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Topic: Governor-General of India


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 Governor-General of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Governor-General of India (or Governor-General and Viceroy of India) was the head of the British administration in India.
India became a secular republic in 1950; Pakistan became an Islamic one in 1956.
India was divided into numerous provinces, each under the head of a Governor, Lieutenant-Governor or Chief Commissioner or Administrator.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Governor-General_of_India   (2188 words)

  
 LORD WILLIAM BENTINCK - LoveToKnow Article on LORD WILLIAM BENTINCK
(1774-1839), governor-general of India, was the second son of the 3rd duke of Portland and was born on the i4th of September 1774.
His governor-generalship (1827-1835) was notable for~ many reforms, chief among which were the suppression of the Thugs (q.v.), the abolition of suttee, and the making of the English language the basis of education in India.
In 1803 he was nominated governor of Madras, where he quarrelled with the chief justice, Sir Henry Gwillim, and several members of his council.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /B/BE/BENTINCK_LORD_WILLIAM.htm   (215 words)

  
 Brief History of India
The Governor General of Bengal was renamed the Governor General of India and the Presidency of North West Provinces was created, with the Agra as its headquarters, by dividing the Bengal Presidency.
The Governor General of India became the Viceroy of India, and the President of the Board of Control in London became the Secretary of State for India.
The third voyage of the Company was the first to India and arrived at the port of Surat, the chief town of Gujarat, where the first Presidency was established in 1629 that was shifted to Bombay in 1687.
www.stampsofindia.com /readroom/507.htm   (671 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Governor-General
Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form.
The Governor General became the direct representative of the country's Sovereign only, and relations with the United Kingdom were placed in the hands of a British high commissioner in each country.
From 1644 to 1911, in Qing-dynasty China, a Governor General or zongdu (总督) was the highest official of joint military and civil affairs in one or several provinces (alternately translated, Viceroy)
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Governor-general   (1180 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: India
India is at present divided into British territory, independent Native States, and protected Native States -- which latter are in varying degrees under the sway of the supreme executive authority of the Governor -- General of India, more commonly known as the viceroy.
In the last respect the Government of India cannot be said to be partial to Christians as compared with non-Christians; since it spends large sums of State money over a number of non-Christian religious edifices and institutions in continuance and perpetuation of the practice of their predecessors in the government of the country.
India is rich in archælogical monuments of various kinds, and presents a remarkable variety of architectural works of highest excellence, embodying the history of the past.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/07722a.htm   (12511 words)

  
 The Kashmir Story - Chapter 3 - The Accession
Once the accession was accepted (as it was done in Kashmir by the Governor General of India Lord Mountbatten), the particular Princely State became an integral part of one or the other of the two Dominions.
In India's view, this categorical denial by Pakistan of being behind the tribal raid is the most important and significant aspect of the whole Kashmir issue.
The partition of India was confined to British India alone and in drawing the lines of the frontier, the question of Muslim majority provinces on North West and Eastern India was taken into consideration only with regard to British India.
www.hindubooks.org /Kashmir/ch3.htm   (1521 words)

  
 The Manipur Merger Agreement: September 1949
Vapal Pangunni Menon, Adviser to the Government of India in the Ministry of States, has appended his signature on behalf and with the authority of the Governor General of India and His Highness Maharajah Bodhachandra Singh, Maharajah of Manipur has appended his signature on behalf of himself, his heirs and successors.
Agreement made this twenty first day of September 1949 between the Governor General of India and his Highness, the Maharajah of Manipur.
The Government of India further guarantees the continuance of pensions and leave salaries sanctioned by His Highness the Maharajah to servants of the State who have retired or proceeded on leave preparatory to retirement, before the date on which the Administration of Manipur is made over to the Government of India.
www.geocities.com /CapitolHill/Congress/4568/memorandum/a106-212.html   (709 words)

  
 Lord Cornwallis as Governor-General of India (1786-93)
He was expected to use the administrative machinery of a commercial company to serve the political purposes of Britain, the East India Company and the welfare of the Indian population.
After the India Act of 1784, Hastings was in an impossible position.
He did this to the best of his ability and, while the British army in America and Europe was being beaten, India was kept safe for the government through the efforts of Hastings.
dspace.dial.pipex.com /town/terrace/adw03/peel/c-eight/india/cornw.htm   (660 words)

