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Topic: Glottal consonant

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In the News (Fri 14 Dec 18)

  Encyclopedia: Glottal consonant
Glottal consonants are consonants articulated with the glottis.
A consonant is a sound in spoken language that is characterized by a closure or stricture of the vocal tract sufficient to cause audible turbulence.
Consonants A consonant is a sound in spoken language that is characterized by a closure or stricture of the vocal tract sufficient to cause audible turbulence.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Glottal-consonant   (4137 words)

 Encyclopedia: Coronal consonant
Only the coronal consonants can be divided into apical (using the tongue tip), laminal (using the tongue blade), domed (with the tongue bunched up), or sub-apical (with the tongue curled back), as well as a few rarer orientations, because only the front of the tongue has such dexterity.
Coronal consonant Coronal consonants are articulated with the tip or the front part of the tongue against the upper teeth, the upper gum (the alveolar ridge), or the part of the hard palate just behind it.
Consonants with other primary articulations may be palatalised, that is, accompanied by the raising of the tongue surface towards the hard palate.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Coronal-consonant   (1438 words)

 Middle East Open Encyclopedia: Glottal stop   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The glottal stop is the sound made when the vocal cords are pressed together to stop the flow of air, and is the sound in the middle of the interjection uh-oh.
With many Yorkshire dialects, a glottalized /t/ is used as a replacement of the word "the", as shown in the beginning of the Spanish Inquisition sketch by Monty Python, where Graham Chapman states "There's trouble at t' mill!".
In Dutch, the glottal stop is not phonemic, but it is inserted in multi-morphemic words before morphemes that begin with a vowel, for example beamen ("to endorse"), where the glottal stop is inserted after the prefix "be-".
www.baghdadmuseum.org /ref/?title=Glottal_stop   (1242 words)

 Phonetic Transcription Workshop
Consonants involve interrupting the air that comes out of your mouth; vowels are made by opening the mouth and letting air come out freely.
The voiced alveolar fricative is the initial consonant of zoo; the unvoiced alveolar fricative is the initial consonant of sue.
At the present moment, the consonants in stone, home, boat and road are pretty much stable in all English dialects, except that the majority of British speakers have no initial consonant in home and may also substitute a glottal stop for the final /t/ in boat.
www.uta.edu /english/tim/courses/4301f98/2sept.html   (1750 words)

 Linguistic and Philosophical Origins of the Korean Alphabet (Hangul)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The first consonant in each row is the most basic and is graphically the simplest; this representative consonant for each group is the building block for the other characters in that group.
Notice that the five representative consonants (the ones in the first column in the upper part of the diagram) are also depicted in the drawings that make up the lower part of the diagram showing the relevant part of the mouth involved.
Alveolar consonants (n, d, t, "flap r," l) are formed when the tip of the tongue meets the alveolar ridge, on the roof of the mouth toward the front.
www.wam.umd.edu /~stwright/korean/korean-linguistics-origins.html   (1180 words)

 Ilya Writing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In the cases of vowel pairs the first vowel is a spread vowel, where the corners of the mouth are held far apart, and the second is a rounded vowel, where the lips are held in an "o" shape.
With consonant pairs, the first is unvoiced (no vocal cord vibration), the second is voiced, said exactly the same way, but with the vocal cords vibrating.
Bilabial Consonant, where the sound is produced by the motion of the lips.
homepage.mac.com /pfhreak/ilya/writing/letters.html   (548 words)

 Glottal consonant - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
Many phoneticians consider them be states of the glottis without a point of articulation as other consonants have; in fact, some do not consider them to be consonants at all.
That is, they could be placed in the IPA "other" chart.
Glottal consonant, See also, Pages containing IPA and Consonants.
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/Glottal_consonant   (233 words)

