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Topic: Goitre

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  Goitre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A "diffuse goitre" is a goitre that has spread through all of the thyroid (and is contrasted with a "simple goitre", "single thyroid nodule" and "multinodular goitre".
The most common cause for goitre in the world is iodine deficiency (E01).
Goitre was previously common in many areas that were deficient in iodine in the soil.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Goitre   (402 words)

 GOITRE - LoveToKnow Article on GOITRE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In goitre the swelling is conspicuous and is not only unsightly but may occasion much discomfort from its pressure upon the windpipe and other important parts of the neck.
Goitre usually appears in early life, often from the eighth to the twelfth year; its growth is at first slow, but after several years of comparative quiescence a sudden increase is apt to occur.
Goitre is sometimes cured by removal of the individual from the district where it prevails, and it is apt to be acquired by previously healthy persons who settle in goitrous localities; and it is only in such places that the disease exhibits hereditary tendencies.
35.1911encyclopedia.org /G/GO/GOITRE.htm   (898 words)

 Risk factors for benign thyroid disease
The prevalence of goitre and thyroid dysfunction in the population may be influenced by a number of factors, and the aetiology of goitre is still not known in detail.
A high occurrence of multinodular goitre among the elderly in a population is seen as a consequence of iodine deficiency even in populations where goitre is not endemic among children, and the level of iodine intake sufficient to prevent the high prevalence of thyroid multinodularity among the elderly is not known today.
Goitre prevalence was markedly reduced among users of oral contraceptives, and the impact of oral contraceptives was illustrated by the preventive fraction of 29% (assuming causal relationship), indicating that goitre prevalence would have been almost 50% higher without use of oral contraceptives in our cohort.
www.danmedbul.dk /DMB_2005/0405/0405-disputatser/DMB3753.htm   (18485 words)

 Endemic Goitre in the Union of South Africa and Some Neighbouring Territories
We gained the impression that the incidence of nodular goitre in adolescents and adults is higher in fluorine-induced goitre areas than in areas where goitre is due to a primary iodine deficiency.
Undoubtedly, the fairly high percentage of goitre in the scholars at the Kenhardt schools is: (1) the result of drinking the previous municipal water supply up to some years ago; and (2) due to the fact that a large percentage of the scholars hail from farms where the water contains harmful quantities of fluorine.
The incidence of goitre in scholars at Port Nolloth and Vryburg is fairly high in spite of very satisfactory concentration of iodine and a minimal amount of fluorine in the municipal water supply.
www.slweb.org /south-africa.goitre.html   (2611 words)

 NEL, The goitre classification and management
The hyperplastic nodules in nodular goitre are characterized, among others, by the lack of complete connective tissue encapsulation, no distinctive morphological signs of pressure, exerted by the nodules on the adjacent parenchyma of the thyroid gland, what differentiates hyperplastic nodules from neoplastic ones.
Thus, nodular goitre is a benign, non-neoplastic lesion and – even if it has been assigned to Class VII in Hedinger et al.'s classification of thyroid tumours (1988) [3] – then, it has been defined in its class as "tumour-like lesion", what corresponds to its actual character.
Nodular goitre may be either the subject of treatment with L-thyroxine or of surgical intervention [4].
www.nel.edu /23_4/NEL230402R04_Lewinski.htm   (625 words)

 Goitre   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
A goitre (or goiter) (Latin struma) is a swelling in theneck due to an enlarged thyroid gland.
Goitre was previously common in many areas that were deficient in iodine in the soil.The condition now is practically absent in affluent nations, where tablesalt is supplemented with iodine.
There are fears by some health workers that a resurgence of goitre might occur because of the trend to use rock salt and/or sea salt (which has not been fortified with iodine) and also less salt use ingeneral.
www.therfcc.org /goitre-86205.html   (178 words)

 Goitre Treatment | Goitre symptoms and prevention of Goitre disease   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Goitre refers to a swelling of the thyroid gland in the neck.
Goitre disease is caused commonly due to deficiency of iodine in the diet.
Goitre disease gradually affects those who habitually live on denatured foods and nut those who eat much of their food in a raw or uncooked state.
www.home-remedies-for-you.com /remedy/Goitre.html   (625 words)

 Endemic goitre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Endemic goitre is a type of goitre that is associated with dietary iodine deficiency.
In such areas goitre is said to be "endemic".
Treatment of endemic goitre is medical with iodine and thyroxine preparations.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Endemic_goitre   (133 words)

