands you can feel on the body are the thyroid, palpable in anyone's neck, and the testicles of males, that have a glandular function to secrete the hormone testosterone.
www.drhull.com /EncyMaster/G/gland.html   (96 words)

 Lecture Notes - Parotid Gland & Face
The parotid gland is located in the posterolateral side of the face and is the largest of the major salivary glands.
This unyielding covering sends numerous septa into the gland and is responsible, when stretched, for the pain associated with tumors or acute viral infection (mumps) affecting the gland.
The intimate relationship of the facial nerve with the parotid gland and the superficial location of its terminal branches exposes the nerve and its branches to trauma, infection and cold.
www.med.umich.edu /lrc/coursepages/M1/anatomy/html/head/face_lecture.html   (1811 words)

 Treat adrenal gland tumor not responding to prescription drugs, scientifically - DrRaoMD
adrenal gland tumor, parathyroid glands, the pituitary gland, anterior pituitary gland, adrenal gland function, adrenal gland disorder, adrenal gland disease, symptom of adrenal gland tumor
Secondary hypoadrenalism, or ACTH deficiency hypoadrenalism, is caused by diseases of the pituitary gland, which lead to adrenal failure as a secondary effect.
Destruction of the adrenal glands by tuberculosis is irreversible once hormonal deficiencies are clinically detectable.
www.drraomd.com /diseaseindex/a_adrenalglands.htm   (929 words)

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