  
 Henry Hardinge
Henry Hardinge, 1st Viscount Hardinge, British field marshal and governor-general of India, was born at Wrotham in Kent on the 30th of March 1785.
1858), became a prominent diplomat, and was appointed governor-general of India in 1910, being created Baron Hardinge of Penshurst.
During his term of office the first Sikh War broke out; and Hardinge, waiving his right to the supreme command, magnanimously offered to serve as second in command under Sir Hugh Gough; but disagreeing with the latter's plan of campaign at Ferozeshah, he temporarily reasserted his authority as governor-general.
www.nndb.com /people/051/000101745   (575 words)

  
 Cobden, The Political Writings of Richard Cobden, Volume II, Part V, Essay 1: Library of Economics and Liberty
To him the Governor of Rangoon forwarded, on the 16th January, a letter for the Governor-General of India, the contents of which were almost a repetition of the letter delivered by a deputation from the same functionary to Commodore Lambert on the 8th.
But the Government of India could not, with justice, proceed to such extremities, until it had communicated with the Court of Ava respecting the conduct of its servant, the Governor of Rangoon, and had thereby afforded it an opportunity of disavowing his acts, and of making the reparation which he had refused to concede.
This the Government of India are aware of; moreover, being aware of it, they have written a friendly letter, evincing their wish that the long-existing good understanding between the two nations should be renewed, and commerce and communication restored as they were before.
www.econlib.org /library/YPDBooks/Cobden/cbdPW13.html   (10112 words)

  
 Hastings, Warren on Encyclopedia.com
Hastings went back (1769) to India as a member of the Madras council and became (1772) governor of Bengal, immediately embarking on a course of judicial and financial reform, law codification, and the suppression of banditry, measures that laid the foundation of direct British rule in India.
Nostalgic longings and imaginary Indias: postcolonial analysis, collective memories, and the impeachment trial of Warren Hastings.
The chief charges against him concerned his extortion of money from the rajah of Benares and the begum of Oudh, his hiring out of British troops to the nawab of Oudh to subdue the Rohillas (a warlike Afghan tribe), and his alleged responsibility for the judicial murder of an Indian merchant, Nandkumar.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/H/HastngsW1.asp   (722 words)

  
 Martineau and India--Key Figures
In Parliament, Macaulay was vocal during debates on the Reform Bill (1832), the abolition of slavery, and the East India Company's charter.
MACAULAY, Thomas Babington, Lord Macaulay (1800-1859): Member of Parliament, historian and essayist, Macaulay sat on the Board of Control for India and later the Supreme Council.
While in India between 1834 and 1838, he wrote the famous "Minute on Indian Education" (1835) as well as a criminal code (1837).
courses.washington.edu /hum523/india/keyfigures.shtml   (476 words)

  
 Wikinfo Viceroy of India
It was abolished upon the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947 and replaced with the Governor-General of India and Governor-General of Pakistan.
The office was created in 1858 after the Sepoy Rebellion, as an expansion of the office of Governor-General.
The Viceroy of India was the highest position in the Indian administration during the British Raj and the Portuguese Empire.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Viceroy_of_India   (402 words)

  
 Francis Rawdon-Hastings
Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings, British soldier and governor-general of India, born on the 9th of December 1754, was the son of Sir John Rawdon of Moira in the county of Down, 4th baronet, who was created Baron Rawdon of Moira, and afterwards earl of Moira, in the Irish peerage.
But this rectified itself in time, especially through the achievements of General (afterwards Sir David) Ochterlony, who before the end of 1815 had taken all the Gurkha posts to the west, and early in 1816 was advancing victoriously within 50 miles of Katmandu, the capital.
While the natives of India appreciated the results of Lord Hastings's achievements, the court of directors grumbled at his having extended British territory.
www.nndb.com /people/121/000101815   (1451 words)

