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Topic: Gottfried Leibniz

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  Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz -- Metaphysics [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Leibniz also claims that a statement is true for all time--that is, whenever the statement is made.
Leibniz states: "For they [free or intelligent substances] are not bound by any certain subordinate laws of the universe, but act as it were by a private miracle" ("Necessary and Contingent Truths").
Leibniz's analogy is of the roar of the waves of the beach: the seemingly singular sound of which one is conscious is in fact made up of a vast number of individual sounds of which one is not conscious--droplets of water smacking into one another.
www.iep.utm.edu /l/leib-met.htm   (10590 words)

  Gottfried Leibniz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Leibniz died in Hanover in 1716: at the time, he was so out of favor that neither George I (who happened to be near Hanover at the time) nor any fellow courtier other than his personal secretary attended the funeral.
Leibniz was deeply interested in the new methods and conclusions of Descartes, Huygens, Newton, and Boyle, but viewed their work through a lens heavily tinted by scholastic notions.
Leibniz was the first to see that the coefficients of a system of linear equations could be arranged into arrays, now called matrices, which can be manipulated to find the solution of the system, if any.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gottfried_Leibniz   (9971 words)

 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Leibniz's metaphysics is most profitably contrasted with that of his near contemporary Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677), since the two of them come down on exactly opposite sides of many important issues (giving us something like a step in Hegelian dialectic).
Leibniz's system is also to be compared with the natural science of Isaac Newton (1642-1727), who became Leibniz's bitter enemy, not just in metaphysics, but in the argument over who had priority for the development of calculus.
Leibniz made his living mostly in the employ of German Princes, as a diplomat and even as a librarian, ending his days at the court of Hanover, dying just two years after the Elector of Hanover, George I, had become King of England.
www.friesian.com /leibniz.htm   (3611 words)

Leibniz, it should be added, met with little success in his other plan of conciliation, namely, his scheme for the union of Protestants among themselves.
Leibniz represents the possible monads as present for all eternity in the mind of God -- in them was the impulse towards actualization -- and the more perfect the possible monad the more strongly did it possess this impulse.
Leibniz, true to his eclectic temperament, admits the validity of all the various arguments for the existence of God.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/09134b.htm   (4235 words)

 Gottfried Willhelm Leibniz - German Philosopher - Biography
Gottfried Leibniz was born in 1646, the son of Friedrich Leibniz, a professor of moral philosophy at Leipzig.
Leibniz set out to write his habilitation in philosophy that was to be published in 1666 as Dissertatio de arte combinatoria (Dissertation on the combinatorial art).
Leibniz thus put his thoughts to the possibilities of a peace within the Holy Roman (German) Empire and with its neighbors, especially the French king Louis XIV — a peace based on a new Christian theology, which would allow Catholics and Protestants to come together on a new theological plane.
www.egs.edu /resources/leibniz.html   (1419 words)

 Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, Baron von. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Leibniz’s calculus was published in 1684, three years before Newton’s, and his system of notation was universally adopted.
Leibniz’s assertion, however, does not imply an unqualified optimism, since evil is a necessary ingredient in even the best of all possible worlds.
A basic distinction in Leibniz’s logic is that made between “truths of reason,”; or necessary propositions, whose principle is the law of noncontradiction, and “truths of fact,” or contingent propositions, based on the principle of sufficient reason.
www.bartleby.com /65/le/Leibniz.html   (696 words)

 Leibniz biography
Gottfried Leibniz was the son of Friedrich Leibniz, a professor of moral philosophy at Leipzig.
Leibniz began to study motion, and although he had in mind the problem of explaining the results of Wren and Huygens on elastic collisions, he began with abstract ideas of motion.
Leibniz published an anonymous pamphlet Charta volans setting out his side in which a mistake by Newton in his understanding of second and higher derivatives, spotted by Johann Bernoulli, is used as evidence of Leibniz's case.
www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk /Biographies/Leibniz.html   (3644 words)

 Island of Freedom - Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Leibniz was born in Leipzig and educated at the universities of Leipzig, Jena, and Altdorf.
Leibniz described the unfolding of the states as "appetition," applicable equally to purposive human activity and the movements of a sunflower to the sun.
Leibniz's reply was that every actual state of affairs has hypothetical but not absolute necessity; free and spontaneous activity is allowed for in the pre-established harmony of all monads and their states.
www.island-of-freedom.com /LEIBNIZ.HTM   (975 words)

