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Topic: Goodness and value theory

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  Goodness and value theory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Since instrumental goods are always tied to other goods, it may be said (for instance, in deontological ethics) that the values by which one lives must ultimately be intrinsic.
Welfarist theories of value are those which say that that which is good, and hence valuable, are due to their effects on the wellbeing of persons.
The idea that the ultimate good exists and is not orderable but is globally measurable is reflected in various ways in classical economics, green economics, welfare economics and the Gross National Happiness and measuring well-being theories, all of which focus on various ways of assessing progress towards that goal, a so-called Genuine Progress Indicator.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Goodness_and_value_theory   (4772 words)

 Learn more about Goodness and value theory in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Values individualism is the view that only individual lives (or their eudaimonia) are intrinsically valuable; and so they are valuable not merely as a means to the flourishing of society.
Values collectivism is the view that individual lives (or their eudaimonia) are only instrumentally valuable, i.e., good only as a means to, or as an outcome of the flourishing of society; the flourishing of society (whatever this might be) is the only intrinsically good thing.
The goodness of a particular experience, of an individual's whole life, of society, and of an ecosystem, are all worth having for their own sake, and not merely as a means to something else.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /g/go/goodness_and_value_theory.html   (5246 words)

 More on Goodness
Values play an important part in everyday life; everyone has their own set of beliefs about what is and isn't good.
He maintains that "good" is a second-order property, a quantifier of qualities: to call a thing good is to contend that it is all there under its concept.
One non-religious theory of value, the evolutionary ethic, holds that humanity will destroy itself if it continues to pursue happiness (or pleasure, eudaimonia or flourishing) as the intrinsic good and that the only choice of intrinsic good that can be pursued indefinitely without leading to extinction is total creativity.
www.artilifes.com /goodness.htm   (5332 words)

 Information Headquarters: Goodness and value theory
Moral v other goods There's an important difference between the words "morally good" as applied to persons and actions, as when we say that Mary's a morally good person and her honesty is good, and "good" in other senses, as when we say that a banana split is good.
Goodness as a property One problem is that 'goodness' seems not to be definable, and therefore it is sometimes thought not to be a real property of the world.
Values subjectivism states that to answer the question, "What things are intrinsically good?" we need only answer a further question, "Well, what do I, or what does my group, want not merely as a means to something else, but for itself?" But there are clear problems with this theory.
www.informationheadquarters.com /Philosophy/Value_theory.shtml   (4473 words)

 ipedia.com: Goodness and value theory Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Theories of Value ask 'What sorts of things are good?' Or: 'What does "good" mean?' "If we had to give the most general, catch-all description of good thing...
Goodness and value theory affects political economy, which sets relative valuations on factors of production.
For this and other reasons, conceptual metaphor theories argue against both subjective and objective conceptions of value and meaning, and focus on the relationships between body and other essential elements of human life.
www.ipedia.com /goodness_and_value_theory.html   (4659 words)

 The Polynomic Theory of Value
Moral goodness concerns right and wrong actions; ethical goodness concerns what is good for human life, including right actions; and aesthetic goodness concerns what is simply good-in-itself, whether morally, in human life, or quite generally.
It is therefore better to call hortative and aesthetic value "latitudinarian," since it allows a "latitude" of goods and denies that there is a best life or a supreme good across a range of goods for human life.
The independence of manners from moral goodness is revealed in life and in literature by people who have good manners but are morally evil, and by those with very bad manners who are morally good.
www.friesian.com /poly-1.htm   (2368 words)

 The New Friesian Theory of Religious Value
Religious value is more complex than aesthetic value because three forms of opposition mark off each of the three poles of the sacred and its two opposites.
If the divine presence in a temple is of value to a community because of the protection that the god provides, the desecration of the temple may not harm the god, but it may certainly harm the community, as the means of pleasing and accessing the god is compromised.
Numinous value, however, is polynomicly independent of other forms of evaluation: religious practices may be repugnant, the gods (or God) may do bad things, or sacred objects may be ugly or repulsive.
www.friesian.com /newotto.htm   (2859 words)

 YourArt.com >> Encyclopedia >> Good   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Good (economics and accounting), a useful object or service
Good (album), the 2001 album by the New Zealand band Goodshirt
Good (Morphine album), the 1992 album by the American band Morphine
www.yourart.com /research/encyclopedia.cgi?subject=/Good   (80 words)

