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Topic: Gododdin

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  Gododdin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Gododdin (pronounced [go'doðin]) were a Brythonic people of north-eastern Britain in the sub-Roman period, best known as the subject of the 7th century Welsh series of poems known as Y Gododdin, attributed to Aneirin.
The name Gododdin is the Modern Welsh form; it is derived, via earlier Welsh Guotodin, from Brythonic Votadini, attested in Latin texts.
In the 6th century Brynaich was invaded by the Angles and become known as Bernicia.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gododdin   (352 words)

 BBC - History - The Gododdin 590   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Gododdin is the Welsh word for the Votadini tribe inhabiting the banks of the Firth of Forth.
The Gododdin, a poem of 1,480 lines, is preserved in a 13th-century manuscript; the work of the poet Aneirin, its core is believed to have been composed in c.590.
It recounts the attack of the Gododdin upon Catraeth - Catterick in Yorkshire - possibly to frustrate the unification of the English kingdoms of Deira and Bernicia.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/timelines/wales/gododdin.shtml   (311 words)

 Votadini - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Their territory lay south of the Firth of Forth and extended from the Stirling area down to the River Tyne, including at its peak what are now the Lothian and Borders regions of eastern Scotland, and Northumberland in north east England.
Gododdin's capital was probably the Traprain Law hill fort in East Lothian until that was abandoned in the early 400s, then it moved to Din Eidyn (Edinburgh Castle).
Both kingdoms came under attack from the Angles, a story vividly told in the poem Y Gododdin, and by the mid 7th century Gododdin came under Angle rule.
www.americancanyon.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Votadini   (670 words)

 Y Gododdin
They met at the battle of Catraeth (Catterick) and, though the Gododdin men were reputed to have slain seven times their number of the enemy, they were overwhelmed by superior numbers and perished without a survivor.
The Gododdin were a Brittonic (or Brythonic) people who inhabited the south-eastern area of Scotland during the Roman and post-Roman period and were ruled from their tribal centre at Din Eidyn (Edinburgh).
Y Gododdin has been described, no doubt correctly in strict geographical terms, as the 'oldest Scottish poem', but its language, in the form in which it has been preserved, is either Old or Early Medieval Welsh.
www.xs4all.nl /~missgien/celtic/gododdin/background.html   (313 words)

 Votadini - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Due to linguistic changes their descendants in the Sub-Roman/early medieval period were known as the Gododdin (pronounced [go'doðin]).
By about 470 a new kingdom of Gododdin had emerged covering most of the original Votadini territory, while the southern part between the Tweed and the Tyne formed its own separate kingdom called Brynaich.
Both kingdoms eventually fell to the Angles of Bernicia; it is this warfare that is commemorated in Aneirin's 7th century poem-cycle Y Gododdin.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Votadini   (539 words)

 Ancient Lothian - Histories - The Romano-British Era
Gododdin was, at this stage, somewhat removed, at least geographically, from the intrigues of the Brigantian negotiations with Rome.
Gododdin, of course, like its later manifestations of medieval and modern Lothian, is bounded mainly by natural topographical features - to the North, the River Forth; to the East, the North Sea; and to the South-east, the range of the Lammermuir Hills.
But Gododdin could not be trusted, and so it became a buffer zone between the two walls, between the Picts and the Romans, by turns siding with the Picts in political matters, and with the Romans in economic and even social terms.
www.cyberscotia.com /ancient-lothian/pages/histories-romano-british.html   (2162 words)

 Y Gododdin
The geographical and historical background of Y Gododdin therefore lay in northern Britain in the latter part of the 6th century.
He is, however, not mentioned in Y Gododdin, and is not in any way connected with the subject-matter of the poem.
Although Y Gododdin records an event which was a total disaster, it exalts the concept of the warrior who welcomes death in battle if it leads to enduring fame and honour.
members.aol.com /skyewrites/gododdin.html   (1068 words)

 Ancient Lothian - Histories - Celtic Gododdin
Gododdin is, in several senses, the first indigenous regional name which has survived for what we now call Lothian.
The conquest of Gododdin was clearly a key component in the itinerary of this overall Germanic expansion in the seventh century.
Aneirin's Y Gododdin is well-known to Welsh schoolchildren today as "the first Welsh poem", although it is thought to have been written in or around Edinburgh.
www.cyberscotia.com /ancient-lothian/pages/histories-celtic-gododdin.html   (1311 words)

