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Topic: Government monopoly


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  Monopoly - Knowmore   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Monopolies are often distinguished based on the circumstances under which they arise; the main distinctions are between a monopoly that is the result of coercion (coercive monopoly); or one that arises from the cost structure of the industry (natural monopoly) due to e.g.
When such a monopoly is granted to a private party, it is a government-granted monopoly; when it is operated by government itself, it is a government monopoly or state monopoly.
A local monopoly is a monopoly of a market in a particular area, usually a town or even a smaller locality: the term is used to differentiate a monopoly that is geographically limited within a country, as the default assumption is that a monopoly covers the entire industry in a given country.
www.knowmore.org /index.php/Monopoly   (2340 words)

  
 Government: an uncontrollable monopoly?
Present governments are a minority group of fanatics who believe in forcing their will on the unconsenting global majority of humans.
Governments are monopolies because there is only one per country.
Governments have a secure income from its citizens and do not need to improve.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Atlantis/4124/governme.html   (394 words)

  
 XVI. PRICES: Monopoly Prices
Monopoly prices are only prices at which it is more advantageous for the monopolist to restrict the total amount to be sold than to expand his sales to the limit which a competitive market would allow.
Monopoly prices are consequential only because they are the outcome of a conduct of business defying the supremacy of the consumers and substituting the private interests of the monopolist for those of the public.
Even in the absence of monopoly it may be more profitable to employ variable capital for other purposes instead of expanding a firm's production to the limit fixed by the capacity of its durable inconvertible equipment; then the output restriction complies precisely with the state of the competitive market and the wishes of the public.
www.mises.org /humanaction/chap16sec6.asp   (9447 words)

  
 Government monopoly - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In economics, government monopoly (or public monopoly) is a form of coercive monopoly in which a government agency is the sole provider of a particular good or service and competition is prohibited by law.
The term state monopoly usually means a government monopoly run by the national government, although it may also refer to monopolies run by regional entities called "states" (notably the US states).
Also, government monopolies on public utilities and railroads have historically been common, though recent decades have seen a strong privatization trend throughout the industrialized world.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Government_monopoly   (230 words)

  
 What Has Government Done to Our Money? Compulsory Monopoly of the Mint
For government to use counterfeiting to add to its revenue, many lengthy steps must be travelled down the road away from the free market.
Seigniorage was a monopoly price, and it imposed a special burden on the conversion of bullion to coin; gratuitous coinage, on the other hand, overstimulated the manufacture of coins from bullion, and forced the general taxpayer to pay for minting services utilized by others.
Having acquired the mintage monopoly, governments fostered the use of the name of the monetary unit, doing their best to separate the name from its true base in the underlying weight of the coin.
www.mises.org /money/3s3.asp   (384 words)

  
 Regulation and Monopolies [Mackinac Center for Public Policy]
When governments, by one method and to one degree or another, limit competition by the various means described above, the result is a coercive monopoly for those producers who benefit from the limitation of competition.
This is the kind of monopoly to be concerned about because it breeds a situation where a company (or the government itself) can get away with abuse that would doom a company in a truly competitive, consumer-responsive market.
Government may have some role in preventing a corporation's toxic emissions from exceeding a certain level because the cost of it is borne by society at large.
www.mackinac.org /article.aspx?ID=683   (1416 words)

  
 Cancel The Postal Monopoly
This is from the same government that thinks nothing of freeing murderers and rapists after "rehabilitating" them for a year or two.
This is typical government pricing: one high price for everything, which a bureaucracy can administer much more easily than a rational rate schedule.
Mail, says the Post Office, is a "natural monopoly." But there is no such thing, only the natural tendency of people who want to live off the taxpayers through monopoly to claim there is. If any monopoly were actually natural, it wouldn't need a government gun to enforce it.
www.reformed.org /webfiles/antithesis/v1n2/ant_v1n2_post.html   (1319 words)