 Fluoride, Water Hardness, and Endemic Goitre
Goitre has been produced in experimental animals by feeding fluoride salts (5-7), and fluoride exerts an antithyroid effect in man when used in the treatment of thyrotoxicosis (8,9).
The age and sex distribution of goitre in the 13 villages is given in table I.
Suspicions of an aetiological connection between fluoride and goitre, raised by the observation of a high incidence of goitre in areas of endemic fluorosis (10-13), have not been substantiated by epidemiological studies (17-20) conducted in relatively non-goitrous regions.
www.fluoridealert.org /health/thyroid/lancet-1972.html   (1695 words)

 DPIW - Goitre and Iodine Deficiency
The most serious thyroid disorder of farm animals is congenital goitre (goitre that animals are born with), caused by iodine deficiency.
However, goitre should not be confused with a swelling of the head in newborn animals that results from dystocia, a prolonged or difficult birth.
Goitre is more likely to occur in flocks run at a low stocking rate than in flocks run at a high stocking rate.
www.dpiwe.tas.gov.au /inter.nsf/WebPages/SSKA-4ZLVN4?open   (771 words)

 GOITRE, enlargement of the thyroid gland Symptoms, Cure, Cause, Treatment, Homeopathy for GOITRE, enlargement of the ...
Is a classical remedy for goitre, simple and the exophthalmic variety; in this we have the exophthalmus, the thyroid enlargement, the tachycardia, and the tremor, all characteristic of Iodine.
In the valleys where goitre abounds the popular remedy is a powder containing powdered egg shell (Calcarea carbonica), burnt sponge (Spongia tosta) and sugar.
Exophthalmic goitre in subjects of a cachectic appearance; there is palpitation of the heart and the heart beat seems to shake the entire body.
www.hpathy.com /diseases/goitre.asp   (719 words)

 Early American Manual Therapy
The goitre was as large as a hen's egg, and the usual symptoms of exophthalmic goitre were present.
Osteopathy simply regards goitre as an enlargement of the thyroid gland due to a specific, usually bony, lesion which interferes with the proper blood and lymph circulation of that body.
This view of lesion is well supported by the fact that simple goitres often rapidly disappear, after treatment restoring clavicle and first rib to position, relaxing anterior cervical tissues, and re-establishing perfect circulation of all fluid to and from the thyroid.
www.meridianinstitute.com /eamt/files/hazzard1/Haz1CH18.htm   (2831 words)

 Goitre Hyperthyroidism hypothyroidism thyroid nodules cancer sydney australia
A goitre is an enlargement of the thyroid gland that is NOT associated with inflammation or cancer.
A simple goitre usually occurs when the thyroid gland is not able to produce enough thyroid hormone to meet the body's requirements.
Risk factors for the development of a goitre include female sex, age over 40 years, inadequate dietary intake of iodine, residence in an endemic area, and a family history of goitre.
www.nebsc.com.au /goitre.html   (511 words)

 Fluorine in the Aetiology of Endemic Goitre
Macnamara (1880) studied the distribution of goitre in the Punjab plains before the introduction of the present extensive system of canal irrigation, at a time when the majority of the townspeople were dependent on local wells.
The evidence identifying the presence of fluorine in drinking-water as one factor in the causation of endemic goitre is thus strengthened.
The distribution of endemic goitre in the Punjab and in England is related to the geological distribution of fluorine and to the distribution of human dental fluorosis (mottled enamel).
www.fluoridealert.org /health/thyroid/lancet-1941.html   (1077 words)

 Goitre (Swelling of the Thyroid) - Patient UK
A goitre can mean that all the thyroid gland is swollen or enlarged, or one or more swellings or lumps develop in part or parts of the thyroid.
Treatment depends on the cause, the size of the goitre, and whether it is causing symptoms.
If you have a small goitre that is not due to a cancerous nodule, and your thyroid is making the correct amount of thyroxine and T3, then you may not need any treatment.
www.patient.co.uk /showdoc/27000670   (969 words)

 The Thyroid Gland: A General Introduction | thyroid disease | goitre | goiter | | iodine | hormones
Goitre does not always indicate a disease, since thyroid enlargement can also be caused by physiological conditions such as puberty and pregnancy.
The way a goitre forms in those geographic areas of the world which have a deficiency of iodine is a good example of how the axis functions.
In Hashimoto's thyroiditis, the goitre is caused by an accumulation of white blood cells and fluid (inflammation) in the thyroid gland.
www.thyroid.ca /Guides/HG01.html   (987 words)

