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Topic: Global climate change

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 global climate change - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about global climate change
Change in the climate of an area or of the whole world over an appreciable period of time.
It is the change in average weather conditions from one period of time (30–50 years) to the next.
Climate fluctuations are natural phenomena, but there is increasing evidence to suggest that human industrial activity affects the global climate, particularly in terms of global warming.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /global+climate+change   (140 words)

 Global Climate Change
Global climate change is a change in the long-term weather patterns that characterize the regions of the world.
Natural changes in climate usually occur over; that is to say they occur over such long periods of time that they are often not noticed within several human lifetimes.
This gradual nature of the changes in climate enables the plants, animals, and microorganisms on earth to evolve and adapt to the new temperatures, precipitation patterns, etc.
www.cotf.edu /ete/modules/climate/GCclimate1.html   (829 words)

 Climate change -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The term climate change is used to refer to changes in the (The 3rd planet from the sun; the planet on which we live) Earth's (The weather in some location averaged over some long period of time) climate.
However in recent usage, especially in the context of environmental policy, it refers more specifically to changes being studied in the present, including an average rise in surface temperature, or (An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere (especially a sustained increase that causes climatic changes)) global warming.
International efforts to study and address climate change are coordinated through the (An organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security) United Nations (Click link for more info and facts about Framework Convention on Climate Change) Framework Convention on Climate Change.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/c/cl/climate_change.htm   (2393 words)

 Global Climate Change: Implications, Challenges and Mitigation Measures
Climate change may also affect diseases spread by snails or by water, such as schistosomiasis and cholera, because changes in rainfall will have an impact on flow of rivers and levels of lakes; melting of polar ice may raise the sea level and inundate coastal and delta regions.
In order to survive global climate change (and some of these infectious agents will not survive) the agents will need to have reservoirs that will survive; they will probably survive by moving in a polar direction, north in the Northern Hemisphere, in order to find a temperature range that is ecologically permissive.
Shope, R.E. Global climate change and infectious diseases.
www.ciesin.org /docs/001-367/001-367.html   (3343 words)

 CRS Report: IB89005 - Global Climate Change - NLE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Although causal relationships between projected long-range global climate trends and record-setting warmth and severe weather events of the past two decades have not been firmly established, attention has been focused on possible extremes of climate change and the need for better understanding of climate processes to improve climate model forecasts.
Many proponents for early actions to address potential climate change have suggested adopting a "precautionary principle" comprised of a number of anticipatory, yet flexible policy responses that might be likened to the purchase of an insurance policy to hedge against some risks of potential climate change in the future.
New scientific findings concerning the human contribution to climate change emerged during expert review of the third IPCC assessment on climate change; recently the overall projections of temperature and sea-level rise made in the 1995 IPCC Assessment were estimated to be higher than previously reported, and mostly on the high end of predictions.
www.ncseonline.org /NLE/CRSreports/Climate/clim-2.cfm;?&CFID=623844&CFTOKEN=82879070   (6610 words)

 USCCB - Global Climate Change: A Plea for Dialogue, Prudence, and the Common Good   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Action to mitigate global climate change must be built upon a foundation of social and economic justice that does not put the poor at greater risk or place disproportionate and unfair burdens on developing nations.
Climate change poses the question "What does our generation owe to generations yet unborn?" As Pope John Paul II has written, "there is an order in the universe which must be respected, and.
Population and climate change should be addressed from the broader perspective of a concern for protecting human life, caring for the environment, and respecting cultural norms and the religious faith and moral values of peoples.
www.usccb.org /sdwp/international/globalclimate.htm   (5713 words)

 Global Climate Change
Negotiations are continuing in the sessions of the Conference of Parties to the Climate Change Convention, which meets annually.
Leading corporations have recognized the risks of climate change and are taking action in their area of activities.
For its part, the Convention-including its fundamental obligation on all parties to respond to climate change-will continue to serve as the focus for intergovernmental action to combat climate change for both developing countries and Annex I parties who do not ratify the Protocol.
www.un.org /News/facts/climate.htm   (1498 words)

 Global Climate Change: Background Material
Earth's climate has always changed; it is the rate of change that is of current concern to scientists.
Regional climates have changed, sometimes drastically and disastrously for local human populations, but by and large the global climate has not dealt any significant long-term blows to the spread and development of human civilization.
Regardless of the cause of the warming, we understand enough about global climate to predict that as the temperature goes up, the entire global climate system powered by heat energy should also change, although the magnitude and direction of the changes are uncertain.
www.ucar.edu /learn/1_4_1.htm   (1002 words)

 Global Climate Change
Tenth Session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Climate Change (COP-10)
Ninth Session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Climate Change (COP-9)
The President's policy also continues the United States' leadership role in supporting vital climate change research, laying the groundwork for future action by investing in science, technology, and institutions.
www.state.gov /g/oes/climate   (552 words)

