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Topic: Gospel of the Ebionites

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In the News (Thu 25 Apr 19)

  The Gospel of the Ebionites
Whereas the Gospel of the Ebionites is indeed closely related to Matthew, examination of the extant fragments reveals that much of the text is a harmony, composed in Greek, of the Gospels Matthew and Luke (and, probably, the Gospel of Mark as well).
The Gospel of the Ebionites omits the infancy narratives.
The Gospel according to the Twelve, or 'of the Twelve', mentioned by Origen (Ambrose and Jerome) is identified by Zahn with the Ebionite Gospel.
www.angelfire.com /sc3/nwp/GospelEbionites.htm   (898 words)

 Gospel of the Ebionites - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Gospel of the Ebionites is a text sharing an affinity with the Gospel of the Hebrews and the Gospel of the Nazoraeans.
Epiphanius, whose writing is the main source for finding fragments of the Gospel of the Ebionites, emphasises the distinction between the Gospel of the Ebionites and that of the Nazoraeans.
According to Epiphanius, the Nazoraeans were considered part of the Christian orthodoxy, whereas the Ebionites were considered heretics, and so it is clear that there must have been theological and doctrinal differences between the two, related, Gospels, possibly over the Virgin Birth[1] which the Ebionites rejected.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gospel_of_the_Ebionites   (365 words)

 Christian Ebionites: The Original Christians?
They used an early Gospel of Matthew, and their beliefs are in accordance with the earliest reports of the gospels of Luke and Matthew, and with Jewish prophecy.
The Ebionites, however, maintained that their views were authorized by the original disciples, especially by Peter and Jesus' own brother, James, head of the Jerusalem church after the resurrection.
Ebionite Christianity did not suffer these problems: Animal sacrifices were made to God but were never perfect; only when (finally) a human who followed the Law perfectly sacrificed himself, was the ultimate sacrifice made, thus ending the need for sacrifices.
www.vexen.co.uk /religion/ebionites.html   (2409 words)

 Gospel - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
It begins with the prophecy concerning the `seed of the woman' (Genesis 3:15), and the promise concerning Abraham, in whom all the nations should be blessed (Genesis 12:3; 15:5) and is also indicated in Acts 10:43 and in the argument in Ro 4.
In another it is called "the gospel of the grace of God" (Acts 20:24); in another "the gospel of peace" (Ephesians 6:15); in another "the gospel of your salvation" (Ephesians 1:13); and in yet another "the glorious gospel" (2 Corinthians 4:4 the King James Version).
"The gospel is the gratuitous promise of the remission of sins for Christ's sake." To hold tenaciously that in this gospel we have a supernatural revelation is in perfect consistency with the spirit of scientific inquiry.
www.studylight.org /enc/isb/view.cgi?number=T3893   (696 words)

 Apocryphal Gospels - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
The Ebionites may be described generally as Jewish Christians who aimed at maintaining as far as possible the doctrines and practices of the Old Testament and may be taken as representing originally the extreme conservative section of the Council of Jerusalem mentioned in Acts 15:1-29.
A Gospel of Barnabas and Gospel of Bartholomew are condemned in the decree of Pope Gelasius.
In all of the gospels of this class it is noteworthy that considering the desire of the writers of non-canonical gospels to multiply miracles, no notice is taken of the period in the life of Christ that intervened between his twelfth year and his thirtieth.
www.searchgodsword.org /enc/isb/view.cgi?number=T612   (4493 words)

 Ebionites - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Ebionites [Aramaic,=poor], Jewish-Christian sect of rural ancient Palestine, of the first centuries after Jesus.
The Judaic Ebionites held closely to Mosaic law and regarded Jesus as a miracle-working prophet and St. Paul as an apostate.
Gnostic Ebionites believed Christ to be a spirit, invisible to men, giving him the title "Prophet of the Truth."
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-ebionite.html   (212 words)