  
 General Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess, Bristish statesman
Charles Cornwallis, British General and statesman, whose most important service of a long and distinguished career was his term as governor general of India (1786-1793), was born in London on December 31, 1738, the eldest son of the 1st Earl Cornwallis (1700-1762).
The defeat did little damage to his reputation in England; he was several times offered the post of governor general in India, and finally accepted it in 1786 on condition that the powers of the office were enlarged.
Cornwallis' government in India was notable for a series of administrative reforms, culminating in the set of regulations of 1793 known as the "Cornwallis Code." His reforms were mainly based on the work of others, but their comprehensiveness and the smoothness with which they were effected were due to his tact and determination.
www.laughtergenealogy.com /bin/histprof/misc/cornwallis.html   (477 words)

  
 webindia123.com-Indian History-Modern-British Governors and Governor Generals-Lord Dalhousie
Lord Dalhousie was appointed Governor General of India in 1848.
In South India the Raja of Vizianagram, the Poligars of Dindigul and Malabar rose in 1856.
Dalhousie proved his worth in the matters of administration by the demarcation of various departments of the administrative machinery and appointment of Lieutenant Governor for Bengal.
www.webindia123.com /history/modern/general3.htm   (903 words)

  
 BBC ON THIS DAY 26 1950: India becomes a republic
Jawaharlal Nehru became India's first elected prime minister in the first general election in 1952.
India has been running her own affairs since the actual transfer of power from British to Indian hands on 15 August 1947.
India's first president has been sworn in, replacing the King as the country's head of state, and the new constitution ratified.
news.bbc.co.uk /onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/26/newsid_3475000/3475569.stm   (615 words)

  
 BBC - h2g2 - General Lord Charles Cornwallis - A595208
General Lord Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess, Governor-General of India, Viceroy of Ireland, was born on New Year's Eve 1737, the sixth child and first son to Charles, the fifth Baron of Eye and the first Earl and Viscount Brome and Elizabeth, daughter of Lord Townsend.
In 1786, he was promoted to the rank of Field Marshall and given the post of governor general of India and the commander in chief of all its forces.
Arriving back in England in 1794, he was rewarded with his successes in India by being given the title of Marquis.
www.bbc.co.uk /dna/h2g2/alabaster/A595208   (2527 words)

  
 thePeerage.com - Exhibit
Bourke, Richard Southwell, sixth Earl of Mayo 1822-1872, viceroy and governor-general of India, was the eldest son of Robert Bourke, fifth earl of Mayo, who succeeded his uncle, the fourth earl, in 1849.
At the general election in the same year he was elected to parliament as one of the members for the county of Kildare.
Of these the most important were the relations of the government of India with the foreign states on its borders, and especially with Afghanistan, and the condition of the finances, which, notwithstanding the vigilant supervision of the late viceroy, was not altogether satisfactory.
www.thepeerage.com /e356.htm   (2277 words)

  
 Gilbert John Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto
In 1905, on the resignation of Lord Curzon, Lord Minto was appointed viceroy and governor-general of India, retiring in 1910.
He acted as private secretary to Lord Roberts[?] during his mission to the Cape in 1881; as military secretary to Lord Lansdowne during his governor-generalship of Canada from 1883 to 1885; and as chief of the staff to General Midddeton in the Riel Rebellion in Canada (1885).
Gilbert John Elliot-Murray-Kynynmond, 4th earl of Minto (1845 - 1914) was an English politician and governer of India.
www.fastload.org /gi/Gilbert_John_Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound,_4th_Earl_of_Minto.html   (219 words)

  
 Governor-General from LiveJournal
The success of the ambush attacks forced the Spanish government led by Governor General Ramon Blanco to flex its muscles.
Results 1-10 of about 4617 for the Governor General (0.85 sec)
Governor urges for peace in Nagaland, Rio urges reconciliation for settlement of Naga issue,
www.ljseek.com /search/Governor-General   (752 words)

  
 414
2 (1869-1936), Governor of Madras, 1899-1906, acted as Viceroy and Governor-General of India, 1904.
Gandhi’s letter to The Star referred to above, and that General Botha should be informed that, if that proposal was turned down by the Government and the desired changes were not made in the law, the Indian community would never accept the law and would adhere to the September Resolution.
As soon as the Indian community submits to the new law, it may be taken for granted that its foothold in all territories outside India will be lost.
www.mkgandhi.org /cwm/vol6/ch414.htm   (2626 words)

  
 Important People in the History of Indian Telecommunications
Only one year later he assumed duties as the Governor-General of both India and Bengal.
Governor-General Dalhousie (1812-1860): Born on April 22, 1812 to George Ramsey the ninth Earl of Dalhousie.
He is also known to be the man that introduced the telegraph to India; by 1855 he had become the first Director of Telegraphs in India.
filebox.vt.edu /j/jbeckett/people.htm   (269 words)