 The Green Lane: Climate Change - Home
Climate change is one of the most significant environmental challenges the world has ever faced.
Within the federal government, climate change is co-managed by the Minister of the Environment and the Minister of Natural Resources.
Understanding climate change means that the Government of Canada and all of its partners can address this issue in a way that will lead to reduced greenhouse gas emissions, more liveable cities, a cleaner environment and increased competitiveness.
www.ec.gc.ca /climate/home-e.html   (332 words)

 Global Warming/Climate Change Theme
Government of Canada: Global Climate Change This site has been designed specifically to inform Canadians about climate change, how it affects our environment, and what the Canadian government is doing about it.
These proceedings are the records of a series of meetings which brought together a citizens' panel of 25 respected Canadians in a National Forum on Climate Change in 1998.
Climate Change Information Kit Thirty fact sheets (also in downloadable format) which cover: Understanding of the Climate System; Facing the Consequences; The Climate Change Convention; Limiting Greenhouse Gas Emissions; and Facts and Figures.
www.cln.org /themes/global_warming.html   (1169 words)

 EPA : Global Warming : Climate
Plant respiration and the decomposition of organic matter release more than 10 times the CO released by human activities; but these releases have generally been in balance during the centuries leading up to the industrial revolution with carbon dioxide absorbed by terrestrial vegetation and the oceans.
What has changed in the last few hundred years is the additional release of carbon dioxide by human activities.
Calculations of climate change for specific areas are much less reliable than global ones, and it is unclear whether regional climate will become more variable.
yosemite.epa.gov /oar/globalwarming.nsf/content/Climate.html   (660 words)

 Global Climate Change: Research Explorer- The Exploratorium
Climate is the average pattern of weather over the long term.
There’s no doubt that the climate is growing warmer currently; indications of that change are all around us.
Though climate change isn’t new, the study of how human activity affects the earth’s climate is. The exploration of climate change encompasses many fields, including physics, chemistry, biology, geology, meteorology, oceanography, and even sociology.
www.exploratorium.edu /climate   (146 words)

 World Bank Group | Climate Change
Climate change has emerged as a key concern for the World Bank and its clients in the 21st century.
Sea level rise, warming temperatures, uncertain effects on forest and agricultural systems, and increased variability and volatility in weather patterns are expected to have a significant and disproportionate impact in the developing world, where the world's poor remain most susceptible to the potential damages and uncertainties inherent in a changing climate.
"Continued global warming is in nobody's interest, but the simple facts of the matter are that developing countries will suffer the most damage, and their poor will be at an even greater disadvantage.
lnweb18.worldbank.org /ESSD/envext.nsf/46ByDocName/ClimateChange   (285 words)

 Climate Change - Global Climate Change Initiative - global warming - climate change - The Nature Conservancy
Climate change, more commonly known as global warming, is caused by the emission of heat-trapping gases such as carbon dioxide produced by vehicles, power plants, industrial processes and deforestation.
The Conservancy uses applied research, creates innovative conservation efforts and develops policies, standards and guidelines to help natural habitats cope with the impacts of climate change, demonstrate their value in reducing emissions and reduce the risk of global warming to biodiversity.
Around the world, the Global Climate Change Initiative works on projects to implement these strategies at places on the ground.
nature.org /initiatives/climatechange   (207 words)

 Global Climate Change
From hub to hub, urbanization's impact on global climate boils down to the ordinary components of urban transport: cars, trucks, buses, motorcycles.
The city's energy consumption and waste, change the air we breathe and the amount of solar radiation that seeps through the atmosphere.
NMHSs also contribute to the monitoring of regional and global trends which impact on cities such as the depletion of the ozone layer, greenhouse gases and other pollutants in the atmosphere and the state of freshwater resources.
www.wmo.ch /web/Press/cities.html   (926 words)

 ERS/USDA Briefing Room - Global Climate Change: index
ERS research focuses on how changes in global climate may affect both U.S. and world agricultural production, and investigates those agricultural practices—such as conservation tillage or winter cover crops—that can mitigate climate change by reducing emissions or increasing carbon sequestration.
Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change: Issues of Longrun Sustainability—Early evaluations of the effects of climate change on agriculture, which did not account for economic adjustments or consider the broader economic and environmental implications of such changes, overestimated the negative effects of climate change.
U.S. Global Change Research Program—Provides the foundation for improving predictions of seasonal-to-interannual climate fluctuations and long-term climate change.
www.ers.usda.gov /Briefing/GlobalClimate   (552 words)

 Global Warming & Solar Variability   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Abstracts for upcoming ESLAB symposium this September on "Correlated Phenomena at the Sun, in the Heliosphere and in Geospace".
I believe that the manifestation of these changes may soon be felt as a shifting of weather patterns of moisture, dryness, and temperature.
Most long term climate "normals" were established in the 60s by analysis of the first half of the 20th century - so as a result there are often "100 year" storms, floods, droughts etc since the statistical basis was unrepresentative of the more normal natural variability.
solar-center.stanford.edu /sun-on-earth/varsun.html   (1485 words)