 Arabic alphabet - UniLang Wiki
It is used as the sign of lengthening of [a] or as a carrier for the consonant hamza (glottal stop).
This remaining consonant, hamza, is instead written over a carrier, which can be wāw, yā', alif, a segment or nothing.
In case a glottal stop (hamza) is followed by a long A vowel, it is not written as you might expect (hamza on alif + alif), but instead it's written as an alif with a madda, which is actually a small horizontal curly alif:
home.unilang.org /main/wiki2/index.php/Arabic_alphabet   (1204 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Consonant clusters are represented by conjunct consonants, where the first consonant of the cluster maintains its full form and succeeding consonants are written as subscripts.
There are also many cases of consonant clusters with initial /r/ that should be written with a full RAW and not a RAWBAT, so a separate character is provided for it.
Therefore in the code charts and names list, a convention has been adopted in which consonant letters are represented by their "first" form surrounded by a dotted circle, and vowel letters are represented by a typical glyph fragment attached to a dotted circle.
www.unicode.org /Public/TEXT/UTR-1.TXT   (3336 words)

 Noun Cases in Gweydr
Class IA is, again, for words that begin and end with a consonant, but these words are only monosyllabic (unless the second syllable is comprised entirely of consonants), and must contain one of three vowels: a, o, or u (either their lax or tense variants).
Class IB is also for words that begin and end with a consonant, but these words are only monosyllabic (unless the second syllable is comprised entirely of consonants), and must contain one of three vowels: a, o, or u (either their lax or tense variants).
Class IIIB is for monosyllabic words that begin with a soft glottal fricative consonant (romanizationally, these are words that begin with the letter ĥ) and end with a consonant and contain one of three vowels: a, o, or u (either their lax or tense variants).
dedalvs.free.fr /gweydr/ncases.html   (2129 words)

 Talk:Glottal consonant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Perhaps an article titled "glottal consonant" could address glottal consonants, and another titled "glottal fold" could address glottal folds.
Why should an article titled simply "glottal" address glottal consonants when that appears to be a derivative, rather than primary, meaning of the word "glottal"?
This page was last modified 03:24, 27 December 2002.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Talk:Glottal_consonant   (88 words)

 Glottal consonant
In phonetics, a glottal consonant is one that is pronounced with the glottal folds, the structure which is farthest back in the vocal cavity.
In English, /h/ is a glottal sound, as is the glottal stop in the Cockney pronunciation of the word "bottle".
The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/gl/Glottal.html   (64 words)

 IPA Tables
Compare the consonant at the beginning of the sounds: pair and bare; tail and dale; kiddy and giddy; sue and zoo, few and view.
Formed by as plosive consonants, but with slower separation of the articulating organs, so thatthe corresponding fricative is audible as the separation takes place.
Consonants which can be held on continuously without change of quality are sometimes classed together as contunatives or continuantsl they include nasal, lateral, rolled, fricative consonants and frictionless sounds.
www.sungwh.freeserve.co.uk /sapienti/phon/ipasymb.htm   (1574 words)

 Sk'op Sotz'leb: Chapter 1
The consonant clusters that begin words almost always consist of a prefix together with a root, and roots are alphabetized according to their initial consonant.
In these last examples, the hyphen before the glottal stop is written to make clear the correct pronunciation -the glottal stop follows the non-glottalized consonant, either the result of the use of a prefix, or in a compound word.
A few students of Tzotzil prefer to use only one symbol (usually (')) for both glottal stops and consonant glottalization, in which case it would be preferable to use the hyphen to indicate the glottal stop that follows a consonant, although for those people that already speak the language, there is little possibility of confusion.
www.zapata.org /Tzotzil/Chapters/chapt1.html   (1847 words)

 Lesson 2
Stick an extra vowel between the consonant and the glottal stop, then say the word as you make the extra vowel weaker and weaker until the consonant and glottal stop run together.
At the beginning and middle of a word: Glottalization is written after the fricative consonant, since you hear the release of the glottal stop after it.
At the end: At the end of a word, you hear the glottal closure immediately before the fricative, so the glottal stop is written before it.
www.chumashlanguage.com /lesson-02/less-02-3-tx.html   (469 words)

 Report Submitted to FAMSI - David Bolles
However, should a vowel be followed by a consonant in a syllable then it cannot be a clipped vowel but must be either a regular vowel or an elongated vowel.
This is because a vowel which is followed by a consonant cannot by its nature be clipped.
In this latter case, the orthography for an elongated vowel is thus indistinguishable from the orthography for a regular vowel.
www.famsi.org /reports/96072/grammar/section02.htm   (3061 words)