 Better Sleep   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
When governments decide what is good and to be encouraged, they cut taxes onthose activities, remove regulations or laws, and provide subsidies.
However, when they decide what is bad and to be discouraged,they pass laws to make it illegal and enforce them with violence, monopolize it to limit or control it, and make stern speecheson television.
4.2 Goodness as a property 4.3 Problems with definitions using traits orproperties 4.4 Shortcomings of subjectivism 4.5 Intrinsic versus instrumental goodness 4.6 Pragmatism and intrinsic goodness 4.7 Hedonism 4.8 Non-cognitivism 4.9 Circularity in the analysis of 'goodness'
www.witchware.com /File/47266-Better.Sleep....   (619 words)

 Economics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Increasingly some have argued that finance is to economics what engineering is to physics, and should be considered separately.
Adam Smith defined "labor" as the underlying source of value, and "the labor theory of value" underlies the work of Karl Marx, Riccardo and many other "classical" economists.
The labor theory of value dominates the work of most classical economists, but it is far from the only accepted basis for "value".
www.enlightenweb.net /e/ec/economics_1.html   (3306 words)

 Chapter 14
On this construal, all and only virtue theories in ethics define rules (rightness) in terms of the source of an action in an ethical virtue; and by analogy, all and only virtue theories in epistemology define rules (justification) in terms of the source of a belief in an intellectual virtue.
On Zagzebski’s preferred motivation-based account, the goodness of virtues is based on the goodness of the agent’s motives, and this form of goodness is conceived as intrinsic, not derived.
Since in her book she allows that there is room within virtue theory to accommodate different views of the relationship between the virtues and the Good, to say as she sometimes appears to that Sosa’s account is not a form of virtue theory because its definition of virtue is consequentialist, would clearly be inconsistent.
www.scsr.nevada.edu /~axtell/monist2.html   (5628 words)

 Axiology - The real meaning from Timesharetalk wikipedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
It is often thought to include ethics and aesthetics—philosophical fields that depend crucially on notions of value—and sometimes it is held to lay the groundwork for these fields, and thus to be similar to value theory and meta-ethics.
The term was used in the 19th and early 20th centuries, but in recent decades, value theory has tended to replace it in discussions of the nature of value or goodness in general.
One area in which research continues to be pursued is so-called formal axiology, or the attempt to lay out principles regarding value with mathematical rigor.
www.timesharetalk.co.uk /wiki.asp?k=Axiology   (323 words)

 Wikinfo | Virtue
Virtue (Greek αρετη; Latin virtus) is the habitual, well-established, readiness or diposition of man's powers directing them to some goodness of act.
In Christianity, the theological virtues are faith, hope and charity, a list which comes from 1 Corinthians 13:13.
Images, some of which are used under the doctrine of Fair use or used with permission, may not be available.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Virtue   (717 words)

 Good - Voyager, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Look up good in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Good (accounting) or inventory, a physical object, used in accounting and commerce
Good (economics), an object or service that increases utility
www.voyager.in /Good   (144 words)

 Good : search word
The to get any eBook selected, entered, proofread, edited, copyright projected audience is one hundred million readers.
If the value million dollars per hour in 2002 as we release over 100 new text We are already on our way to trying for 2000 more eBooks in 2002 will reach over half a trillion eBooks given away by year's end.
In answer to various questions we have received on this: We are constantly working on finishing the paperwork to legally you would like to know if we have added it since the list you have, not yet registered, we know of no prohibition against accepting.
www.searchword.org /go/good.html   (306 words)

 Mound (creature) -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Hancock's mounds resemble fl and white striped hills, with tree-like skeletons and roughly human-like heads.
Mounds represent good in the artist's own depiction of a spiritual struggle between good and evil (evil being represented by vegans).
In Hancock's art, the mounds are an ancient and primal species, with deep connections to nature, the oldest of which is known as The Legend.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Mound_(creature)   (165 words)

 URI Philosophy Department
She is a Fellow in the White Center for Ethics and Public Service, and the recipient of numerous teaching and research related awards.
“Brentano’s Theory of Value: Beauty, Goodness, and the Concept of Correct Emotions” with Wilhelm Baumgartner in
Professor Pasquerella has recently taught PHL 314: Ethical Problems in Society and Medicine, PHL 430, Philosophy of Law, and PHL 490, Senior Seminar, on the topic of Race, Gender and the Law.
www.uri.edu /artsci/phl/pasquerella.html   (155 words)

 University Libraries > URI Faculty Publications > 2004 > Philosophy
Johnson, Galen A. "Kindness, Justice, and the Good Society." Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology.
"Bretano's Theory of Value: Beauty, Goodness, and the Concept of Correct Emotions." IN: The Cambridge Companion to Bretano.
"Even 'Neutral' Public Schools Subvert Parents' Religious Values (Column)." Providence Journal.
www.uri.edu /library/faculty_publications/2004/phl04.html   (176 words)

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