 ME3 - Energy Issues - Climate Change - Playing With Fire: Climate Change in Minnesota   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Both experts stressed that climate change is real, and it will have severe impacts on Minnesota and the world unless action is taken.
His expedition will be dogsledding the territory of Nunavut, documenting arctic climate change, meeting Inuit elders and students to explore traditional ecological knowledge in the remote communities visited along the trail while gathering scientific data for NASA and Environment Canada.
The MPCA has prepared a climate change action plan framework for Minnesota, joining more than 25 other states that have developed such plans with funding assistance from the U.S. To develop this framework, the MPCA developed greenhouse gas emissions information and forecasts, as well as a carbon sequestration inventory.
www.me3.org /issues/climate   (1616 words)

 Energy Crossroads: Global Climate Change
As emissions requirements, climate change, financial markets, and risk management become increasingly interconnected, organizations are left with critical choices regarding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions management.
Global Change seeks to familiarize the public with the issues associated with climate change and ozone depletion.
Located at the Global Change Data Center (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, U.S.A.), the Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) is a comprehensive source of information about Earth science, environmental, biosphere, climate and global change data holdings, available to the scientific community throughout the world.
eetd.lbl.gov /eXroads/global.html   (638 words)

 Global Warming Research: Science, Solutions, Economics, Policy
Global warming poses an extraordinary challenge.  The world's leading atmospheric scientists tell us that a gradual warming of our climate is underway and will continue.  This long-term warming trend poses serious risks to our economy and our environment.
It poses even greater risks to many other nations, particularly poorer countries that will be far less able to cope with a changing climate and low-lying countries where sea level rise will cause significant damage.
On the long road ahead, the Pew Center on Global Climate Change is dedicated to providing credible information, straight answers, and innovative solutions to address global warming.
www.pewclimate.org /global-warming-in-depth   (176 words)

 Global Climate Change: Research Explorer - Global Effects
Researchers are studying a variety of areas, from variations in the frequency and intensity of storms to changes in the incidence of mosquito-borne diseases.
This range of possible effects is one reason why many types of scientists are keenly interested in understanding the earth’s changing climate.
How likely is it that climate change will have significant global effects in the next hundred years?
www.exploratorium.edu /climate/global-effects   (313 words)

 NASA GISS: Goddard Institute for Space Studies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS), at Columbia University in New York City, is a laboratory of the Earth-Sun Exploration Division of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and a unit of the Columbia University Earth Institute.
A new study using the GISS climate model demonstrates that the climatic effects of a volcanic explosion depend not only on the size of the blast but also on its latitude.
New findings show soot may be contributing to changes near the North Pole, including increased melting of sea ice and snow and warmer atmospheric temperatures.
www.giss.nasa.gov   (378 words)

 Global Climate Change
Ashworth, A.C., and Hoganson, J.W., 1993, The magnitude and rapidity of the climate change marking the end of the Pleistocene in the mid-latitudes of South America: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v.101, n.3-4, p.63-270.
MacDonald, G.M., 1989, Postglacial palaeoecology of the subalpine forest-grassland ecotone of southwestern Alberta; New insights on vegetation and climate change in the Canadian Rocky Mountains and adjacent foothills: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v.73,n.3-4, p.155-173.
Broecker, W.S., 1975, Climatic change; Are we on the brink of a pronounced global warming?: Science, v.189, n.4201, p.460-463.
www.library.uiuc.edu /gex/bibs/globalclimate.html   (16418 words)

 Air Pollution - Global Warming - Climate Change - Acid Rain - Ozone Hole
Global Warming: the Complete Briefing is the most comprehensive guide available to the subject.
A world-renowned expert, Sir John Houghton explores the scientific basis of global warming and the likely impacts of climate change on human society, before addressing the action that could be taken by governments, by industry and by individuals to mitigate the effects.
This highly accessible book introduces and explains the processes causing ozone depletion and global warming, and their environmental connections, examines the measures currently being formulated to tackle them, and considers how effective such measures are likely to be.
www.enviropedia.org.uk   (305 words)

 Global Warming - Climate Change   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The United States is committed to substantively addressing climate change, a State Department official has told the 10th Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP-10) in Buenos Aires.
The report outlines a vision for this science to develop the knowledge to "manage the risks and opportunities of change in the climate and related environmental systems." The USCCSP mission is devoted to acquiring that knowledge and sharing it with domestic and international communities.
The report outlines the goals of U.S. climate change science, which include improving knowledge of global climate both past and preset, enhancing quantification of the factors influencing climate change, and reducing uncertainty in the projections of future change.
www.useu.be /Categories/ClimateChange   (1837 words)

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