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Topic: Great Bulgaria


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In the News (Mon 22 Jul 19)

  
  History of Bulgaria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The history of Bulgaria began in the 7th century AD with the arrival of the Bulgars in the Balkans.
In the 6th and 7th century, the Bulgars formed an independent state, often called Great Bulgaria, between the lower course of the Danube to the west, the Black and the Azov Seas to the south, the Kuban river to the east, and the Donets river to the north.
The pressure from peoples further east (such as the Khazars) led to the dissolution of Great Bulgaria in the second half of the 7th century.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Bulgaria   (629 words)

  
 Volga Bulgaria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Bulgaria, known today as Volga Bulgaria or İdel Bolğaristan, is a historic state that existed between the 7th and 13th centuries around the confluence of the Volga and Kama Rivers in what is now the Russian Federation.
Bulgaria was founded around 660 by Kotrag Khan, the son of Kubrat Khan.
By 922, Volga Bulgaria was converted to Islam, and the notes of the Baghdad missionary Ahmad ibn Fadlan tell us that it was adopded as an official religion.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/volga_bulgaria   (346 words)

  
 History of Bulgaria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Byzantium versus Bulgaria, which had been typical for centuries in the European East, was substituted by a complex of relations between a conglomerate of state formations: Bulgaria, the Latin empire, Byzantium's successors Epirius and Nicaea, Serbia, and Hungary.
On 6 September 1885 the Unification of Eastern Rumelia with the Principality of Bulgaria was declared.
Bulgaria was the only country in the Axis bloc, which did no send a single soldier to either the Eastern or any of the other fronts in the West.
www.bulgaria2net.com /about/history.html   (7131 words)

  
 Entry of the Slavs into Christendom | Serbianna.com Features
But altogether little is recorded of Bulgaria in the eighth century: the iconoclast troubles within the Empire were not favourable to missionary work outside and the second half of the century was filled with inconclusive hostilities.
We may note in passing that this necessity for a constant watch on Bulgaria diverted Byzantine attention from Italy and contributed to the loss of Ravenna (751) and thus to a complete revision of Papal policy both towards the East and the West.
The rivalry for the obedience of Bulgaria was throughout complicated by the Photian-Ignatian quarrel within the Eastern church in which the Holy See had become deeply involved.
www.serbianna.com /features/entry_of_slavs/bulgaria1.shtml   (4164 words)

  
 Proto-Bulgarians - 3   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The inhumation burials with their primitive sarcophagus-like cameras of rock slabs and the accompanying the dead objects (amphora-like pottery, belt ornaments) show great similarities with a numbers of pagan necropolises from the Lower Danube, especially from the eastern part of north-eastern Bulgaria and Dobrudzha [4].
The archaeological investigation of great areas along the eastern and western coast of the Sea of Azov and the lower Don basin revealed that the earliest traces of the Proto-Bulgarians (pottery fragments, bones of domestic animals) are confined to a narrow (50-300 metres wide) strip of land along these basins.
After the WWII Soviet historians, using the documentary sources and accepting the proposition of the prominent Russian armenist Patkanov that Khan Kubrat was buried in Phanagoria, advanced the hypothesis that this city, situated on the Taman peninsula on the coast of the Straits of Bosporus, was the capital of Great Bulgaria [8].
www.kroraina.com /p_bulgar/p_bulg3.htm   (1380 words)

  
 Bulgaria.com - History of Bulgaria, Great Bulgaria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
It was at the town of Phanagoria on the coast of the Azov Sea.
It is clear that khan Kubrat was a man who had acquired in Byzantium great knowledge about the structure and functioning of the state machinery and who, without doubt, tried to establish a perfectly workable administration in his new state after bringing it in conformity with the local conditions and tradition.
Old Great Bulgaria was ruled by a khan who made the decisions after discussing them with the Council of the Great Boyls.
www.bulgaria.com /history/bulgaria/birth.html   (1953 words)

  
 Bulgarians
During the tumultuous period of the Great Migration the ancient Bulgarians were pushed out of their lands by Nomad tribes and settled, together with their old civilized neighbors the Masagets, the Saks and others in the valleys of the Caucasus.
This transfer of names from Balhara to Great Bulgaria shows that the two Bulgarian states - the old one in the east and the new one near the Caucasus, are connected by an unseverable umbilical cord.
The settlement of Asparuh and the foundation of Danube Bulgaria are one of the most significant events in the history of the Balkan Peninsula during the Middle Ages.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/cultural/oldworld/europe/bulgaria.html   (2440 words)