  
 Britannica India: Biographies
British governor-general of India (1842-44), who also served four times as president of the board of control for India and was first lord of the British Admiralty.
He served as lord privy seal in 1828 and was president of the board of control for India in 1828-30 and for brief periods in 1834-35 and 1841.
He was recalled from India for being out of control and later resigned another office under pressure.
www.britannicaindia.com /showbio.asp?id=12   (270 words)

  
 Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess and 2nd Ear Cornwallisl --¬† Britannica Concise Encyclopedia¬†- Your gateway to all Britannica has to offer!
Cornwallis was possibly the most capable British general in that war, but he was more important for his achievements as British governor-general of India (1786–93, 1805) and viceroy of Ireland...
As governor-general of India (1786–93, 1805), he introduced legal and administrative reforms; the Cornwallis Code (1793) established a tradition of incorruptible British civil servants.
He was an able general and a brilliant war strategist, but lack of cohesion with his superior officers led to his military shortcomings and ultimately to the British defeat...
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9361643   (905 words)

  
 Miscellaneous Notifications Etc. - Practice In The Trial Of Civil Suits - Rules And Orders Of The Lahore High Court , Lahore
All references in the notifications to the Governor General of India in Council, Governor-General of India, Governor-General in Council, Governor-General, Government of India shall be construed as referring to
In exercise of the powers conferred by section 1 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882 (Act IV of 1882) the Governor of the Punjab is pleased to cancel former Government of Bahawalpur State's Notification No.20, dated the 28th May, 1931, with immediate effect.
All references in the Notifications to the Lieutenant Governor, Lieutenant-Governor in Council, Local Government and Governor in Council shall be construed as referring to Punjab Government.
www.lhc.gov.pk /rulesorder/vol_1/ch1-n.htm   (472 words)

  
 RG10 India and Africa
The British government appointed a Governor General to supervise the exercise of power of the British East India Company in India.
Views of the British Governor-General of India, William Bentinck
A result of the revolt, which had terrified the British, was the establishment in 1858 of direct rule by the British government over India, which ended the political power of the British East India Company and the rule of the Mughal Empire.
www.loyno.edu /~anderson/124016rg10.html   (538 words)

  
 The Iranian: My wife, please?
The bulk of the references are from the Dalhousie Papers (James Andrew Broun, 10th Earl and 1st Marquess of Dalhousie, governor-general of India from 1848 to 1856, private papers deposited at the Scottish Record Office, Register House, Edinburgh).
Herat was a rich city at the entrance to the North-Western frontier of India, and thus a key prize in "The Great Game" for imperial dominance of the region between Russia and Britain.
At this point, goaded into action, and without any consultations with either India or London, Murray responded that the matter must be discussed or on Monday, November 19th, at twelve noon, he would bring down his flag and break off diplomatic relations with the Persian Government.
www.iranian.com /History/June97/Lady/index.shtml   (1749 words)

  
 Marx and Engels. First Indian War of Independence 1857-58
But when it was submitted to the Board of Directors of the East India Company, it was annulled (April 10, 1838) as an infraction of the friendly relations between the Company and the King of Oude, and an encroachment, on the part of the Governor-General, on the rights of that potentate.
In consideration of this cession of territory, the East India Company, by article 3, undertook to defend the King’s remaining territories against all foreign and domestic enemies; and by article 6 guaranteed the possession of these territories to him and his heirs and successors forever.
It secured to the East India Company a yearly subsidy of 76 lacs of rupees ($3,800,000); but by articles 12 and 13 the King was obliged to reduce the taxation of the country.
www.marxists.org /archive/marx/works/1858/05/28.htm   (1411 words)

  
 Marquess Of Dalhousie (1812-1860).
He served ten years as a Member of Parliament before being appointed Governor General of India in 1848; he retired from that position in 1856.
The painter who made this painting of the Governor General under whom the Punjab was finally annexed to the British empire, makes an honest attempt to get a good likeness: the keen face, the alert stance, the air of authority, are all there.
Hence, the second Anglo-Sikh war of 1848 resulted in the annexation of the Punjab, a brief war with Sikkim brought more than 4,000 square kilometers of real estate under direct British rule in 1850, and all of lower Burma was taken over after the second Burmese war of 1852.
www.exoticindiaart.com /paintings/HY07   (388 words)

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