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Topic: Grammatical tense


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In the News (Fri 19 Jul 19)

  
  Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Grammatical tense
Grammatical tense is a way languages express the time or place at which an event described by a sentence occurs.
Tense, along with mood and person, are three ways in which verb forms are frequently characterized in Indo-European languages.
The more complex tenses in English are formed by combining a particular tense of the verb with certain verbal auxiliaries, the most common of which are "to", various forms of "be", various forms of "have", and the conditional auxiliaries "may" and "might":
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/gr/Grammatical_tense   (0 words)

  
 Tense | Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Tense is a grammatical category by means of which some natural languages express the temporal location of the event described by the sentence in which the grammatical tense occurs.
When a language does not have grammatical tenses, as in the case of Chinese, the temporal information may be conveyed by lexical categories, such as adverbs.
The mapping between the grammatical tenses of a natural language and the expression of temporal location is very complex, and one of the goals of linguistic semantics is to investigate the relation between grammatical tenses and the expression of time.
www.bookrags.com /research/tense-eoph   (0 words)

  
 Science Fair Projects - Grammatical tense
Grammatical tense is a way languages express the time at which an event described by a sentence occurs.
Tense, along with mood, voice and person, are three ways in which verb forms are frequently characterized, in languages where those categories apply.
There are languages (mostly isolating languages, like Chinese) where tense is not expressed anywhere in the verb or any auxiliaries, but only as adverbs of time, when needed for comprehension; and there are also languages (such as Russian) where tense is not deemed very important and emphasis is instead placed on aspect.
www.all-science-fair-projects.com /science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/Grammatical_tense   (1498 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Perfective aspect
The perfect aspect is a grammatical aspect, which refers to a state resulting from a previous action (also described as a previous action with relevance to a particular time, or a previous action viewed from the perspective of a later time).
The perfect aspect is a grammatical aspect that refers to a state resulting from a previous action (also described as a previous action with relevance to a particular time, or a previous action viewed from the perspective of a later time).
The perfect tense in all moods is used solely as an aspect marker and not, ironically, as a tense, conveying the sense of a resultant state.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Perfective-aspect   (770 words)

  
 Greek Verbs (Shorter Definitions)
Grammatical voice indicates whether the subject is the performer of the action of the verb (active voice), or the subject is the recipient of the action (passive voice).
In Greek, however, although time does bear upon the meaning of tense, the primary consideration of the tense of the verb is not time, but rather the 'kind of action' that the verb portrays.
The basic thought of the perfect tense is that the progress of an action has been completed and the results of the action are continuing on, in full effect.
www.ntgreek.org /learn_nt_greek/verbs1.htm   (0 words)

  
 Matsuno (specific) - The Present Tense: An Impossible Dream?
Describing dynamics and the dynamics thus described are already under the influence of the grammatical tense that the description is to succumb to.
Ubiquity of the present tense raises a serious question on the likelihood of accomplishing a legitimate description of dynamics because of its intrinsic incommensurability with the present tense.
However, statements in the present progressive tense are multi-agential in their implication in that what is responsible for making those descriptive events progressive is not limited to the author of the statements, though the possibility that the author could eventually monopolize the agential capacity could not totally be eliminated.
www.focusing.org /apm_papers/matsuno3.html   (1585 words)

  
 aspect Information Center - aspects of writing for the world wide web
In linguistics, grammatical aspect is a property of a verb that defines the nature of temporal flow (or lack thereof) in the described event or state.
Grammatical aspect represents a formal distinction encoded in the grammar of a language.
Traditional Greek grammar uses the term "perfect" to refer to a grammatical tense encoding psychological aspects of employment what is variously described as a past action with present relevance or a present state resulting from a past clinical aspects of inner ear deafness action.
www.scipeeps.com /Sci-Linguistic_Topics_A_-_Co/aspect.html   (3610 words)

  
 tense Information Center - tense
Grammatical tense is a way languages express the time at which an event described by a present perfect tense sentence occurs.
Tense, french verb tenses along with mood, voice and spanish verb tenses person, are three ways in which verb forms are frequently characterized, past perfect tense in languages spanish tenses where those categories apply.
The distinction between grammatical tense, aspect, esl communicative past tense grammar activities and mood is fuzzy how is tense represented in mandarin a chinese language and at times controversial.
www.scipeeps.com /Sci-Linguistic_Topics_R_-_T/tense.html   (1435 words)

