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Topic: Gotthard Kettler

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  Gotthard Kettler - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gotthard Kettler was of an old Westphalian family and the 9th child of the German knight Gotthard Kettler zu Melrich (mentioned 1527 1556) and his wife Sophie of Nesselrode.
Gotthard's older brother Wilhelm Kettler was bishop of Münster 1553 1557.
Gotthard Kettler married Anna, duchess of Mecklenburg (1533 4 July 1602) in 1566, the daughter of duke Albert the Fair of Mecklenburg and the princess Anna of Brandenburg.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gotthard_Kettler   (167 words)

 Wikipedia: Courland
The last Kettler, William, titular duke of Courland, died in 1737, and the empress Anne then bestowed the dignity on her favourite Biren, who held it from 1737 to 1740 and again from 1763 till his death in 1772.
During nearly the whole of the 18th century Courland, devastated by continual wars, served as a shuttlecock between Russia and Poland; In the course of the third Partition of Poland, Courland was annexed by Russia.
Gotthard Kettler, the last Master of the Order of Livonia, became the first duke of Courland.
www.factbook.org /wikipedia/en/c/co/courland.html   (2106 words)

 Courland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
When Gotthard Kettler died in 1587, his sons, Friedrich and Wilhelm, became the dukes of Courland.
The next Duke, Friedrich Wilhelm Kettler, was only six years old when he succeeded in 1698, and he was under the regency of his uncle Ferdinand — a Polish general.
Because Ferdinand was the last representative of Kettler's family, a remarkable number of candidates tried to gain the seat of duke during this period.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Courland   (2523 words)

 Anderson, Edgar
Gotthard Kettler, the Grand Master of the Livonian Order, was now the Duke of Courland-Semigallia district and a vassal of the King.
Duke Gotthard Kettler obtained from the King of Poland the Pacta Subjections.
Gotthard and Magnus von Norde, who in 1615 traveled under the service of the King, had verbally abused the dukes in public.
depts.washington.edu /baltic/papers/duchy.html   (2505 words)

 Courland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
One favorite was Moritz, the count of Saxony, son of Frederick Augustus I the Strong, king of Poland.
Nach dem Tod Herzog Gotthart von Kettlers teilten sich seine Söhne Wilhelm von Kettler und Friedrich von Kettler 1596 das Herzogtum in das westliche Kurland und das östliche Semgallen.
:1562-1587 Gotthard Kettler :1587-1642 Friedrich von Kettler :1587-1616 gemeinsam mit Wilhelm von Kettler (1596-1616 geteilt) :1642-1681 Jakob Kettler :1681-1698 Friedrich II.
courland.en.ogarnij.com   (3557 words)

 Livonia: Definition and Links by Encyclopedian.com
But this plan failed and only later did Wilhelm Kettler[?] regain this district.
Under the next duke, Jacob Kettler[?], the Duchy reached the peak of its prosperity.
So, in 1710 Friedrich Wilhelm married to Anna Ivanovna[?] (later Empress of Russia), but on his way back from St.Petersburg, he got sick and died.
www.encyclopedian.com /li/Livonia.html   (1327 words)

 Kettler - Kettler Metal Basket Tricycle Accessory - Find, Compare, and Buy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Kettler tricycles will please child and adult alike with sturdy, long-lasting quality and a full 2 year warranty.
Kettler: Kettler manufactures fine toys and juvenile products that can be enjoyed for years.
Gotthard Kettler was of an old Westphalian family and the 9th child of the German knight Die Frühgeschichte des Geschlechts Ketteler (Kettler), 12.-16.
www.kingindex.com /?q=kettler   (232 words)

 Livonian Brothers of the Sword
In 1557 the Polish king Sigismund II Augustus intervened in a war between the bishop of Riga and the Brothers.
After an agreement with the king, the last grandmaster of the order, Gotthard Kettler[?] secularized the order, and converted to the Lutheran church.
In the south part of the Brothers' lands he created a Duchy of Courland and Semigalia.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/sw/Sword_Brethren.html   (325 words)

 WHKMLA : History of Courland, 1561-1641
In 1561, Gotthard Kettler, the last Livonian Landmaster, transformed Courland into a hereditary duchy and took it as a fief from the King of Poland, Sigismund II.
In 1566, Duke Gotthard Kettler married Anna of Mecklenburg, sister of the last coadjutor of Riga.
Biography Gotthard Kettler, 1517-1587, 1st Duke of Courland, from Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon, in German
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/eceurope/courland15611641.html   (488 words)

 kettler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
With its origins in the German countryside, the Kettler organization was founded in 1949 by the entrepreneurial visionary Heinz Kettler.
Around the world, Kettler® is known for its excellence in producing high-quality toys with true “Made in Germany” design and craft.
Kettler pedal go karts Pedal go karts for kids UK childrens pedal...
www.sabatoepallanuoto.it /search/kettler.htm   (295 words)