  
 STUDENT HOLIDAYS - THE GUIDE TO GREAT HOLIDAYS IN BULGARIA
Bulgaria's natural landscape is full of surprises - it has endless, sandy beaches along the Black sea, wild mountain ranges and lush green hills, fertile plains, magnificent gorges, rivers, health spas and natural springs....It is famous for long balmy summers, dreamy scented rose fields, richly coloured orchards and sun-drenched vineyards...
Bulgaria has a range of hotels from luxurious five star international hotels to the more modest but comfortable small new private hotels spread all around the country.
The Great Koprivshtitza Folklore Festival is Bulgaria's largest gathering of traditional musicians and singers and is a cross between a pop festival and a medieval fair.
www.studentholidays.com /bg/bg15.htm   (1158 words)

  
 STUDENT HOLIDAYS - THE GUIDE TO GREAT HOLIDAYS IN BULGARIA
It is situated in Northern Bulgaria, at the delta of the river Danube.
An important fact of Sofia’s history was its proclamation for capital of Bulgaria after the liberation from Ottoman domination (on a proposal by the prominent public figure Marin Drinov) with a Decree by the first Bulgarian prince Alexander Battenberg on April 3, 1879.
Renowned for its spirit of the National Revival, it is famous as a centre for carpet-making, and a wide selection of antique and modern carpets and tapestry icons in the spirit of medieval frescos are on exhibit in the village.
www.studentholidays.com /bg/indexbg.htm   (8355 words)

  
 All words on Bulgars
The capital of the state named Great Bulgaria was Phanagoria on the Azov.
Sprowle, who had had a have a party, and give her a chance to show herself and see some of enough, that the party was his own suggestion, because his remark led therefore, with a feeling of pride as well as pleasure, and the great voice.
Sprowle's party, and a great majority, recognized "gentility" and the level of the ungloved masses was in an wife.
www.allwords.org /bu/bulgars.html   (1042 words)

  
 Rick Steves' Europe: Surprising Bulgaria
He explains that freedom is great — especially for an artist, but there's little money to enjoy the fruits of that freedom.
Bulgaria is a relative oasis of peace in the troubled Balkan region.
Plovdiv is one of the oldest cities in Europe and a great showcase for this country's history.
www.ricksteves.com /tvr/bulgariarse108_scr.htm   (2147 words)

  
 Old Great Bulgaria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
After Kubrat's death around 665, his son Batbayan was left in charge of the Khaganate, but it soon splintered.
First, the Kotrags left to the Middle Volga (Volga Bulgaria), then rebel (Kouber) tribes seceded in Pannonia, while other Bulgars in that region sought refuge with the Lombards.
Out of the turmoil, Asparukh (apparently the brother of the Khagan) emerged as the most prominent figure, leading his Bulgars out of the federation and south across the Danube to establish his state of Bulgaria there.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Great_Bulgaria   (189 words)

  
 Untitled Document
This newly formed state, or "Great Bulgaria," spread from the Kuban river in the east to the Donets and Dnieper rivers in the north and west and to the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea in the south.
He was not an outstanding military leader and as a result, Bulgaria suffered defeat at the hands of its powerful enemies: Byzantium and the Serbs.
The Byzantine emperor Michael III was pressuring Bulgaria and thus Boris I decided to convert to Christianity.
www.thenagain.info /WebChron/EastEurope/BulgarEmp1.html   (874 words)

  
 Bulgaria.com - History of Bulgaria, Centralised Monarchy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The boundaries of the administrative areas did not have anything in common with the boundaries of the various Slav, Avar and other tribes.
Thus, from a federation of voluntarily associated tribes, Bulgaria became an early feudal centralized monarchy.
Towards the middle of the 9th century, both Byzantine and West European chroniclers ceased to use different names for the different tribes dwelling in Bulgaria.
www.bulgaria.com /history/bulgaria/monar.html   (532 words)

