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Topic: Grammatical case

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  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Atlantean language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The nominative case is a grammatical case for a noun.
The accusative case of a noun is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a verb.
The genitive case is a grammatical case that indicates a relationship, primarily one of possession, between the noun in the genitive case and another noun.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Atlantean-language   (695 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Comitative case   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
In ergative-absolutive languages, the absolutive is the grammatical case used to mark both the subject of an intransitive verb and the object of a transitive verb.
Illative case in the Finno-Ugric languages Illative is, in the Finnish language, Estonian language and the Hungarian language, the third of the locative cases with the basic meaning of into (the inside of).
This declension (case) indicates a change in state of a noun, with the general sense of becoming X or change to X. In the Finnish language, this is the counterpart of the Essive case, with the basic meaning of a change of state.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Comitative-case   (1886 words)

 Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Grammatical case
In linguistics, declension is the changing of a noun to indicate its grammatical role.
Active: The agent of a verb is always in the subject case, and the patient is always in the object case.
For an example of a language that uses a large number of cases, view the section on "Cases" in the Finnish language grammar article.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/gr/Grammatical_case   (392 words)

  Grammatical case
In grammar, the case of a noun or pronoun is its grammatical function in a greater phrase or clause; such as the role of subject, of direct object, or of possessor.
Cases are not very prominent in modern English, except in its personal pronouns (a remnant of the more extensive case system which existed in Old English).
Nominative-accusative (or simply accusative): The argument (subject) of an intransitive verb is in the same case as the agent (subject) of a transitive verb; this case is then called the nominative case, with the patient (direct object) of a transitive verb being in the accusative case.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/g/gr/grammatical_case.html   (923 words)

 Glossary of Grammatical Terms
grammatical mood of a verb that expresses the will to influence the behavior of another, expressive of a command, entreaty, or exhortation.
a grammatical case that denotes ownership or a relation analogous to ownership.
It is the grammatical center of a predicate.
www.cs.cf.ac.uk /fun/welsh/Glossary.html   (2316 words)

In this model, instead of the verb’s lexical entry determining the case of its arguments, case-markers themselves construct the grammatical relations of arguments to the verb.
The grammatical function alone will not account for the distribution of the accusative case, since its distribution is restricted to a clause with the subject that has the aspectual prominence of an external argument.
The accusative case marking is generally optional in Korean for arguments as well as adverbials, and this optionality will not be indicated with parentheses in the examples.
csli-publications.stanford.edu /LFG/4/lee/lfg99-lee.html   (4204 words)

 Common Press Release Mistakes and Tips for Correcting Them
All Upper Case Characters - Never submit a press release in all upper case characters.
The headline and body of your press release should be in proper case.
Grammatical Errors - Even the best writers occasionally miss grammatical errors and typos.
www.prweb.com /pressreleasemistakes.php   (736 words)

 ››› buch.de - bücher - versandkostenfrei - Grammatical Case Assignment in Finnish - Diane Carlita ...
The focus of the study is a set of syntactic environments where internal DP arguments appear in nominative case, but alternate with accusative personal pronouns.
The assignment of the objective cases, accusative and partitive, is linked with the licensing of aspectual roles at D-structure, and finite Tense posited as a bi-unique Case assigner.
The case split then arises as the result of two case features being assigned simultaneously to an internal argument, objective Case at D-structure associated with aspect, and nominative Case at S-structure associated with finite Tense where an external argument is not available.
www.buch.de /buch/06757/020_grammatical_case_assignment_in_finnish.html   (258 words)

 Learn Croatian for free | Grammatical Cases
The technique that is most frequently used in determining grammatical cases (the same technique is used in Croatian schools when taught to children) is by asking yourself a question when you are trying to figure out which case a noun should be in.
In Croatian, grammatical cases are called padeži (plural) and padež (singular).
Determine the grammatical case of the underlined nouns in the following sentences:
learn-croatian.com /imenice.php   (398 words)

  case - definition by dict.die.net
Case is properly a falling off from the nominative or first state of word; the name for which, however, is now, by extension of its signification, applied also to the nominative.
Action on the case (Law), according to the old classification (now obsolete), was an action for redress of wrongs or injuries to person or property not specially provided against by law, in which the whole cause of complaint was set out in the writ; -- called also trespass on the case, or simply case.
Case stated or agreed on (Law), a statement in writing of facts agreed on and submitted to the court for a decision of the legal points arising on them.
dict.die.net /case   (985 words)

 CLIR   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
In the case of a language possessing several features in a grammatical case x the situation is more complex since there may be several plural suffixes.
Grammatical relations can be shown using a word order, particles (such as prepositions), and a grammatical case.
The concept of grammatical case is not relevant to all languages (languages with weak inflectional morphology, e.g., many Asian languages).
www.info.uta.fi /kurssit/clir/sisalto/sivu52.html   (405 words)

 grammatical_case - The Wordbook Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
In grammar, the case of a noun or pronoun is its grammatical function in a greater phrase or clause; such as the role of subject, of direct object, or of possessor.
While all languages distinguish cases in some fashion, it is only customary to say that a language has cases when these are codified in the morphology of its nouns - that is, when nouns change their form to reflect their case.
Cases are not very prominent in modern English, except in its personal pronouns (a remnant of the more extensive case system which existed in Old English).
www.thewordbook.com /grammatical_case   (931 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Grammatical
A grammatical category used in describing parts of speech that show contrasts of PLURAL, SINGULAR, dual, etc. In English, the number system is basically a two-term contrast of singular and plural, shown in nouns and some pronouns and determiners, and to some extent in verbs.
PARTICIPLE In grammatical description, the term for two non-finite VERB forms, the -ing participle (known traditionally as the present participle) and the -ed participle (known traditionally as the past participle or passive participle).The -ing (present) participle This verb form ends with the...
Conceptual and grammatical characteristics of argument alternations: the case of decausative verbs *.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Grammatical&StartAt=21   (956 words)