  
 HLW: Grammatical Categories: Verb
Tense morphology divides events and states into the general grammatical categories past, present, and future; or a smaller set such as past and non-past; or a larger set, depending on the language.
The grammatical representation of duration, completion, and repetition of events and states is known as aspect.
Spanish verbs agree with their subjects in all tenses, aspects, and modalities (TAM), and the number of different forms is at least four in each case, depending on the particular combination of TAM.
www.indiana.edu /~hlw/Inflection/verbs.html   (3284 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Latin declension
Latin is an inflected language, and as such its nouns, pronouns, and adjectives must be declined in order to serve a grammatical function.
Latin is a synthetic inflectional language: affixes (which most times encode more than one grammatical category) are attached to fixed stems to express gender, number, and case in adjectives, nouns, and pronouns, which is called declension; and person, number, tense, voice, mood, and aspect in verbs, which is called conjugation.
Latin is a synthetic, fusional language: affixes (often suffixes, which usually encode more than one grammatical category) are attached to fixed stems to express gender, number, and case in adjectives, nouns, and pronouns?a process called "declension".
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Latin-declension   (418 words)

  
 Web Site for Learning and Teaching Tamil
This is an elementary graded reader with a complete glossary and grammatical notes, and may be ordered from Prof.
This is a module which can be used to search for vocabulary items, grammatical material, and other information such as grammatical paradigms of verbs etc.
These short, simple folk tales are in Written Tamil, but because of some of the grammatical forms used, must be considered to belong at a low-intermediate level.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /plc/tamilweb   (756 words)

  
 Linguist List - Reviews Available for the Book
In order to examine whether the problem with grammatical tense marking is a reflection of a more general deficit affecting low salient morphemes, Rice compared performance on the plural marker ''-s'' and found that all groups of children used this marker productively, which denotes that grammar, rather than phonology, is involved in SLI.
Van der Lely goes on to report the results of her study of a homogeneous SLI sub-group: the Grammatical SLI subgroup, which is characterized by deficits in tense and agreement marking along with other problems with syntactic operations like, for instance, theta-role assignment or embedded clauses.
She suggests that there may be two types of grammatical processing, one phonological and one syntactic, and states that the study of both should guide us to provide an accurate answer to the general problem of grammatical processing in the brain.
www.linguistlist.org /pubs/reviews/get-review.cfm?SubID=27498   (3034 words)

  
 Rense, Aspect, and Voice (322)
The grammatical category of tense in English is a bipolar relation based on the feature [±Past].
Tense, aspect, and voice are logical modifiers of the verb.
The underlying from of tense is based on the head T (tense).
www.sfu.ca /person/dearmond/322/322.tense.aspect.htm   (798 words)

  
 Tense-Aspect Controversy Revisited
This fact poses another problem for the tense analysis because, as demonstrated in (25) [2], the represented idea entered the character's consciousness in the narrative past, and thus the use of the 'past tense' must be allowed, at least as a possible variation.
'Tense' is a grammatical term that is generally reserved for the verb systems of languages in which the different forms of the verbs are essentially, or mainly, concerned with identifying, marking, or...
If the past tense form is used, it indicates that the speaker perceives the situation to be remote, but if the non-past tense is used, it means that the past situation is perceived as if it were directly before the speaker.
ist-socrates.berkeley.edu /~hasegawa/Papers/time.html   (6251 words)

  
 Dr. Dobb's | Natural Language Expansions for Tense and Number | April 15, 2003
Tense and number help determine the grammatical usage of auxiliaries and verbs, and derive meaning from the sentence.
Tense and number are used to extract the correct verb for a grammatical response.
Tense and the auxiliary are used to match similar information between sentences.
www.ddj.com /184402726?pgno=6   (2782 words)