  
 TRUE BULGARS ARE TURKS IN BULGARIA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
In 632, Han Kubrat united the Bulgars and formed a confederation of tribes, known as Great Bulgaria, or Bulgaria Magna, with a capital at the ancient city of Fanagoria.
Bulgaria was ruled under the Ottoman Empire for 500 years until 1878.
Through Great Bulgaria, the Russian Administration could control the whole Balkan Penincyla, as Bulgaria is the neighbor Country of Russia, with Bulgarian Capital near to the Russian States and very easy to control it.
forums2.vmacedonia.com /7508.html   (3957 words)

  
 New Page 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
DUNAVIAN BULGARIA is a continuation of the powerful state tradition of GREAT BULGARIA of KUBRAT on a, new territory.
Evidence of that is the treaty of 635 between GREAT BULGARIA and Byzantium.
In the first quarter of the 10th century Bulgaria is an unparalleled in south-eastern Europe and one of the most civilized states in the Christian world.
debian.fmi.uni-sofia.bg /~nikola1/hystorycon.htm   (4343 words)

  
 Bulgarian history on stamps - khan Kubrat
Byzantine chroniclers, contemporaries of those events, referred to the newly founded state as Great Bulgaria.
At the same time the huge Khazar state, established north of Caspian Sea, proclaimed itself a successor to the Turkic khanate and claimed all its former lands including the territory of Great Bulgaria.
Namely this son was predestined to continue the Kubrat's great deed.
stamps.dir.bg /history/kubrat.htm   (334 words)

  
 Bulgaria Vacations, Bulgaria Travel, Bulgaria Luxury Resorts, Bulgaria Hotels   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Bulgaria Luxury Villas---Plus tons of enjoyable virtual tours and streaming videos---You will find everything here, all the insider's secrets.
Ski Bulgaria packages - offered by Balkan Holidays - start as low as $1,000 per person, including roundtrip airfare to Sofia, six nights' first-class accommodations, breakfast and dinner daily, equipment rental and lift passes, and ski-school tuition.
Bulgaria has some 400 international hotels with 100,000 beds, half of which are located in the Black Sea resorts.
www.travelwizard.com /europe/Bulgaria_Overview.html   (602 words)

  
 About Bulgaria: history, geography, culture, economy; Balkans, Europe, Regional Cooperation, Development, Globalisation
The Republic of Bulgaria is situated at the centre of the Balkan Peninsula in South-Eastern Europe.
Currently the country is member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the NATO and Associated Member of the EU.
At the end of XIV century, after the dramatic Battle of Nicopolis, the Ottoman Empire conquers Bulgaria and brings to a halt the emergent forces of early medieval Renaissance.
www.geocities.com /nbulgaria/bulgaria/bginfo.htm   (1261 words)

  
 Birth of Great Bulgaria, Khan Kubrat
The place of the burial which was in the furthest northern point of the state, hundreds of kilometres away from its capital, puts in a totally different light the last days in the life of the great Bulgarian.
The 'Great old Bulgaria', the state alliance of all Bulgarian people based around the river Don disintegrated after the death of Khan Kubrat.
The cause for the division of Great Bulgaria might be the escalation of internal conflicts and most probably a civil war between two major tendencies: the pro-European people believing that Bulgaria must integrate European values and play major role in the continent and the pro-Asian clans pretending that the state should stay in Asia.
www.geocities.com /nbulgaria/bulgaria/kubrat.htm   (2948 words)

  
 Central-Asian Nomads Unite!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Since the king of the Great Yuezhi had been killed by the Xiongnu, his son had succeeded him as ruler and had forced the kingdom of Daxia [Bactria] to recognize his sovereignty.
And while Volga Bulgaria may have appeared to the Mongols, at first as just another small country to be conquered, it should have dawned on them at some point during the battle when they were getting their arse kicked that appearances can be deceiving.
Nomads were great wariors, but one look at their art will tell you they were also no less creative then any other peoples.
members.tripod.com /great-bulgaria/Central-Asian-Nomads-Unite/origins.html   (8213 words)

  
 The First Nomads   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The first sign that steppe nomads had learned to fight well from horseback was a great raid into Asia Minor launched from the Ukraine, by the Cimmerians, at about 690 BC.
The horseback lifestyle was a great improvement if you lived far to the north.
But if you lived close to, or sout of, the Danube, the soil on the river's flood plain was exceptionaly fertile.
members.tripod.com /great-bulgaria/Central-Asian-Nomads-Unite/cimmeria   (764 words)