 Place of articulation - All About All   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In phonetics, the place of articulation (also point of articulation) of a consonant is the point of contact, where an obstruction occurs in the vocal tract between an active (moving) articulator (typically some part of the tongue) and a passive (stationary) articulator (typically some part of the roof of the mouth).
There are five basic active articulators: the lip ("labial consonants"), the flexible front of the tongue ("coronal consonants"), the middle/back of the tongue ("dorsal consonants"), the root of the tongue together with the epiglottis ("radical consonants"), and the larynx ("laryngeal consonants").
Consonants that have the same place of articulation, such as alveolar [n, t, d, s, z, l] in English, are said to be homorganic.
www.allaboutall.info /catalog/Place%20of%20articulation   (909 words)

 Conference Materials   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Each consonant is uttered as the single and geminate forms, and the dependence of the relative timing on consonant type and gemination is analyzed.
In Japanese, a geminate consonant consists of a consonant and a sokuon that precedes it.
The sokuon is uttered for one mora duration as a period of silence in a stop and as a period of noise in a fricative.
cognet.mit.edu /library/conferences/paper?paper_id=48842   (383 words)

 Glottalized Consonants
Technically this is called glottalization, meaning that the consonant is pronounced with a glottal stop.
Glottalization may be the only thing that's different between words that are otherwise identical.
A pair of words with and without glottalization are just as distinct as pairs such as to and do or at and add in English.
www.chumashlanguage.com /pronun/pronun-06-tx.html   (330 words)

 Gweydr Phonology
This means that when attaching a prefix, the glottal consonant detaches, and a prefix that ends with a consonant is attached.
A word beginning with a "hard" glottal will get a prefix that would be attached to a word that begins with a consonant, only intervocalic glottal consonants are not preserved, resulting in hiatus.
The plural suffix -ks (or -iks) reduces to -s (or -is) when the last consonant of the final onset of the word to which it's been added is velar (this includes k, g, x, ğ, and w [only when it's an on-glide]).
dedalvs.free.fr /gweydr/phonology.html   (1550 words)

 Confusions of Tongues and a Map - FARMS Review
He speaks frequently of the glottal stop, which is the closure of the glottis to stop sound.
In English it is accidental, but in many languages it functions as a consonant and makes a difference between two words in which one is pronounced with the glottal stop and the other without.
The most typical treatment of an initial glottal stop would be to leave it off entirely since most of the Spanish fathers did not hear the glottal stop when they wrote their grammars and dictionaries.
farms.byu.edu /display.php?table=review&id=502   (3108 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Otherwise a knowledge of the historical linguistics of the word in question is needed to predict which pronunciation is needed.
Before a consonant letter the pronunciation is always (word-initially) or (after a vowel).
Doubled consonants are geminated; the geminate fricatives ðð/þþ, ff and ss cannot be voiced.
mindwallet.com /wiki/Old_English_language   (2448 words)

 Interdental consonant : Interdental consonant
This differs from a dental consonant in that the tip of the tongue is placed between the upper and lower front teeth, and therefore may articulate with both the upper and lower incisors, while a dental consonant is articulated with the tongue against the back of the front incisors.
Although this articulatory configuration is by no means exotic in the sense that it involves the tongue blade and the upper incisors, both frequently employed in the formation of other consonants, interdental realisations of consonants are rare cross-linguistically.
Interdental realisations of otherwise dental consonants do appear to be more frequent as idiosyncrasies or due to coarticulatory effects of a neighbouring interdental sound.
www.gogeeky.net /title/interdental-consonant   (255 words)

 [No title]
The primes in 1a surface without their final root consonant, as glottal stops cannot appear in coda positions; however, the final consonant does surface when it is in the onset position.
In Modern Hebrew, glottal stops are optional in the onset position and there is a trend in favor of deletion (Berman 1980, Ravid 1995).
Additionally the number of forms in the paradigm in which the final consonant would be in onset position is low (20-30%).
www.nyu.edu /gsas/dept/lingu/events/lism02/Sumner.doc   (743 words)

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