  
 Grammatical tense
The more complex tenses in English are formed by combining a particular tense of the verb with certain verbal auxiliaries, the most common of which are various forms of "be", various forms of "have", and the modal auxiliary "will." An example of some generally-recognized English tenses using the verb "go" is shown below:
For example the six "continuous" forms in the list above are usually treated under the heading of "aspect" rather than tense: the simple past and the past continuous are examples of the same tense, under this view.
The claim that the future tense is nonexistant comes from the realization that the auxiliary "will" is not a prefix of the main verb.
www.fact-index.com /g/gr/grammatical_tense.html   (546 words)

  
 RedOrbit NEWS | About time: Theorizing adaptation, temporality, and tense
Tense and Temporality in Comparative Theories of Adaptation It is therefore in the realm of adaptation and comparative studies that the question of medium specificity has survived up to now.
A cornucopia of tenses is available to the novelist-not just past, present, and future tenses, but also subtly different "versions" of these tenses; for example, there are the pluperfect, perfect, and imperfect past tenses.
Indeed, there is a way in which film's representation of tense is fundamentally different from literature's representation of tense, and this difference is implied in the argument that the "essential characteristic of the image is its 'presentness.'" Balazs argued that images "show only the present-they cannot express either a past or future tense" (120).
www.redorbit.com /modules/news/tools.php?tool=print&id=6467   (5605 words)

  
 Untitled   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The tense features associated, for example, to a verb definition can thus be reinforced or contradicted by the occurrence in the sentence of other words (for instance adjectives or adverbs) whose features agree with or differ from those of the verb.
The second tense is determined by choosing past as the primary tense, iterating the selection process for the secondary tense in which present is chosen, and then stopping.
While the tense selection choosers take into account the temporal aspects of the tense determination process, the termination choosers represent an interface between the tense system of a particular language and the relationships among the states or events described in a sentence the speaker intends to convey through the usage of a given tense.
www.dimi.uniud.it /~tasso/WASHINGTONGRAM.html   (7036 words)

  
 Grammatical person at AllExperts
Grammatical person, in linguistics, is deictic reference to the participant role of a referent, such as the speaker, the addressee, and others.
Grammatical person typically defines a language's set of personal pronouns.
The table at right shows which combinations of tense and grammatical person are generally appropriate.
en.allexperts.com /e/g/gr/grammatical_person.htm   (910 words)

  
 Teaching the Expression of Time [tense, aspect, modality]
The system of twelve ‘tenses’ is actually the formal realisation of the interaction between tense, grammatical aspect and modality.
Tense expresses proximity (Present) or distance (Past), in relation not only to time, but also to possibility and status.
The actual time and duration of an event do not dictate choice of tense and aspect; the choice is largely subjective and context-sensitive, depending more on the time-point the user wants to focus on.
www.gabrielatos.com /TTA.htm   (1155 words)

  
 LFG99Paper   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Grammatically this is not a tense category at all.
The internal structure of a language represents the meaningful grammatical relations of sentences (how their syntactic functions are associated with semantic predicate argument relations); this structure is determined by generalizations about case government, pronominal binding, and agreement relations among the predicators and arguments of a sentence.
Since the grammatical categories of the languages are in a very close correspondence with each other semantically, the semantic terms can be almost isomorphous with the grammatical ones and need not be much more fine-grained than they are.
csli-publications.stanford.edu /LFG/4/dyvik/lfg99-dyvik.html   (3657 words)

  
 Grammatical Voice - Cambridge University Press   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Categories of the verb in natural languages include tense, aspect, modality (mood) and voice.
Grammatical Voice is the first typological study of voice systems based on a multi-language survey.
It introduces a threefold classification of voice types, in the first place distinguishing passivization phenomena (derived voice) from active-middle systems (basic voice); and further, distinguishing each of these from pragmatically grounded voice behaviours, such as focus and inverse systems.
www.cambridge.org /catalogue/print.asp?isbn=0521360013&print=y   (225 words)

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