  
 Bulgars   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
United under Kubrat (Kurt) of the Dulo clan, they broke loose from the khanate and formed an independent state between the lower course of the Danube to the west, the Black and the Azov Seas to the south, the Kuban river to the east, and the Donets river to the north.
A different theory claims that the Balkars in Kabardino-Balkaria may be the descents of this Bulgar tribe branch.
The present-day Republic of Tatarstan is considered to be the descendant of Volga Bulgaria in terms of territory and people, though the language thought to be closest to the old Bolgar language is Chuvash.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/B/Bulgars.htm   (758 words)

  
 Bulgaria Snaps   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Moreover, it is a great staging area from which to see many of the other attractions the country has on offer.
Although it has only been the capital of Bulgaria since 1879, its history dates back 7,000 years; it is one of the oldest cities in Europe.
That Bulgaria was a Turkish province for five centuries is everywhere evident — especially in the architecture and wonderful cuisine.
www.bdwoolman.net /photo/bulgaria.htm   (1738 words)

  
 The Choir Of Bulgaria-Women's Choir, Man's Choir, Mixed Choir-The Great Voices of Bulgaria-Women's Choir
If winning a Grammy® Award, the Award of the French Record Academy, and the admiration of musicians like George Harrison, Quincy Jones, and Pat Metheny is not sufficient reference for the phenomenon of the mystery of Bulgarian voices, then just have a listen to the excerpts.
The beauty of the timbre in all registers, the fullness and exactness of intonation, and the power and strength of expression, contribute to the ensemble’s great musical value.
Shimmering costumes, rich in embroidery and color along with a strict and precise stage presentation, which is nevertheless full of joy and warmth, brings out an extremely rich musical tradition.
www.bulgarianvoices.com /en/wchoir.html   (368 words)

  
 Bulgaria-Russia: The Forever Friendship /Vechna Druzhba - www.ezboard.com
Unfortunately, both in Bulgaria and Russia the presence of that many political formations is not an expression of the ideological variety in politics.
To quote Bulgaria's President, Dr Zhelyu Zhelev, one of the quintessential characteristics of the BSP rule is the attempt to concentrate economic and public affairs around the state.
Since the substitution of the idea of democratic society, however, Bulgaria is really faced with a multiparty authoritarian chaos whose atmosphere is great for petty crime, the mafia, corruption, political partisanship, substitution of the idea of the free market by a non-market mechanism.
pub18.ezboard.com /fbalkansfrm11.showMessage?topicID=99.topic   (6448 words)

  
 Bolgaria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
After the breakup of Great Bulgaria, Khan Kubrat's son Bezmer {or Bat-Bayan, or Bate Bayan} led his horde far to the north, occupying the land around the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers.
With the conversion to Islam the Bulgar runic written language was slowly replaced by the Arabic alphabet and the Arabic written language.
Now Tatar is a bit more complicated as it is both a name for Tribes subjugated by the Mongols {like the Volga Bulgars} as well as the name of an actual Turkic tribe from western China, who were also subjugated by Gengis Khan, suffice it to say today's Tatars are a mix of the two.
members.tripod.com /great-bulgaria/Bolgaria   (785 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
ACCORDING TO THE GREEK NEWSPAPER, BULGARIA WAS THE BIGGEST AND MOST POWERFUL STATE ON THE MAP, GOING BEYOND THE BOUNDARIES ESTABLISHED BY THE FEBRUARY 1878 SAN STEFANO TREATY.
BULGARIA'S FIFTH ROTARY CLUB WAS SET UP IN STARA ZAGORA /CENTRAL BULGARIA/ LAST NIGHT, "24 CHASSA" SAYS.
BULGARIA SHOULD NOT ONLY EXPRESS A WILLINGNESS TO JOIN THE W.H.O.
www.b-info.com /places/Bulgaria/news/94-06/jun05.bta   (464 words)

  
 The Great Voices Of Bulgaria
Ilia Mihaylov was born in Sofia, Bulgaria, in 1974.
Since January 1999, Ilia Mihaylov is the Artistic Director of The Great Voices of Bulgaria, organizing and conducting several concert tours in Western Europe and receiving substantial public acclaim.
In August 2000, he recorded with The Great Voices of Bulgaria for Paramount Studios the original music score of the film series Largo by world-famous composer Michel Columbier.
www.bulgarianvoices.com /?called=true   (553 words)

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