 Edinburgh   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The earliest mention of Arthur may be in Y Gododdin, a collection of elegies commemorating the fallen heroes of a battle fought c.AD 600 at Catraeth.
That the versions of Y Gododdin do not agree can be seen in the number of men who are said to have fought and survived the battle.
References: The Gododdin: The Oldest Scottish Poem (1969) by Kenneth Hurlstone Jackson; Aneirin: Y Gododdin: Britain's Oldest Heroic Poem (1988) by A. Jarman; The Gododdin of Aneirin: Text and Context from Dark-Age North Britain (1997) by John T. Koch.
itsa.ucsf.edu /~snlrc/britannia/saxonadvent/edinburgh.html   (633 words)

 Combat During the Time of King Arthur   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Alcock and the Gododdin cite the use of cavalry lances, which would seem to indicate the presence of horses on the battlefield.
Stanza A.75 of the Gododdin illustrates that horses were indeed used as cavalry: "Battle-horses bore bloodstained battle-harnesses, a red herd at Catraeth." Furthermore, the Gododdin also indicates that the British fought from horseback.
The medieval texts of Gildas, Nennius, and the Gododdin poem provide good evidence for this type of warfare, quite unlike the combat that we usually associate with the Arthurian tales.
www.georgetown.edu /users/kammerb/combat.htm   (1951 words)

 Encyclopedia: Gododdin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Gododdin (pronounced god-o-th-in), or Guotodin (Votadini in Latin), refers to both the people and to the region of a Dark Ages Brythonic kingdom south of the Firth of Forth, extending from the Stirling area to the Northumberland kingdom of 'Brynaich', and including what are now the Lothian and Borders regions of eastern Scotland.
It later merged with the kingdom of Deira to form the kingdom of Northumbria.
The poem Y Gododdin by the bard Aneirin, composed at the time in Brythonic (an early Medieval Celtic language closely akin to Welsh), records the Gododdin expedition in about 600 to try to fend off Angle invaders.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Gododdin   (1636 words)

 Heroism at the Dawn of Time: The Gododdin
The men it praises were Celts, mainly from what is now the south-east of Scotland, the language it was written in is a very early form of Welsh, their enemies were the Germanic settlers who were already coming to regard themselves as English, and the place where they clashed in bloody battle was Catterick.
Thus the Gododdin forms a vital part of the heritage of every native of mainland Britain.
Mynyddog, King of the Gododdin, the British tribe inhabiting south east Scotland, decided to call for a crusade to turn back the English tide before it was too late.
www.heretical.com /British/gododdin.html   (1218 words)

 The Heroic Age: The Forum/GODODIN Revisited
Koch is on firmer ground when he suggests that, during a long editorial process in Wales, the Gododdin poems may have suffered the excision of references to conflict between the Northern Britons and their Scottish and Pictish neighbors in the interests of anti-English propaganda (Koch 1997:xxxv).
Oswiu must indeed have been, as Koch suggests (Koch 1997:187), a likely participant at the presumed Bernician siege of the Gododdin citadel on Edinburgh Castle Rock in 638: he was in his mid-twenties and would probably have seen military service in his elder brother's campaigns.
The foundation story of Gwynedd and the tale of its founder, Cunedda of Gododdin, is seen by Koch as useful propaganda created by the Welsh during their participation in the Mercians' ravaging of Northumbria in 633-4 and 651-5 (Koch 1997:xcix).
www.mun.ca /mst/heroicage/issues/1/hatf.htm   (2318 words)

 Gododdin -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Those living around (Click link for more info and facts about Stirling) Stirling were known as the Manaw Gododdin.
Gododdin became an independent kingdom following the break-up of the ancient (The people of Great Britain) British kingdom of the North, from about (Click link for more info and facts about 470) 470.
The Angle invasion continued, and by about (Click link for more info and facts about 638) 638 the capital of the Gododdin, 'Din Eidyn', had fallen to siege and was renamed (The capital of Scotland; located in the Lothian Region on the south side of the Firth of Forth) Edinburgh.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/g/go/gododdin.htm   (403 words)

 The Historicity and Historicisation of Arthur
Y Gododdin might have looked if it was of 6th- or 7th-century date, the limitations of this 'reconstruction' must be recognised.
Unlike Gordur or the other warriors he is not actually present at the battle: "In the allusion, Arthur is presented as the unrivalled paragon of martial valour and is thus used to form a highly unusual comparison by rendering explicitly inferior the honorand of the awdl ("stanza").
He is therefore in a different league to the rest of the figures who appear in Y Gododdin and, as such, there is no reason to think that assumptions drawn from the identifications of a few characters in the text as a whole, even if they were viable, would apply to him.
www.arthuriana.co.uk /historicity/arthur.htm   (9873 words)

