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Topic: Grammatical number


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In the News (Wed 22 May 19)

  
  Grammatical number - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Grammatical number is expressed by morphological and/or syntactic means.
Grammatical number may be thought of as the indication of semantic number through grammar.
Elements marking number may appear on nouns and pronouns in dependent-marking languages or on verbs and adjectives in head-marking languages.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Grammatical_number   (2020 words)

  
 Grammatical number
In linguistics, number is a grammatical category that specifies the quantity of a noun or affects the form of a verb or other part of speech depending on the quantity of the noun to which it refers.
Grammatical number is distinct from the use of numerals to specify the exact quantify of a noun; number is usually vague.
Other possibilities are dual number, expressing the existence of precisely two instances of the noun, trial number for three of a noun, paucal number for few but not of a noun, or a collective number that expresses the whole class of the nouns (e.g., mankind).
encyclopedia.codeboy.net /wikipedia/g/gr/grammatical_number.html   (799 words)

  
 Grammatical number - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Number in linguistics is a grammatical category that can affects lexemes such as nouns, adjectives, pronouns and verbs.
The number of the pronomial subject is implied by the number of the verb).
Grammatical number is distinct from the use of numerals to specify the exact quantify of a noun; grammatical number is usually much vaguer.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Grammatical_number   (1284 words)

  
 Number
Numbers should be distinguished from numerals, which are (combinations of) symbols used to represent numbers.
Many languages have the concept of grammatical number, an attribute of certain words and phrases that affects their syntactic usage and meaning.
(For the finite case, the ordinal and cardinal numbers are equivalent; they diverge in the infinite case.) The arithmetical operations of numbers, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, are generalized in the branch of mathematics called abstract algebra; one obtains the groupss, ringss and fieldss.
encyclopedia.codeboy.net /wikipedia/n/nu/number.html   (467 words)

  
 Dual (grammatical number) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Although relatively few languages have the dual number and most have no number or only singular and plural, using different words for groups of two and groups greater than two is not uncommon.
Slovenian uses the dual number in full (although it tends to disappear in informal speech among young people), and Sorbian, the Slavic language of a very small minority in Germany, also uses the dual number.
However, it has lost its numerical meaning: it is used for these bodyparts regardless of their number ("skladba pro čtyři ruce" (composition for four hands)) and the plural is used for figurative meanings ("hrnec s dvěma uchama" (pot with two ears=handles)).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dual_grammatical_number   (1611 words)

  
 Languages treat 1-4 specially
Grammarians use the term `(grammatical) number' for the singular/plural distinction marked on nouns in most languages, and supplemented in some languages by categories such as dual, and even trial.
Grammatical number tends to be indicated in the morphology of nouns (e.g.
Grammatical number in fact has only a somewhat loose relationship with numeral expressions in a language.
www.ling.ed.ac.uk /~jim/dehaene.html   (1656 words)

  
 CLIR   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In English grammatical relations are indicated by means of prepositions, only the genitive case is marked (by a suffix).
Because different affix types (number, affixes of different case features, and clitics) can be combined with one another in a single word, the number of word forms that a given Finnish lexeme may take is very high.
The concept of grammatical case is not relevant to all languages (languages with weak inflectional morphology, e.g., many Asian languages).
www.info.uta.fi /kurssit/clir/sisalto/sivu52.html   (405 words)

  
 Greek Verbs (Shorter Definitions)
The concept of grammatical number is quite straightforward in both English and Koine Greek.
Grammatical voice indicates whether the subject is the performer of the action of the verb (active voice), or the subject is the recipient of the action (passive voice).
The aspect of the grammatical "mood" of a verb has to do with the statement's relationship to reality.
www.ntgreek.org /learn_nt_greek/verbs1.htm   (2210 words)

  
 An Algorithmic Approach to English Pluralization
The English language is overburdened with idiosyncratic grammatical features, a legacy of its eclectic accretion over 1500 years [2,3].
Typically, when this approach is used, the programmer simply assumes that the number required will always be non-singular and that any cases where a singular does appear will be written off by the user as a "computer glitch" or tolerated as a flaw in the interface.
The simplest approach is to structure the text so that the grammatical number of the various parts of speech in a sentence is fixed, regardless of the actual number of items being referred to.
www.csse.monash.edu.au /~damian/papers/HTML/Plurals.html   (4715 words)

  
 number [KutjaraWiki]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Grammatical number describes the amount of a noun or pronoun.
The most common numbers are: singular: One noun or pronoun.
In most languages, this is the default number, there is no inflection for it.
www.kutjara.com /kwiki/doku.php?id=number   (114 words)

  
 2004 IGERT Workshop: Schedule, Jan 22
The results of an array of experiments imply that verb and pronoun number are differently sensitive to the notional number variations underlying canonical agreement controllers (subject noun phrases) but are similarly insensitive to the notional number variations of spurious controllers.
Notably, verbs and pronouns appear to be equally attracted to the grammatical number of spurious controllers.
This pattern, together with additional body of evidence regarding the inaccessibility of other functions of TP and of higher nodes of the syntactic tree can be explained by syntactic tree pruning, namely, by the assumption that agrammatic aphasics fail to project their tree up to its highest node.
www.cog.jhu.edu /workshop-04/schedule_22.html   (1163 words)

  
 Conference Materials   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
n verb agreement, the critical information about a subject noun's number can come from two possible sources: (1) the abstract grammatical number reflected in the subject noun's morphological form, and (2) the conceptual number of the referent of the subject noun.
Similar to Eberhard (submitted), the noun phrases in the first experiment were grammatically singular complex noun phrases with singular head nouns followed by prepositional phrases (PP) that contained plural local nouns which manipulated conceptual number.
In the second experiment, discourse contexts inconsistent with all sources of grammatical information were examined by presenting noun phrases headed by mass nouns and followed by singular object nouns.
cognet.mit.edu /library/conferences/paper?paper_id=4252   (399 words)

  
 LINGUIST List 7.256: Software for Arabic, The
I am thinking of writing something on the grammatical number system (singular, plural and things like that) in Basque.
Before doing so I would like to have a look at the pertinent linguistics literature to learn of current theories and work on this part of grammar, and more especially the more typologically/funcionally/semantically oriented parts thereof.
Incidentally, it is with great joy and delight that I have seen the spate of book-length surveys on such basic grammatical topics as this being produced by major publishers.
www.sfs.nphil.uni-tuebingen.de /linguist/issues/7/7-256.html   (573 words)

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