  
 The Great Divorce
Dr. Machan’s strategy is to argue that while government does indeed represent a monopoly, just as anarchists claim, it does not represent the sort of monopoly that anarchists justly complain of, and so the general libertarian critique of monopolies does not apply to government.
And most libertarians, whether they are anarchists or minarchists, use the terms “government” and “state” either synonymously or at least in such a way that government and state are two inseparable sides of one and the same coercively monopolistic phenomenon.
He initially defines government as “a legal service institution the actions or policies of which are backed by allegedly justified physical force and its threat.” Now if that is his definition, then government, so defined, is something to which anarchists have no objection.
www.strike-the-root.com /4/long/long4.html   (2384 words)

  
 Government-granted monopoly - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In economics, a government-granted monopoly (also called a "de jure monopoly") is a form of coercive monopoly in a government grants exclusive privilege to a private individual or firm to be the sole provider of a good or service; potential competitors are excluded from the market by law, regulation, or other mechanisms of government enforcement.
Amongst forms of coercive monopoly it is distinguished form government monopoly or state monopoly (in which government agencies hold the legally-enforced monopoly rather than private individuals or firms) and from government-sponsored cartels (in which the government forces several independent producers to partially coordinate their decisions through a centralized organization).
Today, government-granted monopolies may be found in public utility services such as public roads, mail, water supply, and electric power, as well as certain specialized and highly-regulated fields such as education and gambling.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Government-granted_monopoly   (627 words)

  
 How the Government Plays Monopoly
The case reveals a curious double standard because some undeniable monopolies, harmful to the public, are not targeted with anti-trust action but instead get special protection.
The governments of 50 states hand countless billions of taxpayer dollars—more than $40 billion annually in California alone—directly to a vast bureaucracy that makes the key decisions on education.
True monopolies resist innovation and that is the hallmark of the education establishment.
www.pacificresearch.org /pub/cap/2000/00-05-15.html   (529 words)

  
 The monopoly on violence
I suspect the Ontario government is realizing it is approaching or potentially has crossed the line, with the OPP leaking these things, news crews being robbed and the non native population beginning to agitate.
In Canada (Theoretically) the government does not have a monopoly on the use of force/violence, although the statist regimes of the past 15 years would like you to believe they do....nor should any government in a free nation which is not a police state dystopia claim a monopoly on the use of force/violence/arms.
The government's monopoly still applies in principle, because the individuals to whom the power is delegated are authorized by the state, and do not have the right to exercise violence in any but the state-sanctioned manner.
www.stevejanke.com /archives/180964.php   (5493 words)

  
 Government and Microsoft: a Libertarian View on Monopolies
Indeed, the notion of monopoly that is now used by governments and statist propaganda is quite different from the notion of monopoly that libertarians have used for centuries, when defining their stance.
The rent is precisely what motivates the monopoly to begin with — theorists of patents, tariffs, monopolies, state subsidies, and all other kinds of protectionist and mercantilist policies use the incentive created by this very rent as the ultimate pseudo-utilitarian economic justification for their monopolies.
What Government does to the Justice system is actually one of the main damages it does to society: not only does government plunder society to the benefit of special interest groups, it also corrupts the mechanism by which people adjust their behaviour to achieve peaceful and just social interaction.
fare.tunes.org /liberty/microsoft_monopoly.html   (12207 words)

  
 Government programs and "selfishness"
Simply assigning the government a task and instructing it to do the best job possible is engaging in wishful thinking and not dealing with the practical reality of bureaucracies and large organizations.
One misleading thing about the argument for government programs is that if the government were actually listening to the people when making its decisions, presumably a *majority* of the people must also feel X is an important goal if the government were to fund it.
Government's power should be limited in a way that it isn't possible for the majority to inappropriately impose their values on the minority.
users.frii.com /bwg/care.html   (3881 words)

  
 Steven Yates -- Solution to the Evolution, End Government School Monopoly!
There is also the danger that secularized government schools are simply inculcating the majority of those children with a faith in that ultimate secular institution, government (a faith far deadlier, in this writer’s humble opinion, than belief in intelligent design).
We’ll find out if the government school biology teachers’ confidence in the theory of evolution is warranted—and if the theory isn’t as well supported as today’s scientific community would have us believe, we’ll find that out, too.
Government schools thus have tremendous advantages that have so far shielded them from the need to be truly competitive with far superior alternatives.
www.newswithviews.com /Yates/steven16.htm   (1792 words)