 The Story of Aneurin
Even though the Gododdin is the oldest poem, it is the most authentic.
The men of Gododdin recount on the floor of the Palace that when he used to come back to Madog's tent There used not to return but one in a hundred.
The men went to Gododdin, Inciting one another to laughter, Bitter with spears in battle, Drawing themselves up in ranks; For a short year at peace they were undisturbed.
panda.cs.ndsu.nodak.edu /~egleave/poetry/aneurin/gododdin.html   (1935 words)

 The Gododdin: Heroic Defeat and Arthur
The Gododdin kingdom remained a stronghold in northern Britain.
Clearly, the odds were overwhelmingly against the force from Gododdin.
So Y Gododdin recounts the tale of a small band of determined British trying to recapture Arthur's magic by challenging a much larger Anglish force but being horribly defeated.
www.suite101.com /article.cfm/6546/63279   (648 words)

 The Heroic Age: Artúr mac Aedan of Dalriada, N/B
It is unknown if this battle was fought in Manau Gododdin or on the Isle of Man. Scholarly consensus is that this particular battle was indeed fought on the Isle of Man, as noted in the Annals of Clonmacnoise and the Annals Cambriae (Bannerman 1974:83).
According to a poem on the birth of Brandub mac Echnach and Aedan, "Aedan was born near the Forth and [it] refers to him as the king of the Forth" (Bannerman 1974:85).
If Gabran married a daughter of Brychan of Manau Gododdin (Bannerman 1974:77–78) it is possible that he was indeed given refuge there and used those forces on his return to Dalriada.
www.mun.ca /mst/heroicage/issues/1/haaad2.htm   (2674 words)

 'In Parenthesis: Part 1, Some Further Analysis'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The 300 Gododdin rode valiantly to the battle but were all slaughtered and only the poet and two others survive to tell the tale.
Aneirin is the poet of 'Y Gododdin', Merddyn is a welsh bardic name and Merlin, Lewis is the modern equivalent of Llywelyn, the last welsh prince killed in 1282 at Buelt Wood (a character that reappears throughout the poem).
Her cynicism and lack of thought about the departing warriors heightens the sense of desolation made clear in the previous paragraph where the mournful liturgy of the departing regiment leaves 'not a soul', and only the tumbleweed images of a ghostly hut-doors slamming in the breeze.
www.hcu.ox.ac.uk /cgi-bin/jtap/board/config.pl?read=822   (729 words)

 The Gododdin of Aneirin: Text and Context from Dark-Age N. Brit.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The Gododdin of Aneirin: Text and Context from Dark-Age N. Brit.
Gododdin of Aneirin is an impressive achievement and an important, provocative contribution to the ongoing debate.
The version preserved for us, though ascribed to the sixth-century poet Aneirin, is found in a thirteenth-century manuscript that shows the effects of centuries of oral and scribal transmission and has thus undergone considerable changes.
www.uwp.co.uk /book_desc/1374.html   (292 words)

 BBC - Wales The Story of Welsh - The Heroic Age
Aneirin is famous as the author of Y Gododdin, found in the 13th-century manuscript known as Llyfr Aneirin (Book of Aneirin); now kept in Cardiff City Library.
As the poet of Y Gododdin, Aneirin is not that far removed from the druids who maintained the memories of the tribe.
Cumbric was easily understood by speakers of Welsh and Y Gododdin became a well-known and respected poem.
tickers.bbc.co.uk /wales/storyofwelsh/content/theheroicage.shtml   (594 words)

 From Cumbria With Love...
Gododdin was a Welsh kingdom in what is now the south of Scotland.
The biggest problems with modern-day knowledge of the language lies with the fact that the language may have been merely a dialect of Welsh, not distinct at all.
The old northern British kingdoms of Rheged and Gododdin spoke Old Welsh, but given time, many linguists consider that this tongue was distinguishable from Old Welsh at the time of its demise.
ctd.6.forumer.com /a/from-cumbria-with-love_post325-0.html   (1560 words)

 The Legend of King Arthur - Mystery Solved   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The Gododdin were ancient Britons who inhabited the Kingdom of Manann/Manau.
We have therefore a connection between Arthur and the Gododdin and also with the Kingdom of Manann/Manau, which lay on the south bank of the River Forth, in what we now call Scotland.
So here we have the earliest evidence of Arthur, and both connect him with the Gododdin and with the Kingdom of Manann/Manau, which lay many miles distant from Cornwall and Wales, both of which claimed connections with Arthur, and both as we can prove, without justification.
www.legendofkingarthur.com /mystery.htm   (307 words)

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