 Gospel of the Hebrews - Wikisource
Also the gospel which is named according to the Hebrews, and which was recently translated by me into Greek and Latin, which also Origen often used, refers after the resurrection of the savior: But the Lord, when he had given the shroud to the servant of the priest, went to James and appeared to him.
In which [gospel] it must be noted that, wherever the evangelist, whether from his own person or from the Lord and savior, makes use of testimonies of the old scriptures, he does not follow the authority of the seventy translators, but the Hebrew.
Likewise in the gospel of the Nazoraeans it is read that a lintel of the temple of infinite magnitude was broken at the death of Christ.
en.wikisource.org /wiki/Gospel_of_the_Hebrews   (4219 words)

 Matthew, the Gospel of - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
In character, the Gospel, like those of the other evangelists, is only a chrestomathy, a selection from the great mass of oral tradition concerning the doings and sayings of Christ current in apostolic and early Christian circles, chosen for the special purpose which the evangelist had in view.
The special purpose which the writer had in view in his Gospel is nowhere expressly stated, as is done, e.g., by the writer of the Fourth Gospel in John 20:30,31, concerning his book, but it can readily be gleaned from the general contents of the book, as also from specific passages.
In this respect the Gospel can be regarded as both apologetic and polemical in its aim, in harmony with which also is its vivid portraiture to the growing hostility of the Jews to Christ and to His teachings which, in the latter part of Matthew, appears as intense as it does in John.
www.studylight.org /enc/isb/view.cgi?number=T5862   (2163 words)

 Were the Ebionites a Legalistic Group?
Certainly the Ebionites were Jewish Christian and in some sense "law-observant"; but they were not "conservative" in the sense of strictly observing the commands of the Old Testament as this article states, nor is their any record of their criticisms of other Christians for ignoring the purity regulations of the Torah.
The Ebionite view is underscored by the Ebionite gospel quoted by Epiphanius, where Jesus says, "I have come to destroy the sacrifices" (Panarion 30.16.5), and the Ebionite Jesus indignantly rejects eating meat at the Passover: "Have I desired meat with desire to eat this Passover with you?" (Panarion 30.22.4).
It is possible, of course, that the Lord's Supper (bread and a drink, according to the gospels and early tradition) was precisely this Passover observance, as the synoptic gospels assert.
www.compassionatespirit.com /Ebionites-legalistic.htm   (3247 words)

 The gospel of the Ebionites.
The Ebionites indeed, using only that gospel which is according to Matthew, are convinced by that alone, not presuming rightly about the Lord.
The church has four gospels, heresy many, from among which a certain one is written according to the Egyptians, another according to the twelve apostles.
In the gospel among them named according to Matthew, but not all very complete, but illegitimized and adulterated, but they call it the Hebraic [gospel], it states: There was a certain man, Jesus by name, and he himself was about thirty years old, who elected us.
www.textexcavation.com /ebionitegospel.html   (1361 words)

 R. Blackhirst, "Barnabas and the Gospels: Was there an Early Gospel of Barnabas?"
Ebionite literature, the Clementina, however, reports that this Barsabbas was in fact Barnabas and that Barnabas defeated Matthias in the election.
The Barnabas gospel is replete with extra-canonical material stemming from the Elijah cycle in Kings and several important canonical episodes have been changed or 'corrected' to conform to stories, themes or motifs from the Elijah cycle.
Most gospels, of course, are written in the name of one or another of Jesus' immediate disciples, but Luke's Gospel is sufficient evidence to show that those who knew the immediate disciples, or received their witness, qualify as well.
www.depts.drew.edu /jhc/Blackhirst_Barnabas.html   (8398 words)

 The Jewish-Christian gospels.
The gospels of the Nazoraeans, of the Ebionites, and according to the Hebrews.
Gospel of the Ebionites (Greek or Latin, English).
When it comes to the Ebionite gospel in 30.13, however, he calls it not all very complete (ουχ ολω πληρεστατω), which must indicate that the Nazoraean and the Ebionite gospels were two different texts, despite their both being called according to the Hebrews, and despite the fact that Jerome appears to confuse the two.
www.textexcavation.com /jewishgospels.html   (10444 words)