 Leibniz biography
Gottfried Leibniz was the son of Friedrich Leibniz, a professor of moral philosophy at Leipzig.
Leibniz was clearly not satisfied with Aristotle's system and began to develop his own ideas on how to improve on it.
Leibniz began to study motion, and although he had in mind the problem of explaining the results of Wren and Huygens on elastic collisions, he began with abstract ideas of motion.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk /~history/Biographies/Leibniz.html   (3644 words)

 SEP: Leibniz on the Problem of Evil
Since Leibniz lived in between these two eras, eras in which evil was taken to present quite different problems for the monotheistic philosopher, we are immediately led to wonder which sort of problem he sought to address.
Leibniz's reasoning to his conclusion does not, however, follow this straightforward path since, among other things, it is not clearly cogent as it stands.
Leibniz argued repeatedly that it was surely too parochial to think that the standard by which the goodness of worlds is to be judged is earthly human happiness.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/leibniz-evil   (6490 words)

 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz -- Metaphysics [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Leibniz's curiosity and genius ranged widely, but one of the most constant of his concerns was to bring about reconciliation by emphasizing the truths on each side of even the most seemingly contradictory positions.
Leibniz is one of the first philosophers to have analyzed the importance of that which is "unconscious" in one's mental life.
Leibniz's analogy is of the roar of the waves of the beach: the seemingly singular sound of which one is conscious is in fact made up of a vast number of individual sounds of which one is not conscious--droplets of water smacking into one another.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/l/leib-met.htm   (10590 words)

 The Galileo Project
Leibniz stayed in Paris, hoping to establish a sufficient reputation to obtain a paid position at the Académie, supporting himself by tutoring Boyneburg's son for a short time and then establishing a Parisian law practice which prospered.
Leibniz returned to Hannover only days after Georg had left for England as King George I. Leibniz petitioned for a position in London as court historian, but was refused until he had completed the history of the house of Brunswick.
Leibniz fished for a position with the Emperor from as early as 1680, when he applied for the post of imperial librarian and historian.
galileo.rice.edu /Catalog/NewFiles/leibniz.html   (1099 words)

 Gottfried Leibniz: Discussion Metaphysics / Philosophy of Leibniz's Monadology, Monad. Leibniz Quotes
Prior to this discovery of Calculus, Gottfried Leibniz wrote extensively on a number of subjects such as logic, truth, reason, philosophy and metaphysics which culminated in his Monadology (Philosophical Investigations, 1670).
Leibniz was a fine philosopher, we hope you enjoy the reading the following quotes (and they make a lot of sense if you have the spherical standing wave structure of matter in mind as you read them!).
Leibniz agrees with Kant in conceding to Locke that all knowledge must start with sense-experience, and also in denying that it can be wholly derived from sense-experience.
www.spaceandmotion.com /Philosophy-Gottfried-Leibniz-Philosopher.htm   (9562 words)

 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646 - 1716)
Gottfried Leibniz laid the modern foundation of the movement from decimal to binary as far back as 1666 with his 'On the Art of Combination', laying out a method for reducing all logic to exact statements.
Leibniz found some sort of confirmation for his theories in the I Ching's depiction of the universe as a progression of contradicting dualities, a series of on-off, yes-no possibilities, such as dark-light and male-female, which formed the complex interaction of life and consciousness.
Leibniz died without achieving his dream of a universal mathematical/logical language, but leaving the fundamental idea of the binary yes-no/on-off principle for others to play with, including Ploucquet, Lambert and Castillon.
www.kerryr.net /pioneers/leibniz.htm   (441 words)

 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Leibniz believed in "pre-established harmony" between matter and maid, and developed a philosophy of Rationalism by which he attempted to reconcile the existence of matter with the existence of God.
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was born in Leipzig as the son of a professor of moral philosophy.
Leibniz preferred a courtly to and academich career and in 1669 he entered into the service of the elector of Mainz.
www.kirjasto.sci.fi /leibnitz.htm   (1478 words)