  
 AEI - Short Publications
It made the scope of the government's monopoly transparent and subject to reduction as policymakers saw fit.
The Dutch government sold a 30 percent stake in KPN to the public in 1994, and another 22 percent stake in 1995, reducing the government's share to 48 percent.
The Swiss government passed a law in May 1992 on telecommunications, which liberalized some areas of the telecommunications sector, and eliminated the large subsidies of Swiss Post by Swiss Telecom as of January 1, 1998.
www.aei.org /publications/pubID.17066/pub_detail.asp   (4354 words)

  
 Self defense and Force Monopoly
You mention the concept of monopoly and say that words mean things and that concepts are what they are.
In a moral society with a proper government, it would not be legally forbidden.
in which Rand discusses government is the context of enforcing laws, of prosecuting crimes, not in the context of immediate danger requiring self-defense.
home.earthlink.net /~rdmadden/webdocs/Self_defense_and_Force_Mon.html   (738 words)

  
 Printing office to retain monopoly power (6/6/03)
When the acquisition council proposed its rule, librarians across the country argued that federal documents would not make their way to libraries unless government printing was handled centrally by GPO.
The council said the change would actually cost the government more money because agencies would have to set up duplicative printing procurement offices and devote staff members' time to procurement actions that the printing office handles now.
Patrice McDermott, a government relations specialist for the American Library Association, said the association supports the printing agreement because the agreement, particularly the crackdown on agencies' in-house printing, will help make sure libraries get government documents.
www.govexec.com /dailyfed/0603/060603b1.htm   (825 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Government's Money Monopoly: Books: Henry Mark Holzer,Murray Rothbard   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Because the United State of America was supposed to be a free country, its government was granted comparatively few` monetary powers – only to borrow and coin money, and regulate its value.
How and why the Founders’ limited intention was converted into omnipotent government monetary power is the subject of this book – a collection of basic materials which, if properly understood, explain what happened.
More Monopoly Games than Anyone — We have more than 150 different Monopoly games spanning every category an interest, all on sale for less guaranteed.
www.amazon.com /Governments-Money-Monopoly-Henry-Holzer/dp/0595139663   (780 words)

  
 IPART - New South Wales - Australia - About Us - Declarations of Government Monopoly Services
The Order made on 27 August 1992 and published in Government Gazette No 105 dated 28 August 1992 at page 6430 declaring certain services supplied by the Water Board, the Hunter Water Corporation, Gosford City Council and Wyong Municipal Council to be government monopoly services is repealed.
The Government Pricing Tribunal (Passenger Transport Services) Order 1992, No 3, made on 12 December 1992 and published in Government Gazette No 146 dated 18 December 1992 at page 8893 is repealed.
A service is declared to be a government monopoly service if it is a service:
www.ipart.nsw.gov.au /about_us/register_declarations.asp   (1094 words)

  
 Strange Brew: Alcohol and Government Monopoly
Strange Brew demonstrates that the “monopoly protection laws” in the alcoholic beverage industry reflect powerful special interests in the political process who use such measures to restrict markets, shield themselves from competition and consumer preferences, and set higher prices with relative impunity.
It also shows how the notion that alcohol consumption is a “sin” in need of legal restraint substitutes the choices and moral judgment of politicians for that of consumers.
He demonstrates how these ‘monopoly protection laws’ are used by powerful special interests to restrict markets, deter competition and set higher prices in the industry.”
www.independent.org /store/book_detail.asp?bookID=25   (593 words)

  
 RIA Novosti - Business - Government proposes monopoly on alcohol wholesale
MOSCOW, July 5 (RIA Novosti) - The government will formulate proposals on establishing a state monopoly on the wholesale of ethyl alcohol by fall, Economic Development Minister German Gref told a Tuesday news conference.
He added that state monopoly could be established on alcohol wholesale, and not on alcohol production.
Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke about the need to establish a monopoly at a State Council session in Kaliningrad on June 2.
en.rian.ru /business/20050705/40848312.html   (219 words)

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