 ZoomInfo Web Summary: Gotthard Kettler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The last Master of the Livonian Order, Gotthard Kettler, founded the Duchy of Courland, which endured as an almost independent state under Polish suzerainty for over two centuries (1561-1795).
It is no exaggeration to say that the history of the Duchy of Courland has been almost forgotten since 1795, although Duke James (1639-1682) and his achievements were well known in the seventeenth century.
After the Third Partition of Poland-Lithuania (1795), the Duchy of Courland and Lithuania were annexed by Russia It should be emphasized that during the Livonian War and the Great Northern War (1700-1721), the Russians committed atrocities on a large scale in Latvia.
www.zoominfo.com /directory/Kettler_Gotthard_66901273.htm   (241 words)

 HISTORY OF THE PRINCES BIRON, SOVEREIGN DUKES OF COURLAND   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The family of Biron, originally Biren Büren or Bühren, descends from Carol Büren, living in Klanzeen 13 Sep 1573 who was resident in Courland from 20 Jan 1630.
(Courland, or Kurland, included much of modern Latvia and Estonia, became a Duchy in 1561 for Gotthard Kettler, last Grand Master of the Knights of the Sword whose territory it had been, and passed to his descendants).
Peter Biron, Duke of Courland (b 15 Feb 1724; d 13 Jan 1800), abdicated in favor of Emperor Paul I of Russia, 28 Mar 1795, when the Duchy was incorporated into the Russian Empire.
www.chivalricorders.org /royalty/gotha/bironcld.htm   (151 words)

 kettler - OneLook Dictionary Search
We found 3 dictionaries with English definitions that include the word kettler:
Tip: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "kettler" is defined.
Phrases that include kettler: gotthard kettler, heinz kettler
www.onelook.com /?w=kettler   (90 words)

 iqexpand.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
King August III of Poland gave up against the landowners of Courland and...
Duke James Kettler of Courland Duke James Kettler of Courland (1610-1681) During the seventeenth century many European nations extended their wealth, diplomatic influence and international status by...
Birdie's Nest Tobago beach cottage Caribbean vacation rental house for budget holidays on the beach at Courland Bay.
courland.iqexpand.com   (2262 words)

 Eesti Ajaloomuuseum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
St George, the titular saint of Yaroslav is depicted on the coin coming probably from the Kose hoard (hidden after 1121) and struck in Novgorod.
Master of the German Order in Livonia Gotthard Kettler (1559–1561), gulden.
In order to pay the mercenaries during the Livonian War the landlords in Riga and Tallinn minted gold coins in small quantities.
www.eam.ee /eng/offer/souvenirs   (250 words)

 Kettler - Kettler Baby Highchairs - PriceGrabber.com
Gotthard Kettler was of an old Westphalian family and the 9th child of the Hans Grusemann : Die Frühgeschichte des geschlechts Ketteler (Kettler), 12.
Kettler, L. (2005) Choices for self-care – how adults with CF juggle the load.
The Kettler Flipper is the top of Kettler's impressive child bicycle seat line.
linkhighway.com /?q=kettler   (441 words)

 Livonian Brothers of the Sword -
The Livonian Order then sought protection from King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland, who had intervened in a war between Bishop William of Riga and the Brothers in 1557.
After coming to an agreement with the Polish king and his representatives (especially Mikołaj "Czarny" Radziwiłł), the last Master, Gotthard Kettler, secularized the Order and converted to Lutheranism.
In the southern part of the Brothers' lands he created the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia for his family.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Order_of_the_Sword_Knights   (553 words)

During the Livonian War (1558 – 1583), Sigulda was sacked twice by the Russians.
The last master of the Livonian Order, Gotthard Kettler, swore featly to the Polish – Lithuanian Empire in 1561, thus seeking protection from Ivan the Terrible.
Vidzeme became a part of Poland, and Sigulda became a provincial capital.
www.sigulda.lv /index.php?pid=2214   (646 words)

 Henning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Henning was the secretary of Gotthard Kettler, the last Master of the Livonian Order and the first Duke of Courland.
His history of the Livonian War covers the period 1554-1590 from the point of view of a very well-informed but partisan observer.
Obtainable directly from the printer Kendall-Hunt, 4050 Westmark Drive, PO Box 1840, Dubuque IA 52004-1840.
department.monm.edu /history/urban/books/Henning.html   (57 words)

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