 G.W. Leibniz: Texts and Translations
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716) was one of the most distinguished intellectual figures of the early modern period.
A prominent theme in Leibniz's writings is the importance of the systematic organization of knowledge, gathered from as many fields as possible, as a means to continued intellectual progress.
Leibniz was instrumental in establishing major libraries in Hanover and Wolfenbttel and scientific societies in Berlin and Vienna.
philosophy2.ucsd.edu /~rutherford/Leibniz   (350 words)

 Gottfried Leibniz - Wikiquote
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646 - 1716) was a German philosopher and mathematician.
Leibniz famously tried to show that ours is the best of all possible worlds (see also Monadologie 53 and 54, below).
Quotations from Voltaire's novel are often mistakenly attributed to Leibniz.
en.wikiquote.org /wiki/Gottfried_Leibniz   (1462 words)

Although his own rationalism was founded upon an advanced understanding of logic, which Leibniz largely kept to himself, he did publish many less technical expositions of his results for the general public.
There Leibniz emphasized the role of a benevolent deity in creating this, the best of all possible worlds, where everything exists in a perfect, pre-established harmony with everything else.
According to Leibniz, human knowledge involves the discovery within our own minds of all that is a part of our world, and although we cannot make it otherwise, we ought to be grateful for our own inclusion in it.
www.philosophypages.com /ph/leib.htm   (433 words)

 Gottfried Leibniz (Gottfried Leibniz Kimdir? - Gottfried Leibniz Hakkında) - MsXLabs
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm (1646-1716) Ünlü bir Alman filozofu, bilim dünyasının en önemli sistemci düşünürlerinden biridir.
Leibniz, 25 yaşına geldiği sırada yayınlanmış birçok önemli eseri vardı.
Leibniz'e göre dünyanın, varlıkların temelinde 'monad'lar (tek tek varlıklar, bölünmez özler) vardır.
www.msxlabs.org /forum/felsefe-ww/11663-gottfried-leibniz-gottfried-leibniz-kimdir-gottfried-leibniz-hakkinda.html   (479 words)

 Gottfried W. Leibniz Bibliothek
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1.7.1646 – 14.11.1716) war der, wie es oft heißt, „letzte“ Universalgelehrte.
Leibniz studierte in Leipzig und Jena Jurisprudenz und Philosophie.
Zu den wertvollsten Beständen der Bibliothek gehört Leibniz’ Nachlass; er umfasst über 50.000 Autographen und neben anderem auch die einzige erhaltene von ihm konstruierte Rechenmaschine.
www.gwlb-freunde.de /html/landesbibliothek.html   (348 words)

Leibniz, who entered university at fifteen years of age and received his bachelor's degree at seventeen, once said:
Leibniz developed Pascal's ideas and, in 1671, introduced the Step Reckoner, a device (indeed a computer!
He advocated the use of the binary number system, which is fundamental to the operation of modern computers.
publish.uwo.ca /~dpalmier/philosophy/LeibnizBio.htm   (110 words)

 DFG - Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize
The Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize is the highest honour awarded in German research.
The Leibniz Programme, established in 1985, aims to improve the working conditions of outstanding scientists and academics, expand their research opportunities, relieve them of administrative tasks, and help them employ particularly qualified young researchers.
The prizewinner is selected by the Joint Committee on the basis of a recommendation from the Nominations Committee for the Leibniz Programme.
www.dfg.de /en/news/scientific_prizes/leibniz_preis/index.html   (132 words)

 Gottfried Leibniz at Erratic Impact's Philosophy Research Base
Gottfried Leibniz at Erratic Impact's Philosophy Research Base
This excellent resource page, created and Maintained by Markku Roinila is dedicated to G. Leibniz, and it is Roinila's aim to collect all available web-resources into this single page in order to help to find Leibniz-material more easily and to provide a space for Leibniz-studies, both Roinila's and others.
Site includes conference information, archives and research centers, societies and journals, papers on various aspects of Leibniz's work, lectures and course materials, links, chronologies and biographies, survey articles and etexts, a list of Leibniz scholars on the web, and more.
www.erraticimpact.com /~modern/html/modern_gottfried_leibniz.htm   (174 words)

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