 Bible Study - The Gospel Of Thomas
The four actual Gospel books of The Bible are of course Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.
The "Gospel of Thomas" was discovered in 1945 near Nag Hammadi, between Cairo and Luxor in Egypt.
Unlike the true Gospels, the "Gospel of Thomas" consists solely of alleged sayings of Jesus Christ.
www.keyway.ca /htm2000/20000408.htm   (322 words)

 who are the ebionites and what should they mean to the christian?
They followed the Mosaic law with great zeal, and had their own "Gospel" known in various contexts as the 'Gospel of the Hebrews', 'Gospel of the Ebionites' or the 'Gospel of the Nazarenes'.
Eusebius, the most renowned church historian, mocks the Ebionite views (remember he is a Gentile in the Western Church), saying that their name comes from their poor and "mean" opinion of Jesus.
In his book describing the background of the Ebionites, R Eisenman in The Dead Sea Scrolls Uncovered writes that James (the 'Zaddik' or 'Zadok', meaning Righteous) was the leader of the Jerusalem Church in the middle of the first century (40-60 AD approx.) The branch which was retrospectively called Jewish Christianity in Palestine.
paulproblem.faithweb.com /ebionites_mean_cx.htm   (2885 words)

 Ebionism, Ebionites - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
The sect in question seems to have assumed the name Ebionites, "the poor ones," from the first Beatitude (Matthew 5:3), claiming to be the continuation into the new dispensation of the "poor and needy" of the Psalms, eg.
The Ebionites seem to have held under varying forms a doctrine of the Trinity, and their holding it is an evidence that the church at large held it, not of course in that definiteness it assumed later, but essentially.
Were the Gospel according to the Hebrews to be found, or a manuscript of Hegesippus, we should be in a better position to decide a number of questions.
www.searchgodsword.org /enc/isb/view.cgi?number=T2867   (4475 words)

 Matthew, The Gospel Of (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia) :: Bible Tools
Origen, in the beginning of the 3rd century could speak of it as the first of "the four Gospels, which alone are received without dispute by the church of God under heaven" (in Eusebius, Historia Ecclesiastica, VI, 25).
The special purpose which the writer had in view in his Gospel is nowhere expressly stated, as is done, e.g., by the writer of the Fourth Gospel in John 20:30-31, concerning his book, but it can readily be gleaned from the general contents of the book, as also from specific passages.
The traditional view that Matthew wrote primarily to prove that in Jesus of Nazareth is to be found the fulfillment and realization of the Messianic predictions of the Old Testament prophets and seers is beyond a doubt correct.
bibletools.org /index.cfm/fuseaction/Def.show/RTD/ISBE/ID/5862   (2233 words)

 BBC NEWS | Magazine | Not so secret gospels
We have the Gospel of Peter, for example, in which Jesus is not hurt by his crucifixion, and the Gospel of the Ebionites in which he is a vegetarian.
There is the Infancy Gospel of Thomas where the child Jesus makes birds out of mud and they come alive, and then a boy bumps into him and he kills him.
The four established gospels as written in the New Testament are by far the earliest writings and therefore must be taken as the most historically accurate.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/magazine/4887222.stm   (1324 words)

 Nicene and Ante-Nicene Fathers, Ser. II, Vol I: The Church History of Eusebius.: Chapter XXVII
The name Ebionite was probably used in Jerusalem as a designation of the Christians there, either applied to them by their enemies as a term of ridicule on account of their poverty in worldly goods, or, what is more probable, assumed by themselves as a term of honor,—“the poor in spirit,”—or (as Epiphanius, XXX.
It was a general characteristic of the sect of the Ebionites as known to the Fathers, from the time of Origen on, and but a continuation of the enmity to Paul shown by the Judaizers during his lifetime.
The question again arises whether Eusebius is referring here to the second class of Ebionites only, and is contrasting their conduct in regard to Sabbath observance with that of the first class, or whether he refers to all Ebionites, and contrasts them with the Jews.
www.sacred-texts.com /chr/ecf/201/2010096.htm   (2542 words)

 B'nai-Amen & Ebionites
They use the Gospel according to Matthew only, and repudiate the Apostle Paul, maintaining that he was an apostate from the law.
The Ebionites, following these, assert that He was begotten by Joseph; thus destroying, as far as in them lies, such a marvelous dispensation of God, and setting aside the testimony of the prophets which proceeded from God.
But the heresy of the Ebionites, as it is called, asserts that Christ was the son of Joseph and Mary, considering him a mere man, and insists strongly on keeping the law in a Jewish manner, as we have seen already in this history.
www.essene.com /B'nai-Amen/B'nai-AmenAndEbionites.htm   (2239 words)