 Case - CDLI Wiki
In general, case or case-marking is a morphosyntactic device or mechanism that is used to indicate, at a minimum, who is doing what to whom.
There are three nominal cases that should probably be categorized as core or grammatical in nature: the zero-marked absolutive/nominative case, the ergative case-marking postposition /*-e/, which is formally identical with the locative-terminative case-marking postposition, and the genitive case-marking postposition /*-a/.
The allative, known in the older literature as the terminative case, is usually associated with the *-ši- verbal infix.
cdli.ucla.edu /wiki/index.php/Case   (730 words)

 case - Definitions from Dictionary.com
Case is a general word, meaning a fact, occurrence, or situation typical of a class: a case of assault and battery.
An occurrence of a disease or disorder: a mild case of flu.
A grammatical category indicating whether nouns and pronouns are functioning as the subject of a sentence (nominative case) or the object of a sentence (objective case), or are indicating possession (possessive case).
dictionary.reference.com /browse/case   (2426 words)

Case marking involves attaching an affix to the root (or ‘basic’ part) of a noun to indicate the role that noun plays in a sentence.
The most important, or core grammatical case markers of a language are those that mark the subject of an intransitive verb (IS), the subject (or agent) of a transitive verb (TS) and the object (or patient) of a transitive verb (TO).
Therefore, in Jiwarli, word order is not important because case marking is used on nouns to indicate their role in the sentence.
www.linguistics.unimelb.edu.au /research/projects/jiwarli/gramm.case.html   (757 words)

 [No title]
In the first function, case is often conflated with grammatical relations and commonly deemed to be induced as a property of the predicate, rather than a property of the term itself.
Preamble The term ‘case’ is used to signify a range of concepts within grammatical theory in addition to (and sometimes in opposition to) its traditional reference to the form of nouns or their dependents in different grammatical contexts.
These extensions of case derive from one or another of the common functions it signifies: 1 g-case: marks a set of grammatical functions (however defined); 2 s-case: marks the semantic contribution of a case-marked term, usually an adjunct; 3 a-case: marks an expression as being dependent on some case-marked term.
www.ling.ed.ac.uk /~ronnie/casepaper.doc   (3440 words)

 Declension : Noun case
The case doesn't depend on whether a verb is used in a transitive or intransitive form.
The trigger may be identified as the agent, patient, etc. Other nouns may be inflected for case, but the inflections are overloaded; for example, in Tagalog, the subject and object of a verb are both expressed in the genitive case when they are not in the trigger case.
Positional: Nouns are not inflected for case; the position of a noun in the sentence expresses its case.
www.wordlookup.net /no/noun-case.html   (604 words)

The dative case is only one way of construing the exchange module, but it could be one that is particularly close to the actual modular structure of the brain.
When we speak of a grammatical case, we are so close to the boundary between the physiology of meaning (brain) and the cultural generation of meaning (mind) that we cannot yet be sure whether the object of our research is a physical or a cultural thing.
If we are correct in supposing that case as a mental device for organizing brain activity stands fairly close to the neural modules themselves, then it may be that we have happened upon a salient property of the Russian mind, and learned something about the brain/mind interface to boot.
www.mindspring.com /~garyduanecox/execuflite.html   (2974 words)

 Gender in German
The cases are nominative, accusative, dative and genetive in German.
In the nominative case, the masculine definite article is der, the feminine is die and the neuter is das.
In the nominative case, the masculine indefinite article is ein, the feminine is eine, and the neuter is ein.
www.skrause.org /webdesign/handson/secondpage.htm   (800 words)

 Laxative case - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia
The laxative case is the special grammatical case used for a laxative.
The laxative case marks a noun as acting as a laxative in the sentence.
German The grammar of the German Laxative case is very similar to the grammar in English, though misunderstandings often arise from cultural differences related to the procurement and use of laxatives, making delicate use and comprehensive understanding of the case a necessity for the diarrheal tourist or student.
uncyclopedia.org /wiki/Laxative_case   (323 words)

 Declension Information
Morphological cases are usually indicated by desinences (endings), but additionally, or alternatively, morphological modifications of the nominal stem may occur (see Nonconcatenative morphology, Apophony, Umlaut).
Ergative-absolutive (or simply ergative): The argument (subject) of an intransitive verb is in the same case as the patient (direct object) of an transitive verb; this case is then called the absolutive case, with the agent (subject) of a transitive verb being in the ergative case.
The Status of Morphological Case in the Icelandic Lexicon by Eiríkur Rögnvaldsson.
www.bookrags.com /wiki/Declension   (783 words)

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