 Health Promotion Board - Health A-Z   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Goitre is the enlargement of the thyroid gland, which is located at the base of the neck.
Oral supplements of iodide or a synthetic hormone (levothyroxine) are used to treat goitre and shrink the thyroid gland to its normal size.
The entire thyroid gland may have to be surgically removed if the goitre has a lot of internal scar tissue, refuses to shrink, causes discomfort, causes overproduction of thyroid hormone, or becomes cancerous.
www.hpb.gov.sg /hpb/default.asp?pg_id=865&aid=267   (217 words)

 Food & Nutrition Information
The aim of this study was to determine the association of goitres with iodine content of the ambient drinking water among the Aborigines and Malays in West (Peninsular) Malaysia.
Among children, the prevalence of goitre was high in the rural areas (Post Lanai and Post Betau) compared to the urban areas of Kuala Lumpur and the Malay traditional village at H ulu Sungai.
In general, the prevalence of goitre was higher among the Aborigines compared to the Malays at all ages and of both sexes (Table 4).
www.healthyeatingclub.com /APJCN/Volume2/vol2.3/osman.htm   (1943 words)

Risk factors for sporadic goitre include family history, diet, age (over 40 years) and gender (women are more susceptible than men).
The goitre is caused by this massive overstimulation.
Goitre caused by iodine deficiency - can be helped with the introduction of iodine-rich foods into the diet, such as seafood and iodised salt.
www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au /bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Goitre?Open   (875 words)

 Goitre   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
A goitre (or goiter) (Latin struma) is a swelling in the neck to an enlarged thyroid gland.
There are fears by some health workers a resurgence of goitre might occur because the trend to use rock salt and/or sea salt (which has not been fortified with and also less salt use in general.
Role of Cassava in the Etiology of Endemic Goitre and Cretinism.
www.freeglossary.com /Goitre   (237 words)

 NationMaster.com - Encyclopedia: Goitre   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The thyroid gland and its relations The thyroid is one of the larger endocrine glands in the body.
Inflammation is the first response of the immune system to infection or irritation and may be referred to as the innate cascade.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (also known as TSH or thyrotropin) is a hormone produced by thyrotrope cells in the anterior pituitary gland which regulates the endocrine function of the thyroid gland.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Goitre   (1171 words)

 goitre - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about goitre   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
It is most pronounced in simple goitre, which is caused by iodine deficiency.
More common is toxic goitre or hyperthyroidism, caused by overactivity of the thyroid gland.
According to a World Health Organization survey of 1997 up to 60% of people in some Indian states were suffering with goitre.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /goitre   (180 words)

Report of the Subcommittee for the Study of Endemic Goitre and Iodine Deficiency of the European Thyroid Association.
Epidemicity and Consequences of Goitre in Sarawak, Malaysia.
The Role of Cassava in Endemic Goitre in Sarawak.
www.unsystem.org /scn/archives/npp03/ch16.htm   (2409 words)

 thyroid goitre (multi-nodular) - General Practice Notebook   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Progression to multinodular goitre is typical of both endemic and sporadic simple goitres.
Common pitfalls during examination are to mistake a multinodular goitre for a large nodule because the goitre is dominated by one nodule.
Multinodular goitre must be differentiated from anaplastic thyroid carcinoma and thyroid lymphoma.
www.gpnotebook.co.uk /cache/550502415.htm   (245 words)

Mansour said the Health Ministry was able to able to guage the local prevalence of iodine deficiency through cases of goitre, a swelling of the thyroid gland...
Iodine deficiency is associated with mental retardation, goitre, stillbirth and miscarriage and has serious implications for both health and economic loss.
Patna: Over five percent children in Bihar are affected by goitre, characterized by swelling of the thyroid gland in the neck due to iodine deficiency...
health.cancer-help.org /news/Goitre.html   (584 words)

 THYROID DISEASES   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Goitre with localised pain, inflammation, fever and general unwell feeling.
Goitre with symptoms compatible with a situation of Hyperthyroidism.
Goitre with symptoms of a situation of Hypothyroidism.
www.tiroides.info /en/bocio/bocio32.html   (267 words)

In some cases goitres and thyroid lumps may not cause symptoms at all and may be found accidentally.
If the goitre is very large, it may need an operation, particularly if there are symptoms from pressure on the neck, or if the goitre is retrosternal.
Goitres occurring for the first time in infancy, puberty and pregnancy usually get smaller by themselves.
www.surgerydoor.co.uk /medical_conditions/Indices/G/goitre_thyroid_nodules.htm   (950 words)

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