 Apocryphal Gospels
Not all works called "gospels" are written in the teaching styles of the canonical or traditional gospels and therefore are not classified here.
The Gospel of Barnabas is a forgery, based loosely on the canonical gospel of John, but created by Muslims.
There is no mention of the Gospel by anyone (Muslim, Christian, or otherwise) before the 15th century, and no manuscripts exist prior to the end of that century.
www.friktech.com /rel/canon/gospels.htm   (657 words)

 [No title]
Thomas contextualizes sayings by adding lots of inauthentic sayings (and organizing by catchwords, a very weak modality indeed.) The inauthentic sayings are supposed to make a somewhat coherent point which can then be the hermeneutic guide to understanding the authentic sayings.Thus Thomas isn't meaningless to me this week.
What Mark does is to dissolve the contexts of his sources so that sayings revert to their status as isolated elements.
This saying with the "my Father" also shows up in the Gospel of > the Ebionites, further suggesting connections to proto-Mt. #4 Th was a source available to all three synoptic evanglists.
www.gospels.net /xtalk/thomas/thomas0696.txt   (2305 words)

 John - A Gospel to Silence the Gnostics
– the advanced theology of the fourth gospel is difficult to reconcile with the homely simplicity of the synoptics; this is allegedly an old fisherman’s tale, after all.
These were the Ebionites and Elchasites, who held that Jesus 'was a man of normal birth in whom the spirit of Christ had briefly dwelt'.
In response, the ecclesiasta wrote a rebuttal to the theology of Valentinus: the Gospel of John.
www.jesusneverexisted.com /john.htm   (3547 words)

 The Gospel of the Ebionites extracted from Epiphanius
The Gospel of the Ebionites extracted from Epiphanius
In the Panarion of Epiphanius of Salamis, In the Gospel that is in general use among them which is called "according to Matthew", which however is not whole and complete but forged and mutilated - they call it the Hebrews Gospel-it is reported:
They say that Christ was not begotten of God the Father, but created as one of the archangels...
www.angelfire.com /sc3/nwp/GospelEbionitesB.htm   (527 words)

 Order of Nazorean Essenes
In the Gospel that is in general use among them which is called "according to Matthew", which however is not whole and complete but forged and mutilated - they call it the Hebrews Gospel-it is reported:
Almighty, and that he came and declared, as their Gospel, which is called
Gospel according to Matthew, or Gospel According to the Hebrews?,
essenes.net /goeb.htm   (604 words)

 Gospel of the Ebionites
Wilson, New Testament Apocrypha : Gospels and Related Writings (Louisville: John Knox Press, 1992), pp.
Ron Cameron, ed., The Other Gospels: Non-Canonical Gospel Texts (Philadelphia, PA: The Westminster Press 1982), pp.
) is a gospel harmony preserved in a few quotations in the writings of Epiphanius (a church writer who lived at the end of the fourth century C.E.).
www.earlychristianwritings.com /gospelebionites.html   (300 words)

 The Development of the Canon of the New Testament - Gospel of the Twelve   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Nothing from the Gospel of the Twelve (Apostles) survives to us.
The majority of critics today are inclined to identify it with the Gospel of the Ebionites, of which fragments quoted by Epiphanius survive.
This Gospel is of the synoptic type and was probably written in the 1st half of the 2nd century in the region east of Jordan.
www.ntcanon.org /Gospel_of_the_Twelve.shtml   (106 words)

 Ebionites : The Truth About Da Vinci
From Hebrew ebionim, "poor ones"; a Jewish sect that recognized Jesus as Messiah, but believed that God adopted him as his Son at his baptism.
The only Scripture they used seems to have been an altered version of the gospel of Matthew known as Gospel of the Ebionites.
See also Adoptionism; Christology; Gospel of the Ebionites; Gospel of the Hebrews; Gospel of the Nazoreans.
www.thetruthaboutdavinci.com /faq/ebionites.html   (156 words)

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